Niki Astorina Yunita Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
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PERBEDAAN KADAR TIMBAL (Pb) DALAM DARAH BERDASARKAN JENIS PEKERJAAN PADA PEKERJA INDUSTRI PENGECORAN LOGAM DI CV. BONJOR JAYA, CEPER, KLATEN Lestari, Vifta Dian; Setiani, Onny; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Metal foundry industry workers is one of the people who are at risk of lead exposure as the effect of air pollution by lead in workplace. These workers are exposed to lead every day as a result of their activities likes melting, stamping, and finishing process at this industry. The aim of the research is to know the difference about blood lead level in workers at the melting section, stamping section and finishing section in CV. Bonjor Jaya, Ceper, Klaten. This observational research with a cross sectional approach. The population is 34 workers in CV. Bonjor Jaya and 31 sample selected by purposive sampling method. Data analysis is done by using Krusskal Wallis test with significance value 5%. Result showed that air lead levels in each section are 0,208 mg/Nm3(melting), 0,212 mg/Nm3(stamping) and 0,037 mg/Nm3(finishing) as well as the average of blood lead level in workers at the each section are 15,97 µg/l (melting), 18,10 µg/l (stamping) and 10,54 µg/l (finishing). Based on statistic analysis was known that p value = 0,320 with α 0,05, this result show that there is no significant difference of blood lead level based on type of work in metal foundry workers in CV. Bonjor Jaya, Ceper, Klaten. Based on this research concluded that average of blood lead level on workers are above normal (CDC=10 μg/dl). Suggestion for metal foundry industry workers to always use a standard mask to reducing lead exposure in the body.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA MASA KERJA DENGAN KADAR TIMBAL (Pb) DALAM DARAH PADA PEKERJA INDUSTRI PENGECORAN LOGAM CV. BONJOR JAYA DI DESA BATUR, CEPER, KLATEN Qoriah, Dian Islamiari; Setiani, Onny; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Lead is a toxic substance that has cumulative effect and harmful to human health. Metal foundry is a metal industry that has the potential contributes pollutants lead into the air. So that workers in the foundry including people at risk of exposure metallic lead, because the raw materials used metal may contain lead. Purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between working period and lead concentration in blood at the metal foundry industry workers CV. BonjorJaya in Batur, Ceper, Klaten. The research method  used analytical observation with cross sectional design. Total of samples are 31 people with purposive sampling. Analysis of data, the writer used Chi Square test with a significance level of 0,05 and 95% confidence level. The results were obtained concentration Pb in the air parts of the foundry are 0,208 mg/Nm3, printing are 0,212 mg/Nm3 and finishing are 0,037 mg/Nm3. Mean lead concentration in blood of the workers was 14,38 µg/dL with minimum concentration of 3,00 µg/dL, maximum of 37,40 µg/dL. Mean working period was 10,11 years with the most recent of working period one year and the longest 28 years. As many as 51,6% of workers had Pb concentration in blood above normal (>10 µg/dL). Based on the results of statistical tests showed that there was no relationship between working period and lead concentration in blood at the metal foundry industry workers CV. Jaya Bonjor in Batur, Ceper, Klaten (p value = 1,000). Suggestion for the company, monitoring work environment about air quality especially lead and held a medical checks for workers in periodic, establish policy about limitation of working period and job site and use of Personal Protective Equipment. For workers suggested obligatory use of PPE and pay attention personal hygiene in the workplace. 
