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PRODUK PEMIKIRAN HUKUM ISLAM Abdain, Abdain
Al AHKAM: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Hukum dan Syariah Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Al-Ahkam
Publisher : Al AHKAM: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Hukum dan Syariah

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Abstract

Berbagai usaha yang dilakukan para ahli hukum Islam telah melahirkan produk-produk hukum yang benar-benar aktual dan aplikatif. Tradisi ijtihad yang demikian kuat melahirkan pemikiran-pemikiran yang responsif terhadap tantangan zaman, telah mengantarkan umat Islam pada masa kemajuan Islam, dinamika perkembangan hukum Islam sangat dinamis dan kreatif. Namun Perkembangan selanjutnya dinamika perkembangan hukum Islam menjelma menjadi statis dan kurang apresiatif terhadap laju perkembangan masyarakat. Kenyataan ini terjadi khususnya setelah terjadi kristalisasi mazhab-mazhab fiqh. Namun demikian, terlepas dari kemandegan dan kemajuan yang telah dilalui, setidaknya ada empat produk pemikiran hukum Islam, yakni fiqh, fatwa, yurisprudensi, dan perundang-undangan. Keempat macam produk pemikiran Islam tersebut dalam realitas umat Islam berlaku dan diberlakukan sesuai kebutuhan
INSTRUMEN INVESTASI DALAM HUKUM ISLAM Abdain, Abdain
MUAMALAH: Jurnal Ekonomi Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Muamalah
Publisher : MUAMALAH: Jurnal Ekonomi

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Abstract

Tulisan ini akan mengkaji lebih jauh tentang instrumen investasi dengan melihat akad-akad yang digunakan apakah akad itu sesuai dengan syara ataukah akad itu dilarang oleh syara. Investasi merupakan kegiatan muamalah yang sangat dianjurkan, karena dengan berinvestasi harta yang dimiliki menjadi produktif dan juga mendatangkan manfaat bagi orang lain. Instrumen investasi yang dibolehkan oleh syariat Islam diantaranya: ba’i salam, istisna, syirkah, mudharabah dan lain-lain, sedangkan instrumen investasi yang dilarang oleh syara yaitu riba, jual beli utang dengan utang, jual beli hashat dan lain-lain.
PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM KONTEMPORER Abdain, Abdain
DIKTUM: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum Vol 13 No 1 (2015): Diktum : Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum
Publisher : Jurusan Syariah dan Ekonomi Islam Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Parepare

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28988/diktum.v13i1.361

Abstract

Islam provides guidance to its adherents who are facing the problem of social inequality by placing tithe as one of the main pillars of Islamic establishment, especially in anticipation of the growth of dynamics and economic equality in society. As a source of funds, tithe is potential to be used as capital for the construction of the Muslims, and it will be very effective in anticipating the social gap in the community. Classical scholars, generally categorize the subject to tithe is cattle, gold, silver, merchandise, property excavation, and agricultural products. Today, contemporary ijtihad, one of which is represented by the book of Yusuf Qardawi, specify wealth that is subject to tithe, as many models and forms of wealth that was born from the increasing of complexity of economic activities. Yusuf Qardawi divide tithe into nine categories: tithe of cattle, tithe of gold and silver which includes money, tithe of trade, tithe of agricultural output includes farmland, tithe of honey and animal production, tithe of minerals and marine products, tithe of plant investment, buildings and others, tithe of livelihood, tithe of services and professions, and tithe stocks and bonds.
PERAN SISTEM EKONOMI ISLAM DALAM MENANGGULANGI TINGKAT KESENJANGAN SOSIAL Abdain, Abdain
MUAMALAH Vol 4, No 2 (2014): Muamalah
Publisher : MUAMALAH

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Abstract

Jurnal ini membahas tentang Peran Sistem Ekonomi Islam dalam Menanggulagi Tingkat Kesenjangan Sosial. Masalah yang diangkat dalam tulisan ini adalah: Bagaimana aplikasi konsep ekonomi Islam dalam mengatasi masalah kesenjangan sosial? Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana peran ekonomi Islam dalam menanggulangi terjadinya kesenjangan sosial.Metode pendekatan yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah Pendekatan syar‟i, dan  pendekatan sosiologi. Dalam mengumpulkan data, penulis menggunakan metode library research, yaitu suatu upaya mendapatkan bahan-bahan yang diperlukan dengan membaca buku-buku dan karya-karya ilmiah yang relevan termasuk tulisan yang dipublikasikan di berbagai media cetak maupun elektronik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teori ekonomi Islam mampu memberikan alternatif terhadap krisis ekonomi yang telah terbukti membawa efek kesenjangan sosial bagi setiap individual (Faham kapitalisme dan sosialisme). Sistem ekonomi Islam mampu memberikan nilai dan perilaku serta moral dan kebutuhan manusia sebagai makhluk sosial dengan tidak melihat perbedaan dalam klasifikasi kehidupan masyarakat. Peran ekonomi Islam dalam menanggulangi tingkat kesenjangan sosial yaitu bahwa semua manusia yang hidup dalam masyarakat dituntut untuk bekerja (berusaha) memenuhi kebutuhan serta memanfaatkan potensi yang dimiliki, kemudian pengelolan zakat, infaq dan sedekah harus diperbaiki sehingga bisa tersalurkan secara adil, Pengentasan masalah kemiskinan dapat diminimalisir dengan campur tangan pemerintah.
PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM KONTEMPORER Abdain, Abdain
MUAMALAH Vol 5, No 1 (2015): Muamalah
Publisher : MUAMALAH

