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The Dilemma of Human Security on Palm Oil Plantation in Indonesia Ardiyanti, Dwi; Anwar, Ahmad
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional Vol 7, No 1 (2018): April-September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.419 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/hi.71125

Abstract

Palm oil plantation has proven to have contributions in increasing Indonesian wealth and economy. The fact that Indonesia becoming the biggest palm oil exporter in the world promises a higher expectation for Indonesia’s economic growth. Meanwhile, this national economic source generates controversies for the environment, health, and social issues besides its advantages. This article discusses the problem caused by palm oil plantation in Indonesia and how it is dilemmatic to human security concept. Palm oil plantation offered affordable and an easy access to material for mass exported products for daily need. The phenomena then become destructive when it comes to political interest related to ecological survival, economic boosting program, health for surrounding communities, and another field in human security issue. This study does not only show the fact that palm oil plantation is needed for the sake of economic growth and national development, but also analyse how economic demand may destruct another aspect of human security. The numerous impacts for long-term economic and development made it crucial to be analysed. While there are many studies about dilemma on human security, yet, only a few studies on palm oil plantation and its progress in Indonesia. This paper seeks to broaden the related literature.
ISLAM DAN GLOBALISASI PENDIDIKAN Anwar, Ahmad
Tadbir: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Tadbir Februari
Publisher : JURUSAN MANAJEMEN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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Abstract

Maju dan tidaknya suatu negara dapat ditentukan dari kualitas pendidikan. Sedangkan Islam sendiri telah mewajibkan kepada umat untuk berpendidikan. Terlebih dizaman moderen ditengah derasnya arus globalisasi ini. Islam dalam menyikapi globalisasi adalah sebuah keniscayaan, karena Islam sendiri adalah agama rahmatal lil alamiin (solihun fii kulli zaman wal makan). Relevansi globalisasi dengan ajaran Islam terdapat pada aspek-aspek berikut: Islam dan pembangunan sumber daya manusia, Islam dan globalisasi pendidikan, Islam dan modernisasi.  Sedangkan dampak globalisasi terhadap pendidikan adalah proses belajar mengajar menjadi modern, Siswa dituntut berperan aktif dalam proses belajar mengajar, penyampaian materi dengan bantuan komputer. adapun masalah-masalah pendidikan Islam di era globalisasi adalah sebagai berikut: kualitas pendidikan yang masih minim, kurangnya Profesionalitas guru, terpengaruh kebudayaan (alkulturasi) yang negatif, strategi pembelajaran masih monoton, Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi (IPTEK) yang disalah gunakan, krisis moral, krisis kepribadian.
Pemanfaatan Media Sosial dalam Pelayanan Rerefensi 2.0 di Indonesia Anwar, Ahmad
Khizanah al-Hikmah : Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan, Informasi, dan Kearsipan Vol 4, No 1 (2016): June
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Perpustakaan UIN Alauddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (353.189 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/kah.v4i1a5

Abstract

In today era, there is a change of paradigm in organizing library in which a library is supposed to provide Web 2.0. In fact, its kind of service is used only for a medium to inform and promote library in general. To optimilize its Web 2.0 within the library, it is therefore the library needs to think of library services innovation. Reference service as a part of library must be playing an important role to optimize its service, or in the other words, they might think innovatively. With the growing rapid of usage os sosial media, the service should be worked in online. There are many sosial media today. The current study is aimed to discover the implementation of Web 2.0 in Indonesia
Pengembangan Media Sosial dalam Pelayanan Library 2.0 di Perpustakaan Akademi Keperawatan Notokusumo Yogyakarta Anwar, Ahmad
JIPI (Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi) Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Perpustakaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.542 KB)

