Sri Noor Mintarsih, Sri Noor
Nutrient Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

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DETERMINAN KEJADIAN STUNTING PADA ANAK USIA 6-23 BULAN DI KABUPATEN DEMAK

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Mei (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : Stunting is a linear growth disorder in which a short or very short body condition that occurs due to malnutrition and recurrent disease over a long period of time during the fetus for the first 2 years. The factors that influence stunting are the level of energy, and protein adequacy, breastfeeding, administration of IMD, and administration of vitamin A. Objective: To determine the relationship between energy adequacy, protein adequacy, breastfeeding, initiation of early breastfeeding, and vitamin A capsule administration with the incidence of stunting in children aged 6-23 months in Demak Regency. Method: This type of research is an observational study with a cross sectional design. This study uses secondary data from surveys of nutritional status assessment and monitoring of nutritional consumption carried out in 2017. The data collected was the level of energy, and protein adequacy, breastfeeding, administration of IMD, and vitamin A administration for children under five were toddlers aged 6-23 months in Demak Regency. The results of the analysis used descriptive analysis with numerical and categorical data, and analytical analysis using multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression test. Results: The results of multivariate analysis showed that the level of energy sufficiency lacked risk of 3,756 stunting, the level of protein sufficiency lacked a risk of 4,781 times stunting, non-exclusive breastfeeding had a stunting risk of 2,054, adherence was not done and IMD had a risk of 2,708 times stunting, and not given vitamin A tablets have a risk of 23.5 times stunting. The overall analysis of the variables carried out with the results that giving vitamin A had the most dominant results was 23.5 times the incidence of stunting.Conclusion: The results of the analysis get the overall results of the variables at risk of stunting. However, the dominant variable in stunting in infants is giving vitamin A capsules

Sea cucumbers crackers, Nutritious Snacks That Are Safe for Consumption and Can Treating Constipation

Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Januari 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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The objective of this study is to find the dose of sea cucumber crackers that can cope constipation and determine levels of nutrients, fiber as well as mercury sea cucumber crackers. Research design was quasi-experimental study. Subjects of this study was the new student, which are grouped into 3 dose groups: 15, 30 and 45 g. Inclusion criteria was willing to follow the research, defecation constipation, not allergies are sea fish, not the cure constipation, no diarrhea, no fasting. Defecation event before and after consumption of crackers, given feces type based on the standard scale "Bristol Stool Scale. Levels of mercury, compared to standard health safety limit (500 ppb). Statistical tests was used Fishers Exact test at α = 0.05. The prevalence of constipation: 19.4%, with the old constipation 1 s/d 7 days. After research, the group that consumed the crackers dose: 5-15 g; 22.5 to 30 g and 37.5 to 45 g. Dose group was able to overcome constipation on +1 day, respectively: 84.4%, 82.6% and 87.5%. Statistical tests showed the influence of sea cucumber crackers consumption at various doses on the incidence defication on one day after, at the second day and the third day, with a value of p and C respectively: p = 0.014 & C = 0.423, p = 0.015 & C = 0.399 and p = 0.021 & C = 0.381. Sea cucumber crackers contain more nutrients than prawn crackers, “krupuk ACI” and “rambak”. Mercury levels: 11.5 ppb (<500 ppb), so it is safe for consumption.

Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang Diabetes Melitus, Tingkat Asupan Karbohidrat dan Tingkat Asupan Serat dengan Kadar Glukosa Darah Postprandial pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Rawat Jalan RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Mei 2013
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Semarang

