Sarkawi B. Husain, Sarkawi B.
History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya

Published : 6 Documents
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THE IMPROVEMENT OF KAMPONG AS AN INSTRUMENT TO MITIGATE FLOODS IN SURABAYA

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 27, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

The improvement of kampong –a residential area Inhabited mostly by thelower classin a town or city - was one of the efforts to prevent flood in the city of Surabaya. The effortwas not only related to its contribution to minimize the flood butit also hadmany aspects. The serious attention to kampong improvement from the Dutch colonial government only appeared in the second decade of the 20th century. When the city of Surabaya wasoccupied byJapanese troopsfrom March 8th, 1942 untill the independence revolution, the attention tothe kampong improvementstopped and many kampongs were destroyed bythe war. An effort to restore them resumed in 1950s when everything retuned to normal. To intensify the program of kampong improvement, the W.R. Supratman projectwas launched following the establishment of Kampong Improvement Project (KIP). One of the criteria to determine a kampong that needed to be restored is whether itwas always flooded or not. Nevertheless, the kampong improvementdidnot really solve the flood problem thoroughly. However, anevaluation shows that this project has madea significant contribution to minimizing the flood in the city of Surabaya.

A people-state negotiation in a borderland A case study of the Indonesia–Malaysia frontier in Sebatik Island

Wacana Vol 13, No 1 (2011): Charting borders
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

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Abstract

This paper aims to show the dynamics of the Indonesian – Malaysian border area in Sebatik Island, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Take into account as a background is the territorial dispute between Indonesia and Malaysia over the Ligitan and Sipadan Islands which were awarded to Malaysia by the decision of the ICJ (International Court of Justice) in 2002, which was followed by the dispute over the Ambalat sea block in 2005. Sebatik Island is geographically very strategic since it faces the disputed areas. Therefore the concerns of the Indonesian state with regard to the island pertain to issues of nation-state sovereignty and territorial security, which she tries to safeguard through intensive campaigns. Research conducted in Sebatik in 2009 showed how people willingly reinforced the state by incorporating its programs, despite their ambiguous position as people in a border area, which support they used subsequently in negotiating with the state for their own local purpose.

MEMAHAMI SURABAYA DARI KAMPUNG DINOYO

SASDAYA: Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities Vol 1, No 1 (2016): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Unit Penelitian dan Publikasi Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Tepat satu dekade setelah Howard Dick menerbitkan bukunya yang berjudul “Surabaya, City of Work: A Socio-economic Histroy, 1900-2000” (2003), akhirnya sebuah buku tentang masyarakat dan kota Surabaya terbit kembali di penghujung tahun 2013. Buku yang berjudul “Surabaya, 1945-2010: Neighbourhood, State, and Economy in Indonesia’s City of Struggle” ini ditulis oleh Robbie Peters, seorang antropolog dan dosen di University of Sydney yang sekaligus dapat dikatakan sebagai Indonesianis generasi baru. Pilihannya memilih Surabaya sebagai fokus kajian patut diapresiasi. Sepanjang pengetahuan saya, tidak banyak ilmuan asing yang menaruh perhatian pada Kota Surabaya terutama untuk kajian yang sifatnya komprehensif. Sebelum Robbie Peters, beberapa nama dapat disebut seperti James Peacok (1968), William Frederick (1978; 1986), dan Howard Dick (2003).  

Manisnya Kopi di Era Liberal: Perkebunan Kopi Afdeling Malang, 1870-1930

Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

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Abstract

This article discusses about the coffee plantation at Afdeling Malang in 1870-1930 with the dynamics of emergence on the agrarian laws during liberal period. This research uses historical method. It shows that the journey of coffee plantation during that time had been fluctuated. To achieve the expected production, foreign private investora were involved to establish new plantations or branch of the plantation (with the same brand). They did the nusery on coffee plants, the use of various types such as Robusta, Arabica/Java and Liberia. Towards 1898 until 1910s, bladziektedisease suffered coffee plants. The coffee production was decreased, it needed the another coffee variety that could more resist from disease. The malaisecrisis in 1930 had influenced coffee plantation, due to the number of coffee plantations were decrease, it affected the production that was lower compare than before.

