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Pengujian Efek Antikalkuli dari Herba Seledri (Apium graveolens L.) secara In Vitro Rusdiana, Taofik; Sriwidodo, Sriwidodo; Solahudin, Jajan; Halimah, Eli; Irwan, Aep W; Amin, Suseno; Sumiwi, Sri A; Abdassah, Marline
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.042 KB) | DOI: 10.15416/ijpst.v2i2.7812

Abstract

Tanaman seledri (Apium graveolens L.) mengandung berbagai senyawa metabolit sekunder antara lain flavonoid, polifenol, dan kuinon. Tanaman seledri selain untuk bumbu masakan dan sayuran, telah lama digunakan sebagai obat tradisonal untuk penurun tekanan darah tinggi (hipertensi), diuretik, dan hematuria. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap khasiat lain dari tanaman seledri sebagai antikalkuli atau peluruh batu ginjal. Pengujian efek antikalkuli (bagian dari uji preklinis) dilakukan secara in vitro yaitu dengan menguji tingkat kelarutan komponen batu ginjal (kalsium oksalat atau magnesium ammonium fosfat) sebagai solut (100 mg serbuk batu) dalam berbagai variasi konsentrasi sediaan cair seledri sebagai solven dibandingkan dengan solven air (volumen= 10 mL, suhu= 37 oC, waktu= 4 dan 24 jam). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa cairan infusa seledri pada konsentrasi 1,3; 3,3; dan 5,0% dapat melarutkan komponen kalsium dan magnesium batu ginjal dengan tingkat kelarutan yang secara signifikan lebih besar dibandingkan kelarutan dalam air sebagai kontrol negatif (konsentrasi 5%, Ca: 4,657 vs 199 ppm, Mg: 9,912 vs 9,37 ppm). Sementara fraksi air dari ekstrak metanol seledri juga menunjukkan daya larut yang signifikan terhadap baik kalsium maupun magnesium komponen batu ginjal pada konsentrasi pada 0,5% dibandingkan air (Ca: 3,7 vs 1,5 ppm dan Mg: 25,9 vs 14,5 ppm). Hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa herba seledri memiliki potensi sebagai peluruh batu ginjal dengan mekanisme melarutkan kristal komponen batu ginjal. Kata kunci: Antikalkuli, Apium graveolens L., batu ginjal, seledri
POTENSI LIMBAH KULIT JERUK NIPIS (Citrus auronfolia) SEBAGAI INHIBITOR TIROSINASE Hindun, Siti; Rusdiana, Taofik; Abdasah, Marline; Hindritiani, Reti
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (508.989 KB) | DOI: 10.15416/ijpst.v4i2.12642

Abstract

Hiperpigmentasi merupakan kelainan kulit wajah yang umum terjadi, terutama karena adanya peningkatan melanogenesis, dengan gambaran berupa warna kulit menjadi hitam atau coklat kehitaman. Kelainan ini terdapat pada beberapa macam penyakit kulit diantaranya melasma, melanoderma paska inflamasi, lentigo solaris dan freckles. Salah satu prinsip penanganan hiperpigmentasi yaitu menghambat sintesis melanin yang dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan agen depigmentasi yang mekanisme kerjanya menghambat aktivitas enzim tirosinase. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji potensi kulit jeruk nipis sebagai inhibitor tirosinase. Kulit jeruk nipis diektraksi dengan etanol 96 %, identifikasi flavonoid, menghitung flavonoid total, kemudian diuji inhibisi tirosinase menggunakan instrumen microplate reader (ELISA). Hasil penelitian ekstrak kulit jeruk mengandung flavonid, dengan total flavonid totalnya 0,667 % b/b dan inhibition concentration (IC) 50 42,11 mg/mL, Kulit jeruk berpotensi sebagai inhibisi tirosinase.Kata kunci:    Citrus auronfolia, Hiperpigmentasi, IC50, Tirosinase
Stability of Eleutherine americana (L.) Merr. Extract as Lipstick Colorants as the Change of Temperature, Time, Storage Condition and the Presence of Oxidator Mayasari, Dewi; Rusdiana, Taofik; Ratu Kania, Yulien; Abdassah, Marline
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (401.047 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/ijpst.v5i1.12864

