Bedjo Santoso, Bedjo
Islamic Banking and Finance IIUM Economics Faculty of Islamic University of Sultan Agung Semarang

Published : 27 Documents

Found 27 Documents


Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 1, No 01 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEInfluence of biography characteristic to UKGS III coverage by dental nurse in Semarang DistrictABSTRACTIn order to realize the development of health, one of which strived through the improvement of health care facilities. Health care facilities that are directly related to the community health center. Of its services by the health center, including prevention services via UKGS. UKGS coverage is still low, with the average number of new coaching first time visit to the elementary school in one year. This situation is still below the target of 2 times per year. Coverage SD UKGS fostered selective (stage III) reached 19.7%, still below the target of 30% of the elementary schools should be doing UKGS selective (stage III). The purpose of the study to know the effect of the characteristics of a biography of UKGS III coverage by the dental nurse inSemarangdistrict.Research carried out by the non-experimental design, the category of the type of quantitative research is descriptive and explanatory study. Subjects were the entire dental nurses working in health centers inSemarangdistrict as many as 35 people. Data analysis will be performed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyzes. Bivariate analysis done by correlation testChi Squarewith a 95% confidence level (α = 0.05). Ha accepted if the p value <0.05. Test the effect by using multiple logistic regression multivariate analysis with α = 0.05.The results of research on the scope UKGS III dental nurse in coaching UKBM, UKGS coverage either category III (51.4%), older age group of 19 people (54.3%), educational background dental nurse was found with SPRG categories (26, 7%). state of the working period at most dental nurse working group long term (14-28 years) of 54.3%. Results of correlation tests performed withChi Squarethere is one variable that is related: education p value = 0.005, and there are two variables that showed no association namely: age variable p value = 0.060. The test results showed the effect was no significant effect of the level of education of respondents to the coverage UKGS III in Semarang district by using multivariate logistic regression analysis obtained p value with OR = 0.017 (Exp B) = 15.11. In addition to the OR obtained (Exp B) = 15.11 can be interpreted that if there is a dental nurse who has a higher education tend to be achieved coverage UKGS III with both categories 15 times, rather than dental nurses in secondary education (SPRG). Advice to the Head of Puskesmas Semarang District Health Office to provide opportunities for dental nurses undertake further education. Dental nurse to increase the activity UKGS improve coverage and further improve the frequency of coaching. Key words : biography characteristics, scope of Stage III UKGS


Jurnal Ekonomi & Bisnis Vol 19, No 1 (2018): JURNAL EKONOMI DAN BISNIS
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Islam Sutan Agung, Semarang

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This study aims to analyze what factors affect has not been applied municipal islamic bondsin a potentially sukuk region in Indonesia. Previous research already exists that discusseswhich areas have the potential to publish municipal Islamic bonds but until now no region haspublished municipal islamic bonds. Whereas municipal Islamic bonds can cover the budgetdeficit of regional income and can finance the development of regional infrastructure so that noneed debt. Therefore, the authors do research what factors are the cause by using the methodof analytic network process to obtain the priority scale of the causal factor has not been appliedmunicipal islamic bonds in the area of potentially sukuk in Indonesia. From this research, itis found that there are two main problem that is internal and external problem. In the internalproblem which becomes the main factor is Human Resources being in external problem whichbecome the main factor is government regulation.Keywords: Analytic Network Process, Sukuk, Municipal Islamic Bonds


ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Background: Bit fruit (Beta vulgaris) is plants as group of vegetables, has potencial as a source of natural dyes for food products. In dental health, a coloring agent which has contrast color with teeth is used for dental plaque identification. Disclosing solution is the most common used material for this purpose. Purpose of this study was to identify if bit fruit can substitute disclosing solution as coloring agent for plaque identification. Method: Research design was Quasi Eksperimental Research.with Posttest Only Control Group Design. Samples was 36 elementary students which divided into 2 groups. Group 1 was 18 students given disclosing solution while group 2 was given bit fruit solution. Independent t test was used to determine diferences between two groups. Result: Research results showed mean of plaque index after application of bit fruit and disclosing solution was 3,75 and 2,66 , with independent t-test resulten significancy 0,000 < 0,05. There was differences of plaque index after two group of application. Conclusion: the bit fruit was more effective to determine plaque compared to disclosing solution.


JURNAL KEBIDANAN Vol 4, No 8 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : UPPM Poltekkes Kememterian Kesehatan

