Agus Riwanto, Agus
Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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AN EVALUATION OF LEGAL POLICY RELATED TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SIMULTANEOUS LOCAL ELECTION (FIRST PERIOD OF THE SIMULTANEOUS LOCAL ELECTION) Riwanto, Agus
Yustisia Jurnal Hukum Vol 5, No 3: SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/yustisia.v5i3.8806

Abstract

AbstractIndonesia legal policy of the simultaneous local election to appoint a district head had been amended by Law Number 8 of 2015 concerning the local election (governors, regents and mayors) from the regular models to the simultaneous models. Simultaneous local election will be implemented in periods, namely a first period in 2015, a second period in 2017, a third and fourth period will be approximately held from 2018 to the 2021, and a national simultaneous local elections will be held in 2027. The simultaneous local election is aimed to make the efficiency and effectiveness of the budget, time and labor organizer; to eliminate boredom voters; to increase public control. Law Number 8 of 2015 had been reviewed judicially thirdty first times. The Constitutional Court also issued a surpprised decision which change a political constellation of Indonesia. The political aspect of simultaneous  local election in 2015 need to be fixed through the revision of Law Number 8  of 2015 in order to create the system of the simultaneous elections fairly and democratically for the implementation of the next period: the required transfer of election financing from the budget to the state budget; the need to create a model for the preliminary election; restrictions on candidacy requirements; a dispute settlement of the simultaneous local election to the supreme court; a time restrictions on the election administration disputes lawsuit in the Administrative Court; and we need to build a model of election law enforcement system integration.Key Word: legal policy evaluation, simultaneous local election
MENGANALISIS KESIAPAN INDONESIA DALAM PENANGGULANGAN DAN PENEGAKAN HUKUM KEJAHATAN GLOBAL BERBASIS INTERNET BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG INFORMASI DAN TRANSAKSI ELEKTRONIK Riwanto, Agus
Prosiding Seminar Nasional INDOCOMPAC Politik
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional INDOCOMPAC

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.955 KB)

