Nurmala K. Pandjaitan, Nurmala K.
Program Studi Sosiologi Pedesaan, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Published : 3 Documents
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

NIKAH SIRI DI WARUREJO DALAM PERSPEKTIF SEJARAH Arsal, Thriwaty; Wahyuni, Ekawati S.; Pandjaitan, Nurmala K.; Hubeis, Aida Vitayala S.
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 25, No 2 (2015): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.623 KB)

Abstract

Siri Marriage (unofficial marriage) is not a new phenomenon in Indonesia with its all negative impacts. However, in Warurejo village, siri marriage is accepted widely by society particularl actors and siri marriage network.  Siri marriage is a legal activity based on Islam if corresponding with legal requirements of marriag. Location of the research is conducted in  Warurejo village, East Java through qualitative, quantitative and semantics approaches. The result of research shows that siri marriage in Warurejo has been long standing and hereditary since Madura ethnic migrates to Warurejo. Siri marriage initially occurs among migrants, gradually changing and leading to commercialization. Warurejo people cannot predict the exact time when the commercialization of siri marriage applied in Warurejo village, but surely after commercialization occurs, there is a workplace for brokers and clerics. Economy needs sometimes cause the actors ignoring the negative impacts as a result of siri marriage, such as domestic violence, child custody, inheritance, etc. If there is a divorce, it is only delivered by brokers or short messages through mobile phone. Nikah siri bukanlah fenomena baru di Indonesia dengan segala dampak negatifnya. Namun, di Desa Warurejo nikah siri diterima secara luas oleh masyarakat, terutama aktor dan   jaringan nikah siri. Nikah siri merupakan tindakan yang sah menurut agama Islam sepanjang sesuai syarat sahnya pernikahan. Lokasi penelitian di lakukan di desa Warurejo Jawa Timur.dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, kuantitatif dan semantik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nikah siri di Warurejo sudah berlangsung lama dan turun temurun. Sejak etnis Madura melakukan migrasi ke Warurejo. Nikah siri yang awalnya terjadi hanya sesama migran, lambat laun mengalami perubahan dan mengarah ke komersilisasi. Masyarakat Warurejo tidak bisa memperkirakan sejak kapan komersilisasi nikah siri mulai berlaku di Desa Warurejo, namun yang pasti sejak adanya komersilisasi maka sejak itu pula mulai memunculkan  lahan pekerjaan baru bagi para broker dan kyai/modin. Kebutuhan terhadap ekonomi  menyebabkan pelaku terkadang mengabaikan fungsi negatif yang diakibatkan oleh nikah siri, misalnya adanya kekerasan  dalam rumah tangga,  hak asuh anak, waris, dan lain-lain. Jika terjadi perceraian, maka perceraian itu hanya disampaikan melalui broker atau pesan pendek melalui telepon seluler. 
Desa Pesantren Dan reProDuksi kiai kamPung Syamsul, Hadi; Soetarto, Endriatmo; Sunito, Satyawan; Pandjaitan, Nurmala K.
Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 16, No 1 (2016): Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman
Publisher : IAIN Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.032 KB)

Abstract

Pesantren serves as an educational institution (Islamic) as well as social institutions are generally based in the rural. Even the pattern in rural Javanese life was also much influenced by the culture and values of the pesantren. Not only student from the local village, but the students from various regions are also many who come to study in the pesantren. After graduating from the pesantren they go home, and among them there is a role in their communities. They learn Islamic knowledge covering: the Qur’an and Tafseer, Hadith, theology, ethics, Islamic jurisprudence, gramer and morphology (nahwu- shorof). In a rural environment, he is moving the activities of  religious  education,  mental-spiritual  and  socio-civic. When pesantren has developed with its own correlated to the progress of the village. The village of pesantren are a model of rural development that progress is largely supported by his values and traditions of Islam. Santri of pesantren graduates who have returned to the village and have a strong will devote themselves to the interests of society become essential factor for the preservation of social development in the rural. So, in this context the strategic value of the role of the village kiai in community development in rural areas.
Pola Komunikasi dalam Pengembangan Modal Manusia dan Sosial Pertanian Mulyandari, Retno Sri Hartati; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Pandjaitan, Nurmala K.; Lubis, Djuara P.
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol 28, No 2 (2010): Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.582 KB)

