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SIFAT FISIKO-KIMIA GELATIN KULIT IKAN BELUT DAN LELE PADA KEADAAN SEGAR DAN KERING Rahmawati, Hafni; Pranoto, Yudi
Fish Scientiae Vol 2, No 3 (2012): Fish Scientiae, Vol.2 No.3 Juni 2012
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat University-Indonnesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v2i3.1148

Abstract

Pengeringan kulit ikan sebagai bahan baku gelatin berpengaruh terhadap sifat fisiko-kimia. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengeringan dilakukan perbandingan kulit ikan dalam kondisi segar dan kering. Selain itu untuk mempelajari sifat fisiko-kimia gelatin hasil ekstrasi ikan air tawar digunakan kulit ikan belut dan lele. Kulit ikan belut dan lele tidak bersisik, berlendir dan berlemak untuk ikan lele, berbeda dengan kulit ikan pada umumnya yang dijadikan gelatin. Tahapan ekstraksi yang dilakukan untuk keseluruhan jenis ikan sama, kecuali penanganan kulit ikan kering yang sebelumnya direndam dalam air selama 4 jam. Kulit ikan direndam kembali dalam 0,05M asam asetat selama 10 jam, kemudian dicuci dan diekstraksi dengan aquadest pada suhu 80OC selama 2 jam, cairan yang didapat difiltrasi. Filtratnya dikeringkan dalam cabinet dryer suhu 55OC selama 48 jam hingga diperoleh lembaran gelatin, kemudian diblender menjadi granula gelatin.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gelatin kulit ikan kering mempunyai kekentalan setingkat dengan gelatin dari kulit ikan segarnya, kekuatan gel dan titik leleh pun lebih tinggi. Pengeringan kulit ikan berpengaruh pada peningkatan nilai kekeruhan dan warna (L,a, b). Gelatin kulit kering ikan belut adalah yang terbaik dengan kekentalan 6,65 cps, kekuatan gel 206,30 Bloom, dan titik leleh 22,33OC. Namun dari kekeruhan yaitu 1,65 ntu dan warna (L = 41,87, a = 8,90, b = 27,27) yang terbaik dalah gelatin kulit segar ikan belut.Fish skin was a raw material for gelatin extracted. Fish skin drying was effect to physico-chemical of gelatin. Fresh fish skin and dry fish skin was compare to studied gelatin extracted. Swamp ell skin and catfish skin was compare too. Swamp ell skin doesn’t have scales, with much mucus and a few fat for catfish, it’s different from another fish skin that gelatin extracted usually.The first stage of the research was raw material preparation (fresh and dry fish skin) soaked in aquadest for 4 hours. Fish skin extracted using 0,05 M acetic acid for 10 hours, washed in water and then extracted using aquadest at 80OC for 2 hours to get gelatin liquid, the liquid was filtrated. Filtrat was dried in cabinet dryer at 55OC for  48 hours to get gelatin layers, and then blended to get gelatin granule. The results were showing viscosity of gelatin from dry fish skin as same as from fresh fish skin, gel strength and melting point of gelatin from dry fish skin was higher than from fresh fish skin. Influence of fish skin drying was increase turbidity and color of gelatin. The best gelatin was ekstracted from dry skin swamp ell with viscosity 6,65 cps, gel strength 206,30 Bloom, melting point 22,33OC. Gelatin from fresh skin swamp ell was the best turbidity 1,65 ntu and color (L = 41,87, a = 8,90, b = 27,27).     
RENDEMEN DAN KOMPOSISI PROKSIMAT GELATIN KULIT IKAN BELUT DAN LELE PADA KEADAAN SEGAR DAN KERING (YIELD AND PROXIMATE OF GELATIN EXTRACTED FROM FRESH AND DRY SWAMP ELL AND CATFISH SKIN) Rahmawati, Hafni; Pranoto, Yudi
- Vol 2, No 4 (2012): Fish Scientiae, Vol.2 No.4 Desember 2012
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v2i4.1167

