Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher
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ANALISA PENCAPAIAN HEALTH SAFETY ENVIRONMENT (HSE) PERFORMANCE INDICATOR PADA KONTRAKTOR BERDASARKAN CONTRACTOR SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CSMS) PT. X PURWOKERTO Denny, Hanifa Maher; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Contractor Safety Management System (CSMS) is an aspect of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) management system for contractors’ work. CSMS application level can be seen through the percentage achievement of Health Safety Environment (HSE) Performance Indicator. HSE Performance Indicator can be used to monitor safety performance by looking at lagging and leading indicators. The absence of measurement HSE Performance Indicator contractors of PT. X can cause a lack of discipline OHS program implementation contractors for execute their work. This study aims to determine the achievement of HSE Performance Indicator contractor PT. X uses a qualitative method by conducting in-depth interviews. The subjects of this study consisted of two main informants and two informants triangulation. The results showed that the implementation of CSMS in PT. X consist of the step of administration which includes risk assessment, pre-qualification, and selection and implementation phase of work includes pre-implementation and implementation activities. While the achievement of HSE Performance Indicator contractors with high risk occupations amounted to 27.33%, the achievement of HSE Performance Indicator contractor to work as medium risk amounted to 13.83%, and the achievement of HSE Performance Indicator contractors with a low risk occupations amounted to 28.08%. Achievement of HSE Performance Indicator is strongly influenced by the implementation of CSMS stages. PT. X needs to do more rigorous screening to select a contractor who truly realize the importance of the implementation of OHS during works, in addition to the need for closer scrutiny of the implementation of OHS program contractors during the execution of a work in progress.
PENERAPAN HAZARD IDENTIFICATION RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) SEBAGAI PENGENDALIAN POTENSI KECELAKAAN KERJA DI BAGIAN PRODUKSI BODY BUS PT. X MAGELANG Primasari, Annisa Devi; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) is a tool or a method to identify, assess or measure and control hazards based activities work in every workplace. PT. X Magelang doesn’t have HIRARC method so that the company is also hasn’t apply SMK3. The aim of this research was to describe  the identified of potential hazards, the risk assessment and  control (HIRARC). The study utilized qualitative approach using interview and field observation. The subjects of this research were five informants and the production of the body bus, while triangulation informants are the manager of body bus area and the staff of SHE. The finding of this research was able to identify some potential hazards such as minor injuries, scratches, slips and trips, falls, burns, back/neck, RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury), cuts, hearing loss, toppling incidents, inhalations. While the potential of risks belonged to extreme 9,2% high 44,6% medium 21,5% and low 24,6%.
STUDI PERILAKU KESELAMATAN KERJA DALAM PENGOPERASIAN MESIN PERCETAKAN PADA PEKERJA PT MASSCOM GRAPHY Sutriono, Dwi; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Workplace accidents are caused due to unsafe working behaviors (unsafe act), such as not wearing PPE, not follow work procedures , do not follow the safety rules and work are not careful. Number of cases of occupational accidents that occurred during the last three months commencing in 2012 was higher than the previous year at the same time. The number of workplace accidents caused by unsafe behavior, the purpose of this research to study the behavior of safety in the operation of the printing machine workers at PT Masscom Graphy. This research is a descriptive qualitative research with indepth interviews. The subjects of this study were 3 people as key informants and triangulated 2 people as informants . The results showed that the K3 has a good knowledge . Attitude of key informants did not agree with the checklist form filling obligations, as well as the availability of safety PPE are still lacking. Perceptions of supervisor existence has no influence on the main informant in the practice of K3. From this study the behavior of key informants explained that in practice it does not ignore this aspect of the form K3 wear personal protective equipment, do not fill in a checklist form that corresponds to the work performed, as well as the availability of PPE that is still in the stage of procurement. The company is expected to facilitate trade with PPE.