Abstract

This study explains about social media development in the library 2.0 service based on Akademi Keperawatan Notokusumo Yogyakarta Library experience. The development of library 2.0 service aims to resolve the distance problem of library service. This study uses qualitative method with action research approach. From the research strategy, it shows that people are easier to be connected with social media Instagram rather than the others. However, the obstacle of this development comes from the librarians who are less experience to deal with social media owned by the library. The best solution is by holding some training in advance of social media management and social media communication.Keywords: Library 2.0, Social Media, Library Service
Tipe Kepemimpinan Profetik Konsep dan Implementasinya dalam Kepemimpinan di Perpustakaan Anwar, Ahmad
Pustakaloka Vol 9, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : STAIN Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21154/pustakaloka.v9i1.920

Abstract

The study of Ideal leadership concept currently still becomes an interesting topic. From Islamic perspective, the nature of human being who descended to earth is to be a leader. Furthermore, during the leadership history, Prophet Muhammad is named as an ideal leader due to his success of gaining many followers in the religious proselytizing. The leadership model that is conducted by the prophet is known as prophetic leadership. During his time of being a prophetic leader, he is also included in the situational leadership theory, in which the theory is the combination of authoritarian, laissez faire, and democratic leadership. This kind of leadership model is very suitable to be applied in anywhere. In this study, the writer explains about situational leadership that has been applied by Prophet Muhammad in a micro organization called library. This study is significance as an alternative leadership model that can be applied by the head of library
STUDI TINGKAH LAKU IKAN TERHADAP PROTOTYPE AUTO-LION (SKALA LABORATORIUM) Study of Fish Behavior with AUTO-LION Prototype, (Laboratorium Scale) Chairunnisa, Shasa; Setiawan, Nanang; Irkham, `; Ekawati, Kristina; Anwar, Ahmad; Fitri, Aristi D. P.
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Marine Fisheries - Jurnal Teknologi dan Manajemen Perikanan Laut
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (490.728 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.9.1.53-62

Abstract

AUTO-LION is a FADs innovation with a light attractor that can be activated automatically, so it can help fishermen to increase their effectiveness in fish catching, whether day or night. Study of fish behavior need to do to know the success of fishing gear and grade of fish anxiety to response that was given. Fish behavior is fish movement and fish response to the existing situation in the environment. Fish behavior can be influenced by the changes that occur in the waters and the kebiaaan fish. In the fishing coastal, fish can be attracted to fish-collecting equipment used as aids. The fish collection tool is a fishing aids that placed in the waters to attract the attention of the fish, so the fish gather in the area and facilitate the fishermen in the fishing operation. The use of light atractors is considered to be able to assist the fishing process, especially the lights used at night. The purpose of this study is to determine the number of fish approaching and the average response time of fish to the different treatment that is on FADs, light, and prototype AUTO-LION (combination of rumpon and light). The method used in this research is experimental fishing method with indication of fish response time when observation. The results of observation on the average of the approaching fish have differences in each treatment given. There was a difference (sign <0.05) indicating that the behavior of fish with the treatment of the average number of fish approaching, and no difference (sign> 0.05) time of fish to approach when treated. The average interest of the closest approaching fish is the combination of FADs with light.Keywords: AUTO-LION, FADs, light, fishABSTRAKAUTO-LION (Automatic Lighting Rumpon) merupakan inovasi rumpon dengan atraktor cahaya yang dapat aktif secara otomatis sehingga dapat membantu nelayan untuk meningkatkan efektivitas dalam penangkapan, baik siang maupun malam hari. Studi mengenai tingkah laku ikan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui keberhasilan alat dan tingkat ketertarikan ikan terhadap respon yang diberikan. Tingkah laku ikan merupakan pergerakan ikan dan respon ikan terhadap keadaan yang ada pada lingkungannya, dapat dipengaruhi oleh adanya perubahan yang terjadi pada perairan dan kebiasaan ikan. Dalam dunia penangkapan, ikan dapat tertarik dengan alat pengumpul ikan yang digunakan sebagai alat bantu. Alat pengumpul ikan adalah suatu alat bantu yang diletakan di perairan untuk menarik perhatian ikan, sehingga ikan berkumpul di daerah tersebut dan memudahkan nelayan dalam operasi penangkapan. Penggunaan atraktor cahaya dianggap mampu membantu proses penangkapan ikan di malam hari. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode experimental fishing dengan indikasi waktu respon ikan saat mendekati alat di setiap perlakuan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui jumlah ikan yang mendekat dan rata-rata waktu respon ikan terhadap perlakuan yang berbeda yaitu pada rumpon, cahaya, dan prototype AUTO-LION (kombinasi rumpon dan cahaya). Hasil pengamatan terhadap rata-rata ikan yang mendekat memiliki perbedaan di setiap perlakuan yang diberikan.  Terdapat perbedaan (sign < 0,05) yang menunjukan bahwa tingkah laku ikan dengan adanya perlakuan terhadap rata-rata jumlah ikan yang mendekat, dan tidak terdapat perbedaan (sign > 0,05) waktu ikan untuk mendekat saat diberi perlakuan. Ketertarikan rata-rata ikan yang mendekat tertinggi adalah kombinasi rumpon dengan cahaya.Kata kunci: AUTO-LION, ikan, cahaya, rumpon
Analisis Pemikiran Michael Gorman tentang Five New Laws of Librarianship Anwar, Ahmad
Khizanah al-Hikmah : Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan, Informasi, dan Kearsipan Vol 6, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Perpustakaan UIN Alauddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (811.539 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/kah.v6i1a7