Abstract

Utilization of information technology, media and internet-based communications have changed the behavior of the global community and civilization.The world is now flooded with information that is fast, accurate and perfect. The crimes accelerating adverse financial, social, cultural and political. Cybercrimes can be categorized as an extraordinary crime because it has crossed the state border. Cybercrimes prevention can not be done using ordinary legal models only (conventional), but also by a special law design (cyberlaw). Indonesia has had Act 11 of 2008 on Information and Electronic Transactions. (UU ITE). This study examines and learn more on this cybercerimes prevention policies based on UU ITE. Is the model of the arrangement was in accordance with the principles of the theory of criminalization policies and efforts to what should be done so that UU ITE can be effectively enforced, when compared with the setting cybercrimes committed several countries. The method used is a socio-legal research, legal research that combines science, law and social science (interdisciplinary) With the approach of the principles / legal purposes. Data obtained from secondary data, literature (library recearch). It was found that, setting criminalization is harmonization with the model adopted set forth in the Convention on Cybercrimes, but do not provide specific about pornography and child exploitation. Then the model is to make special rules. ITE Law does not regulate the matter of crime of Phishing and Spamming. The sanctions pidanya still adhered to the classical model (classic school), reflected by the still imposing sanctions of imprisonment and fines and other sanctions are no alternatives. Criminalization policy in UU ITE is not in accordance with the theories of criminal policy is still multiple interpretations and ambiguous, not in accordance with the principles of the model law adopted in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This law is contrary to the Criminal Code in addition also contrary to the human rights aspects and in granting sanction differ from the prevalence of crime in the setting of a specific nature (lex), like the Election Law, the Child Protection Law, Law on Corruption, the Law Narkoba.Desain criminal policy in this ITE Law can not be effective, especially when compared with the setting cybercrimes committed several countries, namely Azerbaijan, Beylorusia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Peru and Russia were put, criminal social work, fines and revocation of certain rights as a way of giving sanctions on crime cybercrimes. In order UU ITE is to be effective then forwards the criminal politics cybercrmes Indonesia needs to adopt the models in these countries. Keywords: Prevention and Law Enforcement, Cybercrimes, ITE Act. Pemanfaatan teknologi informasi, media dan komunikasi berbasis internet telah mengubah perilaku masyarakat maupun peradaban global. Dunia kini dibanjiri informasi yang cepat, akurat dan sempurna. Kejahatannyapun mengalami percepatan yang merugikan finansial,sosial, budaya dan politik. Kejahatan berbasis internet (cybercrimes) dapat dikategorikan sebagai kejahatan luar biasa (extraordinary crimes) karena telah melintasi batas negara (transnational crimes).Penanggulangan cybercrimes tidak dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan model hukum biasa (konvensional), melainkan dengan melakukan desian hukum khusus (cyberlaw).Indonesia telah memiliki Undang-Undang No.11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik. (UU ITE). Penelitian ini mengkaji dan mendalami tentang kebijakan penanggulangan kejahatan cybercerimes ini berdasarkan UU ITE. Apakah  model pengaturannya telah sesuai dengan asas-asas dalam teori kebijakan kriminalisasi dan upaya apa yang harus dilakukan agar UU ITE ini dapat efektif ditegakan, bila dibandingkan dengan pengaturan cybercrimes yang dilakukan beberapa negara. Metode yang digunakan adalah penelitian sosio-legal, yakni penelitian hukum menggabungkan ilmu hukum dan ilmu sosial (interdisipliner).Dengan pendekatan asas-asas/tujuan hukum. Data diperoleh dari data sekunder berupa data kepustakaan (library recearch). Ditemukan hasil bahwa, pengaturan kriminalisasinya menganut model harmonisasi dengan kriminalisasi yang diatur dalam Convention on Cybercrimes, namun tidak mengatur secara tegas soal pornografi dan eksploitasi anak. Kemudian modelnya adalah dengan membuat aturan lex specialis. UU ITE ini tidak mengatur soal kejahatan Phising dan Spamming. Adapun pemberian sanksi pidanya masih menganut model klasik (classic school), dicerminkan dengan masih menjatuhkan sanksi pidana penjara dan denda dan tidak menyediakan alternatif sanksi lain. Kebijakan kriminalisasi dalam UU ITE tidak sesuai dengan teori-teori kebijakan kriminal masih multitafsir dan ambigu, tidak sesuai dengan asas model law yang dianut dalam Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). UU ini selain bertentangan dengan KUHP juga bertentangan dengan aspek HAM dan dalam pemberian sanksinya berbeda dari kelaziman dalam pengaturan kejahatan yang bersifat khusus (lex specialis), seperti UU Pemilu, UU Perlindungan Anak, UU Korupsi, UU Narkoba.Desain kebijakan kriminal dalam UU ITE ini tidak dapat berlaku secara efektif, terutama bila dibandingkan dengan pengaturan cybercrimes yang dilakukan beberapa negara, yakni Azerbaijan, Beylorusia, Georgia, Hungaria, Kazakstan, Latvia, Peru dan Rusia yang menempatkan, pidana kerja sosial, denda dan pencabutan hak-hak tertentu sebagai cara memberikan sanksi pada tindak kejahatan cybercrimes. Agar UU ITE ini dapat berlaku efektif maka ke depan politik kriminal cybercrmes Indonesia perlu mengadopsi pada model di negara-negara tersebut. Kata Kunci: Penanggulangan dan Penegakan Hukum, Kejahatan Internet, UU ITE.
Inkompatibilitas Asas Pengaturan Sistem Pemilu dengan Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial di Indonesia Riwanto, Agus
Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM Vol 21, No 4: Oktober 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/iustum.vol21.iss4.art1

Abstract

This study examines, first, whether the principles contained in the Electoral Act Norms are incompatible with the presidential system of government? Second, what is the cause of the incompatibility between the electoral system and the presidential system? Third, what are its influences in the practice of the implementation of presidential system of government which is based on the 1945 post-amendment? This study uses normative legal research (doctrinal) focusing on literature data. The study concluded that, first, the principles of the electoral system and the presidential system of government did not support each other as one integrated system. Second, the cause of incompatibility between these two systems was because the norms and provisions in the legislation governing the electoral systems of its principles were incompatible with the principles of presidential system of government. Third, the effect was not able to support the effectiveness of the course of the practice of the organization of presidential system of government which is based on the 1945 post-amendment.
POLITIK HUKUM PENGUATAN FUNGSI NEGARA UNTUK KESEJAHTERAAN RAKYAT (Studi Tentang Konsep Dan Praktik Negara Kesejahteraan Menurut UUD 1945) Riwanto, Agus; Gumbira, Seno Wibowo
Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan Vol 6, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Puslitbang Hukum dan Peradilan MARI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1060.333 KB) | DOI: 10.25216/JHP.6.3.2017.337-360

