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Iman Supardan, Iman
Dental Nursing Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang, Indonesia

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FAKTOR PENYEBAB TERJADINYA KARIES GIGI PADA SISWA SD SAMBIROTO 02 SEMARANG Mardiati, Erni; Salikun, Salikun; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.482 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v4i1.2712

Abstract

TITLEThe causative factors of dental caries in students of SD Sambiroto 02 SemarangABSTRACTTooth is part of the masticatory apparatus of the digestive system in the human body. Based on the preliminary study found 45% of students of Sambiroto 02 Elementary School have fixed dental caries, 15% had dental caries milk and 40% have bad oral hygiene. The main problem of oral health in students of Sambiroto 02 Elementary School is dental caries. Dental caries is an infectious disease caused by demineralization of enamel and dentine that is closely related to the consumption of cariogenic foods. Generally, children entering school age have a high risk of caries. This study aims to determine the factors that cause dental caries in students at Sambiroto 02 Elementary School Semarang.This type of research is quantitative descriptive case study method. Data retrieval is done by checking caries (DMF-T) OHIS, Plaque Index, pH Saliva, Viscosity Saliva, Saliva Hydration, as well as the questionnaire for behavioral variables (knowledge, attitudes, practices). Priority problems using odd ratio test showed that the factors causing the most dominant is the practice (p value = 65.0), OHIS (p value = 20.43), and plaque index (p value = 17.0).The results showed that the factor of the practice 50% of respondents with bad category, 62% of respondents with OHIS bad category, and 62% of respondents who had a plaque with bad category. The problem solving are a revitalization program UKGS, cariogenic diet control, brushing teeth together, topical application fluoride / CPP-ACP, dental health education, training of cadres, and filling cavities. Advices to students are expected to increase knowledge as a basis for understanding the attitude and behavior are good on prevent dental care that are not easily affected by caries, and suggestions presented to the teachers to always give motivation to students to always maintain dental health. Keywords : Caries, students Primary School Sambiroto.
DAYA HAMBAT DAUN ALPUKAT MUDA TERHADAP BAKTERI MULUT (STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS) Prasko, Prasko; Sutomo, Bambang; Suwarsono, Suwarsono; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.936 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v2i02.3299

Abstract

TITLEInhibitory effect of young-avocado leaf against oral bacteria (Streptococcus mutans)ABSTRACTDental caries is one of the oral health problems that can cause pain and disrupt the activities. Bacteria plays an important role in the process of dental caries. The main bacterial cause of dental caries is Streptococcus mutans producing the glucosyltransferase enzyme. Streptococcus mutans produces a sticky extracellular polysaccharides of carbohydrate foods and able to ferment carbohydrates to acids. Streptococcus viridans is bacteria in the mucosa that synthesize large polysaccharides like dextran and levans of sucrose that are important factor in the formation of dental caries.This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of avocado leaf extract concentration of 60% and 80% to the inhibition of the growth of Streptococcus mutans.Method used was the method of diffusion wells using 2 samples in each treatment group. Sample consisted of 3 treatment groups  avocado young leaf extract concentration of 60%, 80%. This research data analysis method using quantitative descriptive.The results showed that the leaf extract of avocado at all concentrations have antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The lowest concentration of 60%,80% inhibition against the bacteria have a strong and increasingly stronger at higher concentrations. The conclusion of this study prove that avocado leaf extract has strong antibacterial activity against the growth of Streptococcus mutans. Key words : Avocado Young Leaf, Streptococcus Mutans
PERBEDAAN DAMPAK UKGS MANDIRI ANTARA SD ANTONIUS DAN SD PETRA SEMARANG Siregar, Irma Haida Yuliana; Supardan, Iman; Sadimin, Sadimin
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.355 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v5i2.3863

