Henry Setyawan, Henry
Program Studi Epidemiologi Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro Semarang

Published : 20 Documents
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Journal : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat

ANALISIS ANALISIS HUBUNGAN ANTARA SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE DENGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA USIA SEKOLAH DASAR KELAS 4-6 (Studi di Kota Salatiga)

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is the form of abnormality or the accumulation of fat that can impact on health. For children and adolescent aged 5-18 years old, said to be obese if BMI (Body Mass Index) according to age more than 2 according to Z score. Obesity occurs if the intake of energy is greater than energy used. In Indonesia, the prevalence of obesity chilren aged 5-12 years old was 8,8%, 7,9% for Central Java, and 5,1% for Salatiga. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors that associated to obesity children in elementary school grade 4-6. Method: The method was quantitative method and the type of the research was observational analytical with  a cross sectional approach. The population of this study was the students of elementary school grade 4-6 in Salatiga. The reached population was the students of Marsudirini 77 Elementary School grade 4-6 then the sample was taken as many as 60 resopondents using random sampling system. Result: The result indicated that as many as 22 (36,7%) respondents suffered from obesity with 13 (59,1%) respondents were male and 9 (40,9%) respondents were female. Conclusion: For bivariate analytical used Chi-square correlation test showed a correlation between familial (p=0,038; POR=3,6) dan sedentary lifestyle (p=0,022; POR=4,6) with obesity children in elementary school grade 4-6 and there was no correlation between physical activity (p=0,543) and energy intake (p=0,436) with obesity children in elementary school grade 4-6.

HUBUNGAN POLA PEMBERIAN SUSU FORMULA DENGAN KEJADIAN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES (ECC) PADA ANAK PRASEKOLAH DI TK ISLAM DIPONEGORO KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Dental caries prevalence for children under 12 years in Indonesia in 2013 was 89% with a prevalence of children aged 3-5 years at 81.7%. Various causes of early childhood caries, one of which is the pattern of consumption of formula milk is not right. Giving formula milk or sweet liquid in a bottle that is too long attached to the surface of the tooth can cause dental caries in children. At previous research, it was found contradictory result. Thus, research on the association of formula milk feeding pattern with the incidence of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was conducted. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the pattern of formula feeding with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) in preschool children in the Diponegoro Islamic Kindergarten in Semarang City. This type of research is an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were preschool children with a total of 188 children then the sample was taken as many as 66 children using the purposive  sampling method. Data collection was done by interviewing and measuring dental caries. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test. 56 preschool children (84.8%) suffer from dental caries with 30 children having a def-t index in the very high category (score 6,6-14). Bivariate analysis using the Chi-Square test, shows the duration of milk consumption (p= 0.006; POR= 7.7), frequency of consumption (p= 0.017; POR= 9.6), duration of consumption (p= 0.013; POR= 11.1 ), night consumption only (p= 0.001; POR = 0.02), time for consuming milk in the morning, afternoon and night (p= 0,000; POR= 33), adding sugar (p= 0.016; POR= 12) is a risk factor Early Childhood Caries (ECC), and morning consumption only (p= 0.145), lunch consumption time only (p= 0.388), consumption time in the morning and evening (p= 1,000), time of consumption day and night (p= -) and bottle / pacifier use with the incidence of dental caries in preschool children is not proven to be a risk factor for Early Childhood Caries (ECC). Duration of consumption, frequency, duration, time, and addition of sugar in the consumption of formula milk are risk factors for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) in preschool children.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KADAR GULA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 (STUDI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Type 2 diabetes melitus is a disease that require continous  treatment and management in order to prevent complication.The aim of this research is to analysis correlation between some factors with blood glucose level in diabetes melitus patient. The method used in this research is observational with cross-sectional as study design which conduct in September until October 2017 at Puskesmas Kedungmundu area. The amount of sample is 65 of 173 diabetes patients. Sample is selected by simple random sampling. Data were collected through interview with questionnaire and measurement. Statistic analysis used in this research were Pearson Product Moment, Rank Spearman and Lambda. The result of research shows that 60% respondents have an uncontrollable blood glucose level. Furthermore bivariate analysis show that there is correlation between medication adherence, physical activity level, ans family supports with blood glucose level. Meanwhile there is no correlation between duration, obesity status, diet adherence, physical exercise type, physical exercise frequent and motivation level with blood glucose level. Based on the result of the research primary health care is suggested to give education not just to diabetes patients but to closest family of diabetes melitus patient. And as for diabetes patients is hoped to take medicine the doctors suggested.