Abstract

According to the constitution, the state concept in constitutional practice can be divided into two opposite poles, namely welfare and liberal state. They have different characteristics in which the first concept (welfare state) requires a strong and extensive state functions to regulate an economic justice, on the contrary the second concept (liberal state) relies on the free market economy which state’s role should be marginalized. Sosio-legal research is used in this article. Based on the Article 33 of Indonesian post constitutional amendment of 1945, Indonesia embraced the concept of welfare state. Yet, the practice sociologically tends to embrace a liberal state that is not suitable with the welfare of the people. There are challenges, in the context of liberal state, faced by Indonesia, such as applying the capitalist economic system. We may fight the capitalist economic system by two legal policy, namely: first one, we may re-create the role of state functions as a controller and regulator of the economy. The second one, we may increase the state income through taxes along with the higher social spending to achieve the social welfare and economic justice.Keywords: welfare state, the constitution of 1945, legal policy
KORELASI PENGATURAN SISTEM PEMILU PROPORSIONAL TERBUKA BERBASIS SUARA TERBANYAK DENGAN KORUPSI POLITIK DI INDONESIA Riwanto, Agus
Yustisia Jurnal Hukum Vol 4, No 1: JANUARY-APRIL 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/yustisia.v4i1.8624

Abstract

AbstractThis research is aimed at studying and exploring about the relationship between the arrangement of election system adopted in Act No 8 Year 2012 on the election for the members of DPR, DPD and DPRD in 2014 general election and  the practice of political corruption. The research is socio-legal research which integrates law norm with sociological aspect, applying approach method which put law principles and policial attitude. The result of the research shows that there is a positive correlation between the arrangement of open list proportional election with most number base and political corruption. As this system is highly cost, the candidates of legislative member happen to conduct deceitfulness in the election or what is classified as money politic to get support of the voters. The motive of political corruption conducted by the member of DPR and DPRD is to get back the high cost during the election. The renewal model of the election arrangement to creating political anti-corruption is through purifying proportional election system by applying close list proportional system with serial number base.Key words : correlation, proportional election system, political corruptionAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan mendalami tentang hubungan pengaturan sistem pemilu yang diadopsi dalam UU No. 8 Tahun 2012 Tentang Pemilu Anggota DPR, DPD dan DPRD pada pemilu tahun 2014 dengan praktek korupsi politik. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian sosio-legal yang menggabungkan norma hukum dengan aspek sosiologis dengan menggunakan metode pendekatan asas-asas hukum dan perilaku politik. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan, bahwa pengaturan sistem pemilu proporsional terbuka (open list) berbasis suara terbanyak berkorelasi positif terhadap pratek korupsi politik. Karena sistem pemilu ini berbiaya mahal, akibatnya calon anggota legislatif melakukan aneka model kecurangan dalam pemilu yang dikualifikasikan sebagai praktek politik uang untuk mendapat dukungan pemilih. Motif korupsi politik yang dilakukan oleh anggota DPR dan DPRD adalah mengembalikan biaya mahal yang dikeluarkan saat pemilu. Model pembaruan pengaturan sistem pemilu untuk menciptakan pemilu antikorupsi politik adalah memurnikan sistem pemilu proporsional dengan merubah model pengaturan sistem proporsional terbuka terbatas (close list) dengan berbasis nomor urut.Kata Kunci: korelasi pengaturan, sistem pemilu dan korupsi politik
Pemenuhan Hak Asasi Manusia Kaum Difabilitas dalam Pelaksanaan Pemilu Daerah Melalui Peningkatan Peran Komisi Pemilihan Umum Daerah Guna Penguatan Demokrasi Lokal Riwanto, Agus; Isharyanto, Isharyanto; Maharani, Andina Elok Puri; Kusumo, Ayub Torry Satriyo
Seminar Nasional Hukum Universitas Negeri Semarang Vol 4 No 03 (2018): Dinamika Demokrasi dalam Pemilihan Umum Serentak dan Keutuhan Bangsa
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The Regional Election Commission has the responsibility to increase the participation of disabled voters in local legislative elections. Democratic elections at the local level are characterized by the enthusiasm of disability voters in the election. The purpose of this paper is to map out legislation on the protection and respect of disability voters, to explore some of the constraints facing electoral voters in the election, and to examine the policies and obstacles faced by the The Regional Election Commission in an effort to increase voter participation in disability. This study uses socio-legal research methods, ie research that is interdisciplinary to provide a meeting room between the science of law and the sciences outside the law. The results show that, there are international law and national laws. Barriers facing disability voters include: theoretically there is no uniformity about the disability study; the culture of the people who tend to stigmatize the bad, not counting the right to vote; lack of accurate data of disability voters. The policies made by the The Regional Election Commission in increasing the participation of disability voters are: to implement Article 1 number 25 and Article 149 of Law No. 8 of 2012 on General Election of Members of DPR, DPD and DPRD. While the obstacles, namely: the weakness of family and community awareness; lack of human resources capacity of voter registration officers and data on the List of Potential Voters of Electoral Residents (DP4) does not mention information about disability.
Inefektifitas Pengaturan Presidential Threshold dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 2017 tentang Pemilihan Umum Mukhtarrija, Muhammad; Handayani, I Gusti Ayu Ketut Rachmi; Riwanto, Agus
Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM Vol 24, No 4: OKTOBER 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/iustum.vol24.iss4.art7