ANALISIS HIRA (HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT) PADA INDUSTRI TAHU SERASI BANDUNGAN BARU SEMARANG Alauddin, Muhammad Rifqi; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

HIRA is one of many risk valuation methods that can be used to value which hazard is able to provoke the biggest risk. It’s done by considering the probability and the impact. Tahu Serasi Bandungan Baru Industri is one of many informal sector industries having hazard potential to the work environment and work process. This research’s purpose is to identify hazard potential, risk assessment , describe current hazard control and recommend hazard control means to decrease work accident risk. This research is done in two location of Tahu Serasi Bandungan Baru production by using explanatory research with 14 respondents which consist of 12 main informant and 2 triangulation informant. In detail, each location has 6 main informant and 1 triangulation informant. Work process in this tofu industri is divided into two, odd section and milling section. Based on research some hazard potentials are learned. Those are cramp, slip, process tools wedge, process tools struck down, mold, hot soybean extract, combustion fumes, electric shock, noise and fire. Tahu Serasi Bandungan Baru Industri has done some hazard control means by giving break time and personal protective equipment to employees.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KECELAKAAN KERJA PADA PEKERJA MAINTENANCE ELEKTRIKAL DALAM MENERAPKAN WORK PERMIT DI PT. X SEMARANG Wirdati, Ismi Elya; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

occupational accidents are unexpected events that can occur in the workplace, to the place of work and from the workplace. Factors causes of accidents include human, equipment, environment. Accidents are contained in PT. X Semarang occur in electrical maintenance workers. Because the electrical workers are high hazard. So the company applying for a work permit control. This research to determine factors that influence incidence of workplace accidents in electrical maintenance workers in applying work permit. The researchers took factors of knowledge, compliance, PPE use and dissemination work permit. Qualitative research design used cross sectional. The sampling method by total sampling that all electrical maintenance worker. Technique of data collection such as in-depth interviews, documentation and observation. Reliability and validity of the data with source triangulation and triangulation technique. Based on the results of worker factors that caused workplace accidents that implementing SOP compliance work permit, the use of PPE and socialization work permit
ANALISIS IMPLEMENTASI ASPEK PENGENDALIAN OPERASIONAL BERDASARKAN OHSAS 18001 : 2007 DAN PP NO. 50 TAHUN 2012 DI AREA FILLING SHED PT. X Maulidha, Ratna Yasinta Ayu; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

According to International Labor Organization (ILO), there are 20 of 100.000 Indonesian death bacause of work related accident. It happened because Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) programs does not work well. So, Occupational Safety and Health Management System is needed to control OSH program. In Indonesia OSH management system is reguated on Govermental Rule Number 50 in 2012 and every company has to implement this regulation. PT. X apllies OHSAS 18001 : 2007 as their reference on applying OSH management system. The purpose of this research to analyze the implementation of Operating Control based on OHSAS 18001 : 2007 and Govermental Rule Number 50 in 2012. The subjects of this research are 2 people as the key informants and 2 people as the triangulation informants. The results showed that PT. X has been fullfiled all elements on Operation Control of OHSAS 18001 : 2007, and for Govermental Rule Number 50 in 2012, there was some elements had not been fulfilled as the criteria, such us Purchasing, Personal Protective Equipment, Safety Sign, and Lock Out System. PT X need to certify and apply the Occupational Safety and Health Management System based on Govermental Rule Number 50 in 2012 to know the OSH management system implementation level based on Govermental Rule Number 50 in 2012 and to do the duty and for better implementation of OSH management system.
Analisis Upaya Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Kecelakaan Kerja Pada Sebuah Pabrik Semen di Tuban Denny, Hanifa Maher; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Every organization had risks to face when performing their activities. PT. Semen Indonesia (Persero) Tbk. is a cement company. The company had created accident prevention programs but there was still accident happened to their employees. The study aimed to analyze the efforts of accident prevention and control implemented by PT. Semen Indonesia (Persero) Tbk especially for Tuban I Plant. Method used in this study was qualitative with observational approach. Results showed that management of PT. Semen Indonesia (Persero) Tbk had created the OSH policy and they were reputed to give support in implementing accident prevention. After risks assessed, results obtained that the risks included in low level risks were unorganized equipment, spilled/scattered material, un-ergonomic work station, vibration, boredom, people without interest appearance, excavator usage, electrical usage, transporter truck usage, incompetent personnel, and light radiation, whereas the medium level risks included noise, dust, rotating equipment, high temperature material, gas, and vapor, coal dust, height, scattered/spilled material, and high pressure, and the high level risks included height, noise, and high temperature material. The efforts implemented by OSH section included activity’s impact identification and assessment, safety inspection (unsafe action and condition), safety talk (internal and contractor), recondition and completion of OSH norm sign, OSH training (basic of OSH), managing and supplying the PPE, assessment of 5R implementation, Equipment securing activity ( Log Out and Tag Out), and Plant Equipment Certification. The conclusion of the study was the innovation of preventing and controlling accident needed to be done in work place.
