Justina Evy Tyaswati, Justina Evy
SMF Psikiatri, RSD dr. Soebandi Jember

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The Difference of the Knowledge, Stigma and Attitude between The First Year Final Difference of the Knowledge, Stigma and Attitude between The First Year Final Difference of the Knowledge, Stigma and Attitude between The First Year Final Diffe

Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University (Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Jember)

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Abstract

Mental disorders is one of the health problems in developing countries and developed countries. One of the biggest problems faced by those with mental disorders is the presence of that and negative attitudes due to lack of public knowledge. Several previous studies have found that education increase knowledge and change the stigma and negative attitudes on medical students. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of knowledge, stigma and attitude between first year and final year student of the Medical Faculty of Jember University toward mental disorders. This research was a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. The samples were the students class of 2012 and 2014. The independent variable was the class of the students, while the dependent variable was knowledge, stigma, authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictions, and istatistik of health community. The data was analyzed using chi-square test. Based on the test result, it was found that the variables with a significant difference is stigma (p= 0.001) and authoritarianism (p = 0.025). In conclusion there were significant differences on stigma and attitudes of authoritarianism between the first year and final year students to the mental disorders. Keywords: Stigma, Authoritarianism, Benevolence, Social Restrictiveness, Community Mental Health Istatistik

Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kekambuhan pada Pasien Skizofrenia di RSD dr. Soebandi Jember (Factors that Affect the Recurrence of Schizophrenia at dr. Soebandi Hospital, Jember)

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Pustaka Kesehatan

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Abstract

Schizophrenia is one of the health problems in developing countries and developed countries. Risk factors that may affect the reccurrence of schizophrenia consist of internal and eksternal factors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors which affect the recurrence of schizophrenia. This study was a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. Sample in this study was obtained by total sampling from family of schizophrenia patients who visited Polyclinic Psychiatry dr. Soebandi Public Hospital of Jember. The factors studied were age, gender, education, occupation, economic condition, schizophrenia onset, type of schizophrenia, familys knowledge, character of family, character of paramedic, physic factor, disobedience medication, and type of medication . Data analysis was performed by chi square test and logistic regression. Chi square test found a significant factor that was age (p=0.029), schizophrenia onset (p=0.037), physical factor (p=0,022), and disobedience medication (p=0.021) while other factors did not significant. Results of logistic regression test results obtained for age was (p=0.019, OR=0.279), schizophrenia onset (p=0.068, OR=0.224), character of family (p=0.035, OR=0,214) and to disobedience medication (p=0.013, OR=4,064). It can be concluded that the most factor that affect the recurrence of schizophrenia was disobedience medication.   Keywords: recurrence, schizophrenia

Hubungan antara Tingkat Kecemasan dengan Kualitas Hidup pada Pasien Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSD dr. Soebandi Jember (Correlation between the Level of Anxiety and Quality of Life of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 4 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a chronic disease that results in the progressive decline in renal function and irreversible. Patients with end stage CKD requiring hemodialysis therapy. CKD patients who undergo hemodialysis therapy largely experiencing symptoms of anxiety and changes in quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the anxiety level and the quality of life of patients with CKD during hemodialysis therapy at dr. Soebandi Regional Hospital Jember. Research using Cross Sectional Design with the total number of respondents as many as 30 people and was carried out in November 2015. The respondent's anxiety level was measured using a HARS questionnaire and assessment of quality of life using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. The results revealed respondents with mild anxiety were 16,67% (10% with good quality of life and 6,67% with bad quality of life), respondents with moderate anxiety were 40% (10% with good quality of life and 30% with bad quality of life), and respondents with severe anxiety were 43,33% with bad quality of life. Spearman correlation test showed the significance (p) 0,00 with correlation coefficient (r) – 0,517. Thus, it can be concluded that there was a correlation between the level of anxiety and quality of life of CKD patients during hemodialysis therapy at dr.Soebandi Regional Hospital Jember.   Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), hemodialysis, anxiety, quality of life.

