Zulkaidhah Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah
Program Doktor Ilmu Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan UGM, Jl.Agro No.1 Bulaksumur, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281

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KAJIAN KOMUNITAS RAYAP AKIBAT ALIH GUNA HUTAN MENJADI AGROFORESTRI DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI TENGAH Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Musyafa, Musyafa; Soemardi, Soemardi; Hardiwinoto, Suryo
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 21, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji komunitas rayap akibat alih guna hutan dan hubungannya dengan faktor lingkungan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Desember 2011 sampai Juni 2013. Dilaksanakan di wilayah Taman Nasional Lore Lindu di sekitar Desa Rahmat, Kecamatan Palolo, Kabupaten Sigi. Pengamatan rayap dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode transek. Parameter yang diamati adalah parameter lingkungan, iklim mikro, sifat fisik dan kimia tanah. Total diversitas rayap yang ditemukan adalah 20 spesies, yang terdiri dari 15 spesies pada hutan primer, 15 spesies pada hutan sekunder dan 8 spesies pada agroforestri. Biomassa pohon tertinggi pada hutan primer (620,91 Mg/ha), nekromas dan jumlah seresah tertinggi pada hutan sekunder yaitu masing-masing 8,22 Mg/ha dan 19 Mg/ha. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa alih guna hutan menjadi agroforestri diikuti oleh perubahan komunitas rayap. Suhu tanah dan suhu udara meningkat setelah alih guna hutan.
KERAGAMAN JENIS RAYAP PADA HUTAN SEKUNDER DAN AGROFORESTRI DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI TENGAH Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Musyafa, Musyafa; Soemardi, Soemardi; Hardiwinoto, Suryo
Agroland Vol 20, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2013.v20.i2.8170

Abstract

This study aims to assess the structure and communities of termite caused by changes in land use. The research was conducted from December 2011 to January 2013, Implemented in Lore Lindu National Park area around the village of grace Palolo Sub district, Sigi Regency. The observation of termites was conducted using transect method. Parameters observed were environmental parameters, soil physical and chemical characteristics. The total diversity of termite species found was 15. Diversity of trees, nekromas, and the amount of litter that is higher in secondary forest than in agroforestry cause soil water content and moisture become higher in secondary forests and there fore contributes toan increase in soil organic matter content. Key Words : Agroforestry, diversity of  termite, forest use change, secondary forest.
KERAGAMAN JENIS RAYAP PADA KEBUN MONOKULTUR KAKAO DI HUTAN PENDIDIKAN UNIVERSITAS TADULAKO SULAWESI TENGAH Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Hapid, Abdul; Ariyanti, Ariyanti
ForestSains Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

This research had the objectives  to find out  examine the structure and the termite community monoculture cocoa gardens. The research was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 in Education Forest of Tadulako University  area around the village 0f Bukit Makmur, Bolano Lambunu Subdistrict, Parigi Moutong Regency. The observation of termites was conducted using transect method. Parameters observed were environmental parameters, and microclimate. The total diversity of termite species found was 7. the biomass of Nekromass on the monoculture cocoa  system was 0.92 Mg/ha, and litter was 7 Mg/ha. Plants in the garden is dominated by cocoa as a staple crop, undergrowth found 20 species. microclimate at the study site, the average soil temperature, air temperature, humidity and the soil moisture content were 23.82 ° C,  24.29 ° C, 78.11%, and 39.28% respectively.
PENINGKATAN MUTU TANAMAN HIAS ANGGREK ALAM PHALAENOPSIS MELALUI KEGIATAN PERSILANGAN Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Muslimin, Muslimin; Alam, Andi Sahra; Toknok, Bau
Jurnal Abditani Vol 1 (2018): Oktober
Publisher : FAKULTAS PERTANIAN UNIVERSITAS ALKHAIRAAT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31970/abditani.v1i0.17

