Reiva Farah Dwiyana, Reiva Farah
Department of Dermato-venereology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

Published : 4 Documents
Articles

Found 4 Documents
Search

Detection of Fungi in Hair-brushes in Beauty Salons at Jatinangor

Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Various beauty tools are used in beauty salons, among those is the hair-brush. The hair-brush can conceal various human skin pathogens although under harsh environmental conditions, most pathogens are killed; nevertheless, few microorganisms, such as the fungi can adapt and survive. Moreover, the moist conditions of the hair-brush predisposes the growth of fungi however the ability of these fungi to instigate disease in an individual is dependent on the portal of entry and the host immunological status. This study was conducted to determine the fungus that is present in the beauty salon’s hair-brushes.Methods: This study was conducted in beauty salons located in Jatinangor area during September–October 2013 using the descriptive laboratory method. Fifteen beauty salons were included in this study based on sample size calculation for dichotomous variable. The specimens from all the hair-brushes were collected after the owner’s informed consent, then cultured onto 30 sabouraud agar, two for each beauty salon (dermatophyte and non-dermatophyte agar). The fungi were detected macroscopically and  microscopically.Results: Overall, 93% revealed to be culture positive, with 90% of them were found to be non-dermatophytes, most of which are saprophytic fungi. The remaining 3% were dermatophytes.Conclusions: Beauty salon’s hair-brushes contain a wide range of fungi distribution which may be a source of fungal colonization. However, most of the fungi found in the beauty salons are saprophytic fungi, therefore it is unnecessary to be anxious about a small amount of pathogenic fungi are found in humans. [AMJ.2015;2(4):516–20] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n4.636

Cinico-Epidemiological Profile of Vitiligo Patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 49, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Vitiligo is the most common hypopigmentation disorder; however, until now there iss no comprehensive epidemiological-clinical study of vitiligo in Indonesia. A descriptive study  using a questionnaire among vitiligo patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung was conducted to determine the clinical findings, socio-demographic factors, coexisting autoimmune disorders, and severity of disease. All vitiligo patients were recruited during the period of February 2012 to April 2014 from the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, as well as from the Endocrinology and Rheumatology Clinic Department of Internal Medicine; Endocrinology and Allergy and Immunology Clinics Department of Child Health; and Department  of Nuclear Medicine the same hospital. We collected data on socio-demographic profiles, clinical profile, and severity of vitiligo based on Vitiligo European Task Force (VETF). Out of 242 patients, female patients made up the majority of the patients (66.12%). In addition, most patients  wereunder 20 years (33.47%) and experienced onset of vitiligo highest in the first decade of life (29.34%). About 19.42% had positive family history of vitiligo and only 6.2% had history of autoimmune diseases. The majority of patients (77.27%) had vulgaris type of vitiligo with  head-neck (35.36%) asthe most frequent initial site of onset. Based on VETF,  the skin affected was mostly below 10% of body surface area (82.23%), i.e. staging score of between 0–5 (57.44%), and spreading score of between >0–(+5) or 68.18%. It is concluded that vitiligo most commonly occurs in females with the highest onset of under 10-years old and strong relationship with genetic predisposition.T he affected area was relatively small, despite the high spreading score. [MKB. 2017;49(2):132–8]   Key words: Clinical profile, epidemiology, vitiligo  Profil Kliniko-Epidemiologi pada Pasien Vitiligo di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung   Vitiligo merupakan kelainan hipopigmentasi tersering, tetapi hingga kini belum ada penelitian epidemiologi-klinik yang komprehensif di Indonesia. Penelitian deskriptif menggunakan kuesioner dilakukan pada pasien vitiligo di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung untuk mengetahui gambaran klinis, faktor sosio-demografik, kelainan autoimun yang menyertai, dan keparahan penyakit. Seluruh pasien vitiligo dari periode Februari 2012 hingga April 2014 yang berkunjung ke poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung, serta poliklinik: Endokrinologi dan Rematologi, Ilmu Penyakit Dalam; Endokrinologi dan Alergi-imunologi, Ilmu Kesehatan Anak; serta Kedokteran Nuklir, diikutsertakan dalam penelitian. Data yang dihimpun mencakup keadaan sosiodemografi, klinik, dan keparahan vitiligo berdasar atas Vitiligo European Task Force (VETF). Dari 242 pasien, perempuan merupakan jenis kelamin terbanyak (66,12%), usia di bawah 20 tahun (33,47%), dan awitan vitiligo terjadi pada dekade pertama kehidupan (29,34%). Sekitar 19,42% memiliki riwayat vitiligo pada keluarga dan hanya 6,2% yang memiliki penyakit autoimun. Umumnya tipe vitiligo vulgaris (77,27%) dengan predileksi pertama pada kepala-leher (35,36%). Area kulit yang terkena berdasarkan VETF ialah di bawah 10% dari body surface area (82,23%), staging score 0–5 (57,44%), dan spreading score antara >0–(+5) atau 68,18%. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah vitiligo banyak mengenai perempuan, awitan tersering pada usia di bawah 10 tahun dengan predisposisi genetik yang tinggi, serta daerah yang terkena vitiligo relatif kecil meskipun spreading score-nya tinggi. [MKB. 2017;49(2):132–8]   Kata kunci: Epidemiologi, gambaran klinik, vitiligo

