Setyo Prihatin, Setyo
Nutrient Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

Published : 17 Documents
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Pemberian Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var. Sapientum) dan Penurunan Tekanan Darah Sistolik Diastolik Penderita Hipertensi

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Mei 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Semarang

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Background: Hypertension is a serious public health problem andmajor risk factor for cardiovascular disease. High consumption of potassium decrease blood pressure. One of food which contains potassium is Musa paradisiaca var.sapientum.Objective: To find out the effect of Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertension patients.Method: This was an experimental study which used randomized pre test - post test control group design conducted in Wonosoco, Kudus, involving twenty patients hypertension with systolic blood pressure 140-159 mmHg and diastolic 90-99 mmHg. Subjects were divided into two groups. The first group was a treatment received 300 grams of Musa paradisiaca var.sapientum containing 1305 mg of potassium for 5 days. The second group was a control received standart treatment.Results: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decrease of 25,50 mmHg and 17,00 mmHg in treatment group, and decrease of 11,00mmHg and 6,00 mmHg in control group. There were difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure before and after treatment (p<0,05). There were significant difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure at post-test between two groups controlled by of potassium and sodium intake (p<0,05).Conclusion: Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum decreases of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertension patients.

Gambaran Sikap Pasien Diabetes Mellitus di Poli Gizi RSUD Dr. R. Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga terhadap Kunjungan Ulang Konseling Gizi

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Mei 2013
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Semarang

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Background: Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus will be at least more quickly result in complications and this will be a burden to family and community. This lack of community that can impede preventive actions, because it is so related to the economic consequences such as treatment in hospitals and medical facilities or health needs. Counselling is a form of education.  Objective: To describe the implementation of nutrition counseling in patients with diabetes mellitus dr. R. Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga and describe attitudes towards patients with diabetes mellitus re-nutrition counseling.  Methods: This descriptive study. The number of samples were patients with diabetes mellitus in Poly Nutrition dr. R. Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga who meet the criteria of inklusi : patient of diabetes melitus with or without komplikasi, have consultancy mendapt of nutrition in poly nutrition, age woman and man 30 - 80 year, can communicate with goodness and do not illiteracy. While for the criterion of ekslusi: patient of diabetes melitus which do not living in sub-province of Purbalingga. The data obtained included sex, age, education, employment and attitudes of patients obtained by using questionnaires.  Results: Attitudes of patients in general have a good attitude toward repeated, this is because of consistency in the attitude not to the same extent in every individual and every object yourself attitude. inconsistent attitude that does not show correspondence between attitude and behavior statements, or easily change from time to time interpretation will be difficult and not much meaningful in understanding and predicting the behavior of the individuals concerned.  Conclusion: Consultation nutrition has an important role in helping to control this disease in order to improve the quality of life and prevent various

Pemberian Jus Aloe Guava Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Postprandial

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Semarang

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Background : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease. The early symptoms of pre diabetes can be seen in hyperglycemia postprandial. The functional food such as aloe guava juice can be given to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels. Aloe guava juice contains a substance that can increase the pancreas to produce insulin response and contains soluble fiber which can block the absorption of glucose and decrease the absorption into the blood.Objective : Knowing the effects of aloe guava juice on postprandial blood glucose levels in Semarang Polytechnic students are provided with a meal.Method : This research is an experimental sample-series, with a total sample of 10 people. All subjects receive 2 times the treatment, the first treatment subjects was fed and then an interval of 1 week of feeding subjects treated with aloe guava juice with the same amount of carbohydrate that is 55.5 grams. Methods of measurement of fasting and postprandial glucose levels using a easy touch. Test paired T-test was used to analyze the effect of aloe guava juice on postprandial blood glucose levels.Results : Based on Paired T-test, there was no significant effect of aloe guava juice at minute 0 (p = 0.834), the 30 (p = 0.566), the 60 (p = 0.615) and the 120 (p = 0.511), but at minute 180 significant effect of aloe guava juice on the postprandial blood glucose levels was detected, (p = 0.012)Conclusion : The aloe guava juice has the potency to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels after three hours.

