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Problematika Kerja Sama Perbatasan Sepanjang Sungai Mekong antara Tiongkok dan ASEAN Bagian Utara

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Komunitas ASEAN dan Tantangan Ke Depan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

AbstractFor centuries, the Mekong river has become the center of six riparian countries’s people life. Geographically, it flows through these countries for about 4,900 km.  It created a 795,000 km² river basin, distributed between the Upper Mekong River Basin that is formed by China (21 percent) and Myanmar (3 percent), as well as the Lower Mekong River Basin, which comprised Laos (25 percent), Thailand (23 percent), Cambodia (20 percent), and Viet Nam (8 percent) (FAO, 2011). To fullfill their own people’s needs over  the Mekong River and its subregion, those riparian states have been developing some transboundary cooperation initiatives among them. Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), Mekong Ricer Commission [MRC] etc. are examples of the transboundary cooperation. Besides, there are some other cooperations that cover the whole or part of the Mekong subregion but  do not specifically focus on Mekong River, i.e. ASEAN-China Free Trade Area and ASEAN Community. This condition creates a complexity of relationships among the cooperations in the Mekong subregion. This paper analysis some potential/existing problems i.e. a possibility that those cooperations overlap; the differences in the countries’ profile seem to create different interests among them etc. The analysis is based on some field research in some places [Vietnam, Laos, Thailand] in 2015. Keywords: transboundary cooperation, Northern ASEAN countries, GMS, MRC, Mekong River, connectivity.

MYANMAR DAN MATINYA PENEGAKAN DEMOKRASI

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Abstract Democratization in Myanmar is the most prevalent issue for international society The world takes the issue because the country has beenfor decades under authoritarian regime since militaryjunta takeover the government via coup d etat Since 1990 general election which had been won by National League for Democracy NLD the Military Junta Tatmadaw still ruled the country as a sole authoritarian regime Transition to democracy which been pledged by thejunta has not shown any positive outcome The paper is sought to answer two questions base on the actualpolitical circumstance in Myanmar how is theprogress ofdemocratic and human rights enforcement that has been pushed by pro democratic people in Myanmar The second question will bring our attention to the power ofthe prolonged militaryjunta in Myanmar Even though Myanmar has been under economic sanction and isolatedfrom international society there is no evidence that the military junta will come to an end Based on literature study as the main source ofdata collecting approach this paper bringsforward two conclusions Those two conclusions emerge from the existing internal and external political condition ofMyanmar Internal political condition shown that ethnical diversity in Myanmar is main obstaclefor establishing oppositional coalition against the military junta Ethnic in Myanmar is separated in fictionalized movement against the ruling authoritarian regime since colonial era It is still complicated until recent time to build a coalition from pro democratic movement in Myanmar The second conclusion is coming from the international society in putting more pressure towards the ruling regime It is goodfor the UN and the international society notjust isolating and sanctioning Myanmar but also approaching Myanmar using the influence ofthe third country China is good to become a promoter political reformation in Myanmar since China is the only country that still maintains a close relation with Myanmar This approach is to give more emphasis for Myanmar government to comply with its own pledge toward democratic transition in its own country.

PROSPEK DAN PROBLEMATIKA PELAKSANAAN APEC

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 7, No 2 (2010): Peluang Indonesia dalam Perdagangan Bebas
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

This essay attempts to analyseproblems andprospects ofthe APEC existence in dealing with the organizationsprinciples implementation Afew years ago the Asia Pack Economic Cooperation APEC one ofthe most meaningful organization in the region has been criticizedfor conducting insufficient efforts in addressing the 1997Asiacrisis Nowadays the organization is currentlyfacing the internal detrimental challenges ofthe raising FTA basedeconomic cooperations i e ASEAN China FTA ASEAN Japan FTA even bilateral based FTAs within the AsiaPacific region These FTAs could turn APEC out to be either breakable or even stronger It is hoped that thepowerfulFTA basis should be a cornerstone towards the sturdy APEC The paper comes to the conclusion that the APECwhich meets the two region Asia and Pacific is an convincinglyfeasible organization to remain taking the yearlydialogue between the developed and developing members This is truly becoming a lucrative opportunity for themembers to express what they want to getfrom this organization

DINAMIKA PERBATASAN WILAYAH LAUT DI SELAT MALAKA SINGAPURA

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Membaca Arah Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Strait ofMalacca Singapore is still taken into account in international trade and shipping lane Externally three littoral states Malaysia Indonesia and Singapore are parties that govern security and safety ofshipping lane in Strait ofMalacca Singapore according to traffic separation scheme TSS and the Mandatory Ship Reporting System in the Straits ofMalacca and Singapore Straitrep Strait ofMalacca Singapore has different meaningforthe three littoral states especially between Singapore on one side and Malaysia plus Indonesia on the other sideSignificance ofStrait ofMalacca Singaporefor Singapore is caught throughfree transit approach while Malaysiaand Indonesia get its significance through innocent passage approach But there is still another transit passageapproach that can become middle way in solving the differences Even so internally the three littoral states havenot yet solve their maritime boundary problems thoroughly Settlement ofmaritime boundary issues and agreementamong the three countries are very important because the boundary is located in international trade andshipping lane In the future the meaning ofStrait ofMalacca Singapore for the three countries is still very important fortheir national interest and the problem that exist among them is part ofdynamics ofStrait ofMalacca Singaporeneighbourhood