STUDI IDENTIFIKASI KANDUNGAN FORMALIN PADA IKAN TERI NASI ASIN DI PASAR TRADISIONAL DAN PASAR MODERN KOTA SEMARANG Purba, Widya Kristiani Dory; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Salted anchovy  containing formaldehyde can be found in traditional markets and modern markets. Formaldehyde is a chemical which harmful to human health.In the long term formaldehyde can cause cancer and death to humans.The purpose of this study is to identify the content of formaldehyde in salted anchovy which sold in traditional markets and modern in Semarang city.This research is a descriptive study with qualitative examination of the formaldehyde content in  salted anchovy. The method used  is survey method. The population in this study is the salted anchovy seller in traditional markets and modern markets in Semarang city numbering 41 people. Samples using total sampling.The instrument used was a questionnaire used during open interviews. The result of this study is as much as 31 samples (88.57%) of the 35 samples examined were found to contain formaldehyde, one sample of which is a sample derived from modern market. All the traders (100%) disagree with the use of formalin in food . A total of 88.75 % (31 sellers) get salted anchovy in the city of Semarang. Sellers are replacing salted anchovy once a week as much as 31,43% (11 sellers). Sellers who lack the knowledge that is as much as 91,43 % formalin (32 sellers) do not know formaldehyde thus the necessity of socialization for both sellers and consumers regarding the symptoms of formaldehyde poisoning and danger to human health It is important for public health office to provide counseling for seller and consumers regarding symptoms of formaldehyde poisoning and danger to human health.
HUBUNGAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DENGAN KEBERFUNGSIAN TEMPAT PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH TERPADU (TPST) SAEMAN PADANGSARI, KOTA SEMARANG Zahara, Rifcha Rahmi; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Garbage is currently a key issue in large cities, especially in Indonesia. To reduce waste generation in urban conducted flagship program 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) are expected waste generation can be reduced or even not left at all. The general requirements for waste management one of them is in terms of public participation aspects. This study aimed determine the relationship between community participation with the functioning IWMS Saeman Padangsari, Semarang. This study was observational analytic with cross sectional approach. Samples in this research were 38 respondent. The results showed that there was a relationship of public participation in segregation from the source to the functioning IWMS Saeman, there is a relationship of community participation in waste management using the concept of 3R with functioning IWMS Saeman, there is public participation in relation to pay contributions to the functioning of IWMS Saeman, there is no relationship of public participation in comply with the rules of landfills that have been assigned to the functioning IWMS Saeman, there is no relationship of community participation in maintaining the cleanliness of the surrounding environment with functioning IWMS Saeman, there is a relationship of community participation in an active role in the socialization of environmental waste management with the functioning IWMS Saeman. The need to increase peoples active participation in waste management in the region IWMS Saeman Padangsari and increasing the dissemination of the manager IWMS Saeman are several alternatives that IWMS Saeman Padangsari function properly.
HUBUNGAN MASA KERJA TERHADAP GANGGUAN FUNGSI PARU PADA PETUGAS PENYAPU JALAN DI PROTOKOL 3, 4 DAN 6 KOTA SEMARANG Wulandari, Riska; Setiani, Onny; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Transportation activities contributed significantly to air pollution, one of which was a parameter of dust. Workers were exposed to dust in the work environment can lead to accumulation of dust particles in the lungs. Officers street sweeper was a high-risk workers exposed to dust while working, especially in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 of Semarang where approaching the location of the measurement sample ambient air quality that exceeds the threshold value. The purpose of this study was the relationship working duration against lung function disorder on a street sweeper in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 Semarang. This type of research was observational research with cross sectional approach. The population was Street Sweeper in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 of Semarang, amounting to 61 people with a sample of 38 people with purposive sampling method. Results of univariate analysis found an average of forced vital capacity (FVC%) of 84.515%, the average forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1%) of 82.875% and an average  of 90.230%. Bivariate analysis of the relationship between the working duration and  lung function disorder  used Chi Square test show p-value of  0,034 (PR = 4.371; 95% CI = 1.074 to 17.79). The conclusion was significant association between the work duration and lung function disorder on street sweeper  in a street sweeper in Protocol 3, 4 and 6 Semarang.  The Suggestions in this study is expected to be a consideration for the relevant agencies in general and the Cleanliness and Landscaping Departement can be used as a reference for the implementation of programs related to the effects of exposure to dust on the street sweeper.