PENDAMPINGAN KONSELING GIZI PADA PESERTA PROLANIS DI PUSKESMAS LEYANGAN KABUPATEN SEMARANG

Jurnal LINK Vol 13, No 2 (2017): NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Kegiatan PROLANIS merupakan kebijakan BPJS Kesehatan telah dilaksanakan di PuskesmasLeyangan Kabupaten Semarang sejak tahun 2015. Keterlibatan petugas kesehatan dalam teknikmemberikan penyuluhan gizi yang dianggap paling sulit yaitu Konseling Gizi. Tujuan pengabdianyaitu berperan serta melakukan kegiatan pendampingan secara teknis yaitu dengan memberikankonseling gizi pada peserta PROLANIS di Puskesmas Leyangan Kabupaten Semarang. Kegiatandilaksanakan pada bulan Oktober 2016 di Puskesmas Leyangan Kabupaten Semarang. Sasaranadalah peserta PROLANIS yang terdaftar yaitu penyandang hipertensi dan diabetus mellitussebanyak 30 orang. Bentuk kegiatan berupa Pendampingan Konseling Gizi. Data yangdikumpulkan adalah pengetahuan dan sikap peserta dalam bentuk Pre Tes dan Post Tes.Pengumpulan data dengan metoda wawancara menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Pengetahuandan sikap peserta meningkat setelah mendapatkan Konseling Gizi . Pendampingan Konseling giziefektif dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap peserta PROLANIS. Disarankan kegiatankonseling gizi dilaksanakan secara rutin setiap bulan sesuai hasil pemeriksaan kesehatan.

Pengaruh Pemberian Konseling Gizi Terhadap Sisa Makanan Diet Rendah Garam di Ruang Rawat Inap Penyakit Dalam RSUD Prof. Dr. W.Z. Johanes Kupang

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Abstract

Latar Belakang : Informasi gizi yang kurang akan berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi makanan pasien, sehingga penting sekali anjuran makan bagi pasien. Konseling gizi diharapkan dapat menimbulkan kesadaran pasien terhadap asupan makanan Manfaat dari konseling gizi dapat membantu proses penyembuhan penyakit melalui perbaikan gizi, mencari alternatif pemecahan masalah dan memilih cara pemecahan masalah yang paling sesuai bagi pasien.Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa makanan diet rendah garam di ruang rawat inap penyakit dalam RSUD Prof. DR. W.Z. Johanes KupangMetode : Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah One-group pre test - post test (rancangan pre-pasca test dalam satu kelompok) dimana dilihat sisa makanan diet pasien sebelum mendapat konseling gizi dan sesudah diberikan konseling gizi.Subyek penelitian yang digunakan sejumlah 30 pasien diamati sisa asupannya dengan metode comstok. Analisis bivariat yang digunakan adalah paired t-test.Hasil : Persentase sisa asupan makanan pokok sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 29.50% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 19.72%. Persentase sisa asupan lauk hewani sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 26.33% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 20.17%. Persentase sisa asupan lauk nabati sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 30.67% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 23.00%. Persentase sisa asupan sayuran sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 30.83% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 15.28%. Persentase sisa asupan buah sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 27.42% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 17.33%Kesimpulan : Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan makanan pokok dengan p-value 0.000. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi lauk hewani dengan p-value 0.003. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi lauk nabati dengan p-value 0.004. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi sayuran dengan p-value 0.000. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi buah dengan p-value 0.000.

