Wiwik Wijaningsih, Wiwik
Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Changes In Starch Resistant And Glycemic Index Marinade Rice In Some Kind Of Functional Budiharjo, Teguh; Wijaningsih, Wiwik; Widodo, Widodo
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Januari 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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This study is an experimental study using a completely randomized design with a look at the index difference glikemiks fungsioanl instant rice products. Data Analysis with SPSS 15:00 Anova for the window to test the effect of treatment on the dependent variable. Further test carried out if there is treatment effect on the dependent variable with regard to the coefficient (KK), in homogeneous conditions (<5% continued to use the Tukey test, 5-10% using LSD and> 10% using Duncan. ANOVA test results indicate that some kind of marinade during pratanak the white guava leaves, green tea, onion skins and wooden cup significantly different (P <0.05) against the resistant starch content of rice functional. Resistant starch content increased with the amount of phenol content of marinade. There was an increase in resistant starch content when compared with rice soaked with water., The increase ranged between 25-30% of control (rice soaked with water).
Pemberian Jus Aloe Guava Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Postprandial Suryaningrum, Septiani; Prihatin, Setyo; Wijaningsih, Wiwik
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 1, No 2 (2013): November 2013
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease. The early symptoms of pre diabetes can be seen in hyperglycemia postprandial. The functional food such as aloe guava juice can be given to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels. Aloe guava juice contains a substance that can increase the pancreas to produce insulin response and contains soluble fiber which can block the absorption of glucose and decrease the absorption into the blood.Objective : Knowing the effects of aloe guava juice on postprandial blood glucose levels in Semarang Polytechnic students are provided with a meal.Method : This research is an experimental sample-series, with a total sample of 10 people. All subjects receive 2 times the treatment, the first treatment subjects was fed and then an interval of 1 week of feeding subjects treated with aloe guava juice with the same amount of carbohydrate that is 55.5 grams. Methods of measurement of fasting and postprandial glucose levels using a easy touch. Test paired T-test was used to analyze the effect of aloe guava juice on postprandial blood glucose levels.Results : Based on Paired T-test, there was no significant effect of aloe guava juice at minute 0 '(p = 0.834), the 30' (p = 0.566), the 60 '(p = 0.615) and the 120' (p = 0.511), but at minute 180 ' significant effect of aloe guava juice on the postprandial blood glucose levels was detected, (p = 0.012)Conclusion : The aloe guava juice has the potency to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels after three hours.
Hubungan Perilaku Ibu dalam Pemberian Makan dan Tingkat Kecukupan Energi-Protein dengan Status Gizi Batita Usia 12-36 Bulan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tersono Kabupaten Batang Yunaidah, Yunaidah; Wijaningsih, Wiwik
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Mei 2013
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background: The situation at the time of malnourished infants is the result of not giving enough food to meet nutrient in terms of quality and quantity. Less energi and protein in infants may hinder growth, especially vulnerable to diseases and infectious diseases lead to low levels of intelligence.Objectives: To know the relationship between maternal behavior in feeding and energy-sufficiency level of protein in the nutritional status of toddlers aged 12-36 months in the working area health center Tersono Batang regency. Method: The scope of this research is the field of nutritional science community with a location in the working area of Batang regency Tersono Health Center, the research conducted in October-December 2009, this kind of research through a descriptive analytic cross-sectional approach for the dependent and independent variables were collected at the same time. population is aged 12-36 months toddler of 1021, with the number of sample 100 toddlers.Detemination samples taken at random samples using interval sampling. Analysis of the relationship between maternal behavior in the feeding with nutritional status of toddlers aged 12-36 months, the level of energy and protein adequacy with nutritional status of toddlers 12-36 months of age using Chi-Square test. Results: Maternal behavior in the feeding  a good of 63% and 37% less, the level of energy sufficiency for good 82% and 18% less, the level of protein adequacy for good 81% and less 19% and good nutritional status as many as 83% and 17% less.The relationship between maternal behavior in the feeding  and level of adequacy of nutritional status of energy-protein are significantly ststistik .Conclusions: There is a relationship between maternal behavior in feeding and energy-sufficiency level of protein nutritional status. Suggestions: Suggestions to improve of information about the behavior of mothers in feeding to specially cleaning of toddlers and  mothers.
