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Journal : BIOPROSPEK

KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI OBAT TRADISIONAL DAN PEMANFAATANNYA OLEH MASYARAKAT SUKU KUTAI DI DESA JAMBUK, PENAWAI DAN MUARA KEDANG, KECAMATAN BONGAN, KABUPATEN KUTAI BARAT Putri, Fiorhentina; Hendra, Medi; Susanto, Dwi
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.952 KB)

Abstract

This research aims to determine the types of medicinal plants used by the tribal communities of Kutai, herb medicine, the way to processing of medicinal plants and the environment unit of medicinal plants. The method used is descriptive methods, Participatory Ethnobotanical Appraisal technique, interviews and snow ball and also transect walk systematic sampling. Data analysis using Ms Excel 2013.Has been found as many as 113 kinds of medicinal plants, for which 109 species are from 53 families and 4 other species are not identified. Potion used as many 38 types of potions. Medicinal plants was processed with crushed/mashed 51 species; boiled 43 species; use directly 13 species; kneaded 12 species; marinated/brewed 5 species; made the statue 3 species, slice 2 species; dried, squeezed, shredded, torn and plaited each of them 1 species. The most environment unit of medicinal plants was found in the yard (73%), groves or simpung (11%), stall 5%, not obtained 4%, the curb 4% and in the riverside (3%).
Profil Vegetasi Riparian Tanjung Una Kabupaten Kutai Kertanegara, Kalimantan Timur Heryadi, Eko; Hendra, Medi; Winata, Ari; Rahmatullah, Kukuh; Mislan, Mislan; Zaini, Mulia
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 10 No 2 (2015): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi: Volume 10 Number 2 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (784.986 KB) | DOI: 10.30872/bp.v10i2.134

Abstract

Tanjung Una merupakan daerah semenanjung yang menjorokke arah muara sungai Mahakam. Hasil analisa vegetasi padaarea sumur minyak PT. Pertamina PEP Tanjung Una AngganaGT. 36 Field Sanga-sanga ditemukan 24 spesies pohon dengankodominansi empat spesies, yaitu Syzygium grande, Glutarengas, Vitex pinnata, dan Heritiera globosa. Syzygium grande(jambua-jambuan) memiliki kerapatan tertinggi pada lokasiTanjung Una (326 Pohon/Ha), dikuti kelompok Gluta rengas(Pohon Rengas) sebanyak 300 Pohon/Ha dan Vitex pinnata(Laban) sebanyak 116 Pohon/Ha. Jenis pohon yang memilikikerapatan yang sedikit ditunjukkan olek spesies Glochidionlittorale; Buchannania spp.; Osboniea octodonta; Quassiaindica; Mallotus korthalsii; Endospermum peltatum; Garciniasp.; Bruguiera sp. sebanyak 4 pohon/Ha.
Uji Fitokimia dan Antibakteri Ekstrak Daun Laban Ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) pada Bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis Pujianti, Eva; Hendra, Medi; Dharma, Bodhi
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/bp.v11i1.118

Abstract

This study aimed to know the types of secondary metabolite compounds contained in the ethanol extract of leaves laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) and the knowing the magnitude of the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract from the leaves of the laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) the growth of bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis. The activity was shown by clear zone surrounding. The experimental design was using Complete Randomized Design (CRD), consisting six treatments, solution  concentration of 10%; 20%; 40%; 80% chloramphenicol as the (positive control) and etanol as (negative control), by using four replications. The result of this study indicate that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) compounds positive flavonoid, alkaloids, triterpenoid and steroid well as tannins. From antibacterial test result has been done shows that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara have inhibitory at all levels the concentrations to be tested. At concentrations of 10% namely on average by 3,067 mm, concentrations of 20% average by 3,945 mm, concentrations of 40% average by 4,312 mm and concentrations of 80% average by 4,777 mm. These results indicated that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara showed antibacterial properties, although still below chloramphenicol.
Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Tradisional oleh Masyarakat Suku Berau di Kampung Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang Kecamatan Sambaliung Kabupaten Berau Handayani, Fitri; Hendra, Medi; Susanto, Dwi
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/bp.v11i1.120