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MINUMAN FUNGSIONAL PISANG-ROSELLA TERHADAP PENURUNAN TEKANAN DARAH DI POSBINDU PRIMA NUGRAHA

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 6, No 2 (2018): November (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background :Highblood pressure or hypertension is a progressive health disorder when the systolic and diastolic blood pressure stage on 140 mmHG / 100 mmHg or more. Non pharmacological such as diet can use to prevent hypertension, there was in DASH diet decrease sodium intake, increase potassium and antioxidant anthocyanin intake. Potassium and anthocyanins as diuretic and vasodilator that can lower blood pressure. Objective : To know the influence of functional banana-rosella’s drinking on decrease blood pressure in Posbindu Prima Nugraha. Methods :The type of research is True-Experimental with the design of pre and post test control group design. Sampling using random sampling technique to get 12 treatment samples and 12 control samples. Data collected were anthropometric data, potassium sodium intake and diastolic systolic blood pressure data and consumption compliance rate. The statistical test used is independent t-test and ANOVA Repeated Measure test. Results: Nutritional status of the sample included good nutritional status category. Sodium intake of the sample included high category and potassium was low category for each group. Levels of compliance consumption of functional banana-rosella’s drinking ≥ 80%, despite a decrease in consumption on day-5. There is effect of functional banana-rosella’s drinking on decreasing systolic blood pressure at 4.92 mmHg in the 4th day intervention (p value = 0.047), but it does not affect the decrease of diastolic blood pressure (p value = 0.650). Conclusions: Functional banana-rosella’s drinking can significantly lower systolic blood pressure, but do not indicate for diastolic blood pressure.

Gambaran Pola Pemberian Makanan Tambahan dan Kejadian Konstipasi pada Anak Usia 6-24 bulan di Kelurahan Pedurungan Tengah Semarang

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 2, No 2 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Latar belakang : Masa batita (bawah tiga tahun) merupakan periode penting dalam proses tumbuh kembang manusia sehingga sering disebut golden age. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan pada usia ini menjadi penentu keberhasilan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak di periode selanjutnya. Salah satu gangguan kesehatan yang banyak dihadapi oleh anak usia ini adalah konstipasi. Penelitian di Amerika, Eropa dan Asia didapatkan angka prevalensi konstipasi pada anak mencapai 0.7 - 29.6 %Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola makan dan kejadian konstipasi pada anak usia 6-24 di Kelurahan Pedurungan Semarang.Metode : Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian descriptive yang bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pola makan dan kejadian konstipasi pada anak usia 6-24 bulan di Kelurahan Pedurungan Tengah Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional dengan subjek penelitian anak usia 6-24 bulan berjumlah 41 yang diambil secara purposive random sampling. Pengambilan data meliputi recall 2x24 jam dan kuesioner kejadian konstipasi dilengkapi gambar Bristol Stool Chart.Hasil : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar pola makan sampel berupa ASI+MP-ASI. Sebagian besar pola makan sampel belum sesuai dengan anjuran Kemenkes RI. Pola makan MP-ASI meliputi jenis, frekuensi dan porsi/jumlah pemberian MP-ASI. Kejadian konstipasi sampel sebesar 34.1% dengan tipe feses 1 dan 2. Sebanyak 57.1% sampel mengalami konstipasi dengan frekuensi <3x dalam satu bulan dari waktu penelitian.Kesimpulan : Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan masukan pada pihak pemerintahan Kelurahan dan Puskesmas untuk mengadakan penyuluhan mengenai pola pemberian MP-ASI yang sesuai dengan anjuran Kemenkes RI tentang MP-ASI tahun 2010 pada ibu-ibu balita khususnya ibu anak usia 6-24 bulan.

