Setyo Prihatin, Setyo
Nutrient Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

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Pemberian Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var. Sapientum) dan Penurunan Tekanan Darah Sistolik Diastolik Penderita Hipertensi Parameswari, Anggun; Prihatin, Setyo; Sunarto, Sunarto
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Mei 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v2i1.144

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a serious public health problem andmajor risk factor for cardiovascular disease. High consumption of potassium decrease blood pressure. One of food which contains potassium is Musa paradisiaca var.sapientum.Objective: To find out the effect of Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertension patients.Method: This was an experimental study which used randomized pre test - post test control group design conducted in Wonosoco, Kudus, involving twenty patients hypertension with systolic blood pressure 140-159 mmHg and diastolic 90-99 mmHg. Subjects were divided into two groups. The first group was a treatment received 300 grams of Musa paradisiaca var.sapientum containing 1305 mg of potassium for 5 days. The second group was a control received standart treatment.Results: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decrease of 25,50 mmHg and 17,00 mmHg in treatment group, and decrease of 11,00mmHg and 6,00 mmHg in control group. There were difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure before and after treatment (p<0,05). There were significant difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure at post-test between two groups controlled by of potassium and sodium intake (p<0,05).Conclusion: Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum decreases of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertension patients.
Gambaran Sikap Pasien Diabetes Mellitus di Poli Gizi RSUD Dr. R. Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga terhadap Kunjungan Ulang Konseling Gizi Wahyuni, Irma; Prihatin, Setyo
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Mei 2013
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v1i1.69

Abstract

Background: Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus will be at least more quickly result in complications and this will be a burden to family and community. This lack of community that can impede preventive actions, because it is so related to the economic consequences such as treatment in hospitals and medical facilities or health needs. Counselling is a form of education.  Objective: To describe the implementation of nutrition counseling in patients with diabetes mellitus dr. R. Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga and describe attitudes towards patients with diabetes mellitus re-nutrition counseling.  Methods: This descriptive study. The number of samples were patients with diabetes mellitus in Poly Nutrition dr. R. Goeteng Tarunadibrata Purbalingga who meet the criteria of inklusi : patient of diabetes melitus with or without komplikasi, have consultancy mendapt of nutrition in poly nutrition, age woman and man 30 - 80 year, can communicate with goodness and do not illiteracy. While for the criterion of ekslusi: patient of diabetes melitus which do not living in sub-province of Purbalingga. The data obtained included sex, age, education, employment and attitudes of patients obtained by using questionnaires.  Results: Attitudes of patients in general have a good attitude toward repeated, this is because of consistency in the attitude not to the same extent in every individual and every object yourself attitude. inconsistent attitude that does not show correspondence between attitude and behavior statements, or easily change from time to time interpretation will be difficult and not much meaningful in understanding and predicting the behavior of the individuals concerned.  Conclusion: Consultation nutrition has an important role in helping to control this disease in order to improve the quality of life and prevent various
Pemberian Jus Aloe Guava Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Postprandial Suryaningrum, Septiani; Prihatin, Setyo; Wijaningsih, Wiwik
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 1, No 2 (2013): November 2013
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v1i2.76

Abstract

Background : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease. The early symptoms of pre diabetes can be seen in hyperglycemia postprandial. The functional food such as aloe guava juice can be given to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels. Aloe guava juice contains a substance that can increase the pancreas to produce insulin response and contains soluble fiber which can block the absorption of glucose and decrease the absorption into the blood.Objective : Knowing the effects of aloe guava juice on postprandial blood glucose levels in Semarang Polytechnic students are provided with a meal.Method : This research is an experimental sample-series, with a total sample of 10 people. All subjects receive 2 times the treatment, the first treatment subjects was fed and then an interval of 1 week of feeding subjects treated with aloe guava juice with the same amount of carbohydrate that is 55.5 grams. Methods of measurement of fasting and postprandial glucose levels using a easy touch. Test paired T-test was used to analyze the effect of aloe guava juice on postprandial blood glucose levels.Results : Based on Paired T-test, there was no significant effect of aloe guava juice at minute 0 '(p = 0.834), the 30' (p = 0.566), the 60 '(p = 0.615) and the 120' (p = 0.511), but at minute 180 ' significant effect of aloe guava juice on the postprandial blood glucose levels was detected, (p = 0.012)Conclusion : The aloe guava juice has the potency to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels after three hours.
PENDAMPINGAN KONSELING GIZI PADA PESERTA PROLANIS DI PUSKESMAS LEYANGAN KABUPATEN SEMARANG Mintarsih, Sri Noor; Prihatin, Setyo; Jaelani, Mohammad; Iryanti, Suharni
Jurnal LINK Vol 13, No 2 (2017): NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.03 KB)

