Erni Mardiati, Erni
Dental Nursing Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

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PERBEDAAN PERUBAHAN PH SALIVA ANTARA BERKUMUR TEH CELUP DAN TEH TUBRUK PADA IBU PKK KELURAHAN MUKTIHARJO KIDUL Mardiati, Erni; Prasko, Prasko
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE DIFFERENCE OF PH SALIVA IN WOMEN RINSED WITH TEA BAG AND CRUSHED IN PKK KELURAHAN MUKTIHARJO KIDULABSTRACTTea is an herbal product that has the ability to increase salivary pH and has an antibacterial effect. Tea has antibacterial and anticariogenic effects that can decrease saliva and plaque acidity so that it is effective in preventing caries. Almost half of the PKK mothers had moderate tooth decay. Every day they consume tea either tea bag or tea tubruk. The aim of this research is to know the difference of change of mouthwash of tea bag and tea tubruk to saliva pH.Type of research used is Experiment. The research method used in this research is Quasi Eksperiment or often called quasi experiment is a research with the existence of a treatment to the sample group but there is no control group (all groups of samples get treatment). The design of this study using two groups of subjects namely pretest and posttest. Sample used as many as 24 people. Sampling technique that will be used in this research is total sampling that is entire population used as sample. Data analysis used in this research is descriptive quantitative.The results showed changes in salivary pH before and after rinsing tea bags and tea tubruk before rinsing tea showed average salivary pH 6.6, after rinsing tea dye showed average salivary pH 7.6 with difference of 1.0 and before rinsing tea tubruk average saliva pH is 6.8, after rinsing tea tubruk average saliva pH is 7.4 with difference 0,6. From this study it can be concluded that gargling tea can increase saliva pH higher than tubruk tea, so it is advisable to rinse / consume tubruk tea in order to cope with the increase of high salivary pH. Key words : Tea Bag, Tea Tubruk, pH of Saliva
Inhibitory Power Solution Against Bacteria Leaf Beluntas Staphylococcus Aureus Wiradona, Irmanita; Mardiati, Erni; Sukendro, Sulur Joyo
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Mei 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of the study is to determine the effectiveness of the inhibition of leaf beluntas concentration of 5 % , 10 % , and 20 % against Staphylococcus aureus . With Staphylococcus aureus as the subjects, this quasi experimental study was conducted using 4 cup petri divided into 4 sections, then these were incubated for 24 hours. The data were analyzed descriptively and presented in a graphical form to see the difference in inhibition zone diameter of each concentration using One Way Anova test. The results shows a concentration of 5 % and 10 % with mean difference : 0.92 and p value = 0.003 means that there is a significant difference in this. Concentration differences of 5 % and 20 % of 3.2 with p value = 0.199, means that there is a significant difference between the inhibitory concentration. Concentration differences of 10 % and 20 % average of 0.6 means that there is a significant difference between the inhibitory concentrations. In conclusion, leaf beluntas solution are effective to inhibit the growth of staphylococcus aureus.
Pengaruh Kebiasaan Merokok Terhadap Kesehatan Rongga Mulut Pada Remaja (Cross Sectional Study Pada Pelajar Smk 4 Semarang) Mardiati, Erni; Wiradona, Irmanita; Subekti, Ani
Jurnal LINK Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Januari 2013
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

Teenager is a community with labil aged and often have habitual smoking. The smoking activity has influences on mouth disesae as nicotine, carbon monosyde and tar contained on ciggarete. Number of cigarete per day influence mouth health. The research aim to collect information about tooth colour, volume saliva and gingiva health on teenager has habit light smokers and moderate smokers.Research design was cross sectional survey analytic on 50 students light smokers and 40 students moderate smokers. Initial data about number of cigarete smoke per day and economic status was collected and continued by examination of oral tissue health. The data was analysed descriptively and analitycally with Mann Whitney and Independent t test. Research result shown a differences saliva volume between light and moderate smokers (Mann Whitney,  p <0,05); there was a differences tooth colour and gingival index between light and moderate smokers (Independent t, p<0,05). (Independent t, p<0,05). In moderate smokers, there was an blackist spot on tooth surface, less saliva volume, gingival health less compared to light smokers.