BANJIR, PENGENDALIANNYA, DAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DI SURABAYA, 1950-1976 FLOOD CONTROL AND PEOPLE’S PARTICIPATION IN SURABAYA, 1950-1976

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 18, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Abstract During the mid of 20th Century until the 1970s, there were several factors causing floods in Surabaya. Using archival research, scrutinizing news reports and conducting interviews, this article found three causes of flood. They are: (1) Overflowing Kali Lamong which has headwaters in Lamongan and Mojokerto; (2) Demolition of Kali Pakis and Kali Kali Baru Bratang Dike by society; (3) River sedimentation, waste, illegal buildings on the riverbanks and under bridges, and the reduction of water catchment areas. People made various efforts to control floods, both individually and cooperating through gotong royong. The rich people elevated their houses and buy flood pump, while the poor people only created pile of sandbags in front of the door. Mutual cooperation coordinated by Neighborhood Association/Citizens Association (RT/RW) is other mechanisms to control the flood. Keywords: flood, Surabaya, control, community, participation Abstrak Selama pertengahan abad ke-20 hingga tahun 1970-an, banjir di Kota Surabaya menunjukkan eskalasi dan siklus yang semakin pendek. Faktor-faktor apa yang menyebabkan eskalasi tersebut dan apa yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat dalam menanggulangi banjir yang melanda rumah dan kampung mereka? Melalui penelitian arsip, sejumlah surat kabar, dan wawancara, berbagai masalah tersebut dielaborasi. Studi ini menemukan bahwa banjir pada periode ini disebabkan antara lain oleh: (1) Meluapnya Kali Lamong yang berhulu di Kabupaten Lamongan dan Mojokerto; (2) Tindakan penduduk yang membobol tanggul Kali Pakis dan Kali Bratang Baru; (3) Sedimentasi kali, sampah, bangunan liar di bantaran kali dan kolong jembatan, serta berkurangnya wilayah resapan air. Untuk menanggulangi banjir, masyarakat melakukan berbagai upaya, baik perorangan maupun gotong-royong. Mereka yang memiliki dana yang banyak, meninggikan lantai rumahnya dan membeli pompa penyedot banjir, sedangkan yang tidak punya banyak uang, hanya membuat tanggul di depan pintu rumahnya. Kerja sama Rukun Tetangga/Rukun Warga (RT/RW) menjadi sebuah mekanisme lain untuk mengontrol banjir. Kata Kunci: Banjir, Surabaya, pengendalian, masyarakat, partisipasi

PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT VERSUS PEMERINTAH TERHADAP LAYAK GUNA AIR: STUDI KASUS KALI JAGIR KELURAHAN NGAGELREJO SURABAYA

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Jagir River is one of the three important rivers in Surabaya, which provides the basic need of clean water for the citizens of Surabaya and its surroundings. However, the water has low quality, proved by the limp, dead, and floating fish on the river. In fact, some people still use it for their daily lives, from washing their clothes, bathing, defecating, to ablution. The question is why those people are still willing to use the poor water there for their daily needs. Does not the government perceive it as being polluted with various wastes? Using an ethnoecological approach, this paper aims to discuss the different perceptions between the government and the society about the river as well as the water quality of Jagir River. For the government, this river has two functions, namely (1) to divide and to control the water volume of Mas River in order to prevent the flood in Surabaya; and (2) to provide water for Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum/Regional Company for Drinking Water (PDAM) Surabaya in order to be produced as drinking water. Meanwhile, for those living in the riverside, Jagir River has four patterns of usage. Those are (1) spraying and watering, (2) cleaning, (3) performing ablution, and (4) taking recreation and earning a living. Keywords: perception, society, government, worthy-usable, water, Kali Jagir