Muhammad Iqbal Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal
Dosen Pendidikan IPS Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta

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PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN IPS SEJARAH BERBASIS CRITICAL PEDAGOGY DI SEKOLAH Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal
Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Desember
Publisher : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

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Abstract

Abstrak. Pengampu mata pelajaran IPS-Sejarah sebagai salah satu matapelajaran yang mengembangkan kecerdasan sosial peserta didik memerlukanterobosan pendekatan pengajaran yang lebih merangsang minat peserta didikdalam belajar sejarah di sekolah. Oleh karena itu, para perserta didik harusdidekatkan dengan isu-isu sosial di sekitar lingkunganya sehingga timbulkesadaran kritis dalam memandang persoalan-persoalan sosial dalam masyarakat.Dalam hal inilah model pendidikan IPS sejarah di sekolah haruslah berbasiskritis. Peserta didik dalam melaksanakan proses pembelajaran tidaklah lagiterdominasi oleh setiap instruksi dan wacana pemikiran dari guru. Namun,peserta didiklah yang akan mengkonstruksi pengetahuanya sendiri secara sadardan kritis tanpa dominasi dari siapapun. Artikel ini ingin memberikan pandanganpemikiran tentang model pendidikan IPS sejarah berbasis critical pedagogy disekolah. Pendekatan critical pedagogy dapat mengantarkan peserta didik menjadipribadi warga negara yang baik.Kata-kata kunci: Pembelajaran, IPS Sejarah, Critical Pedagogy, SekolahAbstract. The teacher of social studies-history as a subject to develop pupils’social quotient needs an alternative of teaching approach. This would stimulatespupils’ motivation in learning history. Therefore, pupils have to be engaged withsocial issues to encourage the critical awareness. The teaching model of socialstudies-history should be based on the critical thinking. The pupils should not bedominated by the thinking of teachers. However, the pupils should construct theirown knowledge. This article wants to give a perspective on the teaching model ofsocial studies-history based on critical pedagogy. This approach could lead thepupils to be the well citizensKeywords : Learning, Social Studies, Critical Pedagogy, School
PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN IPS DENGAN PENDEKATAN KONSTRUKTIVISME DI SEKOLAH Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal
Forum Ilmu Sosial Vol 41, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Social science plays an important roles in the development ofIndonesian educational system. It supports the students to gain the competency of well human being and citizenship.The reconstruction of the curriculum for several times makes the teacher of social science studiesthink an alternative methodology of teaching. This alternative methodology shoul be constructive and critical. To stimulate the students learning interest, they are needed to be brought closer to the social issues around their environtment. It is expected to construct their critical awareness to their communities. They are not longer dominated by the teacher in the learning process. The teacher just provides the discourse and facilitates them to have some critical pedagogy activities.The aim of this article is togive an overview of Social Science learning process based on theconstructivism model. This theory supports a critical pedagogydevelopment which brings the students become a good critically and responsibility citizen. Education , Social Studies, Constructivism , School
PEMIKIRAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN KELUARGA MANGKUNEGARAN Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal; Wasino, Wasino; Suyahmo, Suyahmo; Joebagio, Hermanu
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 26, No 2 (2016): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

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Abstract

According to the historical event of the Mangkunegaran dinasty said that of entrepreneurship is more striking than the Mataram kingdom such as Kasunanan Surakarta and Kasultanan Yogyakarta Reign. From the time  Mangkunegaran I until Mangkunegara IV were successful in plugging the power base of the civil economy proves that the civil Mangkunegaran as one kingdom in Kejawen in the field of entrepreneurship is more advanced than in other Javanese kingdoms. For that reason , this study wanted to find the root network entrepreneurial thinking Mangkunegaran as the focus of the study . This study takes the subject of Mangkunegara thought starting Mangkunegaran I until Mangkunegaran IV. The purpose of this study was to analyze in depth network thought what are strongly held by Sri Mangkunegara I until IV in developing civil entrepreneurial base . The research method used is the historical multidimensional method. The result in this study is that the success of the civil Mangkunegaran in building economic power is highly correlated with entrepreneurial thinking of Mangkunegaran. The thought of Mangkunegara I to IV into civil spirit in building the ethos of entrepreneurship as well as the existence of the family and the kingdom . Although it is epistemological, each kings who ruled  differently .Secara historis keberadaan Praja Mang-kunegaran yang unggul dalam bidang kewirausahaan memang lebih maju dari pada kutub-kutub kerajaan Mataram lainnya seperti Kasunanan Surakarta dan Kasultanan Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini ingin mendalami dasar pemikiran kewirausahaan Mangkunegaran. Penelitian ini mengambil fokus pemikiran kewirausahaan Mangkunegaran yang bersumber pada ajaran filosofis Mangkunegara I sampai IV. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis secara mendalam pemikiran dan nilai-nilai filosofis yang di pegang teguh oleh Sri Mangkunegara I sampa IV dalam mengembangkan basis kewirausahaan praja. Metode penelitian yang dipakai adalah metode sejarah dengan pendekatan multidimensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesuksesan Praja Mangkunegaran dalam membangun kekuatan ekonomi sangat berkorelasi dengan pemikiran filosofis ajaran leluhur Mangkunegaran. Pemikiran filosofis dari Mangkunegara I sampai IV menjadi spirit praja dalam membangun kewirausahaan serta eksistensi trah dan kerajaannya. Walaupun secara epistimologis, masing-masing raja yang memerintah mengaktualisasikannya secara berbeda-beda.    
SOCIAL CHANGE IN YOGYAKARTA: PAST AND NOW A SELO SOEMARDJAN PERSPECTIVE Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal; Syahruzah, Juang Kurniawan
HISTORIA : Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah Vol 6, No 1 (2018): HISTORIA
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH METRO