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Background: the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the province of Central Java in 2009 at 0, 19% experienced improvement when compared to the prevalence in 2008 of 0, 16%. incidence of diabetes mellitus is influenced by several factors. knowledge about the disease diabetes mellitus diabetes mellitus and its treatment is important in holding peranana control blood sugar levels. intake of carbohydrates and fiber that fits your needs can help control blood sugar levels. Purpose: This study aims to determine the relationship level of knowledge about diabetes mellitus, the level of carbohydrate intake and level of fiber intake with postprandial blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus poly outpatient department of Dr. Kariadi Semarang. Methods: the study design was cross sectional approach. Data rates of diabetes mellitus knowledge obtained by a questionnaire, the data rate of carbohydrate intake and level of fiber intake obtained by food frequency questionnaire semi-quantitative. data analysis using chi square test. Results: the results showed that all samples were aged over 40 years, the number of samples of postprandial blood glucose levels are high as 51.5%, the level of knowledge of diabetes mellitus with less category at 72.7% and a high level of carbohydrate intake 72.7 % and the level of fiber intake by as much as 72.7% less category. Conclusion: there is a relationship between the level of knowledge about diabetes mellitus in post prandial glucose levels, while the level of carbohydrate intake and level of fiber intake did not show any relationship with post-prandial blood glucose levels. need to make a referral to outpatients and provide counseling on a regular basis.

PENDAMPINGAN KONSELING GIZI PADA PESERTA PROLANIS DI PUSKESMAS LEYANGAN KABUPATEN SEMARANG

Jurnal LINK Vol 13, No 2 (2017): NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

Kegiatan PROLANIS merupakan kebijakan BPJS Kesehatan telah dilaksanakan di PuskesmasLeyangan Kabupaten Semarang sejak tahun 2015. Keterlibatan petugas kesehatan dalam teknikmemberikan penyuluhan gizi yang dianggap paling sulit yaitu Konseling Gizi. Tujuan pengabdianyaitu berperan serta melakukan kegiatan pendampingan secara teknis yaitu dengan memberikankonseling gizi pada peserta PROLANIS di Puskesmas Leyangan Kabupaten Semarang. Kegiatandilaksanakan pada bulan Oktober 2016 di Puskesmas Leyangan Kabupaten Semarang. Sasaranadalah peserta PROLANIS yang terdaftar yaitu penyandang hipertensi dan diabetus mellitussebanyak 30 orang. Bentuk kegiatan berupa Pendampingan Konseling Gizi. Data yangdikumpulkan adalah pengetahuan dan sikap peserta dalam bentuk Pre Tes dan Post Tes.Pengumpulan data dengan metoda wawancara menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Pengetahuandan sikap peserta meningkat setelah mendapatkan Konseling Gizi . Pendampingan Konseling giziefektif dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap peserta PROLANIS. Disarankan kegiatankonseling gizi dilaksanakan secara rutin setiap bulan sesuai hasil pemeriksaan kesehatan.

PERILAKU PEMILIHAN MAKANAN TINGGI NATRIUM BERPENGARUH TERHADAP ASUPAN NATRIUM PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DI KOTA SEMARANG