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Most pregnant women are still found lazy oral hygiene like brushing your teeth regularly and in the right way. As a result of gum tissue susceptible to infection. If the gums are attacked by germs will occur so inflamed gum infec-tions, commonly called gingivitis (Machfoedz, 2008). There are hormonal changes during pregnancy. The study aims to determine the differences in the health status of gingival tissue in each trimester of gestation in pregnant women in health centers Bradford Brits. This type of research is quantitative descriptive, cross-sectional approach. The independent variable in this study was trimester of gestation and depen-dentnya variable is the health status of gingival tissue. The population in this study consisted of pregnant women the first trimester, second trimester, third trimester, amounting to 337 people. To determine the number of samples is determined as much as 10% of the population of 337 pregnant women, so that the results of the calculation, the number of 34 samples. Stratified sampling technique sampling sample is divided into levels or strata (Arikunto, 2002). Data analysis will be performed by uni-variate and bivariate. Bivariate test with comparative test using independent t-test. The results showed that the state of the gum tissue status in pregnant women in the first trimester is either 8 (73%), the second trimester in a bad criterion (64%), the third trimester in a bad criterion (58%). Test results with independent t-test was obtained p. value = 0.048, shows that there are differences in the incidence bermakana gingival health status in each trimester of pregnancy. Advice to pregnant women, especially for the second and third trimesters should pay more attention to the health condition of the teeth and mouth, drink water, eat it the fruit, vegetables and protein-rich meal, calories and energy. Routine dental and oral health check since the first trimester.

Improving Elderly’s Dental Hygiene Through Nursing Home Staff’s Dental Health Education at the Nursing Home

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.12 No.2 : January 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Stomatitis often occurs in elderly at nursing home. They need nursing home staff assistance to maintain their dental and oral health. Therefore, nursing home staff need dental health education. Lecture or discussion methods, which are more effective to improve knowledge, attitude and skill of nursing home staff was the purpose of this research. The research design was quasi-experiment research and pretest-posttest with control group. The sample was 42 nursing home staffs and 74 elderlies, divided into two groups, consisted of 18 nursing home staffs and 33 elderlies using lecture method. Another group consisted of 24 nursing home staffs and 41 elderlies using discussion method.  Validity was tested with product moment. Questionnaire of knowledge, attitude and skill correlation was 0.4725 – 0.6853; 0.4772–0.6962 and 0.3100–0.4916. Reliability test with Alpha Cronbach was 0.9292; 0.9273; 0.792. Research result was lecture and discussion methods were effective to improve knowledge, attitude and skill of nursing home staff to increase elderly’s dental hygiene. The research concludes that discussion method is effective to improve knowledge while lecture is more effective to improve attitude and skill of nursing home staff.

Money in Islam: The Siyasah Shar‘iyyah’ Perspective and Implementation Strategy

Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Empowerment (LPPM TAZKIA)

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Objective – The idea of revisiting the currency and gold dinar in Islamic view is an interesting discuss in the current monetary system. This study therefore investigated the gold as currency in Islamic view. The survey includes historical aspect, supremacy of gold currency and the weakness of fiat money by employed maslahah-mursalah approach. Besides that, the study discussed law of gold as money in light maqashid sharia , and Siyasah Syar’iyya approach, determine the obstacles and barriers to gold dinar implementation on the current economic system and toprovide appropriate model and stepping strategy to implement gold dinar as currency in the society.Method –This study is a qualitative approach based on issues that have been raised. Deductive method is considered as an appropriate method to explore the implementation of gold currency. This is because it requires a comprehensive discussion on the collected data to develop an appropriate model. This research employed historical study and library research.Result – The review declared that gold coins as money served ‘maslahah ’. However, it is difficult to implement due to some obstacles. Stepping is necessary to avoid chaos condition. Numerous obstacles are taken place. It takesat least15years and it could be startedby educating people. Then is followed by gold in the domestic transaction that backed-up by information/communication technology. Involving the Cooperatives model also can be the best model. However, radical way is not appropriate as it faces a challenge from IMF in the Article IV, part 2 (b) (i), and therefore political support is needed.Conclusion – The initial using gold / silver as money is permissible. Nevertheless, the ruling is subject to change when the government wants to print its own currency. If the primary objective of the printing is to complete the implementation of the Sharia laws which have been charged to them (especially the law with respect to currency such as zakat, kanzul mall, hudud, diyat, sarf, etc.) As well as to protect the entire territory from the possibility that the use of foreign currency may harm the economy of its people, then the ruling becomes mandatory .Keywords : Fiat Money, Gold Money, Monetary System, Siyasah Shar’iyah


Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEThe etiology of rampant caries in pre-school children in TK Pertiwi Jembungan I BoyolaliABSTRACTBaby bottle caries is a dental disease that begins from a tooth and concerns the multi-surface and spreads rapidly to other teeth due to persistent exposure to factors of cause. This study aims to determine the factors that cause rampan caries in students TK Pertiwi Jembungan I Boyolali District.The type of this research is quantitative descriptive with case study research method. The data were collected by examination of caries trajectory, saliva pH and PHP-M index, and questionnaires for time and questionnaire variables based on Bloom's approach theory covering environmental factors, behavior, health service and heredity. Priority problem using odd ratio data analysis test result obtained that the most dominant cause factor is practice (OR value = 16,25), attitude (OR value = 15,00) and knowledge (OR value = 9,3).The results showed that salivary pH value of all respondents was acid (pH <7.0) and 57% of respondents had bad category plaque index value. Time factor showed 57% of respondents were bad category. 48% of respondents who have knowledge of bad category. 61% of respondents already have a good attitude. 100% of respondents did not brush their teeth before bedtime. 83% of respondents have a habit of brushing their teeth only when bathing. Health care factors, 100% of respondents have never treated dental cavities and have not received dental health education, 52% of respondents have fragile teeth and 26% of respondents have a dental structure of crowding. Keywords : Caries rampan, kindergarten students


Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLETHE IMPACT OF PARENTS BEHAVIOR TO ORAL HYGIENE STATUS OF CHILDREN IN SDN 03 KARANGJATIABSTRACTHuman behavior is a result of all kinds of experiences as well as human interaction with the environment that materialized in the form of knowledge, attitudes and actions. The behavior of parents is very important to improve the oral hygiene of children and one of the efforts in the maintenance of oral health of children. The purpose of this study to determine the influence of parents' behavior toward the child dental hygiene level in SDN 03 Karangjati.This type of research is quantitative descriptive with method cross sectional. The population study was conducted on 03 fourth grade students Karangjati Semarang as many as 37 students. Sampling was done by total sampling. Gauges in this study were questionnaires, diagnostic sets, and sheet inspection. Data was analyzed by regression linear.The results showed that the level of hygiene of children's teeth are mostly in the moderate category and bad 26 people (70.3%), knowledge of parents in the poor category (54.1%), the attitude of the poor category (59.5%), actions of parents in either category (56.8%). test results obtained knowledge relationship with p.value = 0.001, attitude with p.value = 0.000, and act with p.value = 0.000, the test results influence the knowledge obtained by p.value = 0.748, attitude with p.value = 0.047, and act with p.value = 0.002. The conclusion is there is no relationship between knowledge, attitude and practice with the level of cleanliness of children's teeth. There is the influence of parental knowledge about dental hygiene of children. There is the influence attitudes and actions of parents on dental health children. Suggestions need for more participation for children to improve efforts to maintain dental hygiene and mouth that are in good condition. Keywords : Behavior of parents, a dental hygienist


Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 2, No 01 (2015): Juni 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEThe relationship of DMF-t index to learning achievement in SDN Pagejugan 01 and SDN 03 Brebes of Brebes DistrictABSTRACTDMF-T score is the grade which is obtained from dental decay, missing and fiiled that caused by dental caries. 89% Indonesian children at the age under 12 years, have dental caries. This condition will effect their health, growth and learning achievement. The aim of the research is to know the relation DMF-T grade to learning achievement between SDN Pagejugan 01 Brebes and SDN 03 Brebes.The type of the research is descriptive quantitative where sample is taken by Proportionate Stratified Random Sampling. There are 209 samples; 119 samples in SDN 03 Brebes and 90 samples in SDN Pagejugan 01 Brebes. The data is taken by observing and examining. The independent variable is DMF-T score and dependent variable is learning achievement.The result of the research is the average DMF-T grade of SDN 03 Brebes is 0,7 which has the lowest criteria and SDN Pagejugan 01 Brebes is 1,4 which has low criteria. The average of learning achievement SDN 03 Brebes is 76,78 which has good criteria and SDN Pagejugan 01 Brebes is 68,46 which has good enough criteria. It means that SDN 03 Brebes tends toward there is relation DMF-T grade to learning achievement and SDN Pagejugan 01 Brebes tends there is no relation to learning achievement. The researcher suggestion is the student should take care of their teeth and mouth by brushing their teeth regularly, teacher and parents should control children’s teeth regularly and they also should introduce how to take care of teeth and mouth. For research, it should be done by using serious caries category like pulpitis or periodontitis. Kew Words  : DMF-T Score, Learning Achievement


Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 01 (2016): Juni 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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TITLEThe relationship between concentration of mangosteen water stew as gargle and pH salivaABSTRACTCaries prevalence of people is 72.1%, with active caries prevalence of 46.5%. The incidence of dental caries due to the activity of microorganisms that leaven carbohydrates (substrate) to form acids that condition oral pH decreased to below 5. In order to maintain the pH of saliva can be done with traditional medicine, one of the mangosteen fruit. In the mangosteen fruit there is the content of alpha-mangostin and gamma-mangostin, which works as an anti-microbial. The study aims to determine the relationship between the concentration of the solution in boiling water to rinse the mangosteen fruit with changes in salivary pH.This type of research is a quasy experimental, with a design pretest-posttest design experiment. The subject of research conducted on the population that met the inclusion criteriawhich have no more than two carious tooth element and does not have gingivitis. The data analysis method is descriptive quantitative and correlation with Chi Square test.The results showed pH saliva in concentrations of 50%, before rinsing average salivary pH of 7.12 to 7.6. At a concentration of 75%, initial salivary pH was 7.2 and then changed to 8.0. Salivary pH changes after rinsing into acids derived from a concentration of 50%, whereas the increase tend to base is obtained from the concentration of 75%. The test results with the Chi square statistic obtained p.value = 0,142, and the interpretation was no relationship of the use of boiled water concentration of mangosteen to changes in salivary pH. Suggestions research results as a reference for the development of further research by conducting a more varied concentration of the solution formula to determine the right dose.  Key words : concentration mangosteen fruit stew