Abstract

Phalaenopsis celebencis dan Phalaenopsis venosamerupakan dua jenis anggrek di Sulawesi tengah yang berpotensi sebagai tetua untuk menghasilkan varietas baru anggrek bunga potong. Prospek tanaman anggrek untuk bunga potong dianggap masih sangat cerah untuk dikembangkan. Namun  potensi  ini  belum  dimanfaatkan secara proporsional. Rendahnya produksi anggrek disebabkan  kurang  tersedianya  bibit  bermutu,  budidaya  yang kurang efisien serta penanganan tanaman anggrek yang kurang baik. Untuk memenuhi permintaan pasar yang cenderung meningkat maka diperlukan ketersediaan bibit yang bermutu dan dalam jumlah banyak. Persilangan merupakan salah satu cara meningkatkan mutu tanaman anggrek. Persilangan pada tanaman anggrek tidak bisa terjadi secara alami kecuali pada jenis anggrek tertentu, sehingga diperlukan campur tangan manusia untuk melakukan penyerbukan dengan cara hibridisasi atau persilangan. . Persilangan ini dilakukan untuk memperkaya keaneka-ragaman genetik pada tanaman anggrek. Potensi usaha yang dikembangkan yaitu; usaha pembibitan (perbanyakan),  pembesaran, dan perdagangan. Usaha pengembangan tanaman anggrek dilakukan melalui kegiatan persilangan atau hibridisasi. Hasil yang dicapai dari kegiatan pengabdianini adalah tersedianya indukan anggrek hasil persilangan yang digunakan sebagai sumber eksplan dalam kultur jaringan. Tersedianya anakan-anakan anggrek hybrid hasil persilangan dari hasil kultur jaringan. Dari rangkaian kegiatan ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa target kegiatan berupa tersedianya anakan anggrek dan pemasaran anggrek hasil kultur jaringan dapat tercapai dengan baik. Rangkaian kegiatan memberikan kontribusi besar baik terhadap institusi maupun bagi Masyarakat.
KERAGAMAN JENIS RAYAP PADA PERUMAHAN DI KABUPATEN SIGI SULAWESI TENGAH Hapid, Abdul; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah
ForestSains Vol 15, No 1 (2017): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Termite control activities in Indonesia, particularly in Central Sulawesi until the moment still confront obstacles in the forms not yet complete information on the diversity of the termite itself and knowledge of the characteristics bioecology and habit in this spread. This is the cause so far undertaken control measures are still limited to the spraying of chemicals that require high costs and have negative impacts on the environment and the potential to kill organisms that are beneficial. This study was aimed known the diversity of termitesattacking in the buiding Sigi District, Central Sulawesi.The study was conducted at termite habitat. These termite sample were collected by getting baitting method and direct taking of the habitat of termites, which continued with the identification of activities for determining the types of termites. The result showed that there are six genera of termites from 15 Subdistrict in Sigi District were Microcerotermes, Odontotermes, Nasutitermes, Schedorhinotermes dan Parrhinotermes.
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN STEK BATANG ANGGREK Dendrobium secundum (BI.) Lindl. PADA KOMBINASI KONSENTRASI DAN INTENSITAS PEMBERIAN ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Wardah, Wardah; Adnyani, Dewa Ayu
ForestSains Vol 16, No 2 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Dendrobium orchid has great potential to be developed. The problem faced in its development is the decrease of orchid productivity per square meter of cultivation area. Consequently, the less availability of orchid either in quality and quantity. Whereas, there are growth regulator substances might be used to fulfill the hormone needs of orchid to obtain optimal growth. The main constraint is how the growth regulator substance in a certain amount affected the dendrobium archid growth. The research objective is to assess the growth response of stem cuttings of Dendrobium secundum orchid in combination of concentration and application intensity of growth regulator. This research was conducted for 3 months from October to January 2018, at Orchid Green House of the Permanent Nursery of BPDAS Palu Poso, Tadulako University. The results of study showed that the best treatment was combination of NAA (1 ml) + BAP (1 ml)/liter of water applied once a week (P1), which gave the fastest shoot growth of 16.25 days and had the highest growth on the shoot height of 3.5 cm and on the leave number of 4 sheets at the age of 12 weeks after planting.
KONDISI FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN PINUS (Pinus merkusii Jungh. et de Vriese) DAN PADANG RUMPUT DESA WATUTAU KECAMATAN LORE PEORE KABUPATEN POSO SULAWESI TENGAH kasih, Gabriella Cahya; Yusran, Yusran; Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah
ForestSains Vol 16, No 2 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Watutau Village is one of the villages in the Napu valley plains of Central Sulawesi, can be found stands pine breadth ± 500ha. In addition to pine stands there are also grasslands, which are located adjacent to pine stands, it attracts attention for research because it has two distinct land cover vegetations. Differences in vegetation composition of land cover can also affect the physical condition of the soil. The purpose of this study was to determine the physical condition of the soil under the stands of pine and grassland. The study was conducted from November 2017 till January 2018, located in Watutau Village, Lore Peore Sub-district, Poso District, Central Sulawesi. This research starts from field survey, location determination, soil sampling, analysis of soil sampled laboratory. Determination of location done purposive sampling by considering slope condition that is section of valley, slope and peak. Soil sampling is done at two depths 0-30cm and 30-60cm. The results showed that the soil under pine stands had dust clay soil texture and clay, granular soil structure, bulk density 1.26gr / cm3 (High) and 1.3gr / cm3 (High), porosity 50.2% (Good) and 48.6% (Less good). Permeability 2.45cm / hr (Medium) and 2.9cm / hr (Medium), soil colors yellowish red, very dark gray, gray irish, very dark grayish brown, grayish brown. While the soil conditions in the grassland area have clay soil texture, granular soil structure, Bulk density 1,34gr / cm3 (High) and 1,4gr / cm3 (Very High), 50% Porosity (Good) and 47,63% Not good), Permeability 2.14cm / hr (Medium) and 3.66cm / hr (Medium), soil colors dark grayish brown color, brown, strong brown.