Abstract

Kegiatan PROLANIS merupakan kebijakan BPJS Kesehatan telah dilaksanakan di PuskesmasLeyangan Kabupaten Semarang sejak tahun 2015. Keterlibatan petugas kesehatan dalam teknikmemberikan penyuluhan gizi yang dianggap paling sulit yaitu Konseling Gizi. Tujuan pengabdianyaitu berperan serta melakukan kegiatan pendampingan secara teknis yaitu dengan memberikankonseling gizi pada peserta PROLANIS di Puskesmas Leyangan Kabupaten Semarang. Kegiatandilaksanakan pada bulan Oktober 2016 di Puskesmas Leyangan Kabupaten Semarang. Sasaranadalah peserta PROLANIS yang terdaftar yaitu penyandang hipertensi dan diabetus mellitussebanyak 30 orang. Bentuk kegiatan berupa Pendampingan Konseling Gizi. Data yangdikumpulkan adalah pengetahuan dan sikap peserta dalam bentuk Pre Tes dan Post Tes.Pengumpulan data dengan metoda wawancara menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Pengetahuandan sikap peserta meningkat setelah mendapatkan Konseling Gizi . Pendampingan Konseling giziefektif dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap peserta PROLANIS. Disarankan kegiatankonseling gizi dilaksanakan secara rutin setiap bulan sesuai hasil pemeriksaan kesehatan.
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN NATRIUM DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH MAHASISWA KAMPUS III POLITEKNIK KESEHATAN KEMENKES SEMARANG Astriandini, Putri; Prihatin, Setyo; Jaelani, Mohammad
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Mei (2015)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v3i1.4327

Abstract

Background : At present the problem of hypertension does not only occur in elderly people, but also has a lot happening in adolescence and early adulthood. Many factors affect blood pressure. One of them is sodium intake. The results of preliminary observations to 10 students, on average students consumed sodium from food and instant drinks of 743.81 mg / day. This does not include the source of sodium from food consumed daily.Objective : The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure in students of Campus III Poltekkes Semarang.Method : This study included the field of clinical nutrition with a cross sectional approach. The research sample was 34-21 year old students totaling 34 people. Data collection includes systolic, diastolic and sodium intake. To find out the relationship between variables used Rank Spearman test with 95% confidence level.Result : The test results showed an average systolic blood pressure of 111.71 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure of 75.5 mmHg and sodium intake of 1632.8 mg / day. Students with abnormal systolic blood pressure were 20.6%, abnormal diastolic blood pressure was 20.6% and consumption of sodium 001500 mg / day was 79.6%.Conclution : The results of the analysis show that there is a relationship between sodium intake and systolic blood pressure (p = 0.043) and r = 0.348. There is a relationship between sodium intake and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.002) and r = 0.518. It is recommended to do further research regarding the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure and other factors that affect blood pressure.
TINGKAT KONSUMSI BUAH-BUAHAN, KEBIASAAN KONSUMSI KOPI, DAN STATUS HIPERTENSI PRIA DEWASA DI SENDURO SENDURO LUMAJANG Wahidiyanti, Galih Syevy; Jaelani, Mohammad; Prihatin, Setyo
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 3, No 2 (2015): November(2015)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v3i2.4297