KEMAMPUAN KOAGULAN KITOSAN DENGAN VARIASI DOSIS DALAM MENURUNKAN KANDUNGAN COD DAN KEKERUHAN PADA LIMBAH CAIR LAUNDRY (Studi pada Rahma Laundry, Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang) Putri, Dyah Agustin Catur; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Laundry liquid waste contains several chemical substances in detergent raw materials such as phosphate, surfactants, ammonia, and total suspended solids. The existence of detergent in high concentrations and exceeds the quality standards that have been estabilished in a body of water can lead to cases of enviromental pollution in the form of increased turbidity an Chemical Oxygen Demands (COD) levels. Therefore in order to maintain and to ensure the availabillity of water in terms of quality, it requires coagulation-flocculation process to laundry liquid waste before discharging into water bodies. This study aims to determine the decrease of COD levels and turbidity level in laundry liquid waste using chitosan coagulant in Rahma Laundry, Tembalang District, Semarang. The research is a quasi experimental study with pretest-posttest with control group research design with 6 times replication. The total samples are 60 in wich 24 tested for the levels of turbidity and 6 controls. The test results of Kruskal-Wallis with significance p-value < 0,05 indicates that dosage variation (p=0,000) gives different levels of COD and dosage variation (p=0,000) provide 755,97 mg/l and the advantage levels of turbidity before treatment was 516,20 NTU. The optimum dosage of chitosan coagulant is on the dose of 200 mg/l with the effectiveness decrease of COD levels and turbidity levels on 72,67% an 98,67% respectively.
PENGARUH VARIASI KONSENTRASI AIR JERUK NIPIS (Citrus aurantifolia) DALAM MENURUNKAN KADAR KADMIUM (Cd) PADA DAGING KERANG DARAH (Anadara granosa) Nurvita, Silvia; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Blood clams many consumed by Semarang’s community. Blood clams can accumulate metals in the body because its accumulated and filter feeder. Blood clams in Gayamsari’s Semarang market containing cadmium of 0.695 ppm, the level exceeds the threshold of the ILO / WHO is 0.1 ppm. This research to reduce cadmium in blood cockle using lime water. The aim of research was to determine the effect of variation lime water (Citrus aurantifolia) concentrations in reducing the levels of cadmium (Cd) in blood cockle meat (Anadara granosa). This type of research was quasi exsperiment using non randomized pretest posttest control group design. Sample population were blood clams from Gayamsari’s Semarang market. The research sample as many as 30, with 5 repetitions, 5  treatment with lime water variation of 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%. Data analysis used normality test of Shapiro – Wilk, Kruskal – Wallis and Mann – Whitney  The results showed decreased levels of cadmium from 0.695 ppm to 0.278 ppm (59.80%). Kruskal-Wallis test results demonstrate the value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05) means that there is a significant difference between the variations in the concentration of lime water with the levels of cadmium in blood clams meat. Based on the Mann – Whitney, concentrations of lime water is most effective to reduce levels of cadmium (Cd) in the blood cockle meat is 70%. Variations of lime water concentration of proved influential in reducing levels of cadmium in blood cockle meat (Anadara granosa).