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Abstract

Yogyakarta is one of Javanese cultural centers that still exist both nationally and internationally. Historically, social and cultural developments in the pre-Independence era until the Reformation era experienced significant social change. This research wants to analyze and find the process of social change in Yogyakarta. Selo Soemardjans perspective approach was used in analyzing social change in the pre-Independence era in Yogyakarta. While at the contextual level of social phenomenology analysis used in analyzing the development of social change in Yogyakarta in the post-independence period. The findings in this study are that Yogyakarta experienced a sense of value and culture in the pre-independence and post-independence period. Yogyakarta people who previously put great ethical values of Javanese culture has shifted to the culture of consumptive, business and hedonist. The role of the Sultan and the government is less strong in stemming the various global currents that enter the territory of Yogyakarta. Social control is weak in building and stemming cultural values that are not in accordance with the ethical norms of the old Yogyakarta community. Suggestion of this research is socialization of social and cultural system strengthening from local government to the smallest level of society and family. Second, the need for government to work together with social organizations and religious communities in strengthening cultural identity, ethics and religious norms of society
LEGITIMASI KEKUASAAN ATAS SEJARAH KERUNTUHAN KERAJAAN MAJAPAHIT DALAM WACANA FOUCAULT Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 24, No 2 (2016): Agama, Politik dan Kebangsaan
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

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The history of the collapse of the Majapahit showed the discourse of power. In this context  rule has been supporting a particular version of historical knowledge. Applying  historical method and multi-dimensional approach, this study aims to find out why the knowledge about the collapse of Majapahit spreading among community members was more tended toward the version that Girindra-wardhana  as a single actor who overthrow Prabu Brawijaya V. The results of this study indicated  that the knowledge  among Javanese  community about the collapse  of Majapahit that stated Girindrawardhana as the sole actor that attacked  and subverted  the kingdom of Majapahit which at the time was ruled by King Kertabhumi (Brawijaya V) is supported by a wide range of all power of the ruling elite that were largely due to ideological motives. Power and ideology are used as a means of legalizing knowledge.***Sejarah runtuhnya Majapahit memunculkan diskursus yang menampilkan ke­kuasaan. Dengan demikian kekuasaan telah menyokong versi pengetahuan sejarah tertentu. Dengan menggunakan metode sejarah dan pendekatan multi-dimensional, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui mengapa penge­tahuan tentang peristiwa runtuhnya Majapahit yang berkembang dalam masyarakat lebih me­nisbatkan pada versi Girindrawardhana sebagai aktor tunggal yang melengserkan kekuasaan Prabu Brawijaya V. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjuk­kan bahwa pengetahuan masyarakat Jawa mengenai peristiwa runtuhnya Majapahit yang meletakkan Girindrawardhana sebagai aktor tunggal yang menyerang dan menumbangkan kerajaan Majapahit yang pada waktu diperintah oleh Prabu Kertabhumi (Brawijaya V) disokong oleh berbagai ke­kuataan elit penguasa yang sebagian besar karena motif ideologi. Kekuasaan dan ideologi digunakan sebagai alat legalisasi pengetahuan.
HISTORICAL LITERATURE AS AN ENCULTURATION OF EDUCATION IN LOCAL WISDOM OF KINGDOM FAMILY IN JAVA Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal; Darsono, Darsono; Siswanta, Siswanta; Sudartoyo, Sudartoyo; Syahruzah, Juang Kurniawan
Historia Vol 6, No 2 (2018): HISTORIA
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH METRO