Abstract

Kulit ikan belut dan lele berpotensi untuk diekstrak gelatinnya. Kulit ikan belut dan lele tidak bersisik, berlendir dan berlemak untuk ikan lele, berbeda dengan kulit ikan pada umumnya yang dijadikan gelatin. Penelitian ini mempelajari tentang gelatin kulit ikan belut dan lele dari segi rendemen dan komposisi proksimat. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengeringan, kondisi kulit segar dan kering juga dipelajari. Tahapan ekstraksi yang dilakukan untuk keseluruhan jenis ikan sama, kecuali penanganan kulit ikan kering yang sebelumnya direndam dalam air selama 4 jam. Kulit ikan direndam kembali dalam 0,05M asam asetat selama 10 jam, kemudian dicuci dan diekstraksi dengan aquadest pada suhu 80OC selama 2 jam, cairan yang didapat difiltrasi. Filtratnya dikeringkan dalam cabinet dryer suhu 55OC selama        48 jam hingga diperoleh lembaran gelatin, kemudian diblender menjadi granula gelatin.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gelatin kulit ikan kering mempunyai rendemen sedikit lebih rendah dibandingkan gelatin dari kulit ikan segarnya. Kadar protein gelatin kulit ikan kering telihat tinggi dibandingkan kulit segarnya. Pengeringan kulit ikan berpengaruh pada penurunan kadar abu dan lemak, namun tidak mempengaruhi kadar air gelatin hasil ekstraksi. Gelatin kulit segar ikan lele memiliki nilai rendemen tertinggi yaitu 22,01%. Komposisi proksimat yang terbaik diantara keseluruhan kondisi dan jenis kulit dapat dilihat pada gelatin kulit segar ikan belut dimana memiliki kadar air 9,91%; kadar abu 3,07%; kadar protein 91,61%; dan kadar lemak 0,82%.Skin of swam ell and catfish were potential to gelatin extracted. Swamp ell skin doesn’t have scales, with much mucus and a few fat for catfish, it’s different from another fish skin that gelatin extracted usually. This research was studied yield and proximate gelatin extracted from skin of swam ell and catfish. Influence of drying was observed too.The first stage of the research was raw material preparation (fresh and dry fish skin) soaked in aquadest for 4 hours. Fish skin extracted using 0,05 M acetic acid for      10 hours, washed in water and then extracted using aquadest at 80OC for 2 hours to get gelatin liquid, the liquid was filtrated. Filtrat was dried in cabinet dryer at 55OC for 48 hours to get gelatin layers, and then blended to get gelatin granule. The results were gelatin yield from dry fish skin lower than fresh fish skin. Gelatin protein from dry fish skin more higher than fresh skin. Influence of fish skin drying was decrease gelatin ash and fat, but gelatin moisture wasn’t influenced. Gelatin from fresh skin swamp ell was the best gelatin with moisture 9,91%, ash 3,07%, protein 91,61%, lipid 0,82%.
SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG LABU KUNING (Cucurbits moschata, Durch) TERHADAP KANDUNGAN VITAMIN A DAN DAYA TERIMA PANELIS PADA SOSIS IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) Agustiana, Agustiana; Rahmawati, Hafni
- Vol 6, No 2 (2016): Volume 6, Nomor 2, Desember 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v6i2.2687