Abstract

Bawang Tiwai (Eleutherine americana (L.) Merr bulbus. is a typical plant from Kutai tribes which commonly used as an anti-bacterial and food coloring. The stability test is performed to determine the stability of the extract. Stability test was conducted in two solvents are distilled water and ethanol include the effects of temperature (25°C, 50°C, 80°C), pH (3, 5, 7), an oxidant for 6 hours, conditions of storage at room temperature and the temperature of the refrigerator for 24 hours and storage for 2 weeks. The absorbance of extract in ethanol and aquadest was decreasing due to the change of temperature, time, the presence of oxidator but due to pH changes, the absorbance of extract was increasing. Meanwhile, on the storage condition, showed the highest absorbance on dark, and room temperature storage compared to other condition.Key words: Eleutherine americana (L.) Merr bulbus, stability, color pigment
Isolation and Phisicochemical Characterization of Microcristalline Cellulose from Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L. Gaud) Based on Pharmaceutical Grade Quality Nawangsari, Desy; Yohana Chaerunisaa, Anis; Abdassah, Marline; Sriwidodo, Sriwidodo; Rusdiana, Taofik; Apriyanti, Linda
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (425.191 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/ijpst.v5i3.15040

Abstract

Microcrystalline cellulose is the most used material for medicine, which able to be found in fibrous plants. Microcrystal celluloses are being used as filler or binder in dosage formulas in tablets and capsules. This research aimed to produce microcrystalline cellulose from ramie based on pharmaceutical grade parameters. Research method include hemp fiber preparation, α-cellulose isolation, microcrystalline cellulose production, and microcrystalline cellulose characterization which compare with Avicel® PH 102 . Result shown microcrystalline cellulose yield is 57.26%. The result of physicochemical characterization that can comply the specifications of pharmaceutical grade as a pharmaceutical excipient.  Keywods :  Microcrystalline cellulose, Ramie, physicochemical, pharmaceutical grade.
Formulation and Evaluation of 1 mg Alprazolam Tablet Mutiawati, Yuti; Rusdiana, Taofik; -, Fitrileni; Khorunisa, Anis
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.19 KB) | DOI: 10.15416/ijpst.v1i1.7467

Abstract

Alprazolam is benzodiazepines drug which used to manage short-term anxiety disorder, also used for the treatment of panic disorder, with or without agographobia. Many factors can affect drug dissolution rates from tablets, hence possibly drug bioavailability- including the crystal size of the drug, tablet disintegration mechanisms and rates, the method of granulation, type and amount of granulating agent employed, type, amount and method of incorporation of disintegrants and lubricants and other formulation and processing factors. The aim of the study was to prepare and evaluate alprazolam tablets with dosage strengths 1 mg, with wet granulation method, as an adjuvant used: corn starch and lactosa sebagai filler, sodium lauril sulfat as solubilizer, sodium starch glycolat as desintegrant,  Erytrocin CI 45430 as colloring, polivinyl pirolidon K 30 as binder with variatrion concentration, ethanol 95% as wetting agent, talc, silicon dioksida coloidal and magnesium stearat as glidant and antiadherent, test for the granule are particle distribution, water content, angle of repose, bulk density, taped density, apparent density (compressibility), and test for the tablet dosage are description of tablet, wight uniformity, hardness, desintegration time, content uniformity, disolution, for the selected formula tested the comparison of disolution and bioequivalence to 1 mg Alprazolam tablet innovator, the results obtained, that the tablet alprazolam 1 mg, are meet the requirements. Keywords:  Alprazolam, bioequivalence test, dissolution comparison test
Monitoring Terapi Warfarin pada Pasien Pelayanan Jantung pada Rumah Sakit di Bandung Putri, Norisca A.; Lestari, Keri; Diantini, Ajeng; Rusdiana, Taofik
Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pharmacy Vol 1, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (655.259 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui monitoring terapi warfarin untuk menjamin ketepatan dosis,keamanan terapi, dan mengetahui apakah dosis terapi warfarin yang digunakan telah memenuhi kriteria  penggunaan obat warfarin yang rasional. Derajat antikogulasi setiap pasien diukur dengan parameter waktu protrombin yang dinyatakan dengan International Normalized Ratio (INR). Metode Penelitian meliputi monitoring terapi warfarin terhadap 80 pasien di pelayanan jantung melalui PT-INR, pendataanklinis pasien meliputi, usia, jenis kelamin, berat badan, tinggi badan, jenis penyakit, dosis yang digunakan dan obat lain yang dikonsumsi secara bersamaan. Hasil monitoring menunjukkan rata-rata INR pasien yaitu 1,38± 0,42 hasil ANAVA (α = 0,05) menunjukkan tidak ada pengaruh dosis terhadap INR(p=0,13) tetapi ada pengaruh pada umur (p =0,014), hasil uji beda (α = 0,05) menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan terhadap rata-rata INR berdasarkan jenis kelamin (p =0,051), umur (p =0,397), dan variasi dosis (p = 0,057). Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa dosis warfarin belum mencapai target terapi INR (2–3).Kata kunci: Warfarin, penyakit trombotik, PT-INR Warfarin Therapy Monitoring of Cardiac Care Patients in Hospital in BandungAbstractThe aims of this study were to identify the rational warfarin monitoring therapy to guarantee the rightdose, therapy security, and whether the dose of warfarin therapy has completed the rational criteria ornot. Degree of antikoagulasi for each patient is measured with protombin time as International Normalized Ratio (INR). The methods consist of warfarin monitoring therapy towards 80 patients at the heart service through the PT-INR constant, medical data, such as age, gender, weight, height, type of the disease, dose usage and another medicine which is used together, and statistical test of the average of INR. The monitoring result shows that patient’s INR average is 1,38 ±0,42, the result of ANAVA (α=0,05)shows that there’s no impact of dose towards INR (p=0,13) but there’s an INR average impact basedon gender (p=0,051), age (p=0,397) and dose variation (p=0,057). The results shown that warfarin dose which used is not bleeding risk.Key words: Warfarin, trombotic disease, PT-INR
Preparation and Characterization of Glucosamine Nanoparticle by Ionic Gelation Method Using Chitosan and Alginate Prasetyo, Yuli Agung; Rusdiana, Taofik; Abdassah, Marline
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutics Vol 1, Issue 1, Jan - April 2019
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran (Unpad)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3284.338 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/idjp.v1i1.13924