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Abstract

Historically historical literature has cultural roots especially in the development of the character of the values of local wisdom. In addition to the development of literary history culture can be one of the references in the process of writing historiography. This study aims to find the values of local wisdom in the work of historical literature. This research uses historical method. The conclusion in this study finds that the historical literature that developed in Java expressed the literary writers poetry. Culturally, the contents of historical literature reflect the strategy of enculturation of the values of theroyal familys wisdom to the Javanese community. The suggestion in this study is to develop a further study of other forms of enculturation in historical literature in the development of local wisdom values of the Javanese community.
BUDIDAYA TOGA DAN PEMBUATAN PUPUK KOMPOS SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN PENGHASILAN WARGA DUSUN SALAKAN Nugrahani, Tri Siwi; Susetyo, Herman Budi; Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal
DHARMA BAKTI Jurnal Dharma Bakti Vol 1 No 1 April 2018
Publisher : LPPM IST AKPRIND Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Some residents in the Salakan Trihanggo sub-district of Gamping Sleman have yard land but not utilized. They also have unkempt chicken pets and chicken manure waste not used for fertilizer. Though the yard can be optimized by planting toga crops and chicken manure waste can be used as material for compostable fertilizer that can be sold and eventually increase income.The lack of knowledge and skills of Salakan villagers in the utilization of land for the cultivation of toga plants and the making of compost fertilizer raises the interest of the team to perform community service activities (PKM) by providing solutions that are conducting training and advisory skills of making compost and toga plant in the form of ginger and kencur. PKM method conducted by the team that is participatory actively and mentoring by giving counseling and training the practice of making compost and cultivation of family medicinal plants (toga) in the form of ginger and kencur. Activities are held for 6 months, from March to August 2018, until the writing of this activity is still ongoing. The activity was followed by 17 people consisting of members of RT community and youth group.
BISNIS KELUARGA MANGKUNEGARAN Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal; Wasino, Wasino; Suyahmo, Suyahmo; Joebagio, Hermanu
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 24, No 1 (2016): Ekonomi (Bisnis) Islam
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

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Abstract

The history of economic development of Javanese community has experienced a very unique dynamic. In the XV and XVI centuries, trading tradition has been done by Javanese community along the north coastal of Java. But, the trading tradition getting dimmer in line with the strategy of economic centralization carried out by Sultan Agung prohibiting the people to trade in foreign countries. In the XIX century, that’s econdition is change, Mangkunegara IV restore the entrepreneurial tradition through various strategies. In addition, to restoring the entrepreneurial tradition of Javanese society, Mangkunegara IV also broke the old tradition of kepriyayinan (Javanese aristocrate) to want to do business, not just live in pleasure as breeds nobility or gentry class. Therefore, reviewing to the business strategy of Mangku­negaran IV becomes important, as part of the history of economic develop­ment Javanese community. By using the historical method and a multi­dimensional approach, through a variety of primary sources such as Mangku­negara IV literature, the study found that the Mangkunegaran IV’s business strategy conducted by building a centers of sugar cane farm and modernization of sugar factories on a large scale, so as to obtain additional revenue for the Mangkunegaran IV family. The successfull of his business, demonstrates to the Javanese nobility that he was a king who had a strong entrepreneurial spirit.***Sejarah perkembangan ekonomi masyarakat Jawa mengalami dinamika yang sangat unik. Pada abad XV dan XVI, tradisi berdagang telah dilakukan oeh masyarakat Jawa di sepanjang pantai utara Jawa. Akan tetapi tradisi tersebut se­makin meredup seiring adanya strategi sentralisasi ekonomi yang dilakukan oleh Sultan Agung yang melarang rakyatnya berdagang ke manca negara. Pada abad XIX, Mangkunegara IV mengembalikan tradisi wirausahawan tersebut melalui berbagai strategi. Selain itu, Mangku­negara IV juga mendobrak tradisi “kolot kepriyayinan” Jawa agar mau melakukan bisnis, bukan hanya hidup dalam ke­senangan sebagai trah bangsawan. Karena itu, mengkaji strategi bisnis keluarga Mangkunegaran IV menjadi penting, sebagai bagian dari sejarah perkembangan ekonomi masyarakat Jawa. Dengan metode penelitian sejarah dan pendekatan multidi­mensional, melalui berbagai sumber primer seperti karya-karya sastra Mangkunegara IV, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa strategi bisnis keluarga Mangkunegaran IV dilakukan dengan membangun pusat-pusat perkebunan tebu dan modernisasi pabrik gula secara besar-besaran, sehingga memperoleh pen­dapatan tambahan bagi praja. Kesukses­an bisnis ini menunjukkan kepada para bangsawan Jawa bahwa dia adalah seorang raja yang memiliki jiwa entrepreneur­ship yang kuat.