Effectiveness of Communication, Information and Education Responsive Feeding the Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills in the provision of complementary feeding mother Toddlers and Weight Gain Hendriyani, Heni; Wijaningsih, Wiwik; Isnawati, Muflihah
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 2, No 3 (2013): September 2013
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Background: In indonesia, stunted, waste and undernutrition  children remain nutrition problems. Primary health survey indicated that as many as 35,6% under five children were stunted, 13,3% waste and 17,9 were undernutrition. Objective: to investigate the effect of KAP (knowledge, attitude and practice) of responsive feeding  intervention on complementary feeding and children’s weight.Methods: the study used quasi experiment design. There were 70 children on both groups. Intervention group was given 3 times counselling, home visit completed with video, brochures, and modul,  meanwhile comparative group was given general health information.Results: the study showed that responsive feeding intervention through communication, information and  education has positif effect on the responsive feeding practice (p=0,001) yet did not at knowledge, attitude toward responsive feeding (p=0,905 dan p=0,728) and the increase of children’s weight (p=0,402).
Faktor Determinan Kelelahan Kerja Pada Tenaga Penjamah Makanan di Instalasi Gizi RS Dr R Soetijono Blora Ekawati, Heni; Rahmawati, Ana Yuliah; Wijaningsih, Wiwik
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 4, No 2 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Latar Belakang: Tenaga penjamah makanan merupakan unsur yang sangat penting dalam pelayanan gizi rumah sakit, yaitu berperan dalam mengolah makanan dan menyajikan makanan yang bermutu kepada pasien. Kelelahan kerja ditandai dengan melemahnya tenaga kerja dalam melakukan pekerjaan, sehingga meningkatkan kesalahan dalam bekerja.Tujuan: Mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kelelahan kerja tenaga penjamah makanan di instalasi gizi RS dr R Soetijono Blora.Metode: Menggunakan rancangan observasional dengan teknik total sampling dan jumlah sampel 16 orang. Analisa data yang digunakan adalah analisa bivariat dengan korelasi Pearson Product Moment  dan Rank Spearman. Analisa multivariat dengan Regresi Linier.Hasil: Ada hubungan antara tingkat kecukupan energi dengan kelelahan kerja (p=0,005), tidak ada hubungan antara status gizi dengan kelelahan kerja (p=0,899), tidak ada hubungan antara umur dengan kelelahan kerja (p=0,145), tidak ada hubungan antara masa kerja dengan kelelahan kerja (p= 0,243), ada hubungan antara beban kerja dengan kelelahan kerja (p= 0,011), tidak ada hubungan antara stres kerja dengan kelelahan kerja (p=0,054), faktor yang paling berpengaruh pada kelelahan kerja adalah faktor tingkat kecukupan energi dan beban kerja (p=0,001).Kesimpulan: Faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kelelahan kerja adalah tingkat kecukupan energi dan beban kerja.
