Made Pasek Kardiwinata, Made Pasek
Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana

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Perbandingan Handwashing Promotion dengan Metode Bernyanyi dan Handwashing Dance terhadap Pengetahuan Teknik Mencuci Tangan Anak Usia Prasekolah Kurniasari, Gusti Ayu Ratih; Damayanti, Made Rini; Kardiwinata, Made Pasek
COPING NERS (Community of Publishing in Nursing) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): JURNAL EDISI JANUARI-APRIL 2016
Publisher : COPING NERS (Community of Publishing in Nursing)

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Abstract

The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2012 there are 11 States that the cause of death of children aged under five years in Indonesia, where diarrhea was ranked eighth. In Indonesia, diarrhea claimed the lives of about 6% of the total number of children in Indonesia. The most important thing in diarrheal disease management is preventive efforts. In delivering health promotion for children of preschool age, it takes interesting and interactive methods such as singing method and handwashing dance. This research aims to know the handwashing promotion comparison with singing method and handwashing dance of handwashing techniques knowledge in preschool-aged children. This research uses a type of quantitative research design experimental research or quasy experiment through the Nonequivalent Control Group Design. A large sample of 74 people (38 person group singing method, 36 people group handwashing dance) were selected for a total sampling with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data collection by using the observation sheets hand washing techniques. Based on nonparametric Mann-Whitney test in mind that the value of Asymp. Sig (2-tailed) results under the 0.05 so that there is a meaningful difference between the increase in handwashing techniques knowledgewithsinging method and handwashing dance, while the average value of an increased score before and after intervention handwashing dance is higher compared to the singing methods namely 54,71 with 21.20. Then it can be inferred that the handwashing intervention dance more effective in improving knowledge of the techniques of hand washing in preschool-aged children in PAUD TK Pra Widyalaya Gurukula and PAUD Negeri Pembina Bangli.
DAYA BUNUH EKSTRAK DAUN SRIKAYA (A. squamosa L.) TERHADAP TELUR DAN LARVA A. aegypti Purwaningsih, Nur Vita; Kardiwinata, Made Pasek; Utami, Ni Wayan Arya
CAKRA KIMIA (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry) Vol 3, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : CAKRA KIMIA (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)

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ABSTRAK: Nyamuk A. aegypti merupakan vektor utama DBD. Upaya memberantas nyamuk dewasa dengan fogging merupakan upaya terakhir, tetapi tanpa pemberitahuan ke masyarakat sehingga masyarakat tidak mengetahui atau belum siap. Usaha lain adalah menabur abate tetapi air yang ditaburi abate menjadi berbau kurang sedap, dan bersifat karsinogenik. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan insektisida alternatif yang alami dan bersifat mudah terurai di alam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya bunuh ekstrak daun srikaya  terhadap telur dan larva A. aegypti. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan eksperimental dengan menggunakan metode post test only control group design. Sampel penelitian adalah 576 butir telur A. aegypti dan 576 ekor larva A. aegypti masing-masing dari Instar I, II, III dan IV, jumlah dalam satu wadah 24 ekor dengan 4 kali pengulangan dengan menggunakan konsentrasi 50 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm dan 400 ppm. Hasil penelitian didapatkan kematian telur dengan LC50 sebesar 42,5423 ppm dan LC90 52,0052 ppm, larva instar I didapatkan LC50 sebesar 36,9248 ppm dan LC90 45,1515 ppm, larva instar II didapatkan LC50 sebesar 49,5588 ppm dan LC90 60,3818 ppm, larva instar III didapatkan LC50 sebesar 90,2210 ppm dan LC90 141,021 ppm, larva instar IV didapatkan LC50 sebesar 98,6166 ppm dan LC90 156,402 ppm. Hasil uji Mann-Whitney diperoleh p<0,05 yang menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan konsentrasi yang bermakna dalam menyebabkan kematian telur dan larva. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ekstrak daun srikaya memiliki daya bunuh terhadap telur dan larva A. aegypti.   ABSTRACT: Haemorrhagic Dengue Fever (HDF) is transmitted through mosquito A. aegypti is the primary vector. Fogging is the last attempt to eradicate A. aegypti, the prevention of the fogging could kill adult mosquitoes, the implementation of fogging sometimes not notice the announcement, so the society does’nt know about it or not ready yet. Besides fogging, spreading abate is another effort that often have been done, the water that have been spread by abate smell bad and caused carcinogenic. Therefore it needs natural alternative insecticides and also easy to biodegradable in the nature. The aim of this study is determine the ability of sugar apple leaf extract to kill the eggs and larvae of A. aegypti. This study used an experimental design by using post test only control group design. The sample was 576 eggs of A. aegypti and A. aegypti larvae 576 each from instar I, II, III and IV, the amount in the container 24 tail with four repetitions by using a concentration of 50 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm and 400 ppm. The result showed the egg mortality is 42.5423 ppm with LC50 and 52,0052 ppm with LC90, In the first instar larvae obtained by 36.9248 ppm with LC50 and 45,1515 ppm with LC90, second instar larvae obtained by 49.5588 ppm with LC50 and 60,3818 ppm with LC90, third instar larvae obtained by 90.2210 ppm with LC50 and 141,021ppm with LC90, fourth instar larvae obtained by 98,6166 ppm with LC50 and 156,402 ppm with LC90. Mann-Whitney test results obtained p <0.05 which shows there is a difference in the concentration causing the death of eggs and larvae. From the result of research we can conclude that the leaf extract of sugar apple has the ability to kill the eggs and larvae of A. aegypti.
PARTISIPASI PEMILIK HPR TERHADAP PROGRAM PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT RABIES DI DESA ABIANSEMAL DAN DESA BONGKASA PERTIWI KECAMATAN ABIANSEMAL KABUPATEN BADUNG Sri Widiantari, Luh; Kardiwinata, Made Pasek
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH

