Arif Adi Setiawan, Arif Adi
Universitas Darussalam Gontor

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الأصوات وأثرها في معاني اللغة العربية

Lisanu Ad-Dhod Vol 1, No 01 (2014): دورية اللغة العربية تØÂ
Publisher : Lisanu Ad-Dhod

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الأصوات وأثرها في معاني اللغة العربية

ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺁﺛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﰱ ﻣﻌﺎﱏ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ

LISANU AD DHAD Vol 1, No 1 (2014): اللغة العربية تعليمها
Publisher : LISANU AD DHAD

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ﺗﻠﻌﺐ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﺍ ﻣﻬﻤ ﺮ ﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻏﺮﺍﺿﻬﻢ. ّﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺟﲎ ﰱ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺃﺎ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﻳﻌﺒّﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻋﺮ ﻭ ﺃﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ. ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﰱ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ. ﻓﻠﺬﻟﻚ، ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﺃﻱ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ. ﻭﲤﺘﺎﺯ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﺑﺘﻮﺯﻋﻬﺎ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺝ ﺗﻮﺯﻋﺎ ﻋﺎﺩﻻ ﻳﺆﺩﻯ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺯﻉ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺴﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﲔ ﺍﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ. ﻭﻇﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﳊﺪﺙ ﻭﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﳐﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﳒﺪﻫﺎ ﰱ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ )ﺧﺮﺝ( ﻭ )ﺩﺧﻞ(. ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺻﻔﺔ ﲣﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺧﺮﻑ ﺁﺧﺮ. ﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﰱ ﺣﺮﻓﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ ﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﻬﻤﺎ ﰱ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ. ﻭ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﺄﺗﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺁﺧﺮ ﳓﻮ ﺑﲔ )ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻴﻠﺔ( ﻭ )ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ(.

ISLAMIC PRAYER IS EFFECTIVE TO REDUCE PAIN AND ANXIETY PATIENTS WITH ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN ICVCU : A PILOT STUDY]

Jurnal LINK Vol 12, No 2 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

Peak periods of pain and anxiety begins in the first 12 hours of entry ICVCU (Intensive Cardiovascular Care Unit) and improve after 48 hours until the patient was transferred to the ward. The study was to evaluate the efftects of Islamic Prayer in reducing pain and anxiety in patients with AMI in ICVCU. The study was A quasi experimental pre and post test design. The Samples were AMI patients hospitalized for 3 days. Islamic Prayer is composed by reciting Qur’an, prayer, and zikr. Pain was measured by the Numeric Rating Scale for Pain and anxiety was measured by the Numerical Rating Scale for Anxiety (NRSA). The data pain and anxiety were analysized by paired t-test. The findings show that there were significant reductions in mean pain scores and anxious before and after intervention after entering ICVCU Islamic Prayer interventions effectively reduce pain at 12 hours (t = 6.293, p = .000), 24 hours (t = 5.191, p = .000) and 48 hours after admission (t = 6.698, p = .000) and anxious 12 hours (t = 6.293, p = .000), 24 hours (t = 5.506, p = .000), 48 hours (t = 5.234, p = .000). which means that Islamic Prayer is effective to reduce pain and anxiety in patients with AMI in ICVCU.

Terapi Swedish Massage menurunkan tingkat kecemasan Lansia di Balai Pelayanan Sosial Tresna Wredha (BPSTW) Unit Budi Luhur Yogyakarta

Journal of Ners and Midwifery Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : STIKes Patria Husada Blitar

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Abstract

Abstract: Older will experiencing physical, psychological, and psychosocial changes will cauthat will lead to the new problem. Anxiety is one of the problems among older people. Complementary therapy is used to reduce a persons anxiety, namely yoga, meditation, aromatherapy, and relaxation through massage. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Swedish massage on the level of elderly anxiety. Methodology: The design of this study was a quasy experiment with one group pretest-post test design. Respondents in this study were elderly who experienced anxiety by using a total sampling technique in which as many as 15 elderly at the Nursing home of Social Service Center (BPSTW) Budi Luhur Bantul Unit Yogyakarta. The Standard operational procedure of Swedish massage therapy used as a guidance of intervention, while HARS instruments was used to measure the level of anxiety among older people. Respondents measured their level of anxiety before and after a Swedish massage for 1 week. The results of the study were analyzed by Wilcoxon test. Results: There were 8 people (53.3%) in the medium level of anxiety before the Swedish massage given). The anxiety level of older people after intervention was mild level of anxiety as many as 8 people (53.3%). Changes in anxiety levels before and after Swedish massage intervention showed a difference of 2.00. Wilcoxon test results were obtained with a p-value of 0.008 <0.05. Conclusion: Swedish massage therapy able to reduce the level of anxiety among older people at BPSTW Budi Luhur Yogyakarta.Keywords: Swedish massage, anxietyAbstrak: Berbagai macam perubahan akan dialami oleh lansia seperti perubahan fisik, psikologi, maupun psikososial akan menimbulkan masalah baru pada lansia salah satunya adalah kecemasan. Tehnik alternatif yang dapat digunakan untuk menurunkan kecemasan seseorang yaitu seperti yoga, meditasi, aromaterapi, dan relaksasi melalui pijat (massage). Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Swedish mas- sage terhadap tingkat kecemasan lansia. Metodologi: Desain penelitian ini adalah quasy experiment dengan one group pretest-post test design. Responden pada penelitian ini adalah lansia yang mengalami kecemasan dengan menggunakan teknik total sampling yaitu sebanyak 15 lansia di Balai Pelayanan Sosial tresna Wredha (BPSTW) Unit Budi Luhur Bantul Yogyakarta. Instrumen penelitian adalah instrument HARS. Responden diukur tingkat kecemasannya sebelum dan setelah dilakukan Swedish massage selama 1 minggu. Hasil penelitian dianalisis dengan uji Wilcoxon. Hasil : Tingkat kecemasan pada lansia di BPSTW Budi Luhur Bantul Yogyakarta sebelum diberikan Swedish massage kategori sedang sebanyak 8 orang (53,3%). Tingkat kecemasan sesudah diberikan Swedish massage kategori ringan sebanyak 8 orang (53,3%). Perubahan tingkat kecemasan sebelum dan sesudah diberikan Swedish massage menunjukkan perbedaan sebesar 2,00. Hasil uji Wilcoxon diperoleh dengan nilai p-value 0,008 < 0,05. Diskusi : Swedish massage berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kecemasan pada lansia di BPSTW Budi Luhur Bantul Yogyakarta.Kata kunci: Swedish massage, kecemasan, lansia