Hubungan Antara Keaktifan, Pengetahuan Gizi Ibu dan Pemberian Air Susu Ibu dengan Status Gizi Bayi pada Peserta Program Kelas Ibu Hamil di Desa Temuroso Kecamatan Guntur Kabupaten Demak Jatmiasih, Jatmiasih; Wijaningsih, Wiwik; Supadi, J
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 2, No 2 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Latar Belakang. Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia tahun 2009 menyatakan penyebab langsung kematian ibu sebesar 90% terjadi pada saat persalinan dan segera setelah persalinan. Penyebab langsung kematian ibu adalah perdarahan sebesar 28%, eklamsia sebesar 24% dan infeksi sebesar 11%. Sedangkan untuk penyebab tidak langsung kematian ibu adalah Kurang Energi Kronik (KEK) pada saat kehamilan sebesar 37% dan anemia pada saat kehamilan sebesar 40%. Mempercepat pencapaian program MDG’s, diperlukan upaya percepatan penurunan kematian ibu dan bayi melalui peningkatan pengetahuan dan perubahan perilaku ibu dan keluarga. Peningkatan pengetahuan dan perubahan perilaku ini diharapkan kesadaran terhadap pentingnya kesehatan selama kehamilan menjadi meningkat. Program yang diselenggarakan oleh Kementerian Kesehatan untuk mendukung langkah tersebut adalah Kelas Ibu Hamil. Tujuan. Menganalisis hubungan antara keaktifan, pengetahuan gizi ibu dan pemberian Air Susu Ibu dengan status gizi bayi pada peserta program kelas ibu hamil. Metode. Rancangan penelitian ini dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah semua bayi usia 6-8 bulan pada populasi tersebut. Analisis hubungan antara keaktifan dan pemberian ASI dengan status gizi dilaksanakan dengan uji Korelasi Rank Spearman. Analisis hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu dengan status gizi dilaksanakan dengan uji Pearson. Hasil. Ada hubungan yang tidak signifikan antara keaktifan ibu dan status gizi, korelasinya positif dan keeratan rendah ( r= 0,074 p value= 0,68 ). Ada hubungan yang tidak signifikan antara pengetahuan ibu dengan status gizi, korelasinya positif dan keeratan rendah (r= 0,275 dan p value= 0,122). Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemberian ASI dan status gizi, korelasinya positif dan keeratan rendah ( r= 0,315 dan p value= 0,045 ). Kesimpulan. Ada hubungan yang tidak signifikan antara keaktifan dan pengetahuan gizi ibu dengan status gizi bayi. Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemberian Air Susu Ibu dengan status gizi bayi.  Hubungan Antara Keaktifan, Pengetahuan Gizi Ibu dan Pemberian Air Susu Ibu dengan Status Gizi Bayi pada Peserta Program Kelas Ibu Hamil di Desa Temuroso Kecamatan Guntur Kabupaten Demak
BESAR RISIKO FAKTOR FISIOLOGI PADA KEJADIAN HIPERURISEMIA DI MASYARAKAT WILAYAH PUSKESMAS TLOGOSARI KULON KOTA SEMARANG Nuraini, Ade Annisa; Susiloretni, Kun Aristiati; Wijaningsih, Wiwik
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Mei (2019)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : Hyperuricemia is one form of non-infectious disease caused by dietary changes with the composition of foods that contain lots of protein and fat. Factors that affect the occurrence of hyperuricemia include food intake factors, physiological factors, behavioral factors.Objective : To determine the risk of physiological factors to hyperuricemia.Research Method : This research used observational method with case control design in the community in the work area of Tlogosari Kulon Community Health Center Semarang. The samples of research were taken by randomly sampling technique,obtained 25 case samples and 25 control samples. Hyperuricemia data was obtained from laboratory examination data. Physiological factor data (nutritional status,  waist circumference, waist circumference ratio, blood pressure, age, sex,  education, employment, and family income) collected with interview using questionare to the sampelt. Bivariate analysys result using chi-square test and full multivariate analysis result using multiple logistic reggression test.Result :  The  risk factor for hyperuricemia is waist circumference> 80 cm for women and> 90 cm for men at risk 3.27 times hyperuricemia compared with waist circumference ≤80 cm for women and ≤90 cm for men. (95% CI 1,18 - 12.60). Nutritional status, waist circumference ratio, blood pressure, age, sex,  education, employment, and family income were not at risko to hyperuricemia.  Conclusion : The risk of physiological factors to hyperuricemia are  waist circumference.
