Sukma Budi Ariyani, Sukma Budi
Baristand Industri Pontianak, Jl. Budi Utomo No. 41, Pontianak 78243

Published : 6 Documents
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Utilization of Durian Skin as Raw Materials of Art Paper Ariyani, Sukma Budi; Hidayati, Hidayati; Asmawit, Asmawit
Biopropal Industri Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

This research was to utilize solid waste of durian (durian skin) into economically valuable products. The purpose of this research was to obtain a decorative paper or art paper which can be used as a wide range of creative products such as photo frames, tissue boxes, pencil boxes and others. The research was carried out by destroying the skin of durian and other materials to form slurry and then molded and dried. Assessment of art paper quality was based on the beauty of its performance because it was display the fibers on the surface of the paper. It has been carried out analysis of gramatur, tear resistance, moisture content and ash content of the paper produced by durian skin. Paper with gramatur value, moisture content, low ash content and high tear resistance was the good quality paper. For gramatur and water content testing, a paper which was given a red ocher dye (D) is a paper that has the lowest value of gramatur and water content, each of 0.0212 g/cm2 and 7.77%. While the ash content and tear resistance testing, colored paper with mangosteen peel 17% (E) has a low ash content (0.056%) and high tear resistance (104 times fold).
Decreased Levels of Fenol in the Case of Traditional Herb Industry using Anaerobic Activated Sludge Method Ariyani, Sukma Budi
Biopropal Industri Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

Fenol is a hazardous substance that can pollute the environment. Traditional herb Industry is one of industries produces liquid waste with high pollution level, the fenol content more than 9 mg/L.  Biological treatment  with anaerobic activated sludge method is one effective way of processing waste.This research was aimed to study the effect of MLSS variable and fenol load, the efficiency of fenol decrease in anaerobic waste processing system. The experiment is conducted by synthetic herbs waste with COD content of ± 3610 mg/L, retention time of 6 hours at a temperature of 30oC, atmospheric pressure in anaerobic baffle reactor continuously. The reactor volume is 60 L, the MLSS content of 3000; 4000; 5000 mg/L,  fenol load at 0, 3, 6; 9; 12 mg/L. Result of research show that active sludge of mixture breeding  from cage manure effective for the processing of waste with the low rate fenol (less than 6 mg/L) with the efficiency of degradation fenol 89,7-99,87% but less be effective at high burden fenol (more than 6 mg/L) with the efficiency of degradation fenol equal to 18-52%. The results obtained compared well with other reduction process.
Comparison of Carbopol and Carboxymethyl Cellulose as Thickener on Making Bioethanol Gel Ariyani, Sukma Budi; Supriyatna, Nana
Biopropal Industri Vol 4, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

Bioethanol gel is a new form of liquid bioethanol that has been given a thickening agent. This type of bioethanol is believed could make its transportation and utilization safer. This study aimed to compare the carbopol and carboxymethyl cellulose as thickener agents and to characterize the bioethanol gel produced. In this research, carbopol and carboximethyl used for making bioethanol gel were1.5, 3, 4.5 and 6 g. Then flame color, length of flame and viscosity were tested. The best bioethanol gel produced obtained on the addition of carbopol 6 g. Its characteristics were clear white color, the flame color is blue reddish, length of flame per 5 g is 5 minutes 17 seconds, and viscosity 1,380,000 cP. The boiling water test result on 100 ml of water by using 15 g of bioethanol gel takes 16 minutes.
Optimization of Incubation Time on Cellulase Enzyme Production Using Aspergillus niger Under Solid State Fermentation Ariyani, Sukma Budi; Asmawit, Asmawit; Utomo, Pramono Putro
Biopropal Industri Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

Cellulase is an important enzyme for industry which can be obtained from cheap tropical agrowastes such as durian peel. West Kalimantan, in particular Pontianak city produces tons of durian peel waste during harvest season each year. This study used durian peel waste as substrates and A. niger to produce cellulase, The aim of this study is to determine the optimum incubation time in producing cellulase under solid state fermentation. Different incubation time (48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours) were applied for the production of cellulase. The optimum cellulase production was 120 hours of incubation, giving  protein content of 0.3960% and enzyme activity of 1,069.01 ppm, respectively.
PENGGUNAAN TEPUNG JAGUNG KALIMANTAN BARAT SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU PEMBUATAN MIE KERING Ariyani, Sukma Budi; Asmawit, Asmawit
Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian Industri Vol 27, No 2 (2016): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENELITIAN INDUSTRI
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Palembang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan memperoleh hasil mie kering dari bahan baku jagung Kalimantan Barat sehingga dapat menjadi diversifikasi produk. Dalam penelitian ini, membuat mie kering dengan variabel komposisi tepung jagung dan tepung terigu yang digunakan yakni 50%:50%, 60%:40%, 70%:30% dan 80%:20%. Untuk pengujian yang dilakukan adalah uji kadar air, kadar abu, kadar karbohidrat, protein dan lemak. Hasil penelitian  yang diperoleh, untuk semua variabel, kadar air memenuhi standar mutu mie kering untuk mutu II yakni maksimal 10%. Kadar abu untuk semua variabel, memenuhi standar mutu mie kering untuk mutu I dan II yakni maksimal 3 %. Sedangkan untuk  kadar protein, variabel yang memenuhi standar mutu mie kering mutu II yakni minimal 8% adalah variabel komposisi tepung jagung:tepung terigu = 80:20%, yang hasil kadar proteinnya adalah 8,2681%. Hasil kadar karbohidrat tertinggi pada mie kering yang dihasilkan adalah 57,6596% dan hasil kadar lemak terendah pada mie kering yang dihasilkan adalah 0,4677%.
KEMAMPUAN LUMPUR AKTIF BIAKAN CAMPURAN DARI LIMBAH INDUSTRI CRUMB RUBBER UNTUK MENGURANGI KADAR COD, BOD DAN TSS Ariyani, Sukma Budi; Mulyono, Agus Sri
Majalah BIAM Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Majalah BIAM
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Ambon

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Abstract

Air limbah industri harus diolah terlebih dahulu agar tidak mencemari badan air dimana limbah tersebut dibuang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui kemampuan lumpur aktif biakan campuran dari lumpur industri crumb rubber dalam menurunkan kadar COD, BOD dan TSS air limbah dan efsiensi penurunan COD, BOD dan TSS yang terjadi. Air limbah diperoleh dari PT. Star Rubber, Kubu Raya. Penelitian dilakukan dengan variabel yang telah ditentukan yaitu MLSS dan waktu. Metode penelitian meliputi melakukan pengaktifan lumpur, pencampuran lumpur aktif dengan air limbah dan pengujian. Hasil yang diperoleh yaitu efsiensi penurunan (% reduksi) COD berkisar antara 52-78,2% dan efsiensi penurunan BOD berkisar antara 19,5-86,75%. Penurunan COD dan BOD pada variabel waktu 4 jam lebih kecil daripada variabel waktu 2 jam. Penurunan COD dan BOD pada variabel MLSS 241.000 ppm cenderung lebih kecil daripada variabel MLSS 951 ppm. Untuk semua variabel, kadar TSS setelah proses berada di bawah batas maksimal baku mutu limbah cair untuk industri karet. Dilihat dari efsiensi penurunannya, system ini kurang efektif, perlu dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut agar menemukan kondisi yang tepat sehingga lebih efektif.