Uun Sumardi, Uun
Department of of Internal Medicine Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

Published : 9 Documents
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Journal : Althea Medical Journal

Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Related to Annual Rainfall, Population Density, Larval Free Index and Prevention Program in Bandung 2008 to 2011 Karina, Anggia; Sari, Sri Yusnita Irda; Sumardi, Uun; Setiawati, Elsa Pudji
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) remains one of health problems in all provinces in Indonesia including West Java. Bandung as the capital of West Java province has dengue prevalence that is above the average prevalence of all provinces. This study aimed to describe the pattern of dengue incidence rate, annual rainfall, population density, and larval free index as well as the implementation of prevention program in sub-districts with the highest incidence rate in Bandung between 2008 and 2011.Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in September 2012 using secondary data during the period of January 2008 to December 2011. The incidence rate was calculated based on DHF patients who live in Bandung. Data were analyzed using computer and Arc View 3.3. Pattern of incidence rate was characterized with red, yellow, and green region respectively. Results: The highest incidence rate of DHF occurred in 2009. Incidence increased in January to February and declined in the end of the year. Subdistricts with highest incidence had no highest annual rainfall and the population density below the average of population density in Bandung. The highest implementation of fogging program was not only performed in high incidence subdistricts but also in area with larval free index less than 95%. Larval free index in subdistricts with highest incidence were not all below 95%.Conclusions: Incidence of DHF increases after months of highly rainfall. The pattern of incidence rate in all subdistrict is dynamic and suspected do not related to annual rainfall, population density, high larva free index, and frequency of fogging. [AMJ.2015;2(1):262–7]
Pathogen Profile of Patients with Sepsis in Internal Medicine, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung 2013 Fauzi, Afiq Syazwan; Sumardi, Uun; Tristina, Nina
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.74 KB)

Abstract

Background: Sepsis is a continuous disease which begins with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), seen in association with a large number of clinical conditions. These include infectious insults that produce SIRS, such as pancreatitis, ischemia, multiple traumas and tissue injury, hemorrhagic shock, immunemediated organ injury, and the exogenous administration of such putative mediators of the inflammatory process as tumor necrosis factor and other cytokines. A frequent complication of SIRS is the development of organ system dysfunction, including such well-defined clinical conditions as acute lung injury, shock, renal failure, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Hence, this study was conducted to identify the pathogen profile that often causes sepsis.Methods: A retrospective study was performed to 152 medical records of patients diagnosed as sepsis from Internal Medicine Department Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2013. The variables observed from the medical records were age, sex, comorbidity, main infection, culture sample, type of gram bacteria, resistant bacteria, and antibiotic susceptibility test. After data collection was completed, the data were analyzed using computer. The data were presented in percentage.Results: Sepsis in male was higher than female. Highest comorbid was chronic kidney disease (CKD). The main infection was health care acquired pneumonia (HCAP). Highest pathogen that caused sepsis was Escherichia coli and highest multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) was extended spectrum beta-lactamase(ESBL) Escherichia coli.Conclusions: The most common pathogen that causes sepsis is Escherichia coli. [AMJ.2016;3(2):200–5]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n2.785
Pathogen Profile of Patients with Sepsis in Internal Medicine, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung 2013 Fauzi, Afiq Syazwan; Sumardi, Uun; Tristina, Nina
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.74 KB)

Abstract

Background: Sepsis is a continuous disease which begins with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), seen in association with a large number of clinical conditions. These include infectious insults that produce SIRS, such as pancreatitis, ischemia, multiple traumas and tissue injury, hemorrhagic shock, immunemediated organ injury, and the exogenous administration of such putative mediators of the inflammatory process as tumor necrosis factor and other cytokines. A frequent complication of SIRS is the development of organ system dysfunction, including such well-defined clinical conditions as acute lung injury, shock, renal failure, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Hence, this study was conducted to identify the pathogen profile that often causes sepsis.Methods: A retrospective study was performed to 152 medical records of patients diagnosed as sepsis from Internal Medicine Department Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2013. The variables observed from the medical records were age, sex, comorbidity, main infection, culture sample, type of gram bacteria, resistant bacteria, and antibiotic susceptibility test. After data collection was completed, the data were analyzed using computer. The data were presented in percentage.Results: Sepsis in male was higher than female. Highest comorbid was chronic kidney disease (CKD). The main infection was health care acquired pneumonia (HCAP). Highest pathogen that caused sepsis was Escherichia coli and highest multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) was extended spectrum beta-lactamase(ESBL) Escherichia coli.Conclusions: The most common pathogen that causes sepsis is Escherichia coli. [AMJ.2016;3(2):200–5]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n2.785
Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Related to Annual Rainfall, Population Density, Larval Free Index and Prevention Program in Bandung 2008 to 2011 Karina, Anggia; Sari, Sri Yusnita Irda; Sumardi, Uun; Setiawati, Elsa Pudji
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (649.403 KB)

Abstract

Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) remains one of health problems in all provinces in Indonesia including West Java. Bandung as the capital of West Java province has dengue prevalence that is above the average prevalence of all provinces. This study aimed to describe the pattern of dengue incidence rate, annual rainfall, population density, and larval free index as well as the implementation of prevention program in sub-districts with the highest incidence rate in Bandung between 2008 and 2011.Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in September 2012 using secondary data during the period of January 2008 to December 2011. The incidence rate was calculated based on DHF patients who live in Bandung. Data were analyzed using computer and Arc View 3.3. Pattern of incidence rate was characterized with red, yellow, and green region respectively. Results: The highest incidence rate of DHF occurred in 2009. Incidence increased in January to February and declined in the end of the year. Subdistricts with highest incidence had no highest annual rainfall and the population density below the average of population density in Bandung. The highest implementation of fogging program was not only performed in high incidence subdistricts but also in area with larval free index less than 95%. Larval free index in subdistricts with highest incidence were not all below 95%.Conclusions: Incidence of DHF increases after months of highly rainfall. The pattern of incidence rate in all subdistrict is dynamic and suspected do not related to annual rainfall, population density, high larva free index, and frequency of fogging. [AMJ.2015;2(1):262–7]