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The Effect of Combination Between Chlorine 0.5% and Alcohol 70% to Bacteria’s Growth Muzhidah, Muzhidah; Sukartini, Tintin; Sunarno, Arie
Jurnal Ners Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Vol. 4 No. 1 April-September 2009
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v4i1.5006

Abstract

Introduction : Desinfection process at laringoscope by using alcohol 70% was not effective for hidrofil’s viruses. The activity mechanism of alcohol 70% is protein denaturation, baktericid for vegetative’s and tuberculoside’s cell. Decontamination with chlorine 0.5% and alcohol 70% have an enzyme inactivity, protein denaturation and inactivity sour of nukleat, so that alcohol desinfectan 70% and chlorine 0.5% much better in pursuing growth of microorganism, but the effectivities of chlorine 0.5% and alcohol 70% for amount of germ’s colony at laringoskop still need furthermore clarification. Objective of this study was aimed to explain the effectiveness of combination of alcohol 70% disinfectant and chlorine 0.5% to decrease germ’s colony in  laringoscope. Methode : A quasy eksperimental (control group pre-post test) total sampling design was used in this study. Population were all of laringoscope which used at room operate of emergency departemen 5th floor Dr. Soetomo general hospital of Surabaya. The independent variable was 1) combination of alcohol 70% disinfectant and chlorine 0.5%, 2) alcohol 70% disinfectant only and dependent variable was germ’s colony. Data were analyzed by using Paired t-Test with significance level p<0.05. Result : The result showed that there was an effectiveness combination of chlorine 0.5% and alcohol 70% to decrease germ’s colony (p=0.000) and the effectiveness of alcohol 70% to decrease germ’s colony (p=0.591). Analysis : It can be concluded that combination of chlorine 0.5% and alcohol 70% more effective to decrease germ’s colony in  laringoscope. Discussion: It is recomended that the existence of periodical inspection of laryngoscope to decrease risk of nosocomial infection.
YOGA EXERCISE FULFILLMENT OF THE SLEEP NEEDS IN ELDERLY Sukartini, Tintin; Indarwati, Retno; Anggraheni, Anggraheni
Jurnal Ners Vol 3, No 2 (2008): Vol. 3 No. 2 Oktober 2008
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v3i2.4999

Abstract

Introduction: Sleep disorder is one among problems faced by elderly. Yoga is one of methods which can be chose to fulfill the need of sleep. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of yoga exercise on the fulfillment of the sleep needs in elderly. Method: The design used in this study was pre experimental. The population was elderly with sleep disorder in Panti Werdha Mojopahit Mojokerto. The sample was recruited using purposive sampling,15 respondents, taken according to the inclusion criteria. The independent variable of this study was yoga exercise and the dependent variable was the fulfillment of sleep in elderly. Data were collected by using structured questionnaire and the measurement of respondent vital sign, and were then analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Paired t-Test with level of significance α≤0.05. Result: Result showed that yoga exercise increases the fulfillment the need of sleep beside it could reduce heart rate (p=0.001), and respiratory rate (p=0.001). Discussion: However, yoga exercise did not reduce of systolic (p=0.433) and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.055).
Development of Model on Mothers Self-Efficacy in Preventing Recurrence of Non-Pneumonia Acute Respiratory Infection among Toddlers Zatihulwani, Eliza Zihni; Sukartini, Tintin; Krisnana, Ilya
Jurnal Ners Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Vol 12 No 2 Oktober 2017
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v12i2.4616

Abstract

Introduction: Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. A cough and cold diseases such as rhinitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and other upper respiratory diseases are classified as non-pneumonia. ARIs that are not appropriately handled will affect the lung tissue and cause severity and even death. The purpose of this study is to develop a model of self-efficacy (SE) among mother to prevent recurrent (PR) non pneumonia (NP)-ARI on toddlers based on the integration of Precede-Proceed Model and Health Belief Model. Method: This study used cross-sectional design. The population were a mother with a toddler in Tanggalrejo Village of Mojoagung Jombang.  A hundred toddler’s mothers were recruited as samples by cluster sampling. Variables in this study were predisposing-enabling-reinforcing factors, main constructs of perceived (MCP), perceived threat, SE and PRNP-ARI. Data were collected using questionnaire, and Focus Group Discussion then analyzed using Partial Least Square (PLS). Results: The SE improvement model for the PRNP-ARI was formed from predisposing-enabling-reinforcing factors, MCP, perceived threat, and maternal SE. The greatest effect was on MCP against a perceived threat with T statistic value = 11.07. Conclusion and recommendation: Increasing SE of toddlers mother can be done by educating mother about ARI concept, conventional ARI treatment, environmental modification, benefits of mask use, clean and healthy life behavior, proper hand washing, nutrition feeding, exclusive breastfeeding, stress management; create peer support group for toddlers mother; and optimizing the role of health officers and family support.
Adherence in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients Based on King’s Interacting Systems Theory Sukartini, Tintin; Sitorus, Ratna; Waluyo, Agung; Darmawan, Ede Surya
Jurnal NERS Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Vol. 10 Nomor 2 Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/%oj.Ners102%y289-295

