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The protective duration of Streptococcus agalactiae vaccine in Nile Tilapia for the prevention of streptococcosis Sukenda, ,; Rusli, ,; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess the protective duration of Streptococcus agalactiae vaccine against streptococcosis in Nile tilapia. Fish were treated by the whole cell vaccine, ECP vaccine and mixture of whole cell and ECP vaccine. After 14, 28, 42, and 52 day post-vaccination (DPV), the fish were intraperitoneally challenged with 104  cfu/mL S. agalactiae. The results showed mortality rate of whole-cell vaccine (A), ECP vaccine (B) and mix vaccine (C) up to day 42 was significantly (P<0.05) lower than the control treatment, namely 73.33%; 80%; and 76%, respectively. The mortality rate of vaccine treatments A, B, and C on day 56 had no significant difference (P>0.05) with the control. The value of antibody titer vaccine treatments A, B, and C indicate that antigen-antibody reaction on day 28 after the vaccination was significantly (P <0.05) higher than the control that were 3.67; 3.33; and 3.67. Antigen-antibody reaction on day 42 after the vaccination was founded, but did not different significantly (P>0.05) with the control. Bacterial population in treatment A, B, and C in the organs of the fish until the 28th day was still under the control of 104  cfu/mL. S. agalactiae vaccine protection duration is 42 days after the vaccination. Keywords : nile tilapia, Streptococcus agalactiae, duration, vaccine, streptococcosis  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis durasi proteksi dari vaksin Streptococcus agalactiae sebagai pencegahan terhadap streptococcosis pada ikan nila. Ikan divaksinasi dengan vaksin sel utuh, ECP dan gabungan sel utuh dan ECP dari S. agalactiae yang diinjeksi secara intrapetorineal. Ikan diuji tantang S. agalactiae 104  cfu/mL pada hari ke-14, ke-28, ke-42, dan ke-56 pascavaksinasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat mortalitas perlakuan vaksin sel utuh (A), vaksin ECP (B), dan gabungan vaksin sel utuh dengan ECP (C) hingga hari ke-42 masih signifikan (P<0,05) lebih rendah dari perlakuan kontrol yaitu 73,33%; 80%; dan 76%. Tingkat mortalitas perlakuan vaksin A, B, dan C pada hari ke-56 sudah tidak berbeda signifikan (P>0,05) dengan kontrol. Nilai titer antibodi perlakuan vaksin A, B, dan C menunjukkan bahwa reaksi antigen antibodi pada hari ke-28 pascavaksinasi masih signifikan (P<0,05) lebih tinggi dibandingkan kontrol  yaitu 3,67; 3,33; dan 3,67. Reaksi antigen antibodi pada hari ke-42 pascavaksinasi masih ditemukan, namun tidak berbeda signifikan (P>0,05) dengan kontrol. Populasi bakteri pada perlakuan A, B, dan C di organ ikan hingga hari ke-28 masih di bawah kontrol 104  cfu/mL. Durasi proteksi vaksin S. agalactiae adalah 42 hari pascavaksinasi. Kata kunci: ikan nila, Streptococcus agalactiae, durasi, vaksin, streptococcosis
Specific Immune Response Kinetics and Mortality Patterns of Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus on Post-Cocktail Vaccination Period against the Infection of Aeromonas hydrophila and Streptococcus agalactiae Sukenda, Sukenda; Sumiati, Tuti; Nuryati, Sri; Lusiastuti, Angela Mariana; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Journal Omni-Akuatika Vol 13, No 2 (2017): Omni-Akuatika November
Publisher : Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTFish vaccination aims to induce a specific immune response indicated by an increase of antibodies in vaccinated fish. However, in accordance with time the presence of antibodies will continue to decline. The purpose of this study was to determine the kinetics of specifik immune response and trend mortality against Aeromonas hydrophila and Streptococcus agalactiae on tilapia following vaccination with cocktail vaccine. Fish vaccinated through immersion for 30 minutes in a solution of diluted vaccine. Challenge test was performed for three periods, on day 22, 50, and 78 post-vaccination, fish were challenged with single infection of A. hydrophila 108 cfu. mL-1 and S. agalactiae 104 cfu. mL-1 and co-infection of both bacteria by