GIZI INDONESIA Vol 37, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

World Health Organization (WHO) menyatakan satu dari tiga orang dewasa di seluruh dunia memiliki tekanan darah tinggi dan proporsinya meningkat seiring meningkatnya usia. Di Indonesia, Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas)  Tahun 2007 menunjukkan prevalensi hipertensi secara nasional mencapai  31,7 persen dan di Propinsi Jawa Tengah prevalensinya mencapai 37 persen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku pemilihan makanan tinggi natrium yang meliputi pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek serta hubungannya dengan asupan natrium. Desain penelitian cross-sectional. Sejumlah 60 wanita dewasa usia 36 sampai 76 tahun menjadi responden dengan kriteria inklusi menderita hipertensi kurang dari 3 tahun dan tidak sedang menjalani program diet. Pengetahuan dan sikap pemilihan makanan tinggi natrium dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dilengkapi kuesioner sedangkan praktek dan asupan natrium dikumpulkan dengan semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Analisis data dengan chi square dan korelasi pearson. Asupan natrium responden rata-rata sebesar 3604,10 mg. Sejumlah 96,7 persen responden  asupan natriumnya di atas anjuran (<2400 mg). Proporsi responden dengan pengetahuan kurang, sikap kurang dan konsumsi makanan tinggi natriumnya sering memiliki asupan natriumnya tinggi yaitu masing-masing 54,5 persen, 63,6 persen dan 84,8 persen. Ada hubungan negatif yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dan sikap  dengan asupan natrium dengan masing-masing nilai r=-0,508; p=0,000; r=-0,342; p=0,008 dan ada hubungan positif signifikan antara praktek  dengan asupan natrium (r=0,782; p=0,000). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan responden yang merupakan penderita hipertensi sering mengkonsumsi makanan sumber natrium tinggi. Pemberian pemahaman mengenai risiko asupan natrium yang tinggi terhadap kesehatan kepada masyarakat akan sangat bermanfaat.ABSTRACT   FOOD SELECTION BEHAVIOURS RELATED TO NATRIUM INTAKE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE  OUTPATIENT IN SEMARANG High natrium intake is one of hypertension risk factors. Basic health research data in 2007 showed that in Indonesia, hypertension  prevalence in community reached 31,7% and in Central Java the prevalence was 37%. Objective of the study is to find out high natrium food behavior include knowledge, attitude and practice as well as to analyze it’s relationship with natrium intake. The study used cross sectional design. There were 60 adult women selected as respondents aged 36 to 76 years with inclusion criteria as being hypertension  less than 3 years and  was not in a diet program. Knowledge and attitude were collected by  interviewing them using questionnaire. Practices and natrium intake data were collected using semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The results showed that mean of natrium intake was 3604,10 mg. Majority (96,7%) of respondents had natrium intake above recommendation (<2400 mg). Respondents with poor knowledge and attitutude as well as high consumption of natrium rich food had high intake of natrium 54,5%, 63,6% dan 84,8% respectively. There were negative significant correlation between knowledge (r=-0,508; p=0,000) and attitude (r=-0,342; p=0,008) with natrium intake. There was a positive significant correlation between practice and natrium intake (r=0,782; p=0,000). High consumption of natrium rich food is considered prevalent in the community. It is essential to educate people the negative effect of high natrium consumption.Keywords: dietary behaviours, natrium intake, hypertension  

PENGARUH EDUKASI GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN KEPATUHAN DIET PENYANDANG DIABETES MELITUS TIPE II PESERTA PROLANIS DI PUSKESMAS PAMOTAN KABUPATEN REMBANG

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 6, No 2 (2018): November (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : prevalence of diabetes mellitus around the world has increased significantly, including in Indonesia. Nutrition education is one of the main pillars of diabetes mellitus management to improve knowledge and attitude as a basis for improvement of nutritional behavior of diabetic client. Objective : to investigate the effect of nutrition education on the knowledge, attitude and dietary adherence of Prolanis’s type 2 diabetes mellitus clients at Puskesmas Pamotan. Methods : this research usedquasi experimental method with pre and post test group control design. The samples of research consisted of 44 respondents, and divided into intervention group (22 respondents) and control group (22 respondents). The sampling technique usedsimple random sampling. Data collection used questionnaire of respondent characteristics, knowledge of DM diet, attitude about DM diet and food recall form 2 x 24 hours. Data were analysed by using mann-whitney test. Result : there were different in changes  ofknowledge and attitude significantly with p-value 0,001 and 0.039 between treatment and control group, and there were no differentin change of dietary adherence between  treatment and control group(p-value 0,081). Conclusion : nutrition education can improve knowledge and attitude of diabetic client , whereas on dietary adherence there was an increase but not significant

PERILAKU PEMILIHAN MAKANAN TINGGI NATRIUM BERPENGARUH TERHADAP ASUPAN NATRIUM PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DI KOTA SEMARANG