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS ANGGREK ALAM DI DESA LEMBANTONGOA KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Mallombasang, Sri Ningsih; Ferdiansah, Ferdiansah
ForestSains Vol 15, No 2 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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As the largest island in Wallacea, Sulawesi is rich in biodiversity, of which most of flora and fauna are endemic. One of them is orchids. This study aims to investigate the species diversity, namely the number of the species and abundance of each species, as well as the species evenness of natural orchids in forest areas in Lembantongoa Village, Sigi district. This study was conducted for three months: February ? April 2017. It was designed as an exploratory research with purposive sampling and systematic sampling as methods of sampling. The species diversity and species evenness of natural orchids were analyzed using species diversity index (H') and species evenness index (E). The findings of this study show that there are currently 15 genera and 30 species living naturally in the forest of Lembantongoa village, in which 25 species are epiphytic while 5 species are terrestrial. The diversity index is categorized as moderate, the species evenness index is relatively high and the species are evenly dispersed.
PENGARUH LAMA PERENDAMAN DAN MEDIA TABUR TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN BENIH MAHONI (Swietenia mahagoni (L) Jacq) Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Umar, Husain; Kiptiah, Sarifatul
ForestSains Vol 14, No 1 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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The availability of water is a very important factor in the germination process. Therefore, it is necessary immersion process mahogany seeds to accelerate germination. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of immersion time and media of sow to germination mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni (L) Jacq). This research was conducted from December 2015 to February 2016 at Permanent Nursery of BPDAS Palu ? Poso, Tadulako University. This research applied a completely randomized design, factorial pattern with 9 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments of this research were immersion time that consist of 24 hours, 49 hours and 72 hours. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and tested using Significant Difference test (LSD) with level 5%. The results of this study showed that immersion duration and media sow has significant effect on germination percentage, rate germination, root length and vigor, except the treatment of sow media has no significant effect on root length of mahogany seedling, and did not interaction between the two treatments. The highest germination percentages in treatment of immersion were 25 hours (P1) and 48 hours (P2) namely 56,87%, and 45,77%, respectively, and the lowest was 72 hours (P3) namely 24,43%. The fastest rates of germination for immersion treatment were 72 hours (P3) and 24 hours (P1) namely 17,73 days, 21,01 days respectively, and the latest was 48 hours (P2) namely 21,89 days. the longest roots were in the immersion treatments for 24 hours (P1), and 48 hours (P2) namely 9,26 cm, 8,63 cm respectively, and the shortest was in 72 hours (P3) namely 7,71 cm. The highest seed vigor was in the immersion treatment for 24 hours (P1) and 48 hours (P2) namely 50,23%, 39,11%, respectively, and the lowest was 72 hours (P3) namely 22,66%. The optimum of sow media for all parameters was sail + goat manure + carbonated rice husk.
PERBANYAKAN VEGETATIF ANGGREK Dendrobium sp PADA BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR DAN INTENSITAS PEMUPUKAN Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah; Wardah, Wardah; Muhamad, Ari
ForestSains Vol 16, No 1 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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This study aims to determine the vegetative growth of Dendrobium sp orchids at various concentrations of liquid organic fertilizer and fertilizer intensity. This research was designed with a completely randomized design (CRD) factorial pattern. The first factor is the concentration of liquid organic fertilizer consisting of three levels, namely the concentration of 5 ml / liter (A1), 10 ml / liter (A2), 15 ml / liter (A3), and the second factor is the intensity of fertilization consisting of 1 time / week ( B1), 2 times / week (B2), 3 times / week (B3). The results showed that the interaction between the concentration of liquid organic fertilizer and fertilizer intensity significantly affected the time parameters of buds, shoot height, and number of leaves. The 10 ml / liter concentration treatment with fertilizer intensity 3 times / week (A2B3) gave the fastest shoot growth of 7.93 weeks and had the highest yield on Dendrobium sp orchid shoot height at 12 weeks after planting which was 3.5 cm and the amount Dendrobium sp orchid leaves at the end of the observation were 4.75 strands.