Abstract

Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease of the joints that usually treated by NSAID drugs in the long term leading to cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disorders. Glucosamine is a precursor in the formation of progression of joint which have not a significantly side effect. The problem in glucosamine administration occured when it is administered through the oral route resulting in first pass metabolism, while when it is administered via intavena route resulting in insulin resistance. Those problems can be solved by developing glucosamine into nanoglucosamine in order to increase the enzymatic stability which will protect the active ingredient from diminishing by the first pass effect hence the dose can be reduced, consequenlty it will reduce the insulin resistance, and increase the permeation. In this study, the nanoparticles of glucosamine with chitosan polymer and crosslinker alginate was prepared by the ionic gelation method with the principle of continued cross forming polyelectrolyte complexes. This study started from preformulation such as solubility and identify study by FTIR, then the formulations of chitosan: glucosamine: alginate = 5:1:1 (volume ratio) with the variation of concentration in the FI (chitosan: glucosamine: alginate = 0.08 %: 0.1%: 0.08%) and FII (chitosan: glucosamine: alginate = 0.1%: 0.1%: 0.08%). Results of nanoparticle characterization by particle size analyzer in the FI showed the better formula indicating a foggy coloid, no precipitation, the pH was 2.90±0.05, and the percent transmittance was  99.35%. The distribution of particle size, polydispersity index, and zeta potential for the formula I were 76.0 ± 21.8 nm; 0.300; and -0.30 mV, respectively. It could be concluded that the nanoparticle system of glucosamine can be better prepared from the 0.08% of chitosan, 0.1% of glucosamine and 0.08% of alginate.Keywords: alginate, chitosan, ionic gelation method, glucosamine nanoparticle
Pengujian Efek Antikalkuli dari Herba Seledri (Apium graveolens L.) secara In Vitro Rusdiana, Taofik; Sriwidodo, Sriwidodo; Solahudin, Jajan; Halimah, Eli; Irwan, Aep W; Amin, Suseno; Sumiwi, Sri A; Abdassah, Marline
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.042 KB) | DOI: 10.15416/ijpst.v2i2.7812

