Hakim Zulkarnain, Hakim
Pendidikan Ners, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Airlangga

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JKN SYARIAH SEBAGAI ASURANSI KESEHATAN DALAM PENURUNAN AKI DAN AKB MENCAPAI MDGS

Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa - Gagasan Tertulis PKM-GT-2014
Publisher : Ditlitabmas, Ditjen DIKTI, Kemdikbud RI

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Abstract

In Indonesia almost 20.000 woman died because of complication in giving birth (Stalker, 2008). Indonesia’s number of dead mother increase to 359/100.000 women in 2012 (SDKI, 2012). And also Indonesia’ s number of dead baby is reach 6th in ASEAN (SDKI, 2007). Indonesia’s number of dead baby is 32/1000 birth (SDKI, 2012). This condition far from MDG’s, which is the number of dead mother 102/100.000 and number of dead baby 23/1.000. One reason in highly increase number is because lack in finance. The government created solution like, Jampersal, Antenatal Care (ANC), and National Health Insurance (JKN). National Health Insurance (JKN) is a must health insurance from government for every Indonesian people. But National Health Insurance JKN aplied the system of conventional insurance which is have a problem, like over usage of country money (APBN) for poor people every month. There is another insurance system, it’ s Syariah Insurance. It’s growing widely in Indonesia. It shows good development when Indonesia’s economy grow slower betwen 2000 until 2012 it grows 50% every year. That is the reason why Indonesia need Syariah Health Insurance to give the financial needs in mothers’ health and baby. That is why we found JKN Syariah with Community of Nurse program as the pioneer team in decreasing number of dead mother and number of dead baby. And here we are give solution to solve the problem by our idea JKN Syariah (National Health Insurance with syariah insurance system) as the health Insurance to decrease the number of dead mother and number of dead baby to accomplish MDGs (Milleneum Development Goals) target.Keywords: Number of dead mother, Number of dead baby, Insurance, Syariah.

PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT (GURU DAN ORANG TUA) TANGGAP BAHAYA TERSEDAK DI KB-TK KHADIJAH SURABAYA

Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2019): JPM | Maret 2019
Publisher : LPPM - STIKES Pemkab Jombang

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Abstract

Pendahuluan: Tersedak merupakan kondisi kegawatan pernapasan yang harus cepat ditangani. Bayi dan anak – anak adalah kelompok umur yang paling berpotensi untuk mengalami tersedak disebabkan oleh tidak dikunyahnya makanan dengan sempurna, makan terlalu banyak pada satu waktu dan memasukkan benda-benda padat kecil ke dalam mulut.Tujuan:Melakukan pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam hal ini guru, care giver/bunda KB (kelompok bermain) dan orang tua siswa KB-TK Khadijah Surabaya dalam penanganan kasus tersedak pada anak dan bayi. Metode:Metode yang digunakan dalam pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah ceramah, diskusi, simulasi/demonstrasi oleh fasilitator yang kemudian dilanjutkan dengan  redemonstrasi oleh peserta/audience sebagai evaluasi.Hasil:Setelah dilakukan pengabdian kepada masyarakat terdapat peningkatan kemampuan peserta yang ditunjukkan oleh peningkatan pengetahuan dan efikasi diri sebelum dan sesudah kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat. Para guru dan orang tua juga dapat melakukan redemonstrasi secara benar setelah dilakukan pengabdian masyarakat ini. Diskusi:Pengetahuan terjadi setelah orang melakukan penginderaan terhadap suatu objek tertentu. Metode simulasi/demonstrasi mempermudah guru dan  orang tua untuk mengetahui cara penanganan tersedak melalui indera mata dan telinga, sehingga mudah untuk dipahami. Pengetahuan kognitif merupakan domain yang sangat penting dalam membentuk tindakan seseorang.Simpulan:Pengabdian masyarakat melalui pemberdayaan masyarakat dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan efikasi diri terhadap penanganan kasus tersedak pada anak dan bayi. Kata kunci :tersedak, pemberdayaan masyarakat, pengetahuan, efikasi diri

The Correlation Between Motivation and Health Locus of Control with Adherence Dietary of Diabetes Mellitus

Jurnal Ners Vol 13, No 2 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction: Controlling blood sugar can be done by dietary adherence of DM. To control glycemic, it is necessary to have motivation and health locus of control to face boredom in dietary adherence of DM. The aim was to analyse the correlation between motivation and health locus of control with dietary adherence of DM.Methods: Cross-sectional design was conducted and involved 106 respondents from five public health centers in Surabaya selected by random sampling. Data were collected by questionnaire Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales” (MHLC), and Diet Adherence. The analysis data was using statistical Spearman rho (α ≤ 0.05).Results: There was no correlation between motivation and dietary adherence (p=0.178), and there was a correlation between health locus of control with dietary adherence (p = 0.002).Conclusion: According to analysis, it can be concluded that motivation is influenced by many things to the role the forming of patient behavior in dietary adherence of DM while health locus of control has an influence to dietary adherence of DM. Because of that, it is necessary to increase the factor that influences the behavior of DM control. One of it is health locus of control. So that the glycemic control with dietary adherence of DM can increase and be better.