Abstract

TITLETHE DIFFERENCE IMPACT of  INDEPENDENT UKGS BETWEEN SD ANTONIUS II AND SD PETRA SEMARANGABSTRACTOral Health Program for School Children (UKGS Program) has been implemented by Community Health Center since 1951 but the result isn’t satisfied yet. National research of Health 2013 has found that the dental caries prevalence among children in Indonesia has increased 13,7%. DMF-T index among 12 years old children has increased from 0.91 to 1.4. It means that there are 140 decays among 100 children nowadays. Due to this condition, Dental Nurse Department (JKG) Poltekkes Semarang had tried to implement improvized UKGS Program to a school independently. This study wanted to know the impact among students of SD Antonius and SD Petra which has implemented independent UKGS.This was quantitative descriptive research with cross sectional approach. The samples were 10% of total students of SD Antonius II and SD Petra – 38 students for each school – taken randomly from class I to VI. The data were analyzed by Mann Whitney and Independent T-test.The result showed that non clinically, there was no significant difference on students knowledge (p value 0.697 > 0.005) but not on Attitude and Action (pvalue 0.024 and 0.000 < 0.005). Clinically, the significant difference could be seen on OHI-S Index ( p value 0.046) but not on DMF-T and deft Index (p value 0.430 and 0.345). It’s suggested that this research had to be continued to find out the influence of Independent UKGS Program with students satitsfaction.
ANALISIS PROGRAM KEGIATAN USAHA KESEHATAN GIGI SEKOLAH (UKGS) DI PUSKESMAS HALMAHERA Yulistianti, Rizka Eman; Prasko, Prasko; Supardan, Iman; Kristiani, Nani
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Juni 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.243 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v2i01.1143

Abstract

TITLEThe effect of concentration differences of betel leaf water stew to inhibit the growth of Streptococcus mutansABSTRACTIn the human mouth, there are various kinds of microorganisms. The bacteria that play an important role in the formation of plaque is bacteria that is capable of forming extracellular polysaccharide, that bacteria of the genus Streptococcus. Streptococcus bacteria are found in large quantities in patients with plaque caries is Streptococcus mutans One effort to prevent the occurrence of dental and oral diseases is to inhibit the growth of bacteria in the mouth. Red betel leaf can be used to inhibit the bacteria Streptococcus mutans. Streptococcus mutans is the bacterial pathogen.The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different concentrations of red betel leaves boiled water as the inhibition of the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria.This type of research is a quasi experimental approach to post-test design. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Microbiology to sample the bacteria Streptococcus mutans and simple random sampling technique. This study uses pure Streptococcus mutans bacteria grown on an agar medium, and the water red betel leaf decoction is used in different concentrations. To measure the inhibition of growth of a bacterium that is using a ruler (mm) by looking at the bright zone (clear zone) as free areas by bacteria. Data analysis method used is descriptive quantitative.The results showed the water decoction of red betel leaf has a concentration of 5% inhibition of 9.2 mm, red betel leaves boiled water with a concentration of 10% has the inhibition of 7.77mm, red betel leaves boiled water with a concentration of 15% has the power inhibition of 7.073mm, red betel leaves boiled water with a concentration of 20% has the inhibition of 10.105mm. The conclusion from this study is the difference in concentration of the cooking water red betel leaf have the effect of inhibition on the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria. In this research needs to be done further research in order to benefit from the water red betel leaf has more influence on oral health. Keywords : Concentration Water Stew Red Betel Leaf, growth of Streptococcus mutans Bacteria.
TANGGUNG JAWAB PERAWAT GIGI TERHADAP TINDAKAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI YANG SESUAI DAN TIDAK SESUAI KOMPETENSI Prasko, Prasko; Salikun, Salikun; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.002 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jkg.v3i01.1126

Abstract

TITLEThe dental nurse responsible to appropriate and incompetent dental servicesABSTRACTAuthority possessed by a dental nurse to perform ministerial duties is the legal authority (rechtsbevoegheid). On the basis of this authority, a health worker is entitled to treatment in accordance with their competence. When the administrative requirements to carry out the profession have been met, then the dental nurse as a profession carrier has obtained the professional authority in the work. However, if a health worker do the job without authority, may be considered to violate one of the professional standards of health workers. The purpose of this study was to determine the responsibility of Dental Nurses implementation of the actions of dental health services in Bergas PHC, Duren PHC and Suruh PHC in district of Semarang. This research is a descriptive study that aims to describe systematically and accurately the facts and characteristics of the population or about a particular field. This study sought to describe a situation or event. The instrument used was the questionnaire.From the results of the study conducted by researchers in the field of the Dental Nurses at Duren PHC, Duren PHC and Suruh PHC in district of Semarang by interview can be seen and showed that the majority of Dental Nurses who work in clinics have been carrying out job responsibilities properly in accordance with the competence of Nurses teeth and is in conformity with the laws and regulations governing dental Nurses. But also the results obtained that a small portion Dental Nurses who perform actions beyond the competence stipulated in the legislation governing the dental nurse. Keywords : Responsibilities of Dental Nurses, Dental Health Care Measures