EFEKTIFITAS LARUTAN UBI JALAR UNGU (IPOMEA BATATAS) DENGAN BUAH NAGA BERDAGING MERAH (HYLOCEREUS POLYRHIZUS) SEBAGAI BAHAN IDENTIFIKASI PLAK (DISCLOSING SOLUTION) Ekoningtyas, Endah Aryati; Sari, Sekar Arum; Mardiati, Erni; Sukendro, Sulur Joyo
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Abstract

TITLEEffectiveness of purple sweet potatoes (Ipomea batatas) and red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) as plaque identification agent (disclosing solution)ABSTRACTThe content of the dye in purple sweet potato anthocyanins and carotenoids content of dyes in the red dragon fruit, has the potential a source of natural dyes. Plaque is usually formed on a third surface of the gingival and the tooth surface is rough, form biofilm, known as plaque. Plaque can absorb dyes that can indicate the presence of biofilm. The research objective was to determine differences in the ability of the solution to the purple sweet potato red fleshed dragon fruit as materials identification plaque  (disclosing solution).The method used is Experimental Research. Design used is Posttest Only Design. Samples were taken 30 people and divided into 2 groups. Group 1st amounted to 15 people given treatment solution dripping purple sweet potato, and the second group totaled 15 people given treatment solution dripping red dragon fruit. Analysis of the data used in this study is Test Independent Test.The results showed the averages value of the plaque index in a solution of purple sweet potato 2.221 and the average value of the plaque index in the red dragon fruit 2.875. Result of Independent T-test has Sig 0.13 means that there are differences in the ability to use the solution with a purple sweet potato red fleshed dragon fruit as materials identification plaque (p <0.05). As a material it is necessary to identify plaque dyes that can be embedded in dental plaque, antosianin amount of content that has the in herentability of the dye solution and based on research results more red dragon fruit can identify plaque compared with a solution of purple sweet potato. Keywords: Sweet potato purple, red dragon fruit, Plaque Index
FAKTOR PENYEBAB TERJADINYA KARIES GIGI PADA SISWA SD SAMBIROTO 02 SEMARANG Mardiati, Erni; Salikun, Salikun; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEThe causative factors of dental caries in students of SD Sambiroto 02 SemarangABSTRACTTooth is part of the masticatory apparatus of the digestive system in the human body. Based on the preliminary study found 45% of students of Sambiroto 02 Elementary School have fixed dental caries, 15% had dental caries milk and 40% have bad oral hygiene. The main problem of oral health in students of Sambiroto 02 Elementary School is dental caries. Dental caries is an infectious disease caused by demineralization of enamel and dentine that is closely related to the consumption of cariogenic foods. Generally, children entering school age have a high risk of caries. This study aims to determine the factors that cause dental caries in students at Sambiroto 02 Elementary School Semarang.This type of research is quantitative descriptive case study method. Data retrieval is done by checking caries (DMF-T) OHIS, Plaque Index, pH Saliva, Viscosity Saliva, Saliva Hydration, as well as the questionnaire for behavioral variables (knowledge, attitudes, practices). Priority problems using odd ratio test showed that the factors causing the most dominant is the practice (p value = 65.0), OHIS (p value = 20.43), and plaque index (p value = 17.0).The results showed that the factor of the practice 50% of respondents with bad category, 62% of respondents with OHIS bad category, and 62% of respondents who had a plaque with bad category. The problem solving are a revitalization program UKGS, cariogenic diet control, brushing teeth together, topical application fluoride / CPP-ACP, dental health education, training of cadres, and filling cavities. Advices to students are expected to increase knowledge as a basis for understanding the attitude and behavior are good on prevent dental care that are not easily affected by caries, and suggestions presented to the teachers to always give motivation to students to always maintain dental health. Keywords : Caries, students Primary School Sambiroto.
