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Lalu Heri Afrizal, Lalu Heri
Institut Agama Islam Nurul Hakim, Lombok Barat
Articles
2
Documents
Psikoanalisa Islam, Menggali Struktur Psikis Manusia dalam Perspektif Islam

KALIMAH Vol 12, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (499.781 KB)

Abstract

Pengaruh Teori Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud dalam kajian psikologi modern cukup dominan mewarnai ilmu pengetahuan secara umum yang berbicara tentang manusia, seperti kedokteran, filsafat, agama, seni, sastra, antropologi, maupun politik. Padahal teori-teori Freud tentang konsep manusia, yang menjadi basis utama dalam mengkaji prilaku dan kejiwaan manusia, sangat dipengaruhi oleh doktrin ateisme yang dianutnya. Kondisi ini tentu sangat memprihatinkan. Sebab, ketika psikologi semacam ini diajarkan dan diyakini oleh umat Islam yang belum sadar terhadap paradigma psikologi modern, maka akan menjadi masalah. Padahal doktrin-doktrin di dalamnya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Sementara itu, kajian-kajian ilmuwan Muslim kontemporer mengenai hal ini belum banyak mewarnai. Oleh karena itu,sangat diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai ilmu psikologi yang berbasis pandangan hidup Islam, sehingga ditemukan konsep manusia yang utuh dan islami. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji permasalahan psikologi melalui kajian tematis-analitis terhadap teks-teks al-Qur’an dan al-Hadits. Sebagai perbandingan, kajian dimulai dengan mengungkap konsep manusia menurut Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud, kemudian disusul pembahasan tentang struktur psikis manusia menurut Islam.

Selisik atas Metodologi Kritik Matan Ulama Hadis

KALIMAH Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (508.937 KB)

Abstract

This article assumes most contemporary intellectuals who considered that the scholars of hadith do not concentrate to criticism of “matan” of hadith. According to them, the classic hadith scholars portray not much sense in reviewing and critiquing the prophetic traditions. This criticism is inherited and developed by some reviewers of prophetic tradition in the West. Some may think that the scholars did not use a lot of sense in criticizing the hadith. In fact, any study of any text can not be done without using the sense. But, in studying the hadith texts, the scholars of hadith did not rely on the opinions of the sense only, but they put the sense into its position proportionally. Related to this, the criticism methodology of “sanad” is part of the criticism of “matan” that can not be separated, because of the efforts of the scholars in reviewing “sanad” is to prove the authenticity and validity of “matan”. The validity of a hadith should be assessed through a study of the “sanad” and “matan” once. To judge a hadith by the sense only can not be accepted. So, to prove the truth of any information is not enough just by assumption or opinion of the sense itself. Proving the accuracy of “riwayat” empirically has been done by the previous hadith scholars, and it is their main activity to prove the truth of narration of hadith they heard and understood by their sense.