Abstract

 Labu kuning merupakan sayuran yang kaya akan beta karoten sebagai prekursor vitamin A. Labu kuning dapat diolah menjadi tepung, yang kemudian disubstitusikan pada produk sosis ikan untuk meningkatkan nilai gizinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan persentase substitusi tepung labu kuning yang tepat, mempelajari pengaruh substitusi tepung labu kuning terhadap kandungan vitamin A dan daya terima panelis produk sosis ikan nila. Tahapan pertama adalah pembuatan tepung labu kuning dengan pengeringan menggunakan sinar matahari selama 2-3 hari yang dilanjutkan dengan proses penepungan. Selanjutnya tepung labu kuning disubstitusikan pada sosis ikan nila dengan persentase 0%, 10%, 15% dan 20% dari total keseluruhan adonan sosis ikan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sosis ikan nila dengan persentase substitusi tepung labu kuning 20% merupakan perlakuan terbaik ditinjau dari kandungan vitamin A. Persentase substitusi tepung labu kuning dapat meningkatkan kandungan vitamin A pada sosis ikan nila. Kandungan vitamin A sosis ikan nila dengan subtitusi tepung labu kuning dengan persentase 0%, 10%, 15% dan 20% berturut-turut yaitu < 0,01 μg/g, 0,9825 μg/g, 1,5025 μg/g dan 1,5375 μg/g. Hasil uji organoleptik menunjukkan daya terima panelis terhadap sosis ikan nila dengan substitusi tepung labu kuning berkisar antara 5 (agak suka) sampai dengan 6,8 (suka).Pumpkin is vegetable that rich in beta carotene as a precursor of vitamin A. Pumpkin can be processed into flour, which is then substitution on fish sausage products to improve the nutritional value. The purpose of this study was get precise percentage substitution of pumpkin flour, to know the effect of pumpkin flour substitution on the content of vitamin A and the panelist acceptance on tilapia sausage product. The first stage was manufacturing of pumpkin flour with drying using sunlight for 2-3 days, followed by the process of flouring. The next pumpkin flour in substitution on the tilapia sausage with a percentage 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% of the total fish sausage batter. This study uses a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The results showed that tilapia fish sausage with 20% substitution of pumpkin flour is the best treatment in terms of the vitamins A content. Percentage substitution of pumpkin flour may increase vitamin A content in tilapia fish sausage. The content vitamin A tilapia fish sausage with substitution of pumpkin flour with a percentage of 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% consecutively are <0.01 mg / g, 0.9825 ug / g, 1.5025 ug / g and 1.5375 ug / g. The organoleptic test results showed that panelists acceptance on tilapia fish sausage with substitution of pumpkin flour ranging between 5 (rather like) up to 6,8 (like).
SNAKESKIN GOURAMI (TRICHOGASTER PECTORALIS) STICK HIGH IN PROTEIN AND CALCIUM AS OF FISH PRODUCT DIVERSIFICATION Sari, Dewi Kartika; Rahmawati, Hafni; Susilawati, Susilawati
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 22 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.754 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v22i2.27770

Abstract

Snakeskin gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis) is a freshwater fish often consumed by the people of South Kalimantan. The meat and the bones of this fish can be processed into protein and calcium-rich fish sticks. This study was aimed to analyze the sensory and chemical characteristics of snakeskin gourami stick. The meat and bones of the fish were added into sticks ingredients with the proportion of 0; 20; 40 and 60%. The results showed that the addition of fish meat and bones significantly affected the sensory characteristics particularly on the aroma and the taste of fish sticks, as well as the chemical quality including protein, fat, carbohydrate, water, ash, and calcium content. The sticks made with 60% of the fish meat and bones were more preferred and gave better chemical characteristics than those made with the other proportions.
SIFAT FISIKO-KIMIA GELATIN KULIT IKAN BELUT DAN LELE PADA KEADAAN SEGAR DAN KERING Rahmawati, Hafni; Pranoto, Yudi
Fish Scientiae Vol 2, No 3 (2012): Fish Scientiae, Vol.2 No.3 Juni 2012
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v2i3.1148

