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STUDI PAKAN ALAMI DAN PERILAKU MAKAN BEKANTAN (Nasalis larvatus wurmb.) DI KAWASAN KONSESI PT. PERTAMINA EP ASSET 5 SANGASANGA KABUPATEN KUTAI KERTANEGARA, KALIMANTAN TIMUR

BIOWALLACEA Vol 1, No 3 (2015): BioWallacea Vol 1 No 3
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi FMIPA Universitas Mataram

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Abstract

The forest areas in Delta Mahakam were decreasing annually and it has been impact directly to wildlife which used these forests as food sources and live on it. One of those species is proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus Wurmb.), a rare and endemic species of Kalimantan. Research on feeding behavior and ecological can be used in the effort to habitat preservation and protection of proboscis monkey in that area. The aims of this study was to determine the natural feeding plants which used and the feeding behavior by proboscis monkey (N. larvatus Wurmb.) along Kutai Lama Dalam River, Tanjung Una and Muara Sanga-sanga on Kutai Kartanegara regency, East Kalimantan. The research was conducted in June to July 2014. The method used in this study was direct observation, data collection, sampling, herbarium preparation and identification of herbarium plant species. Observations carried out 2 times a day at 08:00 to 10:00am and 16:00 to 18:00pm for 30 days observation. The results was obtained 18 plants of species categorized as natural feeding plants of proboscis monkeys, 6 of them is the main feed (Ficus benjamina L., Sonneratia caseolaris L. Syzygium grande Wight. Gluta rengas L., Gluta wallicii Hook. and Heritiera ellata Ridl), and the rest of them was a food supplement. The Ficus benjamin L. has the highest percentage of feeding sources (44, 8%), whereas the leaves (95,64 %) was the highest part to consumed. The feeding behavior of proboscis monkey along river in Kutai Lama Dalam generally start with foraging activity, and later was the activity of taking and putting food into the mouth. The difference in feeding behavior was showed based on the type of plants consumed by the proboscis monkey. Key words:  Natural plant feed, plant identification, proboscis  monkey (Nasalis larvatus Wurmb.), Delta Mahakam

KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI OBAT TRADISIONAL DAN PEMANFAATANNYA OLEH MASYARAKAT SUKU KUTAI DI DESA JAMBUK, PENAWAI DAN MUARA KEDANG, KECAMATAN BONGAN, KABUPATEN KUTAI BARAT

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This research aims to determine the types of medicinal plants used by the tribal communities of Kutai, herb medicine, the way to processing of medicinal plants and the environment unit of medicinal plants. The method used is descriptive methods, Participatory Ethnobotanical Appraisal technique, interviews and snow ball and also transect walk systematic sampling. Data analysis using Ms Excel 2013.Has been found as many as 113 kinds of medicinal plants, for which 109 species are from 53 families and 4 other species are not identified. Potion used as many 38 types of potions. Medicinal plants was processed with crushed/mashed 51 species; boiled 43 species; use directly 13 species; kneaded 12 species; marinated/brewed 5 species; made the statue 3 species, slice 2 species; dried, squeezed, shredded, torn and plaited each of them 1 species. The most environment unit of medicinal plants was found in the yard (73%), groves or simpung (11%), stall 5%, not obtained 4%, the curb 4% and in the riverside (3%).

Profil Vegetasi Riparian Tanjung Una Kabupaten Kutai Kertanegara, Kalimantan Timur

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 10 No 2 (2015): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi: Volume 10 Number 2 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

Tanjung Una merupakan daerah semenanjung yang menjorokke arah muara sungai Mahakam. Hasil analisa vegetasi padaarea sumur minyak PT. Pertamina PEP Tanjung Una AngganaGT. 36 Field Sanga-sanga ditemukan 24 spesies pohon dengankodominansi empat spesies, yaitu Syzygium grande, Glutarengas, Vitex pinnata, dan Heritiera globosa. Syzygium grande(jambua-jambuan) memiliki kerapatan tertinggi pada lokasiTanjung Una (326 Pohon/Ha), dikuti kelompok Gluta rengas(Pohon Rengas) sebanyak 300 Pohon/Ha dan Vitex pinnata(Laban) sebanyak 116 Pohon/Ha. Jenis pohon yang memilikikerapatan yang sedikit ditunjukkan olek spesies Glochidionlittorale; Buchannania spp.; Osboniea octodonta; Quassiaindica; Mallotus korthalsii; Endospermum peltatum; Garciniasp.; Bruguiera sp. sebanyak 4 pohon/Ha.