MENINJAU MEKANISME PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA PERBATASAN DI ASEAN

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Problematika Isu Perbatasan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Sengketa perbatasan antarnegara diASEAN secara mendasar dipicu oleh belum tuntasnya penentuan garis-garisbatas darat. Garis-garis batas sebagai penanda fisik tegaknya kedaulatan suatu negara adalah hal yang sensitif diASEAN. Pengalaman tiga sengketa ThailandKamboja, ThailandLaos, MalaysiaIndonesia merupakan contohsengketa di ASEAN yang masing-masing memiliki keunikan latar belakang. Beberapa mekanisme menjadi pilihanmereka mengatasi sengketa, yaitu bilateral, regional, dan multilateral. Tiga pilihan ini tercantum dalam klausulTAC (1976) dan ASEAN Charter (2007). Proses friendly negotiation sebagai cara perundingan bilateral menjadimekanisme solusi yang selalu dianjurkan dalamASEAN. Setelah melewati proses bilateral yang panjang, dua kasussengketa (Thailand-Kamboja, Malaysia-Indonesia) akhirnya dibawa ke ranah penyelesaian hukum tingkat multilateral(International Court of Justice), sebagai upaya terakhir. Sedangkan antara Thailand dan Laos diputuskan untukgencatan senjata/ status quo (1988) sebelum Laos bergabung ke ASEAN (1997), dan mengembangkan kerja samaekonomi perbatasan sebagai gantinya. Tulisan ini mengangkat tinjauan atas pengalaman mekanisme penyelesaiansengketa terhadap 3 kasus sengketa itu dengan proses penyelesaian yang variatif. Proses friendly negotiation yangberlangsung relatif lama telah membangun ikatan antarpihak, sehingga sengketa tidak mencabik ASEAN.Kata Kunci: Mekanisme Penyelesaian Sengketa, Perbatasan, TAC, Piagam ASEAN, Sengketa Thailand-Kamboja,Sengketa Thailand Laos, Sengketa Malaysia Indonesia.

Sikap Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Kejahatan Lintas Negara: Illegal Logging di Kalbar dan Kaltim

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

In Indonesia, illegal logging is a massive problem that never ending. It is the problem that has resulted in demoralizing the rule of law and substantial revenues to the state. It is the cause of forest crimes, and has serious economic and social implications to the poor societies in the border. Therefore, the activites of illegal logging and illegal border trade in the Indonesia-Malaysia border have to be eradicated as soon as possible. In responding the problem, the two actors (govemment and non govemment) have to build cooperation in coping with this problem. Beside that, the govemment has to be able to take personal approach to the Malaysian govemment in dealing with this problem. This paper presents the mapping of illegal logging in the Kalbar, Kaltim - Sarawak, Sabah border lines, and answer the question of what responses the govemment and non govemment take in that problem.

Dinamika Kerja Sama Subregional di Selat Malaka: City to City Connectivity sebagai Pendukung Koridor Ekonomi

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 15, No 1 (2018): Turbulensi Kepemimpinan dan Konektivitas antar Negara
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Abstrak Konektivitas adalah salah satu faktor penting dalam membangun kerja sama di tingkat bilateral, regional dan internasional. Dunia city to city connectivity  menjadi tulang punggung bagi kelangsungan koridor ekonomi pada kerja sama sub-regional seperti IMT-GT. Artikel ini menyajikan tinjauan dinamika dua koridor ekonomi, yaitu konektivitas Pulau Medan-Penang dan konektivitas Dumai-Melaka di Selat Malaka, dan sedikit ulasan tentang masa depan city to city connectivity bagi  Indonesia dan Malaysia. Metode penulisan artikel ini didasarkan pada analisis kualitatif, dengan esensi dari temuannya adalah bahwa sebagai simpul terkecil dalam konektivitas, city to city connectivity yang dimaksud  menentukan dinamika koridor ekonomi antara Indonesia dan Malaysia. Dan kondisi ini akan tetap menjadi faktor penting bagi kelangsungan kerja sama kedua negara, dan bagi kerja sama subregional  IMT-GT di masa depan. Keywords: kerja sama subregional, city to city connectivity, koridor ekonomi, Selat Malaka

Peran Kerja Sama IMT-GT Dalam Pembangunan Konektivitas Maritim Asean

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Transformasi Identitas Keindonesiaan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Abstract Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) is recognized as one of the sub-regional cooperation to support ASEAN Community. However, geographical character differences and consequently creating different interests among three member states, is likely to hinder the implementation of the IMT-GT in establishing such connectivity. This study focuses on three issues, namely, the significance of IMT-GT for each member state, implementation of IMT-GT’s programs in 2012-2016, and the role of IMT-GT in building ASEAN connectivity, particularly in the maritime sector. Through correlative descriptive qualitative method, this study found that the IMT sub-region contributes nearly 50% for the Malaysian economy, supports the Indonesian vision of Global Maritime Fulcrum for Indonesia, as well as encourages the development of less-developed Southern Thailand region. In Addition, the implementation of  IMT-GT’s programs in 2012-2016 was still low, especially on the side of Indonesia due to too many programs were planned. Another finding was that IMT-GT has played  significant role in building the ASEAN connectivity through the development of five economic corridors, although it was still more on land connectivity rather than maritime connectivity.  Keywords: ASEAN, IMT-GT, connectivity, and maritime