intraperitoneal. During rearing, the blood fish were taken for determining of serum antibodies, and its  measured by ELISA. The results showed that the concentration of specific antibodies vaccinated fish were significantly higher than the control. The basal antibody levels of A. hydrophila before vaccination were higher than S. agalactiae with OD of 0.104 and 0.069 respectively. The maximum  antibody  response  was  reached  within  70  days  of  the  A. hydrophila OD= 0.264 and 56 days against S. agalactiae OD= 0.188. The mortality rate in the control group was significantly higher than vaccinated on all types and each challenge test period. The trend of mortality due to a single infection of A. hydrophila and co-infections occur more quickly than by S. agalactiae. Lowest mortality occurred in the vaccinated group at 50 day tested challenge.Keywords: kinetics antibody, Aeromnas hydrophila, Streptococcus agalactiae, Oreochromis niloticus
Infektivitas parasit Ichtyophthirius multifiliis yang disimpan pada suhu rendah Rahman, ,; Sukenda, ,; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate infectivity of Ichtyophthirius multifiliis which caused white spot disease maintained at low temperature without its host. Briefly, the trophont stage of parasites were subjected at control (28 °C) and lower temperature (9 °C) for 14 consecutive days of observation. The rate of survival, and excystment of descendants were examined descriptively at the last day of observation. Here, the infectivity of parasite then performed by means infecting the model fish Poecilia sphenops (black moly) with escaping theronts. The results revealed that the survival rate and excystment  rate of parasite were decreased as maintaining period increased. The final rate of survival, and excystment of parasite were 35% and 33,3% respectively. Additionally, the descendants came out with high abnormality which recognized by weak mobility and lower infectivity (50%) compared to the control (80%). Then, it is concluded that, maintaining I. multifiliis at low temperature without its host for 14 consecutive days will decreased the infectivity. Keywords: white spot, obligat parasite, excystment, infectivity  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi infektivitas parasit Ichtyophthirius multifiliis penyebab penyakit bintik putih (white spot) yang dipelihara tanpa inang pada suhu rendah. Parasit dengan stadia trophont dipelihara pada suhu ruang (28 °C) dan suhu rendah (9 °C) selama 14 hari. Selama masa pemeliharaan tersebut tingkat kelulusan hidup, dan tingkat eksismen parasit diukur dan dibandingkan secara deskriptif. Hari terakhir pemeliharaan dilakukan uji tantang pada ikan black moly Poecilia sphenops untuk menilai infektivitas parasit. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa tingkat kelulusan hidup dan eksismen parasit semakin menurun dengan bertambahnya masa pemeliharaan. Akhir pengamatan  kelangsungan hidup, dan nilai eksismen tersebut berturut-turut adalah 35% dan 33%. Parasit yang disimpan pada suhu rendah selama 14 hari memperlihatkan infektivitas yang lebih rendah (50%) dibandingkan dengan perlakuan kontrol (80%). Kesimpulannya, penyimpanan parasit I. multifiliis pada suhu rendah selama 14 hari dapat menurunkan infektivitas parasit pada inang. Kata kunci: bintik putih, parasit obligat, eksismen, infektivitas
Genetic variability and performance of Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) from West Java cultured in saline water medium Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri; Syarif, Ahmad Fahrul; Affandi, Ridwan; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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ABSTRACT  Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) is freshwater fish species which is prospective for domestic and export markets. The production is limited depend on the catches of natural population. The cultivation of eel has been carried out to increase the production for sustainability. This study was conducted to evaluate the genetic variability and performance of Asian swamp eel from West Java and its potential cultivation in