Abstract

The use of plants has an impact and invaluable knowledge and a wealth of culture that needs to be excavated and preserved so that traditional knowledge about plants remain attached and not lost inedible by age. This research was conducted in the District of Berau tribal communities Sambaliung (Bebanir Bangun and Gurimbang village). Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, field exploration, literature studies, sample preservation, processing and manufacturing of herbarium specimens. Based on the results of research conducted in Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang, District Sambaliung, Berau district in obtaining 78 kinds of medicinal plants derived from 38 families and be used as an alternative medicine community. Habitat herbs include yard (56%), riparian (9%), forest (5%) and others (30%) of medicinal plants. Based on the processing method generally tribal communities Berau Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang village cultivate medicinal plants to be used in a way crushed and then taped (47%), boiled and drunk (26%), burned or heated (8%), kneaded and massaged (6%), cleaned and then affixed to 5%), grated and filtered (4%), chewed (3%) and flattened (1%).
ETNOMOTANI OBAT TRADISIONAL OLEH MASYARAKAT KUTAI DI KEC. MUARA BENGKAL KAB. KUTAI TIMUR Hadijah, Siti; Hendra, Medi; Hariani, Nova
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.427 KB)

Abstract

This studied aim to find out the traditional medicinal plants that used by communities at Kutai area in the subdistrict of Muara Bengkal, how the Kutai community obtains a medicinal plants and which part of the plant that used as a traditional medicine. In this studied we used PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) methods, interview open-ended technique and the informant was determined by using snowball sampling. Stages of research include survey, observation, interviews, sampling, doing the identification of the herbarium and data analysis using Microsoft Excel 2007. There are 82 species of medicinal plants that are grouped into 42 families was found in this research. The Kutai community gained the medicinal plant by planted on their home garden, took on the field, looking for in the forest and bought in the market. The plant parts that used as a traditional medicine are the leaf, rhizome, stem, fruit, root, bark, seeds, tree sap, bulbs and the entire section.
Studi Produktivitas Air Aliran Batang Dan Lolosan Tajuk Pada Tegakan Mahang (Macaranga gigantea) Dan Bangkirai (Shorea laevis) Di Kebun Raya Unmul Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur. munasirah, Munasirah; Hendra, Medi; Susanto, Dwi
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 2 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi: Volume 13 Number 2 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/bp.v13i2.426

Abstract

The purposes of experiments were to determine how many were total waters of steam flow and through fall on  S. laevis trees and how many were the highest nutrient contentes of Nitrogen (N), Phosphor (P), Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca), and Magnesium (Mg) in rain waters of and S. laevis trees. The method used experiment was quantitative analysis which was done measurement directly in the field, the data consistes of tree height, steam diameter, canopy diameter, measurement waters of steam flow and through fall, nutrient contentes (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg). The result of an average totally of the highest steam flow and through fall was 6.850,00 ml in method 2. Although an average of the lowest steam flow was 33,33 ml in method 3 and an average of the lowest through fall was 3.275,83 ml in method 1. An average of the highest nutrient content N was 695 ppm in steam flow the averages of the highest nutrient contentes P and K were P= 4 ppm and K= 8.619 ppm in through fall, an average of the highest nutrient content Ca was 3 ppm in  through fall and an average of the highest nutrient content Mg in through fall was 2 ppm in through fall.
Etnobotani Buah Edibel Pada Masyarakat Dayak Tahol Di Kabupaten Malinau, Kalimantan Utara Ardiansyah, DT; Hendra, Medi; Susanto, Dwi
BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 2 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi: Volume 13 Number 2 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/bp.v13i2.419

Abstract

Forest has been considered as one of natural resources that could brought benefits for Dayak community based on their ecological and economical values. Edible fruits are annual plant type that could grow fruits and can be consumed. This study was held to obtain data, what type of plant that is utilized by Dayak Tahol community in their daily lives and how they utilize the edible fruits from Malinau district. This study was conducted by using explorative survey method, which is divided into two steps: first, the edible fruits inventory which is familiar by local people; second, observation at the local community and this method is supported by approach and sampling technique. This result showed that the total known edible fruits plant was about fifty two genus obtained from twenty five families and 2.207 individual species in total, moreover Shanoon-Winner diversity index (H?= 3.49) can be grouped in high diversity (H? > 3).