Bambang Sutomo, Bambang
Dosen Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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PENGARUH PERILAKU ORANG TUA TERHADAP STATUS KEBERSIHAN GIGI ANAK DI SDN 03 KARANGJATI Sutomo, Bambang; Santoso, Bedjo; Maula, Novi Atiyata
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE IMPACT OF PARENTS BEHAVIOR TO ORAL HYGIENE STATUS OF CHILDREN IN SDN 03 KARANGJATIABSTRACTHuman behavior is a result of all kinds of experiences as well as human interaction with the environment that materialized in the form of knowledge, attitudes and actions. The behavior of parents is very important to improve the oral hygiene of children and one of the efforts in the maintenance of oral health of children. The purpose of this study to determine the influence of parents' behavior toward the child dental hygiene level in SDN 03 Karangjati.This type of research is quantitative descriptive with method cross sectional. The population study was conducted on 03 fourth grade students Karangjati Semarang as many as 37 students. Sampling was done by total sampling. Gauges in this study were questionnaires, diagnostic sets, and sheet inspection. Data was analyzed by regression linear.The results showed that the level of hygiene of children's teeth are mostly in the moderate category and bad 26 people (70.3%), knowledge of parents in the poor category (54.1%), the attitude of the poor category (59.5%), actions of parents in either category (56.8%). test results obtained knowledge relationship with p.value = 0.001, attitude with p.value = 0.000, and act with p.value = 0.000, the test results influence the knowledge obtained by p.value = 0.748, attitude with p.value = 0.047, and act with p.value = 0.002. The conclusion is there is no relationship between knowledge, attitude and practice with the level of cleanliness of children's teeth. There is the influence of parental knowledge about dental hygiene of children. There is the influence attitudes and actions of parents on dental health children. Suggestions need for more participation for children to improve efforts to maintain dental hygiene and mouth that are in good condition. Keywords : Behavior of parents, a dental hygienist
Activities and Achievement of Targets in Care Services and Programs at The Elementary School UKGS Banyumanik The District of Semarang Sariyem, Sariyem; Sadimin, Sadimin; Sutomo, Bambang
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Januari 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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The purpose of this research is to know what types of activities and targets of achievement in Care services and UKGS programs at the elementary schools in Banyumanik Semarang. Qualitative methods are used to explore about activities that are already implemented in the UKGS program and care services and look at the factors that inhibit the activity. The result shows that UKGS program has been conducted in accordance with the curriculum materials that incorporate oral health, the program managers also conduct sessions of information on oral health but is not optimal yet. Common disease prevention is still implemented, curative measures were undertaken for students who require care service. They still lack of medical officer, facilities, infrastructures, closest health center. Almost all activities except gargle with fluorine have been carried out. Thus, some efforts are made on the activities of care services. Supporting Factors like the officer always must be be in place ready if needed, so that existing activities within care services can all be resolved. It also helps health centers in health care in the elementary school. Barrier that exists is the school is not allowed to collect fees from parents.
Biographical Characteristics, Perception, Motivation and, Job Satisfaction In Lecturer Department Of Dental Nursing Health Polytechnic Of Ministry Of Health Semarang Sutomo, Bambang; Prasko, Prasko; Suwarsono, Suwarsono
Jurnal LINK Vol 10, No 1 (2014): Januari 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of biographical characteristics, perceptions of lecturers functional position, perceptions of the reward system, job motivation rank of career development, and job satisfaction of Lecturer in Dental Nursing Department, Health Polytechnic of Semarang. It is a quantitative research using cross-sectional approach with regression studies. It is a total sampling study where all the population are become the sample. The population and also the sample in this study are 28 lecturers in The Dental Nursing Department Health Polytechnic of Semarang. Correlation analysis was done with Chi Square test (× 2), followed by multiple logistic regression with the method of Backward Stepwise (Likelihood Ratio). Research shows that the majority of lecturers in the category of low satisfaction is 53.8%. Age-related variables are p.value = 0.020, perception allowance p.value = 0.045, perceptions of the reward system p.value = 0.001. Variables that influence the perception of the reward system, p.value = 0.007 and OR (Exp B) = 16.0. It is recommended for the policy makers at the department to plan and implement the reward system to employees.