Uji Fitokimia dan Antibakteri Ekstrak Daun Laban Ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) pada Bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This study aimed to know the types of secondary metabolite compounds contained in the ethanol extract of leaves laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) and the knowing the magnitude of the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract from the leaves of the laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) the growth of bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis. The activity was shown by clear zone surrounding. The experimental design was using Complete Randomized Design (CRD), consisting six treatments, solution  concentration of 10%; 20%; 40%; 80% chloramphenicol as the (positive control) and etanol as (negative control), by using four replications. The result of this study indicate that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara (Endospermum peltatum Merr.) compounds positive flavonoid, alkaloids, triterpenoid and steroid well as tannins. From antibacterial test result has been done shows that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara have inhibitory at all levels the concentrations to be tested. At concentrations of 10% namely on average by 3,067 mm, concentrations of 20% average by 3,945 mm, concentrations of 40% average by 4,312 mm and concentrations of 80% average by 4,777 mm. These results indicated that ethanol extract of leaves laban ara showed antibacterial properties, although still below chloramphenicol.

Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Tradisional oleh Masyarakat Suku Berau di Kampung Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang Kecamatan Sambaliung Kabupaten Berau

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 1 (2016): Bioprospek: Journal Ilmiah Biologi. Volume 11 Number 1 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

The use of plants has an impact and invaluable knowledge and a wealth of culture that needs to be excavated and preserved so that traditional knowledge about plants remain attached and not lost inedible by age. This research was conducted in the District of Berau tribal communities Sambaliung (Bebanir Bangun and Gurimbang village). Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, field exploration, literature studies, sample preservation, processing and manufacturing of herbarium specimens. Based on the results of research conducted in Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang, District Sambaliung, Berau district in obtaining 78 kinds of medicinal plants derived from 38 families and be used as an alternative medicine community. Habitat herbs include yard (56%), riparian (9%), forest (5%) and others (30%) of medicinal plants. Based on the processing method generally tribal communities Berau Bebanir Bangun dan Gurimbang village cultivate medicinal plants to be used in a way crushed and then taped (47%), boiled and drunk (26%), burned or heated (8%), kneaded and massaged (6%), cleaned and then affixed to 5%), grated and filtered (4%), chewed (3%) and flattened (1%).

ETNOMOTANI OBAT TRADISIONAL OLEH MASYARAKAT KUTAI DI KEC. MUARA BENGKAL KAB. KUTAI TIMUR

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 11 No 2 (2016): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 11 Number 2 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

This studied aim to find out the traditional medicinal plants that used by communities at Kutai area in the subdistrict of Muara Bengkal, how the Kutai community obtains a medicinal plants and which part of the plant that used as a traditional medicine. In this studied we used PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) methods, interview open-ended technique and the informant was determined by using snowball sampling. Stages of research include survey, observation, interviews, sampling, doing the identification of the herbarium and data analysis using Microsoft Excel 2007. There are 82 species of medicinal plants that are grouped into 42 families was found in this research. The Kutai community gained the medicinal plant by planted on their home garden, took on the field, looking for in the forest and bought in the market. The plant parts that used as a traditional medicine are the leaf, rhizome, stem, fruit, root, bark, seeds, tree sap, bulbs and the entire section.

Aktivitas Antioksidan dan Antimalaria Senyawa Fenolik dari Daun Macaranga beccariana Merr.

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 15 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

Macaranga beccariana Merr. merupakan tanaman endemik Kalimantan yang diketahui belum banyak penelitian mengenai aktivitas biologi dan senyawa bioaktif dari tanaman ini. Oleh karena itu, untuk mengetahui potensi dari M. beccariana maka pengujian aktivitas antioksidan dan antimalaria serta isolasi senyawa bioaktif dari tanaman ini perlu dilakukan. Pada penelitian ini, daun M. beccariana diekstraksi dengan metanol sehingga diperoleh ekstrak metanol. Kemudian, ekstrak tersebut dipisahkan dan dimurnikan sehingga diperoleh senyawa 1 dan 2. Berdasarkan elusidasi struktur dengan spektrometer UV, 1H dan 13C NMR, senyawa 1 dan 2 diketahui sebagai kelompok senyawa fenolik dan diidentifikasi strukturnya masing-masing sebagai asam 4-hidroksibenzoat dan asam 3,4-dihidroksibenzoat. Selanjutnya dilakukan uji aktivitas antioksidan dengan menggunakan DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) dan uji aktivitas antimalarial terhadap Plasmodium falciparum strain 3D7 dengan pewarnaan Giemsa. Kontrol positif yang digunakan dalam uji aktivitas antioksidan adalah rutin, sedangkan uji aktivitas antimalaria adalah klorokuin difosfat. Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak metanol M. beccariana dan senyawa isolasi (1 dan 2) adalah aktif untuk kedua uji tersebut. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa daun M. beccariana memiliki potensi sebagai agen antioksidan dan antimalaria.

