Syarifa Arum Kusumastuti, Syarifa Arum
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Exploration of Barriers in Achieving Proactive Environmental Strategies in a Natural Rubber Industry : A Case Study Kusumastuti, Syarifa Arum; Suprihatin, Suprihatin; Indrasti, Nastiti Siswi
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (706.842 KB) | DOI: 10.21771/vol6no2tahun2015artikel1240

Abstract

As the evolving of environmental issues over time, the development of environmental management approaches in industries began to shift to the prevention of pollution to reduce environmental impact. However, in practice, many obstacles encountered during the environmental management change to be more proactive. This study aims to explore the barriers of achieving the proactive environmental strategy in a rubber processing industry. Used a case study approach in a natural rubber processing factory, the data was collected through interviews with experts and sources as well as observation in the field. This study shows main barriers that faced by the company consist of financial issue, human resources, communities’ pressure, technological change and communication with environmental experts. The results of this study suggest conducting cooperation with research institutions or environmental experts especially for skills that cannot be controlled by the manager or employees in the company. 
Pengolahan Limbah Industri Pengolahan Ikan Dengan Teknologi Gabungan Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB)-Wetland Yuliasni, Rustiana; Marlena, Bekti; Kusumastuti, Syarifa Arum; Syahroni, Cholid
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 20, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v20i1.2941

Abstract

ABSTRACTUpflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB)-Wetland Integrated Technology was applied to treating fish-processing wastewater, taking into account for its simplicity, rapid and economical as well as its capability for reducing pollutant, so the effluent can fulfill effluent standard regulation. The research was carried out by the following steps: identification of wastewater characteristics, WWTP design and construction, and WWTP operational trials. The trials showed that UASB could remove COD average 72.3% and could achieve the highest COD removal of 95.42%, with retention time 24 hours.  Wetland could remove COD 52.9% on average and the highest COD removal was 78.22%. Simultaneously UASB-Wetland hybrid Technology could remove 86.25% COD on average, and the highest COD removal was 98.58%. Effluent has compiled the stream standard regulation and can be reused for fish farming.Keywords: fish processing wastewater, high organic wastewater treatment, integrated UASB-Wetland,  Anaerobic-Aerobic WWTPABSTRAKTeknologi gabungan Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) - wetland diaplikasikan untuk mengolah air limbah industri pengolahan ikan dengan pertimbangan bahwa teknologi ini murah dan mudah pengoperasiannya serta dapat mereduksi polutan sehingga kualitas effluent memenuhi syarat baku mutu.  Instalasi pengolahan limbah terdiri dari unit ekualisasi, UASB dan wetland. Hasil uji coba pengolahan dengan UASB menujukkan bahwa penurunan COD rata-rata 72,3% dengan persen penurunan tertinggi mencapai 95,42% dan penurunan COD dengan proses wetland rata-rata 52,9% dengan penurunan tertinggi mencapai 78,22%. Secara keseluruhan proses IPAL hibrid UASB-Wetland mampu menurunkan nilai COD rata-rata sebesar 86,25% dengan penurunan tertinggi mencapai 98,58%. Limbah terolah (effluent) sudah memenuhi baku mutu yang disyaratkan serta dapat dimanfaatkan kembali (reuse) sebagai sumber air untuk budidaya perikanan darat.Kata kunci: air limbah pengolahan ikan, pengolahan limbah organik tinggi, gabungan UASB-wetland, IPAL anaerobik-aerobik