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Penelitian ini mengangkat permasalahan mengenai inefektifitas pengaturan presidential threshold dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 2017 tantang Pemilihan Umum yang berkorelasi dengan pelaksanaan pemilihan umum serentak. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum normatif yang menggunakan pendekatan undang-undang, pendekatan sejarah dan pendekatan konseptual. Untuk memecahkan isu hukum dan sekaligus memberi preskripsi mengenai yang seyogyanya, diperlukan sumber-sumber penelitian. Sumber penelitian meliputi bahan hukum primer dan bahan hukum sekunder. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa pengesahan Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 2017 tentang Pemilihan Umum dinilai tidak efektif karena memiliki permasalahan hukum, di antaranya adalah bertentangan dengan amendemen UUD 1945, ketidakadilan partai politik baru peserta pemilihan umum, dan memperlemah sistem presidensial di Indonesia.
Model Setting of Political Party System and Electoral Systems to Prevent Political Corruption Riwanto, Agus; Achmad, Achmad
Jurnal Cita Hukum Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/jch.v6i2.6132

Abstract

Abstract. This study aims to analyze and examine the causes of political parties to systemic corruption and efforts to save them from corruption. Political parties are important actors in democracy in a country. Democracy manifests in the form of election, the main actor of the election is a political party. If the main actor of corruption is confirmed, democracy and elections will fall. The result is a bad stigma in political parties: democracy yes political party no. Based on the research result that the cause of political party of corruption: First, the placement of political party as an important agent in state structure of Indonesia Post-amendment of 1945 Constitution, but it is not balanced with recruitment model of political party cadre that meritokratic, integrity and, responsibility to the public. Secondly, financing for running the organization of political parties is very expensive, especially if the political parties are projected to win the seats of DPR / D, governor/regent/mayor and president. Third, the choice of model of legislative election system in 2009 and 2014 based on Law Number 10 Year 2008 and Law Number 12 the Year 2012 on General Election of DPR, DPD, and DPRD (Indonesian Legislative Election) members are the most open-based voting proportional system. The recommendations for reforms to save political parties from corruption through party system and election system aspects are (1) to improve the recruitment model of political party cadre; (2) making alternative for financing model of political party organization; (3) tightening the requirements of political parties into election participants; (4) eliciting election costs by returning to open proportional systems with sequence numbers, and (5) designing alternative mixed-model electoral systems.Keywords: Arrangements, models, political parties, general elections and political corruptionAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mengkaji tentang penyebab partai politik (parpol) melakukan korupsi sistemik dan upaya menyelamatkannya dari korupsi. Parpol adalah aktor penting dalam demokrasi di sebuah negara. Demokrasi terwujud dalam bentuk pemilu, aktor utama pemilu adalah parpol. Jika aktor utamanya korupsi dipastikan demokrasi dan pemilunya terpuruk. Akibatnya muncul stigma buruk pada parpol: demokrasi yes parpol no. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian hukum empirisis (sosiologis) yang bersifat diskriptif-eksplanatoris. Karena penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif, maka cara memperoleh data dilakukan dengan studi pustaka dan observasi. Teori yang digunakan adalah teori korupsi politik, teori sistem kepartaian dan teori sistem pemilu. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian bahwa penyebab parpol korupsi: Pertama, ditempatkannya parpol sebagai agen penting bernegara dalam struktur ketatanegaraan Indonesia Pascaamandemen UUD 1945, namun tidak diimbangi dengan model rekruitmen kader parpol yang meritokratis, berintegritas dan tanggungjawab pada publik. Kedua, pembiayaan menjalankan roda organisasi parpol sangat mahal, apalagi jika parpol diproyeksikan untuk meraih kursi DPR/D, gubernur/bupati/walikota dan presiden. Ketiga, pilihan model sistem pemilu legislatif tahun 2009 dan 2014 berdasarkan UU No.10/2008 dan UU No.12/2012 Tentang Pemilu Anggota DPR, DPD dan DPRD adalah sistem proporsional terbuka berbasis suara terbanyak. Adapun rekomendasi untuk reformasi menyelamatkan parpol dari korupsi melalui aspek sistem kepartaian dan sistem pemilu adalah, (1) memperbaiki model rekruitmen kader parpol; (2) membuat alternatif model pembiayaan organisasi parpol; (3) memperketat syarat parpol menjadi peserta pemilu; (4) mempermurah biaya pemilu dengan kembali ke sistem proporsional terbuka dengan nomor urut, dan (5) merancang alternatif sistem pemilu model campuran.Kata Kunci: Pengaturan, model, parpol, pemilu dan korupsi politik
POLITIK HUKUM PENGUATAN FUNGSI NEGARA UNTUK KESEJAHTERAAN RAKYAT (Studi Tentang Konsep Dan Praktik Negara Kesejahteraan Menurut UUD 1945) Riwanto, Agus; Gumbira, Seno Wibowo
Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan Vol 6, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Puslitbang Hukum dan Peradilan MARI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1060.333 KB) | DOI: 10.25216/JHP.6.3.2017.337-360

