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ANALISIS KRITIS SUBSTANSI DAN IMPLEMENTASI UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 13 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG KEISTIMEWAAN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA DALAM BIDANG PERTANAHAN Antoro, Kus Sri
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 1, No 1 (2015): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.201 KB) | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v1i1.38

Abstract

Abstract: The structure of land tenure and ownership in Special Province of Yogyakarta (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta/DIY) haschanged radically since The Law No 13/2012 on Yogyakarta’s Special Status (UUK DIY) was enacted.. The changes include 1)establishment of both the Sultanate (Kasultanan) and Pakualaman Regency as special legal bodies allowed to possess lands,according to this article by the name of Culture Heritage Legal Body (Badan Hukum Warisan Budaya/BHWB); 2) establishmentof the existence of lands categorized as Sultan’s (Sultanaat Grond/SG) and Pakualaman’s (Paku Alamanaat Grond/PAG). Thispaper is the result of a community desk study conducted from September 2014 to February 2015, and is aimed at showing:1) the legal position of SG and PAG; 2) the legal position of state-controlled lands; 3) the legal position of lands belonging tosociety, either individual or communal (village-owned lands), 4) the position of agrarian law to UUK DIY. The analysis of officialdocuments carried out using historical; legal; and social-cultural approaches to critically analyze the substance and implementationof UUK DIY.Keywords: UUK DIY, Kasultanan, Pakualaman, Sultanaat Grond, Paku Alamanaat GrondAbstrak: Struktur penguasaan dan kepemilikan tanah di Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) mengalami perubahanmendasar sejak UU No 13 Tahun 2012 tentang Keistimewaan DIY (UUK DIY) disahkan. Perubahan tersebut meliputi 1)penetapan Kasultanan/Kadipaten (Pakualaman) sebagai badan hukum khusus yang dapat memiliki tanah, dalam tulisan ini disebutBadan Hukum Warisan Budaya (BHWB); 2) pengukuhan eksistensi tanah-tanah yang digolongkan sebagai Sultanaat Grond (SG)dan Paku Alamanaat Grond (PAG). Tulisan ini merupakan hasil dari penelitian pustaka oleh komunitas masyarakat yang dilakukandari September 2014 hingga Februari 2015, dan bertujuan untuk menunjukkan 1) kedudukan hukum dari tanah dengan statusSG dan PAG; 2) kedudukan hukum dari tanah yang dikuasai negara, 3) kedudukan hukum dari tanah yang dimiliki masyarakat,baik individu maupun komunitas (tanah desa), 4) kedudukan hukum agraria terhadap UUK DIY. Analisis terhadap isi dokumendokumenresmi dilakukan dengan pendekatan sejarah, hukum, dan sosial budaya untuk menelaah secara kritis substansi danimplementasi UUK DIY.Kata kunci: UUK DIY, Kasultanan, Pakualaman, Sultanaat Grond, Paku Alamanaat Grond
ANATOMI KONSEP PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK AGRARIA: STUDI PERBANDINGAN ANTARA RANAH KEBIJAKAN DAN RANAH PERJUANGAN AGRARIA Antoro, Kus Sri
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan No 37 (2013): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.694 KB) | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v0i37.150

Abstract

This article is a conceptual idea of the comparison between a research finding and reality in the community relatedto the agrarian conflict resolution. The study is entitled Resolution Policy on Contemporary Agrarian Conflict, which is one of thesystematic studies carried out by STPN in 2012; while the aforementioned reality in the society is gathered from records of thedynamics of agrarian conflict and struggle in several areas collected by Forum Komunikasi Masyarakat Agraris (FKMA), which arepublished by FKMA and other official media. By exploring and comparing the conceptual ideas of the two written sources, thisarticle is intended to map out the approaches and models of agrarian conflict resolution, especially according to the perceptionsand interests of the three actors of agrarian political economy, namely the state, market and society.Keywords: agrarian resources, conflict, conflict resolution
LEGITIMASI IDENTITAS ADAT DALAM DINAMIKA POLITIK AGRARIA (STUDI KASUS LEMBAGA SWAPRAJA DI YOGYAKARTA) Antoro, Kus Sri
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan No 39 (2014): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.289 KB) | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v1i39.182

Abstract

Post New Order era is marked by the rise of movements that, claiming on the behalf of the indigenous people,attempt to take over the indigenous rights related to agrarian resources, including the feudalistic self-governing institution(swapraja) in Yogyakarta. That the status and rights of both indigenous community (Adat) and self-governing institution have beenstrictly distinguished by agrarian laws, it does not mean that the laws fully operate in social domain. In reality, the existence ofthe dualistic agrarian politics is recognized although it finds no room for legal certainty. By tracing and comparing between officialhistorical sources, this article is critically reviewing the issue of the dynamics on indigenous community positioning in agrarianpolitics in the former self-governing region of Yogyakarta, as well as further consequences of the implementation of agrarianspecial authority following the issuance of Law Number 13 of 2012.Keywords: indigenous community, self-governing institution, agrarian resources.