Abstract

Introduction: Indonesia is one of largest contributor countries to pulmonary TB cases in the world. One of the factors that cause it is no adherence in the treatment. It is necessary to develop a model in order to improving compliance in patient. For an initial step, it is necessary to explore patient’s adherence that based on King’s interacting systems theory. The objective of this study was to explore the patients experience that cause them obedient the treatment based on King’s interacting systems theory. Method: This research was a qualitative research with descriptive explorative approach. The samples were selected through purposive sampling method. Participants in this study were 8 patients who met the inclusion criteria. In this study, participants were pulmonary TB patients who have undergone treatment for 5-6 months. Results: There were 12 themes in patients compliance based on King’s interacting systems theory; (1) true perception of pulmonary tuberculosis, (2) self-awareness, (3) optimal growth and development, (4) positive self-image, (5) a healthy environment, (6) discipline to take medication, (7) effective coping, (8) open communication with the patients health workers and family, (9) to perform its role optimally, (10) balancing stress during illness, (11) knowing the health care bureaucracy and (12) able to take decisions. Discussion: The 12 themes describe that adherent patients have interaction systems that were personal systems, interpersonal systems and social systems. Keywords: Compliance, pulmonary tuberculosis, King’s interacting systems theory.
Description of nausea vomiting and anorexia in cancer patients pasca chemotherapy at RSUP Makassar gustini, Gustini; Sukartini, Tintin; Krisnana, Ilya
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 10, No 3 (2019): Juli 2019
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf.v10i3.493

Abstract

Introduction: Nausea vomiting is the most common effect felt by cancer patients after chemotherapy. One of the causes of patients not achieving chemotherapy is the effect of chemotherapy namely nausea and vomiting. In general the prevalence of 70-80% of patients receiving chemotherapy experiences nausea and vomiting. Nausea vomiting in patients after chemotherapy can be debilitating and can cause delays in the administration of chemotherapy can also lead to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, weight loss, anorexia. Some studies show that post-chemotherapy cancer patients experience nausea vomiting and anorexia, in RSUP Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo also found difficulties with nausea vomiting and anorexia. Aims: To the study was to prevent vomiting of nausea and anorexia in cancer patients after chemotherapy. Methods: 60 post-chemotherapy cancer patients who experienced nausea vomiting and anorexia were included in a cross-sectional study. The selected subject fulfills the criteria. Study inclusion: Patients diagnosed with cancer in the Lontara 2 Chemotherapy Room. Patients who have received chemotherapy, adjuvant chemotherapy and additional chemotherapy, are ≥ 21 years old. Nausea and vomiting were measured using the INVR questionnaire and anorexia using a history of anorexia questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Results: based on the characteristics of respondents nausea and anorexia vomiting distributed 41-50 years, female sex, secondary school education, working as a housewife, cycles 1-4 times. Conclusion: Cancer patients after chemotherapy experience vomiting of nausea and anorexia. Nausea vomiting is caused by the effects of chemotherapy drugs which stimulate the digestive system, causing moderate and severe nausea and anorexia.
Pernafasan Active Cycle of Breathing Meningkatkan Aliran Ekspirasi Maksimum Penderita Tuberkulosis Paru Sukartini, Tintin; Sriyono, Sriyono; Sasmita, Iwan Widia
Jurnal Ners Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Vol. 2 No. 2 Oktober 2007
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v2i2.4954

Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis bacterial can cause fibrosis tissue in lung. Fibrosis decrease elasticity and compliance of lung as a result, there will be air ventilation and oxygenation disorder, thus it will decrease peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of active cycle of breathing technique on raised peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). Method: A quasy experimental purposive sampling design was used in this study. There were 14 sample who met in inclusion criteria divided into 7 subjects for intervention group and 7 subject for control group. Data were analyzed by using Paired t-Test, Independent t-Test, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, and Mann Whitney U Test with significance level α≤0.05. Result: The result showed that active cycle of breathing had significance level on increased peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) (p=0.001). Discussion: It can be concluded that active cycle of breathing has effect on raise peak expiratory flow rate. Further study are recommended to measure the effect of active cycle of breathing on raised maximum midexpiratory flow rate (MMFR50-75%).
Progressive Muscle Relaxation Increase Peak Expiratory Flow Rate On Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Sukartini, Tintin; Widyawati, Ika Yuni; Sari, Yani Indah
Jurnal Ners Vol 3, No 1 (2008): Vol. 3 No. 1 April 2008
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v3i1.4973