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Background: Epidemiological transition in Indonesia causes an increase in degenerative diseases, one of which is hypertension. Hypertension is influenced by various factors including fruit consumption, and coffee consumption. The prevalence of hypertension in Lumajang Regency is 24.4%.Objective: To determine the relationship between the level of fruit consumption, and coffee consumption habits with adult male hypertension status in Senduro Village, Senduro District, Lumajang RegencyMethod: This study included the field of clinical nutrition using a cross sectional design involving 54 adult men aged> 18 years. Sampling uses Simple Random Sampling. Data collected is the level of consumption of fruits with the consumption survey method, data on coffee consumption habits with interview methods, and sample blood pressure data with direct measurement methods. The test used is Chi Square with α = 0.05.Results: A total of 48.1% of the sample included in the hypertension category, 83.3% of the consumption level of fruits included in the less category, and 66.7% had the habit of consuming coffee with the frequent category. The fruit consumption level did not have a significant relationship with hypertension status, while coffee consumption habits were associated with hypertension status (p = 0.034; OR = 3.64; CI = 95%; 1,068–12,402).Conclusion: Frequent consumption of coffee has a risk of 3.64 times to experience hypertension. There is a tendency to link the lack of fruit consumption with the incidence of hypertension.
Pengaruh Pemberian Konseling Gizi Terhadap Sisa Makanan Diet Rendah Garam di Ruang Rawat Inap Penyakit Dalam RSUD Prof. Dr. W.Z. Johanes Kupang Lobo, Erna Yulianti; Prihatin, Setyo
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 2, No 2 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (560.528 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v2i2.3245

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Latar Belakang : Informasi gizi yang kurang akan berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi makanan pasien, sehingga penting sekali anjuran makan bagi pasien. Konseling gizi diharapkan dapat menimbulkan kesadaran pasien terhadap asupan makanan Manfaat dari konseling gizi dapat membantu proses penyembuhan penyakit melalui perbaikan gizi, mencari alternatif pemecahan masalah dan memilih cara pemecahan masalah yang paling sesuai bagi pasien.Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa makanan diet rendah garam di ruang rawat inap penyakit dalam RSUD Prof. DR. W.Z. Johanes KupangMetode : Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah One-group pre test - post test (rancangan pre-pasca test dalam satu kelompok) dimana dilihat sisa makanan diet pasien sebelum mendapat konseling gizi dan sesudah diberikan konseling gizi.Subyek penelitian yang digunakan sejumlah 30 pasien diamati sisa asupannya dengan metode comstok. Analisis bivariat yang digunakan adalah paired t-test.Hasil : Persentase sisa asupan makanan pokok sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 29.50% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 19.72%. Persentase sisa asupan lauk hewani sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 26.33% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 20.17%. Persentase sisa asupan lauk nabati sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 30.67% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 23.00%. Persentase sisa asupan sayuran sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 30.83% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 15.28%. Persentase sisa asupan buah sebelum konseling rata-rata sebesar 27.42% sedangkan setelah konseling sebesar 17.33%Kesimpulan : Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan makanan pokok dengan p-value 0.000. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi lauk hewani dengan p-value 0.003. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi lauk nabati dengan p-value 0.004. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi sayuran dengan p-value 0.000. Ada pengaruh pemberian konseling gizi terhadap sisa asupan gizi buah dengan p-value 0.000.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA ASUPAN ASAM LEMAK LINOLEAT DAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN (Hb) DENGAN KEJADIAN DYSMENORRHEA PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI KELURAHAN TAMBAKAJI KECAMATAN NGALIYAN KOTA SEMARANG Sartika, Ika; Isnawati, Muflihah; Prihatin, Setyo; Jaelani, Mohammad
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 3, No 2 (2015): November(2015)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v3i2.4299