GIZI INDONESIA Vol 37, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

World Health Organization (WHO) menyatakan satu dari tiga orang dewasa di seluruh dunia memiliki tekanan darah tinggi dan proporsinya meningkat seiring meningkatnya usia. Di Indonesia, Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas)  Tahun 2007 menunjukkan prevalensi hipertensi secara nasional mencapai  31,7 persen dan di Propinsi Jawa Tengah prevalensinya mencapai 37 persen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku pemilihan makanan tinggi natrium yang meliputi pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek serta hubungannya dengan asupan natrium. Desain penelitian cross-sectional. Sejumlah 60 wanita dewasa usia 36 sampai 76 tahun menjadi responden dengan kriteria inklusi menderita hipertensi kurang dari 3 tahun dan tidak sedang menjalani program diet. Pengetahuan dan sikap pemilihan makanan tinggi natrium dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dilengkapi kuesioner sedangkan praktek dan asupan natrium dikumpulkan dengan semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Analisis data dengan chi square dan korelasi pearson. Asupan natrium responden rata-rata sebesar 3604,10 mg. Sejumlah 96,7 persen responden  asupan natriumnya di atas anjuran (<2400 mg). Proporsi responden dengan pengetahuan kurang, sikap kurang dan konsumsi makanan tinggi natriumnya sering memiliki asupan natriumnya tinggi yaitu masing-masing 54,5 persen, 63,6 persen dan 84,8 persen. Ada hubungan negatif yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dan sikap  dengan asupan natrium dengan masing-masing nilai r=-0,508; p=0,000; r=-0,342; p=0,008 dan ada hubungan positif signifikan antara praktek  dengan asupan natrium (r=0,782; p=0,000). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan responden yang merupakan penderita hipertensi sering mengkonsumsi makanan sumber natrium tinggi. Pemberian pemahaman mengenai risiko asupan natrium yang tinggi terhadap kesehatan kepada masyarakat akan sangat bermanfaat.ABSTRACT   FOOD SELECTION BEHAVIOURS RELATED TO NATRIUM INTAKE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE  OUTPATIENT IN SEMARANG High natrium intake is one of hypertension risk factors. Basic health research data in 2007 showed that in Indonesia, hypertension  prevalence in community reached 31,7% and in Central Java the prevalence was 37%. Objective of the study is to find out high natrium food behavior include knowledge, attitude and practice as well as to analyze it’s relationship with natrium intake. The study used cross sectional design. There were 60 adult women selected as respondents aged 36 to 76 years with inclusion criteria as being hypertension  less than 3 years and  was not in a diet program. Knowledge and attitude were collected by  interviewing them using questionnaire. Practices and natrium intake data were collected using semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The results showed that mean of natrium intake was 3604,10 mg. Majority (96,7%) of respondents had natrium intake above recommendation (<2400 mg). Respondents with poor knowledge and attitutude as well as high consumption of natrium rich food had high intake of natrium 54,5%, 63,6% dan 84,8% respectively. There were negative significant correlation between knowledge (r=-0,508; p=0,000) and attitude (r=-0,342; p=0,008) with natrium intake. There was a positive significant correlation between practice and natrium intake (r=0,782; p=0,000). High consumption of natrium rich food is considered prevalent in the community. It is essential to educate people the negative effect of high natrium consumption.Keywords: dietary behaviours, natrium intake, hypertension  

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN UNDERWEIGHT PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH PEDESAAN KABUPATEN DEMAK

