Rina Septiani, Rina
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TINDAK PIDANA PENISTAAN AGAMA PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM DAN HUKUM POSITIF INDONESIA

Syariah: Jurnal Hukum dan Pemikiran Vol 17, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Antasari Banjarmasin

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Abstract

Indonesia merupakan negara yang  memiliki lima agama yang diakui dan setiap agama memiliki tuntunan acuan serta aturan yang harus ditaati oleh setiap pemeluk agamanya, di dalam agama Islam terdapat beberapa pedoman yang harus ditaati yaitu Al-quran dan Hadits serta ijma ulama.Islam merupakan agama rahmatan lil alamin yang didalamnya mengatur bukan hanya mengenai ibadah dengan sang khalik (Hablumminallah) tapi juga diatur mengenai hubungan dengan sesama manusia (hablumminannas), hubungan antar sesama pemeluk agama Islam maupun dengan pemeluk agama lain. Ketika bersinggungan dengan agama lain tertutama mengenai ajaran agama.Islam memiliki aturan tertentu di dalam Al-quran yaitu lakum dinukum waliadin (untukmu agamamu dan untukku agamaku), berdasarkan hal tersebut maka terdapat aturan mengenai suatu perbuatan seseorang muslim yang pada awalnya sudah menyatakan beriman kepada ajaran Allah SWT dan Rasul Nya, serta taat kepada perintah dan menjauhkan laranganNya, setelah itu dia keluar dari Agama Islam kepada kekafiran baik dengan niat, perbuatan dan ucapan yang menyebabkan kekafiran maka  hal tersebut didalam islam dinamakan dengan riddah. 

Keadilan Jender dan Sanksi atas Istri dalam Hukum Formal Keluarga Islam

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to prove that regulations on the imposition of sanctions from gender based justice perspective has yet to bring justice. In addition, regulations concerning sanction charge are still accommodating pro- visions set forth in fiqh laws. In practice, judges have toiled on women protec- tion; however, as long as the regulations remain unchanged, justice for women cant be truly upheld. This issue has actually sparred discrepancies among scholars. This research focuses on the exploration of some issues, such as in what do- mestic issues women of Islamic family will be liable for sanctions and how such sanctions will be analyzed from gender based justice perspective. This research found out that there is equality in Islamic law. It can be seen from the sanctions charged to women in the case of nushuz, divorce, and khuluk even though, in reality, there are some decisions made by Religious Court, which do not reflect justice values especially for women if it is reviewed from gender perspective in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative study corroborated with descriptive analysis based on textual reviews. Methods adopted for this re- search is that of normative legal research.Kata Kunci: Kekerasan, Nushuz, kesetaraan, keadilan, jender