ANALISIS KADAR ASAM URAT WANITA DEWASA USIA 40-60 TAHUN SETELAH KONSUMSI JUS TOMAT-JERUK NIPIS Rasyada, Iffania Karimatur; Jaelani, Mohammad; Wijaningsih, Wiwik
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 5, No 2 (2017): November (2017)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background  : The prevalence of gout arthritis in Indonesia there is no definitive data. Epidemiological surveys conducted in Bandungan, Central Java on WHO-COPCORD cooperation on 4,683 samples aged between 15-65 years found that the prevalence of gout arthritis in women was 11.7% (Darmawan, 2003). The use of drugs aimed at lowering uric acid levels can cause some side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea so that the level of adherence will decrease (M. Adib, 2011). Objective  : To analalysis determine the effect of tomato-lemon juice on uric acid level of adult women aged 40-60 years. Methods  : A true experimental research design type with a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. Number of respondents 20 treatments and 18 controls. Intervention was performed for 21 days with the measurement of uric acid at before and after intervention. The test used is paired t test, independent t test and ANCOVA with 95% confidence degree. Result  : paired t test showed no difference of pre and post in treatment group (p>0,05). Analysis of the effect on the group with normal uric acid category p = 0.655, in the pre hyperuricemia group p = 0.235 and in hyperuricemia p = 0.221. There was a decrease in uric acid levels by 0.26 mg / dl in hyperuricemia but not significant. ANCOVA results show that juice will give significant effect if controlled with initial uric acid level (p = 0,00). Conclusion  : There was no effect of tomato-lime juice consumption on uric acid levels, but there was a decrease of 0.26 in the hyperuricemia group but not significant. It is recommended to do further research on hyperuricemia.
EFEKTIVITAS EDUKASI GIZI MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA KOMIK TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENTANG GIZI SEIMBANG PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR Redyastuti, Enggar; Wijaningsih, Wiwik; Yuniarti, Yuniarti; Larasati, Meirina Dwi
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 5, No 2 (2017): November (2017)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background  : Some issue found during preliminary survey and have not revealed the good dietary habit with balanced nutrient; for example: did not bring lunch and drink from home, buy unhealthy snack outside the school, and low knowledge about the importance of high protein side-dish, vegetables, and fruits. Nutrition education for elementary school students can support them to have good dietary habit. Using media can help us to give information.Objective  :  To know the influence of giving an education of balanced nutrient using media of comic-book with the content: knowledge and attitude of balanced nutrient to elementary school students.Methods  : This research is classified to community nutrition research. The type of research is quasi experimental design and the plan is design with the pretest - posttest control group design. Total sample is 72 students, divided into treated-group and control-group. Collected data are identity, pretest and posttest result of knowledge-and-attitude. The test method that be used are Independent t-test and Mann Whitney.Results  : Average score of knowledge in treated-group increased 6,36 points and in control-group 3,79 points. Average score of attitude in treated-group increased 0,98 points and in control-group 1,82 points.Conclusion  : There were significantimpact of giving nutrition education using media of comic-book towardsbalanced nutrition knowledge on elementary school students (p=0,017), while on the attitude the improvement is not significant, (p=0,549).
EFEKTIFITAS PEMBERIAN BUAH APEL MANALAGI DENGAN DOSIS BERVARIASI TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II DI KELOMPOK PROLANIS PUSKESMAS GENUK KOTA SEMARANG Ayuhapsari, Natanya; Wijaningsih, Wiwik; Jaelani, Mohammad
JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 6, No 2 (2018): November (2018)
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Background  :Diabetes mellitus is a carbohydrate metabolism disorder characterized by an increased in blood glucose levels due to abnormal / decreased insulin work. Diet for people with diabetes mellitus is a food with a balanced composition between carbohydrates, protein, fat and fiber. Water soluble fiber namely pectin in apples is able to slowing the entry of glucose in the body. Objective  : To know the effectiveness of giving apple manalagi with varying dose to decrease blood glucose level in type II diabetes mellitus in prolanis group of Puskesmas Genuk Semarang. Method: This research includes true experimental research with Randomized Pretest Posttest Control Group design and Complete Randomized Design study. Randomized sampling was 24 people for 4 treatment groups. Data collected were identity data, anthropometry, fasting blood glucose level and recall fiber intake by interview method and questionnaire. Result of analysis with One-Way ANOVA and ANOVA Repeated measure with α = 0,05. Result:There was a difference between fasting glucose levels before and after treatment in each treatment group (p=0,000). The most effective dose in lowering blood glucose levels is 2 x 200 grams. Conclusion: Giving of apples manalagi with a dose of 2 x 200 grams more effectively compared with a dose of 2 x 150 grams and 2 x 100 grams lowered fasting blood glucose levels in the study subjects. Apples manalagi can be used to help control blood glucose in diabetics.