Nurjazuli Nurjazulil, Nurjazuli
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HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA BALITA (Studi Kasus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Candi Lama Kecamatan Candisari Kota Semarang)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Pneumonia is inflammation of lung parenchyma where asinus filled with liquid chafe into a wall alveoli and cavities interstisium. According to data Riskesdas 2013, the incident pneumonia highest found in age group 12-23 months with 21,7 per 1000 toddlers. In 2012, pneumonia most high rate occurrence there are in the work area Puskesmas Candi Lama Kecamatan Candisari with the number of people that is 620 toddlers from 4.150 toddlers. This research using the draft study case control. Samples are toddlers age 0-59 months. Large sample that is 36 toddlers group cases and 36 toddlers the control group. Analysis bivariat test using chi square. The result of bivariate analysis indicated that no relation the type of floor, wall type home, home residence density, a density of occupancy bedroom, home humidity levels, temperature, home ventilation, bedroom ventilation,and type of fuel to cook with pneumonia on toddlers and there was a correlation between natural lighting with pneumonia on toddlers with average of illuminance on a group of cases 66,19 lux and in the control group 102 lux. Natural light is risk factors scene pneumonia in toddlers in the work area Puskesmas Candi Lama, Kecamatan Candisari Kota Semarang.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DAN PERILAKU YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAFASAN AKUT (ISPA) PADA BALITA DI KELURAHAN KUNINGAN KECAMATAN SEMARANG UTARA

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is a disease caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. Recapitulation of monthly report of 10 major disease found that ARI in Kuningan village are highest any villages in the work area of Bandarharjo Primary Health Care. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between bedroom population density, the width of house ventilation, bedroom air humidity, smoking habits of family members in the house, the presence of taking children habits in the kitchen while cooking and the habit of burning mosquito coils with ARI incidence in children under five years in the Kuningan Village. This study used an explanatory research with cross sectional design. The population was all children aged 12-59 months in the Kuningan Village with good nutritional status and the status of fully immunized as many as 558 children. Samples were taken using Systematic Random Sampling technique as many as 64 samples. Data analysis using chi square test (CI = 95%, α = 5%). The results indicated that the proportion of poor ventilation with children suffering from ARI 54,3% and 45,7% did not suffer from ARI, smoking habits of family members in the house with children suffering from ARI 56,2% and 43,8% did not suffer from ARI. While the bedroom population density does not qualify as much as 65,6%. It was found that there are relationship between the width of house ventilation (p-value = 0,041) and smoking habits of family members in the house (p-value = 0,014). Variables that did not have significant relationship are bedroom population density (p-value=1,000), bedroom air humidity (p-value=0,586), the presence of taking children habits in the kitchen while cooking (p-value=0,924), and the habit of using mosquito coils (p-value=0,885). Conclutions is the smoking habits of family members in the house is a risk factor of ARI.