Sri Ratna Rahayu, Sri Ratna
Universitas Negeri Semarang

Published : 17 Documents
Articles

Found 4 Documents
Search
Journal : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat

Tuberculosis Suspect in the Companies in Semarang District Indonesia; Case-Control Study Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Katsuyama, Hironobu; Katsuyama, Midori; Ota, Yoko; Djaja Semadi, Ngakan Putu
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.12 No.2 : January 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i2.8657

Abstract

In Semarang district, the population at the companies were 83120 workers. The number of smear positive cases in 2011 were 258 and 3898 suspected tuberculosis. Case-control study was conducted to analyze the risk of TB suspect infection among workers in the factory. We recruited 194 suspects and 197 controls who visited the factory clinic. The most common symptom was coughing with sputum (63 %) and then followed by malaise, chest pain, sweating at night, weight loss, dyspnea, anorexia, cough more than 2 weeks, sub febris and hemoptoe. Around 47 % both of the suspects and controls don’t know received Bacillus Calmette-guérin (BCG) or not. The multivariate analysis showed the dominant factors that influence the occurrence of TB suspect, “education”, “income”, “ashamed of having TB”, “TB treatment is very costly”, and “share dish”.distribution of health education booklet to teachers and parents.
Anthropometric-Parameters and Total-Cholesterol to HDL-Cholesterol Ratio are Better in Long-Distance Cyclists (Indonesia North Coast and Tour de Borobudur 2017 Study) Azam, Mahalul; Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Fibriana, Arulita Ika; Susanto, Hardhono; Kartasurya, Martha Irene; Bahrudin, Udin
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.14 No.2 : November 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.651 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v14i2.14506

Abstract

Total-Cholesterol (TC) to HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio in athletes is well-known to be better than sedentary people. However, information about comparison of TC/HDL-C in different groups of cyclists based on cycling touring characteristics and anthropometry parameters is lacking. This study aimed to compare TC/HDL-C ratio between groups based on the type of tour in cyclists population. Eighty-eight participants were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Mean differences of parameters between groups was analyzed by One-Way Anova and independent t-test, whereas multivariate analyses was conducted by binary logistic-regression. P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. TC/HDL-C ratio in all groups were less than 4.5. There is no differences of TC-levels (NC240K: 216.6±55.04, TdB140K: 208.1±27.13, TdB100K: 203.1±31.95; p=0.427). But there is significantly different level of HDL-C (NC240K: 68.9±19.09, TdB140K: 52.1±13.9, TdB100K: 53.6±12.45; p=0.0001) and TC/HDL-C ratio (NC240K: 3.3±1.12, TdB140K: 4.2±1.07, TdB100K: 4.0±1.06; p=0.007). Between TC/HDL ratio groups (≥4 or <4), there were differences of weight, BMI, waist-circumference, hip-circumference and type of tour (p<0.05). Finally, BMI and type of tour were the most influential factor. Long-distance cyclists have a synergistic effect of lipid profile and anthropometry measurements, and heavier cycling tour participant, that represent cycling training habits, tend to have lower TC/HDL ratio(< 4).
Tuberculosis Suspect in the Companies in Semarang District Indonesia; Case-Control Study Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Katsuyama, Hironobu; Katsuyama, Midori; Ota, Yoko; Djaja Semadi, Ngakan Putu
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i2.8657

Abstract

In Semarang district, the population at the companies were 83120 workers. The number of smear positive cases in 2011 were 258 and 3898 suspected tuberculosis. Case-control study was conducted to analyze the risk of TB suspect infection among workers in the factory. We recruited 194 suspects and 197 controls who visited the factory clinic. The most common symptom was coughing with sputum (63 %) and then followed by malaise, chest pain, sweating at night, weight loss, dyspnea, anorexia, cough more than 2 weeks, sub febris and hemoptoe. Around 47 % both of the suspects and controls dont know received Bacillus Calmette-gurin (BCG) or not. The multivariate analysis showed the dominant factors that influence the occurrence of TB suspect, education, income, ashamed of having TB, TB treatment is very costly, and share dish.distribution of health education booklet to teachers and parents.
Effectiveness Leadership and Optimalization of Local Potential in Nutrition Status Improvement Effort Handayani, Oktia Woro Kasmini; Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Nugroho, Efa; Hermawati, Bertakalswa; Vu, Nguyen Thi; Loc, Nguyen Huu
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.968 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.13593

Abstract

Indonesia which is a developed country, has community health issue, as nowadays face a double concern of nutrition problem. Based on the data in 2007 to 2010, over nutrition prevalence on children under five years was 14.0%, increase from condition in 2007 which was 12.2%, aligned with poor and malnutrition prevalence. Programs applied has not resulted nutrition status improvement as expected. The problem in this research is how does the effectiveness of community empowerment optimalization model in the effort to improve nutrition status. Qualitative approach is used to evaluate model implementation, with focus of the research is model implementation based on the input, process and output. Respondents are determined by purposive technique. While the instruments are observation guide, interview guide, and FGD guide. Analysing Technique by Miles and Huberman model. The quantitative approach, to assess model effectiveness, with data-fill form intrument. The calculation is viewed from number increase and effectiveness criteria from Sugiyono. Local potential optimalization in the effort to improve nutrition status indicate effectiveness criteria (60%), This activity could not result maximum effectiveness level due to the leadership style tends to paternalistic which is dominated by otoritarism, causing community empowerment by cadre members and Family Welfare Program which are the potential that will be utilized can play maximum role.