water based media with salinity. Three populations from West Java were collected of different altitudes from Sukabumi (673 m asl), Cianjur (429 m asl), Karawang (51 m asl) sized 19–26.5 cm and weighed 4.95–11.4 g. The cultivation was performed during 30 days in water media without substrate at salinity 6 ppt with density of 1 kg/m2 and maintenance at container 50×30×30 cm completed with shelter pipe of ¾ inches diameter and 20 cm length, height of water 10 cm and water exchange 100% every day, fed at satiation using Tubificidae once a day. Genetically, all of the populations showed low heterozygosity at 1.19–1.23% and genetic distance 0.01–0.04. Asian swamp eel adapted better at water salinity 6 ppt which indicated by low mesure of osmotic gradient and blood glucose. Asian swamp eel from Karawang showed superior at survival rate (90%) and daily growth rate (1.42/day). Keywords: Asian swamp eel, Monopterus albus, cultivation, genetic variability, salinity  ABSTRAK  Belut sawah Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) merupakan komoditas ikan air tawar potensial di pasar domestik maupun ekspor, namun produksinya masih mengandalkan hasil tangkapan dari alam karena budidaya belum berkembang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi keragaman genetik dan keragaan belut sawah asal Jawa Barat dan potensinya untuk dikembangkan dengan teknik budidaya di air bersalinitas tanpa lumpur. Tiga populasi belut sawah dikoleksi dari lokasi di Jawa Barat dengan ketinggian berbeda yaitu Sukabumi (673 m dpl), Cianjur (429 m dpl), Karawang (51 m dpl). Sumber genetik belut berukuran 19–26,5 cm dan bobot berkisar 4,95–11,4 g dipelihara selama 30 hari dalam media air tanpa substrat bersalinitas 6 ppt. Wadah pemeliharaan berukuran 50×30×30 cm dilengkapi shelter pipa paralon diameter ¾ inci dan panjang 20 cm serta ketinggian air 10 cm. Padat penebaran ikan 1 kg/m2 (20 ekor/wadah), serta pergantian air 100% dilakukan setiap hari dan pemberian pakan berupa Tubificidae secara at satiation satu kali sehari. Secara genetik ketiga populasi menunjukkan tingkat heterosigositas yang rendah yaitu berkisar 0,19–0,23 % dan jarak genetik 0,01–0,04. Belut sawah menunjukkan respons adaptasi yang baik dalam media air tanpa substrat pada salinitas 6 ppt berdasarkan indikator beban osmotik dan kadar glukosa yang rendah. Belut sawah asal Karawang unggul pada laju pertumbuhan harian (1,42/hari) dan kelangsungan hidup (90 %). Kata kunci: belut sawah Monopterus albus, budidaya, keragaman genetik, salinitas
Efficacy of whole cell vaccine Aeromonas hydrophila on catfish broodstock and it’s offspring resistance againt motile aeromonad septicemia (MAS) Sukenda, ,; Pratiwi, Kiki Amalia; Rahman, ,; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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ABSTRACT  Transfer of maternal immunity by mean of passive immunization is a way to provide protection and durability of antibodies on the offspring. The purpose of this research was to analize effication of Aeromonas hydrophila vaccine on the catfish broodstock to maternal transfer of immunity, and offspring resistance. The average body weight of broodstock used in this study were 650±50 g were kept in pool tarps sized 2×1×0.5 m3. This study used a randomized complete design with two treatments and three replications. Female broodstock were vaccinated using intraperitonial injections at a dose 0.4 mL/kg and control fish were injected with phospate buffered saline (PBS). The observed parameters include hematology of broodstock, mortality, the relative survival rate, and antibody titers. Antibody titer measurements on broodstock, eggs, and offspring. Vaccination on broodstock catfish delivers a significant antibody level (P<0.05) on offspring compared to control catfish with relative survival rate of offspring at 5, 10, and 15 days after hatching were 67.76%, 82.66%, and 71.66% respectively. Keywords: catfish, Aeromonas hydrophila, vaccination, antibody transfer  ABSTRAK  Transfer kekebalan dari induk kepada benih melalui imunisasi pasif merupakan salah satu cara untuk memberikan proteksi pada benih. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji efikasi vaksin sel utuh Aeromonas hydrophila pada induk ikan nila dalam mentransfer kekebalan spesifik ke benih dan menguji ketahanan benih hasil pemijahan induk yang divaksin. Induk lele yang digunakan pada penelitian ini memiliki bobot rata-rata 650±50 g dipelihara di kolam terpal berukuran 2×1×0,5 m3. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Induk betina lele divaksinasi secara intraperitonial dengan dosis 0,4 mL/kg ikan dan induk lele kontrol disuntik dengan phospate buffer saline (PBS). Parameter yang diamati meliputi hematologi induk, mortalitas, tingkat kelangsungan hidup relatif benih, dan titer antibodi. Vaksinasi induk lele memberikan hasil level antibodi yang signifikan (P<0,05) pada induk, telur, dan benih lele dibandingkan perlakuan kontrol dengan tingkat kelangsungan hidup relatif benih umur 5, 10, dan 15 hari pacatetas masing-masing sebesar 67,76; 82,66%; dan 71,66%. Kata kunci: ikan lele, Aeromonas hydrophila, vaksinasi, transfer antibodi
The use of immunostimulant from phycocyanin of Spirulina platensis to control motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) disease in common carp Cyprinus carpio Muchtar, Muthahharah; Sukenda, Sukenda; Nuryati, Sri; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

                                                                  ABSTRAK         Motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) adalah penyakit yang sering menyerang ikan mas Cyprinus carpio yang disebabkan oleh bakteri Aeromonas hydrophila. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji kinerja imunostimulan fikosianin dari Spirulina platensis dalam mengatasi penyakit MAS pada ikan mas. Penelitian ini terdiri atas dua tahap, pertama, pakan ikan dengan penambahan fikosianin 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, dan 350 mg/kg pakan serta kontrol tanpa penambahan fikosianin. Setelah 14 hari, ikan diuji tantang dengan A.hydrophila. Tahap kedua, dosis terbaik dari penelitian pertama digunakan untuk pakan ikan masing-masing selama satu minggu/bulan, dua minggu/bulan, tiga minggu/bulan, dan dua minggu/bulan dengan interval satu minggu. Setelah 28 hari, ikan diuji tantang dengan A. hydrophila. Hasil penelitian pertama menunjukkan bahwa kelangsungan hidup relatif (RPS) ikan yang diberi pakan fikosianin 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, dan 350 mg/kg pakan adalah 87,50%; 81,25%; dan 75,00%. Total eritrosit, hemoglobin, total leukosit, aktivitas fagositik, dan respiratory burst menunjukkan hasil yang lebih tinggi daripada kontrol untuk semua perlakuan pemberian fikosianin. Penelitian kedua menunjukkan bahwa nilai RPS ikan diberi pakan selama satu minggu/bulan, dua minggu/bulan, tiga minggu/bulan, dan dua minggu/bulan dengan interval satu minggu yaitu 65,38%; 69,23%; 76,92%; dan 69,23%. Respons imun ikan yang diberi fikosianin lebih tinggi daripada kontrol serta mampu menekan jumlah bakteri A. hydrophila di hati, ginjal, dan usus. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa pemberian fikosianin sebanyak 150 mg/kg pakan selama tiga minggu/bulan memiliki nilai RPS tertinggi. Kata kunci: fikosianin, Spirulina platensis, Aeromonas hydrophila, Cyprinus carpio  ABSTRACT Motile aeromonad septicaemia (MAS) is a major disease in common carp Cyprinus carpio caused by Aeromonas hydrophila. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of phycocyanin imunostimulant extracted from Spirulina platensis to control MAS disease in common carp. This study was conducted into two phases. First phase was conducted by adding 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, 350 mg/kg feed phycocyanin dose, and 0 mg/kg feed phycocyanin dose as control treatment. Fish was challenged with pathogenic A.hydrophila after 14 days rearing. Second phase was conducted by applying the best dose obtained from the first phase added in the feed for feeding the fish in one week/month, two weeks/month, three weeks /month, and two weeks/month with one week interval. Fish was challenged with pathogenic A.hydrophila after 28 days rearing. First phase study result showed that the relative