PREVALENCE OF TRICHOMONIASIS IN ASYMPTOMATIC PREGNANT WOMEN POPULATION IN BANDUNG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA

Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 7, No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.553 KB)

Abstract

About 81% of pregnant women with trichomoniasis are asymptomatic, while trichomoniasis in pregnant women can increase the risk of complications, include premature rupture of membranes, preterm birth, and babies with low birth weight. Trichomoniasis can also increase the risk of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. Trichomoniasis case in pregnant women could be influenced by demographic characteristics,, the sexual behavior, and also the diagnostic method used. Until now, there is no data about prevalence of trichomoniasis in pregnant women in Indonesia. The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of trichomoniasis in pregnant women in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in December 2016 until January 2017. The study participants were 50 pregnant women who visit antenatal care to Obstetric and Gynecology Clinic of ’Rumah Sakit Khusus Ibu dan Anak Kota Bandung’, and meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria, through consecutive sampling. The study participants had a history taking, venereological examination, and Trichomonas rapid test from vaginal swabs. Trichomoniasis in this study was diagnosed based on Trichomonas rapid test, a test that uses color immunochromatographic, capillary flow, dipstick technology, and has high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing trichomoniasis. Almost all participants in this study were low risk pregnant women to have STI based on demographic characteristics and sexual behaviour. The positive Trichomonas rapid test result was found from one of 50 study participants. In conclusion, prevalence of trichomoniasis in pregnant women in Bandung was 2%. Trichomoniasis case in low-risk pregnant women population is still found.

Cinico-Epidemiological Profile of Vitiligo Patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 49, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Vitiligo is the most common hypopigmentation disorder; however, until now there iss no comprehensive epidemiological-clinical study of vitiligo in Indonesia. A descriptive study  using a questionnaire among vitiligo patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung was conducted to determine the clinical findings, socio-demographic factors, coexisting autoimmune disorders, and severity of disease. All vitiligo patients were recruited during the period of February 2012 to April 2014 from the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, as well as from the Endocrinology and Rheumatology Clinic Department of Internal Medicine; Endocrinology and Allergy and Immunology Clinics Department of Child Health; and Department  of Nuclear Medicine the same hospital. We collected data on socio-demographic profiles, clinical profile, and severity of vitiligo based on Vitiligo European Task Force (VETF). Out of 242 patients, female patients made up the majority of the patients (66.12%). In addition, most patients  wereunder 20 years (33.47%) and experienced onset of vitiligo highest in the first decade of life (29.34%). About 19.42% had positive family history of vitiligo and only 6.2% had history of autoimmune diseases. The majority of patients (77.27%) had vulgaris type of vitiligo with  head-neck (35.36%) asthe most frequent initial site of onset. Based on VETF,  the skin affected was mostly below 10% of body surface area (82.23%), i.e. staging score of between 0–5 (57.44%), and spreading score of between >0–(+5) or 68.18%. It is concluded that vitiligo most commonly occurs in females with the highest onset of under 10-years old and strong relationship with genetic predisposition.T he affected area was relatively small, despite the high spreading score. [MKB. 2017;49(2):132–8]   Key words: Clinical profile, epidemiology, vitiligo  Profil Kliniko-Epidemiologi pada Pasien Vitiligo di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung   Vitiligo merupakan kelainan hipopigmentasi tersering, tetapi hingga kini belum ada penelitian epidemiologi-klinik yang komprehensif di Indonesia. Penelitian deskriptif menggunakan kuesioner dilakukan pada pasien vitiligo di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung untuk mengetahui gambaran klinis, faktor sosio-demografik, kelainan autoimun yang menyertai, dan keparahan penyakit. Seluruh pasien vitiligo dari periode Februari 2012 hingga April 2014 yang berkunjung ke poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung, serta poliklinik: Endokrinologi dan Rematologi, Ilmu Penyakit Dalam; Endokrinologi dan Alergi-imunologi, Ilmu Kesehatan Anak; serta Kedokteran Nuklir, diikutsertakan dalam penelitian. Data yang dihimpun mencakup keadaan sosiodemografi, klinik, dan keparahan vitiligo berdasar atas Vitiligo European Task Force (VETF). Dari 242 pasien, perempuan merupakan jenis kelamin terbanyak (66,12%), usia di bawah 20 tahun (33,47%), dan awitan vitiligo terjadi pada dekade pertama kehidupan (29,34%). Sekitar 19,42% memiliki riwayat vitiligo pada keluarga dan hanya 6,2% yang memiliki penyakit autoimun. Umumnya tipe vitiligo vulgaris (77,27%) dengan predileksi pertama pada kepala-leher (35,36%). Area kulit yang terkena berdasarkan VETF ialah di bawah 10% dari body surface area (82,23%), staging score 0–5 (57,44%), dan spreading score antara >0–(+5) atau 68,18%. Simpulan penelitian ini ialah vitiligo banyak mengenai perempuan, awitan tersering pada usia di bawah 10 tahun dengan predisposisi genetik yang tinggi, serta daerah yang terkena vitiligo relatif kecil meskipun spreading score-nya tinggi. [MKB. 2017;49(2):132–8]   Kata kunci: Epidemiologi, gambaran klinik, vitiligo