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Abstract

Islam provides guidance to its adherents who face problems of social inequality by placing charity as one of the main pillars of the Islamic establishment, especially in anticipation of the dynamics of growth and economic equality in society. As a source of funds, zakat potential to be used as capital for the development of Muslims, and will be very effective in anticipating the social gap in the middle of society. Classical scholars generally categorize that the taxable property zakat are: cattle, gold and silver, merchandise, treasure excavation and the latter is the result of agriculture. But in contemporary ijtihad today one represented by Yusuf Qardawi book, he breaks down a lot of models of wealth are subject to zakat, as many models and forms of wealth that was born from the more complex the economic activities. Yusuf Qardawi split into nine categories of zakat category; Farm animal charity, zakat of gold and silver which also includes money trade wealth zakat, zakat agricultural output includes land agricultural, honey and animal production zakat, alms minerals and marine products, zakat investment in plant, buildings and others, zakat search, services and professions and zakat  stocks and bonds
DISFUNGSI LEMBAGA PENGELOLAH ZAKAT DALAM MENGENTASKAN KEMISKINAN DI KOTA PALOPO Beddu, Rahmawati; Abdain, Abdain
Maddika : Journal of Islamic Family Law Vol 7, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Palopo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24256/ahkam.v1i1.753

Abstract

This journal discusses "Why is there a dysfunction of zakat management institutions against poverty alleviation in Palopo City? From these problems arise several questions: 1) How the system of zakat management in Palopo city? 2) What factors affect the dysfunction of zakat management institutions in alleviating poverty? 3) How to overcome the dysfunction of zakat management institutions against poverty alleviation?The results showed that the collection of zakat fitrah funds and distribution is given responsibility to the UPZ in each mosque while the zakat mal reporting is still submitted to BAZNAS Palopo City. In addition, fundraising is also entrusted to SKPD (Zakat collector whose position in the staffing section) collects zakat through the treasurer and the treasurer submits it to the bank, either Bank BPD Sul-Sel-Bar, BSM and other Sharia banks. Factors affecting disfunction of Zakat Institution is 1. Funding system is not optimal yet, so the existing zakat funds with poor Muslim citizens have not been balanced, 2. There is a tendency of poverty rate to increase because citizens pretend to feel poor, 3.Some Muslims in  Palopo have not realized and do not understand that the charity is a duty for Muslims to be issued so that the lack of zakat funds that cause zakat management institutions have not been maximized in an effort to alleviate poverty through the existing zakat funds. While How to overcome the dysfunction of zakat management institutions against poverty alleviation is Community leaders provide guidance and knowledge to the public about the importance, benefits and laws of zakat, the Government supports the management of zakat with clear and firm regulations. For those who are reluctant to issue their zakat will be subject to the appropriate sanctions, the community supports the institution of zakat by channeling funds to the institution. as well as zakat amil develop the nature of trust in manage zakat and distribute zakat appropriately eight asnaf 
PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM KONTEMPORER Abdain, Abdain
DIKTUM: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum Vol 13 No 1 (2015): Diktum : Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum Islam Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Parepare

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35905/diktum.v13i1.361

Abstract

Islam provides guidance to its adherents who are facing the problem of social inequality by placing tithe as one of the main pillars of Islamic establishment, especially in anticipation of the growth of dynamics and economic equality in society. As a source of funds, tithe is potential to be used as capital for the construction of the Muslims, and it will be very effective in anticipating the social gap in the community. Classical scholars, generally categorize the subject to tithe is cattle, gold, silver, merchandise, property excavation, and agricultural products. Today, contemporary ijtihad, one of which is represented by the book of Yusuf Qardawi, specify wealth that is subject to tithe, as many models and forms of wealth that was born from the increasing of complexity of economic activities. Yusuf Qardawi divide tithe into nine categories: tithe of cattle, tithe of gold and silver which includes money, tithe of trade, tithe of agricultural output includes farmland, tithe of honey and animal production, tithe of minerals and marine products, tithe of plant investment, buildings and others, tithe of livelihood, tithe of services and professions, and tithe stocks and bonds.