percent survival (RPS) for fish fed 150 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, and 350 mg/kg phycocyanin dose were 87.50%, 81.25%, and 75.00% respectively. Total erythrocytes, hemoglobin, total leucocytes, phagocytic activity, and respiratory burst showed higher results than control treatment on all treated fish. The second phase study showed that fish fed one week/month, two weeks/month, three weeks/month, and two weeks/month with one week interval had RPS value 65.38%, 69.23%, 76.92%, and 69.23% respectively. The immune responses of treated fish were higher than control treatment, as well as the number of pathogenic A. hydrophila in the liver, kidney, and intestine. Fish fed with phycoyanin dose 150 mg/kg feed and three weeks/month administration had the highest RPS value. Keywords: Phycocyanin, Spirulina platensis, Aeromonas hydrophila, Cyprinus carpio 
Seaweed extract of Gracilaria verrucosa as an antibacterial and treatment against Vibrio harveyi infection of Litopenaeus vannamei Rudi, Mad; Sukenda, Sukenda; Pasaribu, Wesly; Hidayatullah, Dendi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 18, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to investigate the antibacterial activity of G. verrucosa extract in test inhibitory zone with different concentrations (500, 1000, 1500, and 2000 mg/L) and  to examine G. verrucosa extract with different dosage (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 g/kg) in feed on immune responses (total hemocytes count, phagocytic activity, phenoloxidase activity, respiratory burst) and survival rate in the Litopenaeus vannamei against the pathogenic Vibrio harveyi. Pacific white shrimp with an initial body weight of 5.25±0.55 g was reared in the aquarium (60×30×30 cm3) with a density of 10 shrimp/aquarium. Pacific white shrimp had been fed three times a day as much as 3% in at satiation for 14 days after challenged with V. harveyi. The first results of the inhibitory test showed that all the concentration of G. verrucosa extract was able to inhibit the growth of V. harveyi and the second result showed that the extract of G. verrucosa can increase the immune responses of shrimp. In the result of survival showed that shrimp fed with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 g/kg has 80, 73, 70, and 70%, respectively. In conclusion, the seaweed extract of G. verrucosa has antibacterial activity and can induce the immune responses and resistance of Pacific white shrimp against V. harveyi infection.Keywords: Gracilaria verrucosa, seaweed, Vibrio harveyi, vibriosis,  Litopenaeus vannamei ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak G. verrucosa dalam uji zona hambat dengan konsentrasi yang berbeda (yaitu 500, 1000, 1500, dan 2000 mg/L) dan studi perlakuan pengobatan untuk menguji ekstrak G. verrucosa pada pakan dengan dosis yang berbeda (yaitu 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; dan 2,0 g/kg) pada respons imun (yaitu jumlah total hemosit, aktivitas fagositik, aktivitas fenoloksidase, respiratory burst) dan tingkat kelangsungan hidup pada udang vaname terhadap bakteri patogen Vibrio harveyi. Udang vaname dengan berat badan awal 5,25 ± 0,55 g dipelihara di akuarium (60 × 30 × 30 cm3) dengan kepadatan 10 udang/akuarium. Udang vaname  pasifik diberi makan tiga kali sehari 3% at satiation selama 14 hari setelah di uji tantang V. harveyi. Hasil pertama dari uji zona hambat menunjukkan bahwa semua konsentrasi ekstrak G. verrucosa mampu menghambat pertumbuhan V. harveyi dan hasil kedua menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ektrak G. verrucosa dapat meningkatkan respon imun udang. Hasil tingkat kelangsungan hidup menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pakan udang dengan dosis 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; dan 2,0 g/kg memiliki tingkat kelangsungan hidup masing-masing 80, 73, 70, dan 70%. Kesimpulannya, ekstrak rumput laut G. verrucosa memiliki aktivitas antibakteri dan dapat menginduksi respons imun & ketahanan udang terhadap infeksi V. harveyi.Kata kunci: Gracilaria verrucosa, rumput laut, Vibrio harveyi, vibriosis, udang vaname