Abstract

Background : Dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that arises before or during menstruation. The results of preliminary studies found that 70% of young women experience dysmenorrhea. Prostaglandin comes from arachidonic acid which is synthesized from linoleic fatty acids which function in the inflammatory response. In the case of anemia, the ability of hemoglobin to transport oxygen decreases, this will lead to more production of prostaglandin and trigger stronger uterine contractions.Objective : The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between linoleic fatty acid intake and Hemoglobin (Hb) levels with the incidence of dysmenorrhea in young women.Method : This research is an analytical descriptive study in the field of clinical nutrition using a cross sectional design. The research subjects were 47 young women who had received menstruation. Data collection included 2x24 hour food recall to determine linoleic fatty acid intake and blood sampling to determine Hb levels. Variable analysis was carried out in the form of univariate and bivariate. Bivariate test uses fisher exact test.Results : 63.8% of respondents had more intake of linoleic fatty acids so that they were at risk of inflammation. 44.7% of respondents suffer from anemia. Respondents who had moderate dysmenorrhea were 66%. Respondents with more fat intake and moderate dysmenorrhea were 70% (p value = 0.029). Respondents suffering from anemia and experiencing moderate dysmenorrhea were 85.7% (p value = 0.012).Conclusion : Linoleic fatty acid intake and Hb levels were associated with the incidence of dysmenorrhea in young women.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MINUMAN FUNGSIONAL PISANG-ROSELLA TERHADAP PENURUNAN TEKANAN DARAH DI POSBINDU PRIMA NUGRAHA Rahmawati, Vera Asti; Prihatin, Setyo; Rahayuni, Arinthina; Yuniarti, Yuniarti
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 6, No 2 (2018): November (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v6i2.4300

Abstract

Background :Highblood pressure or hypertension is a progressive health disorder when the systolic and diastolic blood pressure stage on 140 mmHG / 100 mmHg or more. Non pharmacological such as diet can use to prevent hypertension, there was in DASH diet decrease sodium intake, increase potassium and antioxidant anthocyanin intake. Potassium and anthocyanins as diuretic and vasodilator that can lower blood pressure. Objective : To know the influence of functional banana-rosella’s drinking on decrease blood pressure in Posbindu Prima Nugraha. Methods :The type of research is True-Experimental with the design of pre and post test control group design. Sampling using random sampling technique to get 12 treatment samples and 12 control samples. Data collected were anthropometric data, potassium sodium intake and diastolic systolic blood pressure data and consumption compliance rate. The statistical test used is independent t-test and ANOVA Repeated Measure test. Results: Nutritional status of the sample included good nutritional status category. Sodium intake of the sample included high category and potassium was low category for each group. Levels of compliance consumption of functional banana-rosella’s drinking ≥ 80%, despite a decrease in consumption on day-5. There is effect of functional banana-rosella’s drinking on decreasing systolic blood pressure at 4.92 mmHg in the 4th day intervention (p value = 0.047), but it does not affect the decrease of diastolic blood pressure (p value = 0.650). Conclusions: Functional banana-rosella’s drinking can significantly lower systolic blood pressure, but do not indicate for diastolic blood pressure.
HUBUNGAN KECUKUPAN VITAMIN A, VITAMIN C, ZINK DAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN DENGAN KESEGARAN JASMANI SISWA SMA NEGERI 4 SEMARANG Rakhmawati, Fitria Nur; Prihatin, Setyo; Subandriani, Dyah Nur; Ambarwati, Ria Ambarwati
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 5, No 2 (2017): November (2017)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrg.v5i2.4269

Abstract

Background  : Physical fitness is the ability of a person's body to perform daily work tasks without causing significant fatigue. The importance of physical fitness for schoolchildren and adolescents, among others, can increase the ability of the body organs, social emotional, sportsmanship and spirit of composition. One of the factors that affect physical freshness is the hemoglobin level. Adequacy of vitamins and minerals is also a factor that indirectly affects physical fitness.Objectives  : Describe the relationship of sufficiency of vitamin A, vitamin C, zinc and hemoglobin levels with physical fitness students in Senior High School 4 Semarang.Method  : This research type is analytical descriptive with Cross Sectional design. The number of respondents is 104 students. Respondents were selected by proportional stratified sampling. Dependent variable of this research is physical fitness, independent variable that is vitamin A sufficiency, vitamin C sufficiency, zinc adequacy and hemoglobin level. Data analysis using Rank Spearman test and multiple linear regression test.Results  : There is a relationship between hemoglobin (p-value = 0,000) with physical fitness. There was no correlation between vitamin A adequacy (p-value = 0,788), vitamin C adequacy (p-value = 0,203), adequacy of zinc (p-value = 0,257) with physical fitness.Conclusion  : Hemoglobin level is the most influential factor on physical fitness of Senior High School 4 Semarang students.