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Badung District, in the Province of Bali was found to have the highest HPR bite cases in 2011, with a total of 8111 cases. In  the subdistrict level, Abiansemal had the highest case with 2199 cases. The purpose of this study was to describe the HPR owner participation towards rabies prevention programme at Abiansemal Subdistrict in Badung District. This study was a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. Systematic random sampling was used to identify the ninety samples in this study. Data collection used structured questionnaire and observation and then analysed by descriptive analysis. The results showed that 82,2% respondents in Abiansemal Village and 84,4% respondents in Bongkasa Pertiwi Village had vaccinated their dogs with VAR. About 82,2% respondents in Abiansemal Village and 91,1% respondents in Bongkasa Pertiwi Village left their dogs untied. All respondents in Abiansemal Village and Bongkasa Pertiwi Village (100%) had not registered their dogs. There were no differences in the HPR owner participation towards rabies prevention program between the area with high HPR bite cases and low HPR bite cases. It is recommended that the government of Badung District regulate and supervise the dog owner. Future research should address the completeness of Anti-Rabies Vaccination in dogs.
HUBUNGAN PENGGUNAAN SELF PRESCRIBE COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE DENGAN INTENSITAS NYERI PUNGGUNG PADA PENGERAJIN DI DESA BATUAN Shanti, Komang Taranita Shanti; Kardiwinata, Made Pasek; Damayanti Saputra, Made Rini
COPING (Community of Publishing in Nursing) Vol 5 No 1 (2017): April 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Sarjana Keperawatan dan Profesi Ners, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Nyeri punggung merupakan salah satu masalah yang dihadapi oleh pengerajin akibat posisi duduk saat bekerja. Posisi kerja yang statis dan masa kerja yang lama dapat menimbulkan nyeri punggung pada pengerajin. Nyeri punggung yang dialami seseorang akan menimbulkan kerugian berupa aktivitas sehari-hari menjadi terganggu, produktivitas menurun, kualitas hidup menurun serta menimbulkan ketidaknyamanan. Penatalaksanaan yang dapat dilakukan untuk menangani nyeri punggung yaitu melalui terapi non farmakologis, salah satunya yaitu penggunaan Self-prescribe Complementary And Alternative Medicine (CAM). Self-prescribe CAM merupakan terapi komplementer dan alternatif yang aman digunakan sendiri tanpa melibatkan praktisi CAM. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan penggunaan Self-prescribe CAM dengan intensitas nyeri punggung pada pengerajin di Desa Batuan. Self-prescribe CAM yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini meliputi obat herbal, vitamin, mineral dan suplemen, meditasi, yoga, dan aromaterapi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan penelitian observational analitik dengan pendekatan crosssectional. Dengan teknik purposive sampling peneliti mendapatkan sampel 78 responden yang benar diteliti. Dalam penelitian ini responden mengisi kuisoner tentang penggunaan Self-prescribe CAM dan dilakukan pengkajian intensitas nyeri. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji chi square dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil analisa data didapatkan nilai p value lebih kecil daripada ? (0,05), artinya ada hubungan penggunaan Self-prescribe Complementary And Alternative Medicine dengan intensitas nyeri punggung pada pengerajin di Desa Batuan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas disarankan kepada perawat dan tenaga kesehatan lain untuk mempertimbangkan penggunaan obat herbal, vitamin, mineral dan suplemen, meditasi, yoga sebagai terapi alternatif dalam mengatasi nyeri punggung.