Abstract

Pengeringan kulit ikan sebagai bahan baku gelatin berpengaruh terhadap sifat fisiko-kimia. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengeringan dilakukan perbandingan kulit ikan dalam kondisi segar dan kering. Selain itu untuk mempelajari sifat fisiko-kimia gelatin hasil ekstrasi ikan air tawar digunakan kulit ikan belut dan lele. Kulit ikan belut dan lele tidak bersisik, berlendir dan berlemak untuk ikan lele, berbeda dengan kulit ikan pada umumnya yang dijadikan gelatin. Tahapan ekstraksi yang dilakukan untuk keseluruhan jenis ikan sama, kecuali penanganan kulit ikan kering yang sebelumnya direndam dalam air selama 4 jam. Kulit ikan direndam kembali dalam 0,05M asam asetat selama 10 jam, kemudian dicuci dan diekstraksi dengan aquadest pada suhu 80OC selama 2 jam, cairan yang didapat difiltrasi. Filtratnya dikeringkan dalam cabinet dryer suhu 55OC selama 48 jam hingga diperoleh lembaran gelatin, kemudian diblender menjadi granula gelatin.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gelatin kulit ikan kering mempunyai kekentalan setingkat dengan gelatin dari kulit ikan segarnya, kekuatan gel dan titik leleh pun lebih tinggi. Pengeringan kulit ikan berpengaruh pada peningkatan nilai kekeruhan dan warna (L,a, b). Gelatin kulit kering ikan belut adalah yang terbaik dengan kekentalan 6,65 cps, kekuatan gel 206,30 Bloom, dan titik leleh 22,33OC. Namun dari kekeruhan yaitu 1,65 ntu dan warna (L = 41,87, a = 8,90, b = 27,27) yang terbaik dalah gelatin kulit segar ikan belut.Fish skin was a raw material for gelatin extracted. Fish skin drying was effect to physico-chemical of gelatin. Fresh fish skin and dry fish skin was compare to studied gelatin extracted. Swamp ell skin and catfish skin was compare too. Swamp ell skin doesn’t have scales, with much mucus and a few fat for catfish, it’s different from another fish skin that gelatin extracted usually.The first stage of the research was raw material preparation (fresh and dry fish skin) soaked in aquadest for 4 hours. Fish skin extracted using 0,05 M acetic acid for 10 hours, washed in water and then extracted using aquadest at 80OC for 2 hours to get gelatin liquid, the liquid was filtrated. Filtrat was dried in cabinet dryer at 55OC for  48 hours to get gelatin layers, and then blended to get gelatin granule. The results were showing viscosity of gelatin from dry fish skin as same as from fresh fish skin, gel strength and melting point of gelatin from dry fish skin was higher than from fresh fish skin. Influence of fish skin drying was increase turbidity and color of gelatin. The best gelatin was ekstracted from dry skin swamp ell with viscosity 6,65 cps, gel strength 206,30 Bloom, melting point 22,33OC. Gelatin from fresh skin swamp ell was the best turbidity 1,65 ntu and color (L = 41,87, a = 8,90, b = 27,27).     
Proximate Composition of Three-Spot Gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus Pall) Crispy Using Instant Flavoring Rahmawati, Hafni; Aisyah, Siti
Fish Scientiae Vol 8, No 1 (2018): Fish Scientiae, Vol.1, No.1, Juni 2018
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v8i1.216