PERBEDAAN STATUS KESEHATAN JARINGAN GINGIVA PADA TIAP-TIAP TRIMESTER USIA KEHAMILAN PADA IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS BUMIAYU BREBES Santoso, Bedjo; Sutomo, Bambang; Ngadiyono, Ngadiyono
JURNAL KEBIDANAN Vol 4, No 8 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : UPPM Poltekkes Kememterian Kesehatan

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Most pregnant women are still found lazy oral hygiene like brushing your teeth regularly and in the right way. As a result of gum tissue susceptible to infection. If the gums are attacked by germs will occur so inflamed gum infec-tions, commonly called gingivitis (Machfoedz, 2008). There are hormonal changes during pregnancy. The study aims to determine the differences in the health status of gingival tissue in each trimester of gestation in pregnant women in health centers Bradford Brits. This type of research is quantitative descriptive, cross-sectional approach. The independent variable in this study was trimester of gestation and depen-dentnya variable is the health status of gingival tissue. The population in this study consisted of pregnant women the first trimester, second trimester, third trimester, amounting to 337 people. To determine the number of samples is determined as much as 10% of the population of 337 pregnant women, so that the results of the calculation, the number of 34 samples. Stratified sampling technique sampling sample is divided into levels or strata (Arikunto, 2002). Data analysis will be performed by uni-variate and bivariate. Bivariate test with comparative test using independent t-test. The results showed that the state of the gum tissue status in pregnant women in the first trimester is either 8 (73%), the second trimester in a bad criterion (64%), the third trimester in a bad criterion (58%). Test results with independent t-test was obtained p. value = 0.048, shows that there are differences in the incidence bermakana gingival health status in each trimester of pregnancy. Advice to pregnant women, especially for the second and third trimesters should pay more attention to the health condition of the teeth and mouth, drink water, eat it the fruit, vegetables and protein-rich meal, calories and energy. Routine dental and oral health check since the first trimester.
DAYA HAMBAT DAUN ALPUKAT MUDA TERHADAP BAKTERI MULUT (STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS) Prasko, Prasko; Sutomo, Bambang; Suwarsono, Suwarsono; Supardan, Iman
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEInhibitory effect of young-avocado leaf against oral bacteria (Streptococcus mutans)ABSTRACTDental caries is one of the oral health problems that can cause pain and disrupt the activities. Bacteria plays an important role in the process of dental caries. The main bacterial cause of dental caries is Streptococcus mutans producing the glucosyltransferase enzyme. Streptococcus mutans produces a sticky extracellular polysaccharides of carbohydrate foods and able to ferment carbohydrates to acids. Streptococcus viridans is bacteria in the mucosa that synthesize large polysaccharides like dextran and levans of sucrose that are important factor in the formation of dental caries.This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of avocado leaf extract concentration of 60% and 80% to the inhibition of the growth of Streptococcus mutans.Method used was the method of diffusion wells using 2 samples in each treatment group. Sample consisted of 3 treatment groups  avocado young leaf extract concentration of 60%, 80%. This research data analysis method using quantitative descriptive.The results showed that the leaf extract of avocado at all concentrations have antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The lowest concentration of 60%,80% inhibition against the bacteria have a strong and increasingly stronger at higher concentrations. The conclusion of this study prove that avocado leaf extract has strong antibacterial activity against the growth of Streptococcus mutans. Key words : Avocado Young Leaf, Streptococcus Mutans
PERBEDAAN PH SALIVA ANTARA ANAK YANG MINUM SUSU DENGAN KUMUR LARUTAN BAKING SODA DENGAN MINUM SUSU TANPA KUMUR LARUTAN BAKING SODA PADA SISWA SD GEDAWANG SEMARANG ,, Prasko; Sutomo, Bambang; Sukendro, Sulur Joyo
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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ABSTRACT One of the factors that influence caries process is saliva, among the food products that can enhance the acid product is milk. Salivary pH can be increased by the use of a solution of baking soda. Objective to determine differences in salivary pH between children who drink milk with a solution of baking soda rinse with mouthwash to drink milk without a solution of baking soda.Types of research using descriptive method with cross sectional approach, the research will be conducted by a quasi-experimental. The population is a fifth grade elementary school students Gedawang 02 Semarang as many as 28 people. All the population sampled, and then divided into two groups randomly, which consists of: the intervention