PENGARUH LAMA PEREBUSAN SIMPLISIA DAUN APAH (Albertisia papuana Becc.) YANG DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI PENYEDAP MAKANAN OLEH MASYARAKAT KAB. TANA TIDUNG TERHADAP ANGKA CEMARAN MIKROBA

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of long simplicia Apah’s leaves (Albertisia papuana Becc.) that’s used as a food’s flavoring by people of Kab. Tana Tidung against microbial contamination numbers. The design of research used a pattern completely randomized design (RAL), with a dilution series of samples 10-8, 10-9 and 10-10 and different boiling’s level (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 minutes). The results obtained that the longer of boiling process is used, then the less the number of microbial contamination of colony growth. Average number of microbial contamination in samples in the boiling of 5 minutes is 92 x 1010 microbial colonies, in boiling 10 minutes is 87 x 1010 microbial colonies, in boiling 15 minutes is 56 x 1010 microbial colonies, in boiling 20 min is 44 x 1010 colonies of microbes and the boiling simplicia infuse for 25 minutes is 33 x 1010 colonies of microbes. Based of Analysis variance variety in each treatment showed that in boiling 20 minutes and 25 minutes showed real significant difference (p <0.05), but the boiling 5, 10 and 15 minutes there was no significant difference (P> 0.05). The results of the Anova, showed that in boiling treatment of simplicia Apah’s leaves (Albertisia papuana Becc.) significantly affects the growth of microbial colonies. Analysis of Least Significant Difference (LSD) at the level of 95%, the result that the effects of long boiling the simplicia Apah’s leaves (Albertisia papuana Becc.) which is used as a food flavoring by people of Kab. Tana Tidung, significant effect on the numbers of microbial contamination

UJI PENDAHULUAN DAUN TENEM Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Litsea cubeba (Lour Pers.) has been used by the Dayak community Lundayeh and Kenyah, the village of Long Berang, District Mentarang, North Borneo, as drug . Leaves and bark used as medicine for diarrhea. Preliminary data concerning the characteristics and content of secondary metabolites has not been reported. This study aims to determine the organoleptic, macroscopic,  microscopic characteristics and content of secondary metabolites tenem leaves. The results showed that the leaf tenem have organoleptic characteristics typical aromatic smell like citrus (lemon), taste slightly bitter, slightly spicy, chelates. Macroscopic characteristics in the form of a single leaf, lanceolate, elongated, tapered leaf tip, leaf base tapering, bone pinnate leaves, upper surface shiny, lower surface dull and slightly hairy, color light green to dark green. Microscopy test results showed fragments of sklereid, oil cell, stomata type of parasitic, non-glandular trichomes. Simplicia tenem leaf powder contains alkaloids, tannins and terpenoids. The ethanol extract of leaves tenem containing compounds, terpenoids, tannins, alkaloids

INVENTARISASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI TUMBUHAN OBAT SUB ETNIS KUTAI DESA GENTING TANAH KECAMATAN KEMBANG JANGGUT KABUPATEN KUTAI KARTANEGARA KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Indonesia has rich tropical forests will be diverse plants that can be used as a traditional medicine, ranging from roots, stems, leaves, until all fruit is of great value and can be used as a medicine for the health as well as from different tribe who were in Indonesia. Since old time sub etnic Kutai using different types of plants as a medicine because the lack of medical personnel and health care center in curing diseases. This study aims to find out the types of medicinal herbs used by tribes. The results there were 39 Medicinal plants used by tribes that is Serai, Sirih, Tumbuh daging, Kepius, Patah tulang, Kunyit root, Senuru , Mali wood, Prepat wood, lupun root, Kecubung, Terung pipit, Gelinggang, Beribit grass, Syurga leaf, Tapis bongol, Nyiur ongo, Singgah bini wood, Penggel habeng, Serkemudi grass, Tunjuk langit root, Kemet hitam, Pacar beleng, penggel putih, Ketotol grass, Kemantrah, Sahung wood, Tajerebo, Cula adem, Risip leaf, Lalang, Sampai root, Cancut haji jewa, Mersesat leaf, Lekop leaf, Kuku tupai, Kempis root, Kemet putih and Kedeme