Abstract

Tanaman seledri (Apium graveolens L.) mengandung berbagai senyawa metabolit sekunder antara lain flavonoid, polifenol, dan kuinon. Tanaman seledri selain untuk bumbu masakan dan sayuran, telah lama digunakan sebagai obat tradisonal untuk penurun tekanan darah tinggi (hipertensi), diuretik, dan hematuria. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap khasiat lain dari tanaman seledri sebagai antikalkuli atau peluruh batu ginjal. Pengujian efek antikalkuli (bagian dari uji preklinis) dilakukan secara in vitro yaitu dengan menguji tingkat kelarutan komponen batu ginjal (kalsium oksalat atau magnesium ammonium fosfat) sebagai solut (100 mg serbuk batu) dalam berbagai variasi konsentrasi sediaan cair seledri sebagai solven dibandingkan dengan solven air (volumen= 10 mL, suhu= 37 oC, waktu= 4 dan 24 jam). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa cairan infusa seledri pada konsentrasi 1,3; 3,3; dan 5,0% dapat melarutkan komponen kalsium dan magnesium batu ginjal dengan tingkat kelarutan yang secara signifikan lebih besar dibandingkan kelarutan dalam air sebagai kontrol negatif (konsentrasi 5%, Ca: 4,657 vs 199 ppm, Mg: 9,912 vs 9,37 ppm). Sementara fraksi air dari ekstrak metanol seledri juga menunjukkan daya larut yang signifikan terhadap baik kalsium maupun magnesium komponen batu ginjal pada konsentrasi pada 0,5% dibandingkan air (Ca: 3,7 vs 1,5 ppm dan Mg: 25,9 vs 14,5 ppm). Hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa herba seledri memiliki potensi sebagai peluruh batu ginjal dengan mekanisme melarutkan kristal komponen batu ginjal. Kata kunci: Antikalkuli, Apium graveolens L., batu ginjal, seledri
Formulation and Evaluation of 1 mg Alprazolam Tablet Mutiawati, Yuti; Rusdiana, Taofik; -, Fitrileni; Khorunisa, Anis
Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.19 KB) | DOI: 10.15416/ijpst.v1i1.7467

Abstract

Alprazolam is benzodiazepines drug which used to manage short-term anxiety disorder, also used for the treatment of panic disorder, with or without agographobia. Many factors can affect drug dissolution rates from tablets, hence possibly drug bioavailability- including the crystal size of the drug, tablet disintegration mechanisms and rates, the method of granulation, type and amount of granulating agent employed, type, amount and method of incorporation of disintegrants and lubricants and other formulation and processing factors. The aim of the study was to prepare and evaluate alprazolam tablets with dosage strengths 1 mg, with wet granulation method, as an adjuvant used: corn starch and lactosa sebagai filler, sodium lauril sulfat as solubilizer, sodium starch glycolat as desintegrant,  Erytrocin CI 45430 as colloring, polivinyl pirolidon K 30 as binder with variatrion concentration, ethanol 95% as wetting agent, talc, silicon dioksida coloidal and magnesium stearat as glidant and antiadherent, test for the granule are particle distribution, water content, angle of repose, bulk density, taped density, apparent density (compressibility), and test for the tablet dosage are description of tablet, wight uniformity, hardness, desintegration time, content uniformity, disolution, for the selected formula tested the comparison of disolution and bioequivalence to 1 mg Alprazolam tablet innovator, the results obtained, that the tablet alprazolam 1 mg, are meet the requirements. Keywords:  Alprazolam, bioequivalence test, dissolution comparison test
Uji Disolusi Terbanding Tablet Lisinopril 10 mg Mutiawati, Yuti; Rusdiana, Taofik; Mutakin, Mutakin; Fitrileni, Fitrileni
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 11 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Setia Budi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1306.981 KB)

Abstract

Lisinopril merupakan obat oral penghambat angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) yang bekerja panjang. Berdasarkan karakteristik biofarmasetika, lisinopril memiliki kelarutan tinggi, namun permeabilitas rendah, hal ini menyebabkan keterbatasan dalam bioavaibilitasnya. Komposisi tablet lisinopril yang dikembangkan adalah : kalsium hidrogen fosfat anhidrat dan manitol sebagai pengisi, poli vinil pirolidon K30 sebagai pengikat, natrium cros carmellose sebagai penghancur, edicol rasbery red sebagai pewarna, Vitamin E TPGS 1000 NF sebagai peningkat absorpsi / permeabilitas dengan berbagai variasi konsentrasi, silikon koloidal dioksida, talc dan magnesium stearat sebagai glidan dan antiadheren, aquadest dan alkohol 95% sebagai pembasah. Proses pembuatan tablet dilakukan secara granulasi basah. Pengujian dilakukan terhadap granul massa cetak dan sediaan tablet, termasuk uji disolusi terbanding yang dibandingkan terhadap produk inovator. Hasil pemeriksaan menunjukkan bahwa granul massa cetak dan sediaan tablet keempat formula memenuhi persyaratan sesuai persyaratan yang ditetapkan. Penggunaan vitamin E TPGS 1000 NF tidak memberikan pengaruh terhadap hasil uji disolusi terbanding antara produk uji dan inovator.