Abstract

According to the constitution, the state concept in constitutional practice can be divided into two opposite poles, namely welfare and liberal state. They have different characteristics in which the first concept (welfare state) requires a strong and extensive state functions to regulate an economic justice, on the contrary the second concept (liberal state) relies on the free market economy which state’s role should be marginalized. Sosio-legal research is used in this article. Based on the Article 33 of Indonesian post constitutional amendment of 1945, Indonesia embraced the concept of welfare state. Yet, the practice sociologically tends to embrace a liberal state that is not suitable with the welfare of the people. There are challenges, in the context of liberal state, faced by Indonesia, such as applying the capitalist economic system. We may fight the capitalist economic system by two legal policy, namely: first one, we may re-create the role of state functions as a controller and regulator of the economy. The second one, we may increase the state income through taxes along with the higher social spending to achieve the social welfare and economic justice.Keywords: welfare state, the constitution of 1945, legal policy
MENGEMBANGKAN PARADIGMA SISTEM HUKUM DARI POSITIVISME KE KONSTRUKTIVISME (Sebuah Tawaran Sistem Hukum Masa Depan Dari Perspektif Filsafat Hukum) Riwanto, Agus
Kertha Patrika Vol 38 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/KP.2016.v38.i02.p01

Abstract

Artikel ini mengkaji dan mendalami upaya mengembangkan sistem hukum masa depan dari perspektif filsafat hukum dengan mengeser paradigma positivisme ke konstruktivisme. Tujuannya agar sistem hukum dapat berfungsi sebagaimana mestinya, yakni: pranata sosial, institusi keadilan, pengendali sosial, mekanisme pengintegrasi sosial dan rekayasa sosial. Paradigma Positivisme hukum memandang hukum sebagaimana paradigma ilmu yang ketat dan rigid, rasionalitas, non empiris dan deduksi. Kebenaran hukum hanya berdasarkan logika matematis, yang cenderung bersifat, linier, pasti, kaku, mekanistik dan menolak pengaruh moral. Paradigma hukum positivisme ini di pengaruhi oleh paradigma Cartesian-Newtonian dan akibat dari sistem ekonomi kapitalisme global. Diperlukan pemikiran berdasarkan panduan filsafat hukum untuk merubah paradigma sistem hukum ke arah paradigma konstruktivisme, yakni aliran filsafat yang berpandangan bahwa pengetahuan merupakan hasil dari konstruksi kognitif melalui kegiatan seseorang dengan membuat struktur, kategori, konsep, skema yang empiris dan moralitas. Paradigma konstruktivisme diperlukan untuk membentuk karakter sistem hukum yang memandang hukum tidak bebas nilai, akan tetapi relatif terbentuk dan dipahami sebagai transaksional, subjektif dan dialektik agar hukum di dalam pembuatannya, hingga penegakannya seharusnya mengandung pemihakan terhadap yang paling lemah dalam hirarki struktur sosial