EFEKTIFITAS MEDIA AUDIO DAN MEDIA LEAFLET BRAILLE TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN MEMELIHARA KEBERSIHAN GIGI DAN MULUT PADA ANAK-ANAK TUNANETRA Mardiati, Erni; Salikun, Salikun; Aprianti, Kurnia
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE EFFECTIVENESS OF AUDIO MEDIA AND BRAILLE LEAFLET MEDIA ON THE KNOWLEDGE OF MAINTAINING ORAL HYGIENE AMONG BLIND CHILDRENABSTRACTDental health education is a learning process that is targeted at individuals and groups of people to achieve the degree of community dental health as high. The blind children in need of media to improve oral health knowledge. Blind children take advantage of the sense of touch and hearing as a substitute for the sense of sight in the learning process. The purpose of research is to see the level of knowledge of how the maintenance of oral hygiene in blind children with education using audio media and leaflet braille media. This study design using interventional analytic sample were 24 children with visual impairment in SLB N Semarang using audio media and media leaflet braille. Each group was given individual counseling media, namely audio media and media leaflet braille. Before the students were given about counseling, pretest then given counseling. After being given counseling students were given the posttest.The data have been analyzed using statistical test o Wilcoxon Test and Mann Whitney Test.Statistical test with Wilcoxon Test showed a significant difference with p-value of 0.003 between before and after counseling with audio media. There is a significant difference p-value of 0.002 before and after counseling with counseling leaflet braille media. The study shows the differences in the level of knowledge with a p-value of 0.001 between groups of media education with audio and leaflet braille media. According to the results Mann Whitney Test can be concluded the levels of knowledge of how the maintenance of dental and oral hygiene in children with visual impairment in which audio media outreach is increased knowledge than leaflet braille media education.Key words : promotion, audio media,leaflet braille media
PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK BUAH GENDOLA (BASELLA RUBRA LINN) SEBAGAI BAHAN ALTERNATIVE DETEKSI PLAK GIGI (UJI INVITRO) Subekti, Ani; Wardani, Nurul Kusuma; Mardiati, Erni
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEUTILIZATION OF FRUIT EXTRACT GENDOLA (BASELLA RUBRA LINN) AS AN MATERIAL  OF ALTERNATIVE DETECTION PLAQUE ( INVITRO TEST)ABSTRACTGendola fruit (Basella Rubra Linn) is one of the fruits that contain anthocyanin (red dye). In dental hygiene, to see the plaque necessary dyes whose color contrasts with the color of teeth. The material often used to see the plaque is Disclosing solution. The purpose of this study was conducted to test the in vitro gendola fruit extracts as an ingredient of plaque detection.This type of research was Experimental Research. The research design used was Posttest Only Control Group Design. The sample was 32, as many as 16 teeth spilled with a few drops of  extracts of fruit gendola, and as many as 16 teeth spilled with Disclosing solution. Prior spilled fruit extracts gendola, the teeth soaked in saliva for 6 hours. Statistical analysis of test data used independent t-test.Results of research by independent t-test test showed that value of significancy 0.08 (p> 0.05), which means that the  gendola fruit extract has least the same ability with disclosing solution to detect the presence of plaque. The Gendola fruit extracts can be used  as an alternative to detect of plaque by a simple.