Abstract

Three-spot gourami is the most important fish commodity in East Borneo. The fish was only processed into fried salted fish and fermented fish such as wadi and bekasam until right now. The research of three-spot gouramy was only limited to fish salting and drying. One of the fish diversification processed was frying presto product that called fish crispy that has crisp and crunchy chacarteristics so its comfort to consume, adding with instant flavor (cheese, barbeque and sweet spicy) to increase product taste. The research on the fish crispy panelists acceptance with the addition of instant flavor produced the highest color and texture in cheese flavoring while the highest aroma and flavor value was in barbeque flavoring. The proximate composition of the product has not been analyzed. This study aims to learn the proximate composition and calcium of fish crispy using different instant flavoring. The treatment consisted of O (without seasoning), A (15% instant cheese flavoring), B (15% instant barbeque flavoring) and C (15% sweet spicy flavoring). Based on the proximate test, the treatment has a different effect on water, protein, fat and ash content. The B (barbeque) treatment is the best where the highest protein value is 58.24%. Ikan sepat rawa merupakan ikan komoditas penting Kalimantan Selatan namun hasil olahannya di pasaran hanya sebatas produk ikan kering dan hasil fermentasi seperti wadi dan bekasam. Begitu pula dengan pengembangan produk ikan sepat rawa melalui penelitian masih sebatas ikan asin. Salah satu diversifikasi olahan ikan sepat adalah produk presto goreng atau crispy dimana ikan menjadi renyah dan garing sehingga mudah dikonsumsi, ditambah dengan perisa instant (keju, barbeque dan pedas manis) semakin meningkatkan citarasa produk. Penelitian penerimaan panelis terhadap ikan sepat rawa presto goreng dengan penambahan perisa instant menghasilkan warna dan tekstur tertinggi pada perisa keju sedangkan nilai aroma dan rasa tertinggi pada perisa barbeque. Komposisi proksimat produk tersebut belum dianalisis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari komposisi proksimat dan kalsium ikan sepat rawa crispy menggunakan jenis perisa instant berbeda. Perlakuan penelitian yaitu O (tanpa bumbu), A (15% perisa instant keju), B (15% perisa instant barbeque) dan C (15% perisa instant pedas manis). Berdasarkan uji proksimat, perlakuan memberikan pengaruh yang berbeda terhadap kadar air, protein, lemak dan abu. Perlakuan B (barbeque) adalah yang terbaik dimana nilai proteinnya tertinggi yaitu 58,24%.  
RENDEMEN DAN KOMPOSISI PROKSIMAT GELATIN KULIT IKAN BELUT DAN LELE PADA KEADAAN SEGAR DAN KERING (YIELD AND PROXIMATE OF GELATIN EXTRACTED FROM FRESH AND DRY SWAMP ELL AND CATFISH SKIN) Rahmawati, Hafni; Pranoto, Yudi
Fish Scientiae Vol 2, No 4 (2012): Fish Scientiae, Vol.2 No.4 Desember 2012
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v2i4.1167

Abstract

Kulit ikan belut dan lele berpotensi untuk diekstrak gelatinnya. Kulit ikan belut dan lele tidak bersisik, berlendir dan berlemak untuk ikan lele, berbeda dengan kulit ikan pada umumnya yang dijadikan gelatin. Penelitian ini mempelajari tentang gelatin kulit ikan belut dan lele dari segi rendemen dan komposisi proksimat. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengeringan, kondisi kulit segar dan kering juga dipelajari. Tahapan ekstraksi yang dilakukan untuk keseluruhan jenis ikan sama, kecuali penanganan kulit ikan kering yang sebelumnya direndam dalam air selama 4 jam. Kulit ikan direndam kembali dalam 0,05M asam asetat selama 10 jam, kemudian dicuci dan diekstraksi dengan aquadest pada suhu 80OC selama 2 jam, cairan yang didapat difiltrasi. Filtratnya dikeringkan dalam cabinet dryer suhu 55OC selama        48 jam hingga diperoleh lembaran gelatin, kemudian diblender menjadi granula gelatin.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gelatin kulit ikan kering mempunyai rendemen sedikit lebih rendah dibandingkan gelatin dari kulit ikan segarnya. Kadar protein gelatin kulit ikan kering telihat tinggi dibandingkan kulit segarnya. Pengeringan kulit ikan berpengaruh pada penurunan kadar abu dan lemak, namun tidak mempengaruhi kadar air gelatin hasil ekstraksi. Gelatin kulit segar ikan lele memiliki nilai rendemen tertinggi yaitu 22,01%. Komposisi proksimat yang terbaik diantara keseluruhan kondisi dan jenis kulit dapat dilihat pada gelatin kulit segar ikan belut dimana memiliki kadar air 9,91%; kadar abu 3,07%; kadar protein 91,61%; dan kadar lemak 0,82%.Skin of swam ell and catfish were potential to gelatin extracted. Swamp ell skin doesn’t have scales, with much mucus and a few fat for catfish, it’s different from another fish skin that gelatin extracted usually. This research was studied yield and proximate gelatin extracted from skin of swam ell and catfish. Influence of drying was observed too.The first stage of the research was raw material preparation (fresh and dry fish skin) soaked in aquadest for 4 hours. Fish skin extracted using 0,05 M acetic acid for      10 hours, washed in water and then extracted using aquadest at 80OC for 2 hours to get gelatin liquid, the liquid was filtrated. Filtrat was dried in cabinet dryer at 55OC for 48 hours to get gelatin layers, and then blended to get gelatin granule. The results were gelatin yield from dry fish skin lower than fresh fish skin. Gelatin protein from dry fish skin more higher than fresh skin. Influence of fish skin drying was decrease gelatin ash and fat, but gelatin moisture wasn’t influenced. Gelatin from fresh skin swamp ell was the best gelatin with moisture 9,91%, ash 3,07%, protein 91,61%, lipid 0,82%.
SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG LABU KUNING (Cucurbits moschata, Durch) TERHADAP KANDUNGAN VITAMIN A DAN DAYA TERIMA PANELIS PADA SOSIS IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) Asyngari, Fu'ad Hasyim; Agustiana, Agustiana; Rahmawati, Hafni
Fish Scientiae Vol 6, No 2 (2016): Volume 6, Nomor 2, Desember 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v6i2.2687