HUBUNGAN LINGKUNGAN KELAS TERHADAP KELAINAN REFRAKSI MIOPIA PADA SISWA KELAS 5 SD DI SD X SEMARANG Andrias, Lutfi; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Myopia is the most common human eye disorder in the world. for this refractive state, the retina is located behind the focal plane so that a concave lens is needed to move the focal plane back to the retinal plane, restoring a focused, clear image. definition of myopia vary, but generally an eye is considered myopic if a negative spherical equivalent correction of at least 0.5 diopters is needed to restore emmetropia, the refractive state in which image are focused on retina. because of varying definition, the reported prevalence of myopia varies. , The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of the classroom environment to refractive error myopia in primary school students of class 5 in X in Semarang. This study uses a quantitative approach with cross sectional approach. Population and sample in this study were all students of class 5 in SD X Semarang total of 54 students. The independent variable in this study is visibility to the front of the class, local lighting, distance reading and writing, as well as the position of reading and writing. The dependent variable in this study is the refractive error myopia. Results of analysis by using chi - square showed that there is a relationship between visibility to the front of the refractive error myopia (p - value 0.05). Then there was no association of local illumination (p - value 0194), the distance to read and write (p - value 0.474), and the position of reading and writing (p - value 0.324) with refractive error myopia. This study also suggested schools to conduct routine screening and periodic on myopia and other health problems that could potentially occur on school students
ANALISIS SISTEM PENCAHAYAAN DI RUANG SIPIL/SARANA DENGAN SNI NOMOR 03-6575-2001 TENTANG PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENCAHAYAAN BUATAN PT X GRESIK Mualifah, Annida Khusnul; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Intensityilluminationforoffice activityless than according to SNI 03-6575-2001 number 350 lux.Indoor lighting, especially in the workplace that does not meet certain requirements can worsen vision.Less of lighting will cause eyestrain which will then be lowered productivity.This study aimed to analyze the implementation of artificial lighting system and analyzes the factors that influence the artificial lighting system based SNI 03-6575-2001 numbers in the civil / PT X Gresik means.This research is a descriptive qualitative in-depth interviews.The subjects of this research were two people as the main informants and 2 as an informant triangulation.Supporting data used to use observation guidelines in the form.The results showed key informants in plan of lighting system using SNI energy conservation but based SNI 03-6575-2001 numbers do not meet the 66.7% standard rate.Factors that led to the implementation of less than standard lighting systems is the influence of power requirements, light requirements, armature or house lights are used, reflectance, average lighting level, color rendering, the window is not in accordance with the standard rate.Never been given training in planning lighting systems by PT X Gresik and evaluation and monitoring conducted K3, and Sipil, Enjinering.PT X need to provide training planning a lighting system to the main informant to improve the ability of planning a lighting system and making employment contracts K3 involvement in the planning, implementation, evaluation and monitoring.
StuditentangFaktorIndividu, LingkunganKerja, Komputer, danKeluhanComputer Vision Syndrome (CVS) padaPenggunaKomputerdi PerusahaanPerakitan Mobil Ulpah, Maryah; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Computer Vision Syndrome is a group of eye problems related to computer usage. The symptoms of CVS including the eye strain, headaches, blurred vision, dry and irritated eyes, red eyes, sore neck and back, eyes are too sensitive to light, and double vision. CVS can be caused by a variety of individual factors, work environment, and computer. The purpose of this research is to determine the factors associated with CVS on computer users in a car assembling company. This type of research is a quantitative study with cross sectional approach. Population in this research were computer users in a car assembling company that amounted to 74 people. Samples were choosen with the inclusion criteria (understood about Indonesian language, male, did not have history of diabetes and hypertension, were willing to be respondent, and not currently on leave) so that was conducted there were 41 people as respondents. Bivariate analysis results with Rank Spearman correlation indicate that there was a correlation between the long break after using the computer (p-value = 0,035), knowledge of CVS (p-value = 0,041), and local lighting intensity (p-value = 0,030), and there was no correlation between age (p-value = 0,481), the work of computer usage (p-value = 0,269), the duration of use of the computer (p-value = 0,360), distance vision of computers (p-value = 0,206), and the point of view of the computer (p-value = 0,063). From the results of this research it could be concluded that there was a correlation between the long break after using computers, knowledge of CVS, and the intensity of the illumination with local complaints of CVS. Researchers suggest that the company should give the lighting intensity that complies with the standards, establish a policy of using maximum breaks, give knowledge about CVS. Advice for computer user to apply the rule of 20-20-20. As well as on other researchers to analyze other variables thought to be associated with complaints of CVS.