Abstract

EnglishThis paper aims to analyze the high quality of agricultural human capital and social indicators in improving the performance of national development and to formulate their communication patterns to support capacity building of human and social capital of agriculture in every line of agricultural development. The lack of agricultural human capital and social capital capacity is one of the constraints causing the accessibility limitation for Indonesian agriculture to face the global competition. The low farmer’s education attainment has caused a low capacity of farmers to manage information and to adopt new technology resulting the low products quality. At the extension level, the shortage number and quality of the extension workers has also contributed to that situation. Beside low of basic capability, most of the extension workers do not have adequate mental capacity, especially related to integrity, communication skills, and moral and ethical capacity. At the policy maker’s level, many local government institutions have no capacity to mapping agricultural resources along with their capability to make use of the available resources. With the high technical ability, agricultural human resource as a capital resource and as a social resource should have shared values and rules that expressed through personal relationships, trust, and common sense about the community responsibilities. To strengthen agricultural sector In supporting national development, agricultural sector need appropriate communication patterns for agricultural human resource improvement at each level of agricultural development. Such communication pattern should be based on the convergent-interaction communication through knowledge sharing model. This model is appropriate for both agricultural personnel and for farmers. Through active role of various institutions within the Ministry of Agriculture and with the help of modern information technology, a network to reach farmers could be achieved. The extension workers or village facilitators are required in the development of agricultural community because of its important function as problem analyst, group supervisor, trainers, innovators, and liaison officers.IndonesianTulisan ini ditujukan untuk menganalisis indikator modal manusia dan sosial pertanian yang berkualitas dalam meningkatkan kinerja pembangunan nasional, dan merumuskan pola komunikasi untuk mendukung peningkatan kapasitas modal manusia dan sosial pertanian di setiap lini pembangunan pertanian. Keterbatasan kapasitas modal manusia dan sosial pertanian merupakan salah satu penyebab kurang mampunya pertanian Indonesia dalam menghadapi persaingan global. Rendahnya tingkat pendidikan petani menyebabkan kemampuan dalam mengolah informasi dan mengadopsi teknologi relatif sangat terbatas sehingga menghasilkan produk yang berkualitas rendah. Pada tingkat penyuluh, ketersediaannya di lapangan juga sangat terbatas jumlah dan kualitasnya. Selain kemampuan dasar yang masih rendah, sebagian besar penyuluh juga belum memiliki kapasitas mental yang memadai, khususnya terkait dengan integritas, kemampuannya dalam berkomunikasi, serta kapasitas moral dan etika. Sedangkan di tingkat pengambil kebijakan, masih banyak instansi daerah yang belum mampu memetakan sumber daya pertanian di daerah secara komprehensif dan memiliki kecermatan dalam membuat konsep pemanfaatannya. Selain memiliki kemampuan teknis yang tinggi, SDM pertanian sebagai modal manusia dan sosial pertanian juga harus memiliki dan berbagi nilai (shared values) serta pengorganisasian peran-peran (rules) yang diekspresikan dalam hubungan-hubungan personal (personal relationships), kepercayaan (trust), dan common sense tentang tanggung jawab komunitas (bersama). Agar sektor pertanian semakin kuat dalam mendukung pembangunan nasional, diperlukan pola komunikasi yang tepat untuk mendukung peningkatan kapasitas SDM pertanian di setiap lini pembangunan pertanian. Pola komunikasi dalam peningkatan kapasitas SDM pertanian dalam konsep sebagai modal manusia dan sosial yang unggul mengacu pada pola komunikasi interaksional konvergen melalui model berbagi pengetahuan (knowledge sharing model). Model ini tidak hanya sesuai untuk SDM dalam kategori aparatur pertanian, namun juga sesuai untuk petani. Peran aktif berbagai institusi dalam lingkup Departemen Pertanian yang diintegrasikan dengan perkembangan teknologi informasi, upaya untuk mewujudkan jaringan informasi bidang pertanian sampai di tingkat petani dapat diwujudkan. Fasilitator atau pendamping, khususnya penyuluh pertanian sangat dibutuhkan dalam pengembangan masyarakat karena mempunyai fungsi sebagai analis masalah, pembimbing kelompok, pelatih, inovator, dan penghubung.