Abstract

Pemikiran-pemikiran para ilmuwan perpustakaan telah banyak mempengaruhi perkembangan ilmu perpustakaan. Hal tersebut dikarenakan ilmu perpustakaan merupakan interdisplinary studies sehingga dapat mengkolaborasikan berbagai disiplin ilmu. Beberapa tokoh yang cukup berpengaruh dalam pengembangan konsep perpustakaan tersebut diantaranya adalah S.R. Ranganathan dan Michael Gorman.  Melalui kajian ini dapat dilihat bahwa pemikiran dari Michael Gorman melalui five new laws of librarianship mampu menghadirkan dan menginterpretasikan kembali kebenaran dari konsep five laws of library science Ranganathan. Perbandingan mendasar dari kedua konsep tersebut adalah Gorman menekankan kepada konsep layanan masa kini sedangkan Ranganathan masih berfokus kepada pemanfaatan koleksi serta sarana prasarana pendukungnya. Hal terpenting yang dapat dilakukan saat ini adalah dengan mengaktualisasikan konsep five new laws of librarianship guna pengembangan perpustakaan di IndonesiaABSTRACTThe scientist thoughts have been influenced by the development of the library science. This is for the library science is an interdisciplinary study so that it can collaborate with many other discipline of knowledge. Some prominent figures who have influenced in the development of library concept; they are S.R. Ranganathan and Michael Gorman. Through this study, it can be seen that Michael Gorman thought through five new laws of librarianship can present and re-interpret the truth from five laws of library science concept of Ranganathan. The basic comparison from those two concepts is that Gorman emphasizes on the concept of today’s services while Ranganathan still focuses on the collection’s usage and its supporting facilities. However, the most important thing to do by this time is to actualize five new laws of librarianship concept to develop libraries in Indonesia.
RATIFICATION OF SEANWFZ: ORIGIN OF THE COMMON IDEA AND ITS CONSISTENCY Anwar, Ahmad
Jurnal Studi Diplomasi dan Keamanan Vol 10, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Studi Diplomasi dan Keamanan
Publisher : Jurnal Studi Diplomasi dan Keamanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.316 KB)

Abstract

Nuclear as a weapon of mass destruction cannot be separated from the world political agenda. Various international agreements as a control mechanism on this issue are followed by the establishment of some security regimes for nuclear weapons-free areas. One of them is South East Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (SEANWFZ) in Southeast Asia. Established in 1995, the treaty was finally ratified by ten ASEAN member states. This paper examines the political history of why ASEAN member states were willing to ratify SEANWFZ. By using the constructivism approach, the study underlines that the aspects of ideas and shared concerns on regional security have become vision in encouraging the ratification of the treaty. Moreover, understanding the political history could give the explanation of contemporary significance of the treaty, mainly it is in line with the idea to prevent military exercise by great powers in the region.