Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search

PEMANFAATAN IKAN NILEM DAN TULANG UNTUK MENGHASILKAN ABON DAN AMPLANG KAYA KALSIUM

Ngayah : Majalah Aplikasi IPTEKS Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Ngayah
Publisher : Ngayah : Majalah Aplikasi IPTEKS

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Di Kabupaten Soppeng terdapat sekitar 20 kelompok usaha pengolah ikan air tawar yang telah mencoba menghasilkan berbagai macam bentuk diversifikasi produk bahan pangan termasuk hasil olahan ikan air tawar. Hasil wawancara dengan ketua kelompok usaha Al-Furqan dan Ketua kelompok usaha Hati Mulia, ditemukan bahwa permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh sebagian besar kelompok usaha pengolah ikan air tawar di Kab. Soppeng saat ini adalah 1) permasalahan dalam aspek produksi dan 2) aspek manajemen usaha. Masalah dalam aspek produksi akan menghaslkan produk dengan kualitas rendah dan berdampak kepada harga jual yang rendah dan berkurangnya minat pembeli. Sementara minimnya penerapan manajemen usaha yang baik akan menghambat sistem produksi dan mengurangi perolehan keuntungan yang layak bagi produsen. Tujuan dari program penerapan iptek bagi masyarakat kelompok usaha pengolah ikan air tawar di Kabupaten Soppeng ini adalah memberikan pembinaan kepada kelompok usaha mitra dalam memperbaiki kualitas produk dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan anggota kelompok, Metode yang diterapkan adalah penyuluhan, demo dan pelatihan kepada kelompok usaha mitra. Penentuan kelompok mitra menggunakan metode pourposive sampling, yaitu Kelompok Usaha Al-Furqan dan Kelompok Usaha Hati Mulia, dengan pertimbangan bahwa kedua kelompok tersebut memiliki produk dengan prospek pasar yang baik. Masing-masing kelompok usaha tersebut kemudian dipilih 5 orang anggota untuk diberi penyuluhan dan pelatihan.

Laju Infeksi Penyakit brown band Disease dan Bakteriasosiasi pada Karang acropora sp. di Pulau Barranglompo, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan

Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Coral diseases more commonly found in tropical regions and is one cause of coral mortality . The purpose of this study was to determine the infection rate of brown band disease on the coral Acropora sp and its bacterial associations.The rate of infection is done by marking the light brown band with a cable tie and then measuring the size of colonies already dead . Colony measurements is done every day for one week .Coral-associated bacterial were isolated by taking a sample of coral infected BrB and inoculated in Marine Agar medium with pour plate method, then purified by zigzag scratch method with a 24 hour incubation. Bacterial identification based on biochemistry assay.The area of   coral colonies of Acropora sp who die from the disease BrB were 1.58 to 6.11 cm per day . Coral-associated bacterial identified were Cromobacterium sp, Staphylococcus sp , Flavobacteriun sp and Pseudomonas sp.

BAKTERI ASSOSIASI DI KARANG BATU (Skleractinian) YANG TERINFEKSI PENYAKIT TUMOR (Growth Anomalies) YANG BERASAL DARI PULAU SALEMO KABUPATEN PANGKEP

Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.505 KB)

Abstract

 Coral disease is one of the threats to the health of coral but is not yet widely known. This study was conducted todetermine the types of bacterial associations in hard corals infected with growth anomaly (GA). Coral samplesinfected with GA disease were taken by using SCUBA tool on Salemo Island, Mattiro Bombang Village, PangkepDistrict. Bacterial isolation was performed by removing mucus from corals infected by growth anomaly by 1ml and diluted to dilution 10-3 . Purification of bacteria is done by inoculating the solid medium of Marine Agar.Furthermore, Gram staining and biochemical tests were performed. Bacterial identification was performed basedon colony morphology and biochemical reaction test results. The results showed that GA disease can infectcoral Porites, Acropora digitate, Platygyra and pocillopora . Bacteria are found from the genus Flavobacterium,Acinetobacter  and, Neiseria. Keywords: Bacteria association, coral stone, coral disease, growth anomaly

Impact of sedimentation to sponge on coral reef ecosystems in Hoga and Sampela Island, Wakatobi Archipelago

TORANI: Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Marine Science and Fisheries Faculty, Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.39 KB)

Abstract

Sponge is marine organism from porifera phylum which is a filter feeder (filtering food). Sponge can be degraded by high sediment suspended seawater, which causing a sponge body blockage, which will inhibit the growth of the sponge and even experienced death. This study aims to analyze the sponge coverage, sponge species identification and the relationship between sponge coverage and sedimentation rate. Underwater Photo Transect (UPT) was used in this study at three (3) depths i.e. 3 m, 6 m, and 10 m. The results showed that sponge coverage in high sedimentation rate is lower and there are 17 sponge species were found which were divided in to 14 family. In addition to sedimentation, water quality also greatly affects sponge coverage, such as currents, dissolved organic matter, salinity, and turbidity. One cause of sedimentation comes from the land, such as the transfer of land functions. Sponge's existence will continue to be threatened by physical and chemical pressure, and sedimentation if exploitation cannot be controlled.Keywords: sponge, sedimentation, water quality, land change 

SHORT-TERM OBSERVATION ON MARINE DEBRIS AT COASTAL AREAS OF TAKALAR DISTRICT AND MAKASSAR CITY, SOUTH SULAWESI-INDONESIA

Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan SPERMONDE

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Marine debris is defined as material that is solid, persistent, manufactured or processed, and deliberately or not-deliberately left in the marine environment. Marine debris comes in many shapes and forms, ranging in size from microscopic microplastics to large vessels. Marine debris is a big and growing global problem, pose threats to marine life sustainability. Plastic is a major component of marine debris, and single use packaging accounts for an increasing part of the global marine debris load. Research on marine debris were conducted on coastal areas and Small Island of South Sulawesi destined for local tourism, i.e. Karama beach, Bodia beach and Mandi beach (Galesong, Takalar District), Tanjung Bayang beach, Akkarena beach and Lae-lae island/also known as Bob beach (Makassar City). This research was aimed at identifying marine debris according to its types, size and mass. Debris were collected in a 25 x 60 m transect with direction 30 m towards land and waters, respectively, with 3 replication transects at every location, whilst collections of debris were conducted during low and high tides. Current (direction and speed) and waves (incoming direction and height) were also measured as supporting parameters. Surrounding sampling location characteristics were also recorded. Result showed that Karama beach is found with highest total marine debris mass in Takalar (36.44 kg), whilst in Makassar the Lae-lae island was found to be the highest with debris mass (43.22 kg). Plastic were predominant debris at all sampling locations with percentages of 62.7 – 86.6%. Lastly, the predominant size was macro-debris (25-100 cm).