Abstract

 Labu kuning merupakan sayuran yang kaya akan beta karoten sebagai prekursor vitamin A. Labu kuning dapat diolah menjadi tepung, yang kemudian disubstitusikan pada produk sosis ikan untuk meningkatkan nilai gizinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan persentase substitusi tepung labu kuning yang tepat, mempelajari pengaruh substitusi tepung labu kuning terhadap kandungan vitamin A dan daya terima panelis produk sosis ikan nila. Tahapan pertama adalah pembuatan tepung labu kuning dengan pengeringan menggunakan sinar matahari selama 2-3 hari yang dilanjutkan dengan proses penepungan. Selanjutnya tepung labu kuning disubstitusikan pada sosis ikan nila dengan persentase 0%, 10%, 15% dan 20% dari total keseluruhan adonan sosis ikan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sosis ikan nila dengan persentase substitusi tepung labu kuning 20% merupakan perlakuan terbaik ditinjau dari kandungan vitamin A. Persentase substitusi tepung labu kuning dapat meningkatkan kandungan vitamin A pada sosis ikan nila. Kandungan vitamin A sosis ikan nila dengan subtitusi tepung labu kuning dengan persentase 0%, 10%, 15% dan 20% berturut-turut yaitu < 0,01 μg/g, 0,9825 μg/g, 1,5025 μg/g dan 1,5375 μg/g. Hasil uji organoleptik menunjukkan daya terima panelis terhadap sosis ikan nila dengan substitusi tepung labu kuning berkisar antara 5 (agak suka) sampai dengan 6,8 (suka).Pumpkin is vegetable that rich in beta carotene as a precursor of vitamin A. Pumpkin can be processed into flour, which is then substitution on fish sausage products to improve the nutritional value. The purpose of this study was get precise percentage substitution of pumpkin flour, to know the effect of pumpkin flour substitution on the content of vitamin A and the panelist acceptance on tilapia sausage product. The first stage was manufacturing of pumpkin flour with drying using sunlight for 2-3 days, followed by the process of flouring. The next pumpkin flour in substitution on the tilapia sausage with a percentage 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% of the total fish sausage batter. This study uses a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The results showed that tilapia fish sausage with 20% substitution of pumpkin flour is the best treatment in terms of the vitamins A content. Percentage substitution of pumpkin flour may increase vitamin A content in tilapia fish sausage. The content vitamin A tilapia fish sausage with substitution of pumpkin flour with a percentage of 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% consecutively are <0.01 mg / g, 0.9825 ug / g, 1.5025 ug / g and 1.5375 ug / g. The organoleptic test results showed that panelists acceptance on tilapia fish sausage with substitution of pumpkin flour ranging between 5 (rather like) up to 6,8 (like).
PROFILE ALBUMIN AND BETA CAROTENE FORMULA INSTANT BABY PORRIDGE Sari, Dewi Kartika; Rosidi, Ali; Rahmawati, Hafni
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 3 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia 20(3)
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.445 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i3.19817