EFEKTIVITAS MENGKONSUMSI BUAH SIWALAN DAN NATA DE COCO TERHADAP NILAI DEBRIS INDEKS PADA SISWA KELAS IV SD NGESREP 02 SEMARANG Mardiati, Erni; Susilowati, Aning; Fatmasari, Diyah; Siregar, Irma H.Y
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Juni 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Abstract

TITLEThe effectiveness of siwalan fruit and nata de coco consumption to debris index on forth level students SD Ngesrep 02 SemarangABSTRACTSiwalan was two plants, on one tree there is only one type of flower is male or female. Young palm fruit flesh is good to eat and the water taste sweet. Nata de coco is a type of beverage component which is a compound cellulose (dietary fiber), which is produced from coconut water through a fermentation process, which involves microorganisms (microbes). Debris index is a score on soft sediment that occurs because of the leftovers are attached to the teeth determinants. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of consuming fruit and nata de coco palm against the value of the index debris on fourth grade students Ngesrep 02 Semarang.The method used in this study is quasy experiment or often referred to as a quasi-experimental. The design of this study using two groups of samples by measuring the initial observation and final observation. The population in this study is a fourth grade student Ngesrep 02 Semarang with the number of students 38 children. Menggunakan deskriptif quantitative analysis with tabulation method to determine the effectiveness of palm fruit consumption and nata de cocoterhadap impairment DI.Results showed the averages index debris before consuming palm fruit was 1.13% and after consuming palm fruit was 0.43 so it has a difference of 0.7. While the averages index debris before taking nata de coco is 1,1% after consuming nata de coco is 0.6 so it has a difference of 0.5. This shows that palm fruit debris tends to be more effective in lowering the index compared with nata de coco with the difference that was not significant. Keywords :  Siwalan, Nata de coco, Debris Index
SURVEI PH SALIVA PADA ANAK RETARDASI MENTAL DI SLB KABUPATEN JEPARA TAHUN 2016 Mardiati, Erni; Siregar, Irma H.Y; Ayuningtiyas, Tika Dui Dara
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEThe survey of pH saliva in mental retardation children of SLB Kabupaten Jepara in 2016ABSTRACTMental retardation is a retardation abnormality intellectual functioning and adaptive capabilities significantly with the signs shown before the age of 18 years. People with mental retardation have oral health and hygiene were worse compared with normal children. Purpose of this study was to determine the state of buffer of saliva in mentally retarded children in SLB Jepara.This research is a survey and cross sectional study as research design, and sampling using stratifiedrandom sampling. This type is used by researcher to know some of the variables in the population, because the total number of students in SLB Jepara was 225 and researchers get 20% of the total number of students is 45, and are grouped into 15 people with mild mental retardation, 15 people with moderate mental retardation and 15 with severe mental retardation.pH saliva of mentally retarded children tend to be more acidic, is caused by the exclusion or secretion of buffer saliva is less than the maximum because of the work of the autonomic nervous activity which includes the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous. The results showed that the average pH of saliva in children with mental retardation in Jepara regency highest in SLB show in an acidic state by 67% and the lowest is in the alkaline state in the amount of 13%. Parents need to pay more attention to hygiene and dental health of children, and also train children to always keep his own personal hygiene, especially in terms of oral health, it could also teach brushing teeth early. And the researchers suggested that the school makes an effort dental health program in schools with programs that can be applied to children with mental retardation, such as brushing their teeth together or perform routine checks every 6 months.  Keywords : Mental retardation, pH Saliva
FAKTOR EKSTERNAL PENYEBAB TERJADINYA KARIES GIGI PADA ANAK PRA SEKOLAH DI PAUD STROWBERRY RW 03 KELURAHAN BANGETAYU WETAN KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2016 N.F, Miftakhun; Salikun, Salikun; Sunarjo, Lanny; Mardiati, Erni
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Desember 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEExternal factors associated with causative of dental caries in pre-school children in PAUD Strowberry RW 03, Bangetayu Wetan, Semarang City in 2016ABSTRACTDental Caries is a disease that attacks the dental tissue by damaging the tissue starts from the tooth surface and spread to pulp. Some external factor provokes dental caries are the environment, behaviour, heath care and heredity. 71% preschoolers at PAUD Strowberry have dental karies. This research is to understand the factor that causes dental caries towards preschoolers at PAUD Strowberry.This research uses quantities descriptive with cross sectional to write the essay. Using totalsampling method for searching the sample includes the sum of the preschoolers at PAUD Strowberry that are infected by dental caries. There are 34 preschoolers that have dental caries. Using questionnaire method to the preschooler’s parents to gather the information for the research we need. The validation and the reliability of the information from the questionnaire has been testedby 20 of the preschooler’s parents at PAUD KasihIbu RW 02. The method to analysis the information using Odds ratio.The result showed the ignorance about dental caries is 76%, bad attitude while brushing teeth is 65%, bad action about causes dental caries is 76%, unhealthy environments for the family is 62%, the ignorance of health care about curing is 68%, and unhealthty heredity about dental caries is 65%. It can be concluded from this research is the knowledge of the disease it the main element that cause dental caries towards preschoolers at PAUD Strowberry. So, the parents should take care therekids teethby brushing their teeth twice a day. Key words : Dental Caries, External Factors, Children