Muhadiono Muhadiono, Muhadiono
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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KOMUNIKASI PENDEK ETNOBOTANI DAMAR PADA ORANG RIMBA DI TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT DUABELAS [Ethnobotany of Dammar by Orang Rimba in Bukit Duabelas National Park ] Andhika, Rana Rio; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i1.2863

Abstract

Orang Rimba have local knowledge about utilization of dammar in Bukit Duabelas National Park .The research was aimed to record the type of dammar and explore local knowledge Orang Rimba utilizing dammar. Data were collected through interviews, participant observation and documentation . Data analysed as qualitative descriptive. There were 15 plant species whose resin were used by Orang Rimba i.e Dipterocarpus baudii, Dipterocarpus hasseltii, Hopea mengarawan, Hopea dryobalanoides, Dacryodes rugosa., Santiria laevigata, Shorea bracteolata, Parashorea aptera, Canarium pilosum, Shorea retinoides, Shorea cf. singkawang, Santiria dacryodifolia, Shorea multiflora dan Sarong (Trigona spp). Dammar were used  as a fuel, medicine, adhesive material and traditional rituals. General use of dammar was for traditional Torch lighting (blebayon).
Ethnobotanical Study of Plants Used by People in Hiang Indigenous Forest Kerinci, Jambi Andesmora, Evan Vria; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.07.02.02

Abstract

Indonesia is a high-abundance tropical forests country. It plays a very important role for world life because of its species richness than others. One of the forest resources in Indonesia is indigenous forests. Indonesia is rich of local wisdom such as that possessed by indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples have a potential of the biological resources conservation. As a sustainable management tradition, communities around indigenous forest also have the efforts to preserve the forest.  The data collection of community knowledge about plants was conducted by interviews and direct-field observation. Data were analyzed using index of cultural significance. The results showed that there are 48 species of plants utilized by communities in Hiang Indigenous Forest, 27 species are used as firewoods, 15 species as building materials, 7 species as medicinal plants, 6 species as traditional handicraft ingredients and 4 species as secondary foods and traditional ritual materials. Most of widely-used plants by the community are Altingia excels, and Styrax benzoin is used as incense in a traditional ritual.
Ethnobotanical Study of Rattans on Suku Anak Dalam Community in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park Mairida, Dwi; Muhadiono, Muhadiono; Hilwan, Iwan
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 8, No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i1.5164

Abstract

Suku Anak Dalam (SAD), a tribal in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park (TNBD) has knowledge for utilizing rattans. This research attempts to investigate the species of rattans utilized and to analyze the local wisdom of Suku Anak Dalam(SAD) community.The data was collected by doing an interview the informants consisting of temenggung (head of the tribe), jenang (the liaison between the villagers and anak dalam), rattans gatherers, induk (mother) and hand maker. Then, the researcher observed active participation (following the SAD activity in utilizing rattans).The interview was conducted based on the appropriate time with qualitative condition and situation. The result showed 12 (twelve) species of rattan utilized by the SAD community, Calamus ornatus (Blume), Calamus caesius( Blume), Calamus flabellatus (Becc.), Calamus manan(Miq.), Calamus csipionum (Lour.), Calamus javensis(Blume), Calamus axilliaris(Becc.), Calamus sp., Daemonorops geniculata (Griff.) Mart., Daemonorops draco(Willd.) Blume, Daemonorops verticiliaris(Griff.) Mart., and Korthalsiaechinometra(Becc.)The eight species were utilized as ambung, penampilan, and tekalo handicraft. One type for rituals, ropes, clotheslines, dye, durian lempok cakes preservatives (Durio spp.),and the species for the food for pregnant mothers (ngidam), and the three species for medicine. The implication of this research gave a documentation for the government to formulate and to make an authority of TNB forest conservation and to protect the culture of SAD community in the form of rattans inventarization and local wisdom of SAD community in utilizing the species of rattans.How to CiteMairida, D., Muhadiono, M., & Hilwan, I. (2016). Etnobotanical Study of Rattans on Suku Anak Dalam Community in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(1) 64-70.
THE STUDY ON MANGROVE LITTERS AS A SOURCE OF NUTRIENTS FOR BLANAKAN MANGROVE POND, SUBANG, WEST JAVA Haryadi, Joni; Basukriadi, Adi; Muhadiono, Muhadiono
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 8, No 1 (2013): (June 2013)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (699.311 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.8.1.2013.55-64

Abstract

Mangrove litters as a source of nutrients for sylvofishery pond (TS), sedimented pond (TT), and conservation pond (TP) was studied at Blanakan mangrove pond during April until June 2008. The variables of study were litter production, litter decomposition, and dissolved nutrients (ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, and phosphate). The obtained data were analyzed using F test and continued using Least Significant Different (LSD). The results showed that litter production at TS, TT, and TP were 19.55±4.34 ton/ha/year, 15.90±1.98 ton/ha/year, and 21.67±1.89 ton/ha/year respectively. The decomposition rate at TS, TT, and TP was 0.051±0.038, 0.051±0.018, and 0.081±0.041, respectively. Mangrove litters were potentially as a source of dissolved nutrients at Blanakan mangrove pond. Increasing both litter production and decomposition rate could increase ammonium, nitrite, and phosphate. Therefore, mangrove litters were play role for determined the fertility at Blanakan mangrove pond.
PENINGKATAN MUTU GULA TUMBU MELALUI METODE SULFITASI DALAM LABORATORIUM A Sutowo, Latief; Rizal, Syarief; Muhadiono, Muhadiono
Gema Teknologi Vol 16, No 1 (2010): April 2010 - October 2010
Publisher : Vocational School Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.142 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/gt.v16i1.327

Abstract

A. Sutowo Latief, Rizal Syarief, Bambang Pramudya, Muhadiono, in this paper explain that the reseach was aimed to increase of brown sugarcane (gula tumbu) quality by sulphitation method in laboratory eksperimetal, supposed the result fulfils the first quality according to SNI 1-6237-2000 that is a minimal condition of safety food. The method based on factorial complete random plan thrice reduplications. Initially nira that filtered given lime tohor and heated 50-60oC up to achieve ph 9. The treatment: (1) make nira ph 7 and ph 8 with add sulphite acid, and (2) ripening temperature, that is 70,80,90, and 100oC. Nira that heated up to coagulate and it was poured into moulding and solidification to be brown sugarcane. The testing is done towards sugar quality, it was result with parameter: (1) water contain, (2) sucrose contain, (3) glucose contain, (4) rendemen, (5) colour, (6) taste, (6) smell, and (8) hardness of brown sugarcane that produced fulfil the first quality of SNI 1-6237-2000. The best treatment process heats nira in 100°C, either nira ph 7 and nira ph 8. Keywords: brown sugarcane, quality, sulfitation method.