Abstract

Complementary feeding of breast milk should be given to infants after 6 months to increase nutritionalneeds. Instant baby porridge is known as one of complementary feeding of breast milk which is hygienic,easy to serve, and known by. Protein and vitamin A from snakehead fish (Ophiocephalus striatus) meal andpumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) flour can be used to improve the nutrition content of baby porridge . Thepurpose of this study was to determine the albumin and beta-carotene profiles of instant baby porridgesubstituted by 15 and 20% of snakehead fish meal and 10 and 15% of yellow pumpkin flour. Preparationof instant baby porridge carried out bydry mixing method. All ingredients wereapplied indriy condition,then mixed according to the standard of the formula of MP-ASI. The appearance ofinstant baby porridgewas yellowness and ready to eat after brewed with hot water (±60oC) with a ratio of 1 : 1. The results showedthat t instant baby porridge with 20% of snakehead fish meal and 15% of pumpkin flour substitution has thehighest albumin and beta carotene profiles which the value were 2.20% and 3.40 mg/100 g or 283.33 ?g/100g vitamin A, respectively.
PENINGKATAN KANDUNGAN PROTEIN MIE BASAH DENGAN PENAMBAHAN DAGING IKAN BELUT (Monopterus albus Zuieuw) Candra, Candra; Rahmawati, Hafni
Jukung (Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): MARET 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Lingkungan Fakultas Teknik Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tujuan riset ini adalah mempelajari pengaruh penambahan daging ikan belut (Monopterus albus Zuieuw) terhadap karakteristik kimia dan organoleptik mie basah. Mie basah yang beredar di pasaran memiliki kandungan nutrisi kurang baik, yaitu kadar airnya mencapai 52% sehingga daya awet rendah hanya bisa bertahan 40 jam pada suhu ruang, berbau asam, berlendir dan kadar protein rendah (4%). Penambahan daging ikan belut pada mie basah sebanyak 4 taraf yaitu 0; 1,5; 3; dan 4,5 %. Data hasil menunjukan peningkatan signifikan (p<0,05) untuk kadar protein, lemak dan abu. Sedangkan pada kadar air dan karbohidrat terjadi perubahan signifikan (p<0,05). Berdasarkan data hasil uji organoleptik, peningkatan signifikan (p<0,05) untuk nilai rasa dan aroma, tetapi terjadi penurunan signifikan pada nilai tekstur dan warna (p<0,05).Kata kunci : belut, mie basah, organoleptic, protein. The object of the research was studying wet noodle chemistry and organoleptic characteristic adding with eel (Monopterus albus Zuieuw) meat. Wet noodles in the market have a low nutrition. That were low protein (4%), high moisture (52%), short durrability (40 hours) in room temperature, sour odor and much mucus. The treatment for wet noodles adding with eel meat have 4 levels (0; 1,5; 3; and 4,5 %). The result were significant (p<0,05) increased for protein, lipid, and ash, but  significant (p<0,05) changed for moisture and carbohydrate. Organoleptic characteristic were showed significant (p<0,05) increased for taste and odor specifications, but significant (p<0,05) decreased for texture and color.Key words : eel meat, organoleptic, protein, wet noodle.