group without baking soda as many as 14 people, and groups with baking soda mouthwash for 14 people. Quantitative analysis inferential statistical test independent t- test with 95% confidence level (α = 0.05).The results showed there were differences in the pH of saliva between milk drinking group with a solution of baking soda mouthwash and gargle solution without baking soda. The state of saliva pH children who drink milk with a solution of baking soda mouthwash on a Class V student elementary Gedawang 02 Banyumanik Semarang with an average of 7.58. While no solution of baking soda rinse average 7.32 Conclusion salivary pH significantly different between children who drink milk with a solution of baking soda rinse with mouthwash to drink milk without a solution of baking soda in a Class V student elementary Gedawang 02 Banyumanik Semarang, appropriate statistical test results independent t test with a value of (p value = 0.043), p value <a. It is recommended to the students to be able to choose an alternative material that can raise the salivary pH towards the base, one of which is by rinsing with a solution of baking soda concentration of 1%. Key words : salivary pH, Milk, Baking Soda Mouthwash Solution
PENDAMPINGAN KEGIATAN MENYIKAT GIGI SELAMA 7, 21, 35 HARI OLEH ORANG TUA PADA ANAK POS PAUD PANDEGA SIWI KELURAHAN TLOGOSARI KECAMATAN PEDURUNGAN KOTA SEMARANG Subekti, Ani; Donasari, Endra Nastiti; Sutomo, Bambang; Sukendro, Sulur Joyo
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE PARENTS-DESIGNED PROGRAM TO SUPPORT TOOTH BRUSHING DURING 7, 21, 35 DAYS OF YOUNG CHILDREN IN PAUD PANDEGA SIWI, TLOGOSARI, PEDURUNGAN, SEMARANG CITYABSTRACTDental and oral health services are provided by looking at the needs of the target. For pre-school age (playgroup, kindergarten A, and kindergarten B) service more priority prevention and familiarize healthy life behavior. The maintenance of dental hygiene and gum especially brushing morning and night before going to bed as prevention of dental and oral disease is considered important at this age is to get good dental health quality in the future. The purpose of study is a change in the behavior of students PAUD Pandega Siwi in terms of ability to brush your teeth properly and correctly.Implementation of study is done in July - August 2017 with the target devotion is Childhood PAUD counted 41 and her parents. The pretest is the examination of tooth brushing behavior and the level of dental hygiene of children of early childhood. Intervention stage in the form of counseling on how to brush their teeth with the help of multimedia tools and demonstration using phantom on the students of PAUD and parents. Monitoring I (7th day), II (21st day) and 3rd (35th day) are Teacher's guidance to parents in the implementation of home toothbrushes at PAUD students. Posttest evaluation is done the same as in the initial examination.The results of the activity is a change in the level of dental hygiene of children PAUD Pandega Siwi and brushing behavior teeth. Brushing behavior changes in terms of previous toothbrushing technique back and forth to turn around. The conclusion is the parent's assistance in the home is very instrumental in improving the level of dental hygiene and brushing behavior. Key words : Toothbrushing assintance, PAUD Pandega Siwi
DETERMINANT FACTORS OF TOOTH PULP CARIES IN ROWOSARI, SEMARANG, INDONESIA Latifah, Rose Asni; Subekti, Ani; Suwarsono, Suwarsono; Sutomo, Bambang
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: Tooth pulp caries is commonly found in community Rowosari, Semarang, Indonesia based on the patient visit at the public health centre. The process of the pulp caries occur because of clinical factors including the interaction among host, agent, environment, and time. Non-clinical factors including environment, attitude, health care and heredity. Aims: This study aims to determine the factors that cause pulp caries in community Rowosari, Semarang, Indonesia year 2016. Methods: It is descriptive quantitative research with case control study design. The sampling technique used nonprobability sampling by purposive sampling with 74 samples which consist of case group is the community which has pulp caries and control group is that havent pulp caries. Data collection techniques of clinical factors by direct examination, while nonclinical factors using questionnaires. Analysis of the data used is the Odds Ratio. Results: In the case group showed the highest odds ratio value on clinical factors are plaque index (OR = 4.524), which means that people with high plaque index have 4.524 times greater risk than the well index plaque. In non-clinical factors Odds Ratio is the highest value of action (OR = 1.949), which means people with bad actions have 1.949 times greater risk than those with good action. Conclusion: There are several caused factor of pulp caries. Biggest caused by the clinical factors is the plaque index, while biggest caused nonclinical factors are action. It is suggested that the community has to know and apply good dental health care in daily activities to reduce dental plaque. 
FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB PENYAKIT PERIAPIKAL DAN PULPA PADA LANSIA PUSKESMAS KAGOK SEMARANG Sariyem, Sariyem; Sutomo, Bambang; Varianti, Florida
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE CAUSAL FACTORS OF PERIAPICAL AND PULP DISEASE AMONG SENIOR COMMUNITY OF KAGOK COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER SEMARANGABSTRACTThe high rate of pulp disease and periapical tissue suffered most of the age group of 45-60 years as much as 34% in the elderly group. This study aims to determine the factors causing pulpal disease and periapical tissue in the elderly group at puskesmas Kagok.The sample in this study were 83 elderly people in Wonotingal subdistrict who had a history of cavities. The data were collected by index plaque, salivary hydration, Saliva pH, salivary viscosity and using a questionnaire to know behavior factor, environmental factor, health service factor and heredity factor.The results showed the highest index plaque with bad criterion equal to 57,8%, highest salivary hydration with low criterion equal to 49,3%, highest salivary pH with acid criteria equal to 66,2%, highest salivary viscosity with bad criterion equal to 73,4%. Factors are elderly behavior with medium criterion equal to 66,2%, medium criterion criteria are 63,8%, health service factor with medium criterion equal to 57,8% and descent factor with medium criterion 78,3%. The results of statistical tests show that the relationship between influence and variable variables affected by confusion interval with a value of R 0.303 which indicates the level of low relationship. 
FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB RAMPAN KARIES PADA SISWA TK BUDI UTAMI DI DAERAH PESISIR PANTAI DESA BERAHAN WETAN KECAMATAN WEDUNG KABUPATEN DEMAK Sutomo, Bambang; Hanifah, Tiara Uyun; Salikun, Salikun; Ediyono, Suryo
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE FACTOR OF CAUSING RAMPANT CARIES IN THE KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS IN THE COASTAL AREAS WEDUNG, DEMAKABSTRACTBaby bottle caries is a dental disease that attacks the hard tissues of tooth that spreads rapidly and it’s common in primary teeth. This study aims to determine the factors that cause baby bottle caries in Budi Utami Kindergarten students in coastal areas of Berahan Wetan Village Wedung District Demak Regency 2016.This type of research is quantitative descriptive case study method. Data taken by direct examination of the baby bottle caries, the pH of saliva and plaque index PHP-M, as well as the provision of a questionnaire and a questionnaire based on the theory of H.L. Bloom approach which consist by environmental factors, behavior, health care and heredity. Priority issues using odd ratiotest data analysis showed that the practical factor (OR value=16,25), attitude factor  (OR value=15,00) and knowledge factor (OR value=9,3) are the most dominant causative factors to the baby bottle caries problem.The results showed that the salivary pH value all of respondents were in acid criteria (pH <7.0) and 57% respondents have a bad plaque index score categories. The time factor showed 57% of respondents are in the bad category. Knowledge factors, there are still 48% of respondents who are knowledgeable with the bad category. Attitude factors, as much as 61% of respondents already have a good attitude. Practices factors, 100% of respondents do not brush the teeth before going to bed at night and do not check their teeth regularly. Environmental factors, found 83% of respondents have the habit of toothbrushing only when having take a bath. Health services factors, 100% of respondents had never obtained the treatment of cavities and did not get dental health education. Heredity, found 52% of respondents have a fragile teeth and 26% of respondents have a crowding tooth structure. The alternative solutions to problems are by minimize baby bottle consumtion, cariogenic food dietary, brushing teeth together at school, topical application of fluoride or CPP-ACP, dental health education for students and school cadres training.