HUBUNGAN ASUPAN NATRIUM DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PEGAWAI DI SMA NEGERI 1 BATANG

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 3, No 1 (2015): MEI (2015)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background: Hypertension is a condition where there is an increase in pressure. One of the main causes of hypertension is a lifestyle and a wrong diet. Preserved foods and kitchen salt and high amounts of flavoring can increase blood pressure because they contain excessive amounts of sodium.Objective: To determine the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure in employees at SMA N 1 Batang.Method: This study was a clinical nutrition field study with a cross sectional approach. The sample was 50 people in SMA N 1 Batang which were determined by random sampling. Data collected in the form of general data samples obtained through the form of collecting data samples, data on sodium intake through a semi-quantitative food frequency form, and blood pressure through measurements using a spignomanometer. Test statistics are used to analyze the relationship between variables using the Pearson Product Moment correlation test.Results: The results showed that 58.0% of the samples had enough sodium intake and 64.0% of the samples had normal blood pressure. The results of statistical tests show that there is a relationship between sodium intake and systolic and diastolic blood pressure with a value of p <0.05.Conclusion: There is a correlation between sodium intake and blood pressure in employees in SMA 1 Batang.

HUBUNGAN ANTARA ASUPAN ASAM LEMAK LINOLEAT DAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN (Hb) DENGAN KEJADIAN DYSMENORRHEA PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI KELURAHAN TAMBAKAJI KECAMATAN NGALIYAN KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 3, No 2 (2015): NOVEMBER (2015)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : Dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that arises before or during menstruation. The results of preliminary studies found that 70% of young women experience dysmenorrhea. Prostaglandin comes from arachidonic acid which is synthesized from linoleic fatty acids which function in the inflammatory response. In the case of anemia, the ability of hemoglobin to transport oxygen decreases, this will lead to more production of prostaglandin and trigger stronger uterine contractions.Objective : The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between linoleic fatty acid intake and Hemoglobin (Hb) levels with the incidence of dysmenorrhea in young women.Method : This research is an analytical descriptive study in the field of clinical nutrition using a cross sectional design. The research subjects were 47 young women who had received menstruation. Data collection included 2x24 hour food recall to determine linoleic fatty acid intake and blood sampling to determine Hb levels. Variable analysis was carried out in the form of univariate and bivariate. Bivariate test uses fisher exact test.Results : 63.8% of respondents had more intake of linoleic fatty acids so that they were at risk of inflammation. 44.7% of respondents suffer from anemia. Respondents who had moderate dysmenorrhea were 66%. Respondents with more fat intake and moderate dysmenorrhea were 70% (p value = 0.029). Respondents suffering from anemia and experiencing moderate dysmenorrhea were 85.7% (p value = 0.012).Conclusion : Linoleic fatty acid intake and Hb levels were associated with the incidence of dysmenorrhea in young women.

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SUSU KEDELAI TERHADAP KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PENDERITA DIABETUS MELITUS TIPE 2

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 4, No 1 (2016): MEI (2016)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : Diabetus mellitus (DM) is a disease whose prevalence is increasing every year. Need to do the control, prevention, and to set DM 4 main pillars, there are dietary therapy, exercise, counseling, and treatment. The level of patient compliance in implementing diet and taking medication therapy DM is still low. Should look for functional foods in the management of Type 2 diabetic patients such as soy milk. Based on the nutrient content in the form of the amino acid arginine, lecithin, fiber and minerals chromium, soy milk is beneficial to increase insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism blood that help blood glucose levels may be decreased. Objective : This study aimed to determine the effect of soy milk on blood glucose levels of patients DM type 2. Method : The design of this study was pretest - posttest control group design with a sample of 10 people in the treatment group and 10 people in the control group. The sample in this study is that patients in FKTP (Health Facility Level One) dr. Heru Setyono located in Blora district. Result : The results showed that administration of soy milk for 7 days can lower fasting blood glucose in the treatment group by 13.9 mg / dl. Statistical test results Paired T test (sig 0.005), indicating that there is difference between the blood glucose levels before and after treated by administration of soy milk for 7 days in the treatment group. Conclusion : It is concluded that the provision of as much as 25 grams of soy milk is given 2 times a day within 7 days, it can lower blood sugar levels as much as 13.9 mg / dl. It is advisable to be developed as an alternative therapy in patients by DM type 2.