Abstract

Introduction: Limited progressive air flow in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) can caused by small airway disease (bronchiolitis obstructive) and loss of elasticity of the lung (emphysema). Further it can be decreasing the quality of life in COPD patients because dyspnea and uncomfortable in activity. Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) is one of the relaxation technique that can repair pulmonary ventilation by decreasing chronic constriction of the respiratory muscles. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on raised peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). Method: A pre-experimental one group pre-post test design was used in this study. Population was all of the COPD patients at Pulmonary Specialist Polyclinic Dr Mohamad Soewandhie Surabaya. There were 8 respondents taken by using purposive sampling. PEFR was counted by using peak flow meter every six day. Data were analyzed by using Paired t-Test with significance level  p≤0.05. Result: The result showed that PMR had significance level on increasing of PEFR (p=0.012). Discussion: It can be concluded that PMR has an effect on raise PEFR. Further studies are recommended to measure the effect of PMR on respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR) subjective dyspnoe symptoms, forced expiration volume on the first minute (FEV1) and mid maximum flow rate (MMFR) in COPD patients.
Meningkatkan Respon Psikologis Tenaga Kerja Indonesia yang Terinfeksi HIV Melalui Dukungan Keluarga dan Peer Group Support Sukartini, Tintin; Nursalam, Nursalam; Mishbahatul, Eka; Asmoro, Candra Panji; Misutarno, Misutarno
Jurnal Ners Vol 11, No 2 (2016): Vol. 11 No. 2 Oktober 2016
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.V11I22016.251-255

Abstract

Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or damaging the function of cells of the immune system. A lot of new detected HIV transmission source comes from former workers who work abroad. The challenge is how to improve the psychological response of people living with HIV (PLWHA) to be able to socialize confident and not worry about the stigma. The purpose of this study is to implement the model of family support Indonesian Workers who are infected with HIV and Peer Support Group through modules implemented by families and peer groups.  Methods: This study was used a quasy-experimental. Population in this study were the PLWHA who contracted during work abroad as migrant workers in East Java. Samples were selected using simple random sampling technique. The independent variable were the family and peer group support, the dependent variable was the psychological response of respondents. Data were collected using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability and results were tested using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with alpha ≤0.05 and supported by the implementation of the focus group respondents as a reinforcement of the qualitative results. Results: The results showed that this method can improve psychological response of the PLWHA during labor as migrant workers abroad with a significance value of p=0.040. Qualitative results stated that the majority of respondents found the meaning of life that is surrendered to God Almighty. Discussion: Family and peer group support can be used to increase the psychological response of the PLWHA during work abroad as migrant workers. Future studies are expected to use a larger sample so as to have a control group. 
Manfaat Senam Lansia Terhadap Kadar Imunoglobulin G (IgG) Sukartini, Tintin
Jurnal Ners Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Vol. 2 No. 1 Mei-September 2007
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v2i1.4953

Abstract

The health problem is frequently found for elderly with age more than 55 years old. It has adverse effect on cardiovascular and Immunological system. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of elderly exercise on the increase of fitness in Elderly. The design of this study was quasy experiment design involving two groups subject. The study took 12 respondents of elderly recruited by purposive sampling. The independent variable was elderly exercise and the dependent variable was IgG. Data were collected by laboratory test and analyzed by using t-test with significance level of a ≤ 0.05.Result showed that elderly exercise had significant effect on the IgG level (p = 0,002). Further studies are recommended on the effect of elderly exercise on the increase immunity system concerning with the role of interferon gamma.
Adherence in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients Based on King’s Interacting Systems Theory Sukartini, Tintin; Sitorus, Ratna; Waluyo, Agung; Darmawan, Ede Surya
Jurnal Ners Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Vol. 10 Nomor 2 Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jn.V10I22015.289-295

Abstract

Introduction: Indonesia is one of largest contributor countries to pulmonary TB cases in the world. One of the factors that cause it is no adherence in the treatment. It is necessary to develop a model in order to improving compliance in patient. For an initial step, it is necessary to explore patient’s adherence that based on King’s interacting systems theory. The objective of this study was to explore the patients experience that cause them obedient the treatment based on King’s interacting systems theory. Method: This research was a qualitative research with descriptive explorative approach. The samples were selected through purposive sampling method. Participants in this study were 8 patients who met the inclusion criteria. In this study, participants were pulmonary TB patients who have undergone treatment for 5-6 months. Results: There were 12 themes in patients compliance based on King’s interacting systems theory; (1) true perception of pulmonary tuberculosis, (2) self-awareness, (3) optimal growth and development, (4) positive self-image, (5) a healthy environment, (6) discipline to take medication, (7) effective coping, (8) open communication with the patients health workers and family, (9) to perform its role optimally, (10) balancing stress during illness, (11) knowing the health care bureaucracy and (12) able to take decisions. Discussion: The 12 themes describe that adherent patients have interaction systems that were personal systems, interpersonal systems and social systems. Keywords: Compliance, pulmonary tuberculosis, King’s interacting systems theory.