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 4, No 1 (2016): MEI (2016)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background: The prevalence of underweight children in Demak Regency was 21%, the percentage was over the data from Central Java. Underweight will hamper the cognitive and motor development to children with a negative impact to the future. This study aims to determine the correlation between energy and protein intake, disease, parenting, attitude, knowledge, education, occupation and income with the underweight. Methods: The data used in this research is Basic Data Collecting (PDD) of Polytechnic of Health Ministry of Health Semarang. This study is an explanatory research with cross sectional design. The sampling was carried out at random (random sampling) to get 420 children as sample aged 0-59 months. Nutrition Factor (energy and protein) was gotten by Food Recall for 3 x 24 hours, Disease history factor, Parenting factors (parenting, attitudes, knowledge) and socioeconomic factors (education, occupation and income) were obtained using a questionnaire with interview methode. The Analytic analysis used chi – square test. Results: There was no correlation between intake of energy, protein intake, maternal parenting, maternal attitude, maternal knowledge, maternal education, maternal occupation, maternal income with underweight, and there is a significant correlation between children infectious disease history with underweight problem at p = 0.047 (p <0.05) OR = 1.6. Conclusion: There is significant correlation between the disease history and underweight. Need to do weight measurements regularly to observe the underweight problem to children in posyandu 

HUBUNGAN POLA MAKAN DAN ASUPAN KARBOHIDRAT DENGAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PESERTA PROLANIS DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 3, No 1 (2015): MEI (2015)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : DM prevalence in Indonesia in 2013 was 2.1% while in Semarang City in 2013 the DM cases were ranked second at 10.48% and Kedungmundu Community Health Center was ranked first at 21.55%. One of the factors causing the high prevalence of DM is an unhealthy diet including a high carbohydrate diet, eating fast food habits with high fat content and lack of physical activity Objective: to determine the relationship between diet and carbohydrate intake with PROLANIS participants' blood glucose levels in the working area of Kedungmundu Health Center, Semarang City.  Methods: This study included the field of community nutrition with the Cross-sectional method. The number of samples is 33 people. Data collected are blood glucose levels, dietary patterns and carbohydrate intake. The method used is interviews and direct observation. To find out the relationship between variables used the Fisher's Exact Test with a confidence degree of 95%. Results: The results showed that samples with blood glucose levels in the DM category were 48.48%, diet was often as much as 60.61%, and more carbohydrate intake was 21.21%. There is no correlation between diet and glucose levels (p = 0.213). There is no relationship between carbohydrate intake and blood glucose levels (p = 0.271).

HUBUNGAN ANTARA ASUPAN NATRIUM, KALIUM, KALSIUM DAN MAGNESIUM DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA REMAJA DI SMA NEGERI 10 KOTA SEMARANG

Jurnal Riset Gizi Vol 4, No 1 (2016): MEI (2016)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background: Hypertension in adolescents increased morbidity and mortality. Sodium excess in the blood and food causes hypertension. Research conducted Lestari (2010) showed a low potassium intake 2x can risk of suffering from hypertension. Calcium can a role in blood pressure control, regulation and contraction of smooth muscle and blood vessel walls. Magnesium with potassium, calcium, and sodium role in the regulation of blood pressure for cardiovascular prevention. Based on Riskesdas (2013) cases of hypertension in Indonesia in the age group 15-17 years of 5.3%. Objective:To identify theassociated intake of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium with hypertension in adolescents in Senior High School 10 Semarang. Methods:The study of public nutrition research community with a case control approach matching sex ratio of 1: 1, each sample of cases and controls were 31 students. Collecting data include measurement of blood pressure, intake of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. To determine the relationship between variables used Mc Nemar testwith ???? = 95%. Results: Univariate analysis found an average blood pressure systole / diastole in the case group is 131.35 / 75.41 mmHg in the control group is 104.03 / 60.87 mmHg. Sodium intake in both groups of> 50% in more categories, potassium intake <90% in the poor category, the calcium intake> 80% in the poor category, magnesium intake <20% in the poor category. The results of the bivariate analysis there is no relationship between sodium intake (p = 0.092), potassium (p = 1.000), calcium (p = 0.687) and magnesium (p = 0.250) with hypertension Conclusion:The intake of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium are not associated with the incidence of hypertension in SMAN 10 Semarang. Advised students reduce high sodium intake, increasing the intake of potassium, calcium and magnesium