HUBUNGAN KONDISI LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH DAN PERILAKU ANGGOTA KELUARGA DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA BALITA (Studi Kasus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Magelang Selatan Kota Magelang) Kusumawati, Diah; Suahartono, Suhartono; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Pneumonia remains a global health problem. Pneumonia is an acute infection of the air passages that have the potential to cause significant respiratory difficulty because of inflammation proscess in which there is a consolidation caused cavities alveolar filling by exudate. The risk factors that affect the incidence of pneumonia include the physical environment condition of the house and the behavior of family members who are not healthy. The highest incidence of pneumonia in 2014 contained in South Magelang Health Center, amounting to 232 cases. This research aims to determine the relationship between the physical environment condition of the house and behavior of family members with pneumonia incidence on children under five years old in the working area of South Magelang Health Center, Magelang City. This research uses an observational analytic research with case control study design. Samples in the this research were 90 children aged 12-59 months consisting of 45 case groups and 45 control groups with age and sex of the children matching. Analysis of data using Chi Square test with a 95% confidence interval. The results showed that from risk factors of physical environmental of a house had significant relationship with pneumonia incidence on children such as the level of residential density (p = 0.018; OR = 3.143), the intensity of natural lighting in the home (p = 0.033; OR = 2.768), and home humidity levels (p = 0.017; OR = 3.231), while risk factors of family members behavior had significant relationship with pneumonia incidence on children such as the habit of opening the windows in the morning and during the day (p = 0.019; OR = 3.007). Conclusion of this research are the physical environment condition of the house and the behavior of family members had significant relationship with pneumonia incidence on children include the level of residential density, the intensity of natural lighting in the the house, the house humidity levels, and the habit of opening the windows in the morning and during the day.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENERAPAN PROGRAM SANITASI TOTAL BERBASIS MASYARAKAT (STBM) DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS JATIBOGOR KABUPATEN TEGAL Mukti, Dinar Andaru; Raharjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The occurrence of diarrhea is still high and the top 10 diseases in Jatibogor Health Center, in line with poor sanitary conditions, especially the behavior of open defecation which reached 30% of the population. The goal of this study is to determine the relationship between the implementation of CLTS program with the occurance of diarrhea in Jatibogor Public Health Center Tegal. This study is an observational analytic research with cross sectional approach. This study population is all households living in Jatibogor Public Health Center Tegal. The sample is 100 households. The sampling technique using proportional random sampling. Data analysis using chi square test. The results of this study indicate that 22% of households defecation carelessly, 50% do not apply handwashing with soap, 51% do not apply drinking water and food management, 97% do not apply safe waste management, and 94% do not apply safe waste water management. There is a relationship between the implementation of STBM in stop open defecation aspect (p=0,02), handwashing with soap aspect (p=0,013), and household waste water management aspect (p=0,047) with the occurrence of diarrhea in Jatibogor Public Health Center Tegal. There is no relationship between the implementation of STBM in household drinking water and food management aspect (p=0,570) and household waste management aspect (p=0,636) with the occcurance of diarrhea in Jatibogor Public Health Center Tegal. The implementation of STBM program associated with the occurance of diarrhea in Jatibogor Public Health Center Tegal in aspects stop defecating carelessly, washing hands with soap, and waste water management.
STUDI IDENTIFIKASI KEBERADAAN Escherichia coli PADA AIR CUCIAN DAN MAKANAN KETOPRAK DI KAWASAN KAMPUS UNDIP TEMBALANG Pangestika, Chintya; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The dishwater used by ketoprak traders in the area of UNDIP campus Tembalang is not qualified physically. In this situation, it will have an impact on the quality of the food produced. This study aimed to identify the existence of Escherichia coli in dishwater used to wash utensils and the ketoprak food. The type of this study is observational with cross sectional design. The population in this research is 11 dishwater and 11 ketoprak food. The sample in this study used the total population. The analysis applied cross tabulation. The sanitary conditions of the dishwater is not good and positive existence of E.coli in dishwater by 8 as many as (88,9%). Washing techniques that are less good and positive existence of E.coli in dishwater as many as 2 traders (100%). The sanitary conditions of the dishwater is not good and positive existence of E.coli in ketoprak food as many as 9 traders (100%). Washing techniques that are less good and positive existence of E.coli in ketoprak as many as 2 traders (100%).The sanitary conditions of cutlery were poor and positive existence of E. coli in ketoprak food as many as 9 traders (90%). Storage of food which has been treated poorly and positive existence of E. coli in ketoprak food as many as 7 traders (100%). Personal hygiene handlers are less and positive the existence of E. coli in ketoprak food as many as 6 traders (100%). The conclusion of this study is the quality of the dishwater and ketoprak food in the area of UNDIP Campus Tembalang is not eligible.