The Difference of the Knowledge, Stigma and Attitude between The First Year and Final Year Student of Medical Faculty of Jember University toward Mental Disorders

Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 1 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Mental disorders is one of the health problems in developing countries and developed countries. One of the biggest problems faced by those with mental disorders is the presence of that and negative attitudes due to lack of public knowledge. Several previous studies have found that education increase knowledge and change the stigma and negative attitudes on medical students. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of knowledge, stigma and attitude between first year and final year student of the Medical Faculty of Jember University toward mental disorders. This research was a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. The samples were the students class of 2012 and 2014. The independent variable was the class of the students, while the dependent variable was knowledge, stigma, authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictions, and istatistik of health community. The data was analyzed using chi-square test. Based on the test result, it was found that the variables with a significant difference is stigma (p= 0.001) and authoritarianism (p = 0.025). In conclusion there were significant differences on stigma and attitudes of authoritarianism between the first year and final year students to the mental disorders. Keywords: Stigma, Authoritarianism, Benevolence, Social Restrictiveness, Community Mental Health Istatistik

Pengaruh Dukungan Keluarga terhadap Tingkat Depresi Pasien Chronic Kidney Disease Stadium 5D yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSD dr. Soebandi Jember (The Influence of Family Support on Depression Level of Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 5D Patient's during H

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a disease with progressive and irreversible reduction in kidney function. Patient with CKD Stage 5D requires hemodialysis to support their life. Hemodialysis should be conducted for their long life which can be a stressor lead to depression. Therefore, family support is necessary to treat depression in CKD patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of family support on depression level of patient with CKD stage 5D undergoing hemodialysis. This was a correlation analytical study design with cross sectional approach involving 30 correspondents. Data were collected by using HDRS questionnaire to measure patient's depression level and Family Support questionnaire to measure family's support level. Data were analyzed by using Spearman correlation test. The results showed that 50% of respondents had mild depression and 50% of respondents got good family support. Spearman correlation test showed significance (p) of 0.010 with correlation coefficient (r) of -0.462. Thus, we can conclude that there was an influence of family support on depression level of patient with CKD stage 5D undergoing hemodialysis at dr. Soebandi Hospital Jember. The higher the family support, the lower the patient's depression level.   Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Depression, family support, hemodialysis  

Hubungan antara Tingkat Depresi dengan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Chronic Kidney Disease yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSD dr. Soebandi Jember (Correlation between Level of Depression and Quality of Life of Chronic Kidney Disease Patients During Hemodialysis

Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 4 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is secondary disease with irreversible process of progressive reduction in kidney function, one of the therapy is hemodialysis which can cause psychological disorders. The most frequently occured is depression that can reduce quality of life of CKD patients. The aim of this research was to analyze the correlation between level of depression and quality of life of CKD patients during hemodialysis therapy. This research used Cross Sectional Design with 30 respondents. The data were collected from hemodialysis policlynic at dr. Soebandi hospital Jember. The level of depression was measured using HDRS questionnair, and quality of life was measured using WHOQOLBREF questionnair. The result showed that 50% respondents had mild depression (23,3% respondents had good quality of life and 26,7% respondents had bad quality of life), 23,3% respondents were moderate depression (3,3% respondents had good quality of life and 20% respondents had bad quality of life), while 26,7% respondents were severe depression who had bad quality of life. The Spearman correlation test showed that the significance (p) of this test was 0.010 with -0.464 correlation coefficient (r). It can be concluded that there were correlation between level of depression and quality of life of CKD patients during hemodialysis therapy at dr. Soebandi regional hospital Jember.   Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), depression, quality of life, hemodialysis.  

HUBUNGAN LAMA MENGIDAP KUSTA DENGAN TINGKAT DEPRESI PADA PASIEN DI RUMAH SAKIT KUSTA SUMBERGLAGAH KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO

IKESMA Vol 14 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

Leprosy is a chronic infection disease that caused by Mycobacterium leprae and oftentimes causing negative stigma for people infected by it. The negative stigma and the life quality degradation in people with leprosy lead to the higher risk of depression than people without this disease. Depression is a period of disruption of human function associated with sadness feeling, included changes in sleep pattern and appetite, psychomotor, concentration, anhedonia, fatigue, feeling hopeless, helpless, and having suicidal thoughts. The risk of depression will increase about 2,6 times in people who have chronic illness, one of which is leprosy. This was an analytic observational study with cross sectional approach using 60 respondents chosen by purposive sampling technique. Data were obtained through interview using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) questionnaire and analyzed using Spearman correlation test (p<0,05). The results showed that most respondents (36,7%) suffered from leprosy for 0-14 year(s), in which 51,7% had no depression, 38,3% had mild depression, 16,7% had moderate depression, and 3,3% had severe depression. The analytic results showed the significance value of (p) 0,025 and correlation coefficient of (r) 0,290. It could be concluded that there is a correlation between the duration of leprosy and level of depression in patients at Sumberglagah Leprosy Hospital Mojokerto District with weak correlation strength and positive correlation value so it means that the longer the patient suffering from leprosy, the higher the depression level and likewise on the contrary.