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Effect of Washing Treatment on the Morphology of Vertically Aligned ZnO Nanorods Apriyana, Wuri; Arryanto, Yateman; Kartini, Indriana
Berkala Ilmiah MIPA Vol 23, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : FMIPA UGM

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Abstract

Vertically oriented ZnO nanorods were synthesized in a two steps technique involving the preparation of ZnO seed layer and the growth of ZnO nanorod on the glass substrate. ZnO seed layer was firstly deposited on the glass substrate by dip coating method, while well aligned ZnO nanorod were grown on seed layer coated substrate by hydrothermal method at 110 oC for 20 min. Crystalline structure, morphologies and band gap energy of the as-prepared ZnO nanorod were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and specular reflectance UV-Visible spectrophotometer, respectively. The XRD results showed that ZnO nanorods were wurtzite-structured with preferential orientation along (002) plane. It is shown that washing treatment on the as-prepared ZnO films provides a facile way to eliminate randomly oriented ZnO nanorods and results in vertically oriented nanorods on the glass substrate. Its textural coefficient is almost two times higher than ZnO nanorods previously reported. 
EKSTRAK KAYU TEGERAN (Cudrania javanensis Trécul) SEBAGAI ANTI JAMUR Peniophora sp. Darsih, Cici; Ilyas, Muhammad; Rosyida, Vita Taufika; Pratiwi, Diah; Indrianingsih, A. Wheni; Hernawan, .; Apriyana, Wuri
Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI) Vol 6, No 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jbbi.v6i1.3168

Abstract

Antifungal Activity of Tegeran Wood (Cudrania javanensis Trécul) Extracts against Fungus Peniophora sp.  ABSTRACTThe fungus Peniophora sp. can degrade natural dyes, causing discoloration on batik cloth. This study was aimed to evaluate the antifungal activity of tegeran wood (Cudrania javanensis) extracts against Peniophora sp. isolated from the aqueous extract of mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni) bark. Aqueous and methanol extraction procedures gave tegeran wood extracts whose concentrations were then varied into 100, 250 and 500 ppm. Phytochemical analysis of the extracts were carried out, and the results showed that the average values of the total polysaccharides and terpenoids of both aqueous and methanol extracts did not differ significantly (p<0.05), whereas those of polyphenols did (p<0.05). The total polyphenols of the methanol extract (484.723 mg GAE/g) was higher than that of the aqueous extract (389.903 mg GAE/g). Results showed that the methanol extract of tegeran wood showed higher antifungal activity against Peniophora sp. than the aqueous extract, and was also higher than ketoconazole control (100 ppm). The minimum inhibitory concentration of the methanol extract against Peniophora sp. growth was of 500 ppm with the antifungal activity value (AFA) of 76.30%.Keywords: antifungal activity, Cudrania javanensis, Peniophora sp., Swietenia mahagoni, wood extract ABSTRAKJamur Peniophora sp. dapat mendegradasi zat warna alam sehingga warna yang dihasilkan pada kain batik lebih pudar. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mempelajari aktivitas anti jamur dari ekstrak kayu tegeran (Cudrania javanensis) terhadap Peniophora sp. yang diisolasi dari ekstrak air kulit mahoni (Swietenia mahagoni). Ekstraksi menggunakan metanol dan air, menghasilkan ekstrak kayu tegeran, yang kemudian konsentrasinya divariasi menjadi 100, 250 dan 500 ppm. Analisis fitokimia ekstrak kayu tegeran dilakukan, dan hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa nilai rata-rata total polisakarida dan terpenoid ekstrak metanol dan air kayu tegeran tidak berbeda nyata (p<0,05). Sedangkan total polifenol kedua ekstrak berbeda nyata (p<0,05). Total polifenol ekstrak metanol kayu tegeran (484,723 mg GAE/g) lebih besar dibandingkan dengan ekstrak air (389,903 mg GAE/g). Hasil menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas anti jamur ekstrak metanol lebih baik dibandingkan dengan ekstrak air kayu tegeran, dan juga lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kontrol ketoconazole (100 ppm). Konsentrasi minimum ekstrak metanol kayu tegeran yang dapat menghambat pertumbuhan jamur Peniophora sp. adalah 500 ppm dengan nilai penghambatan (AFA) sebesar 76,30%.Kata Kunci: aktivitas anti jamur, Cudrania javanensis, ekstrak kayu, Peniophora sp., Swietenia mahagoni
Efek Pengeringan pada Bagian Buah Labu Kuning (Cucurbita Moschata) terhadap Aktivitas Antioksidan, Sifat Kimia dan Struktur Morfologi Indrianingsih, Anastasia Wheni; Apriyana, Wuri; Rosyida, Vita Taufika; Nisa, Khoirun; Nurhayati, Septi; Darsih, Cici
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Industri Vol.13. No.1 JUNI 2019
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.152 KB) | DOI: 10.26578/jrti.v13i1.4395

Abstract

Labu kuning (C. moschata) merupakan salah satu tanaman yang banyak terdapat di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari aktivitas antioksidan, struktur morfologi, sifat kimia dan fisikokimia dari tiga komponen tepung yakni kulit, biji dan daging buah dari labu kuning. Ekstrak biji, kulit dan daging buah labu kuning diperoleh dengan maserasi menggunakan pelarut etanol. Dua metode pengeringan yang digunakan yakni pengeringan dengan sinar matahari dan oven pada suhu 50oC. Hasil uji aktivitas antioksidan dengan metode DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) menunjukkan bahwa biji labu kuning dengan metode pengeringan oven, memiliki aktivitas antioksidan yang paling tinggi, yakni memiliki aktivitas penangkapan radikal bebas sebesar 22,6% pada konsentrasi ekstrak 400 ppm, diikuti oleh kulit dan daging buah labu kuning masing-masing sebesar 16,7 dan 14,2%. Tepung kulit, biji dan daging buah labu kuning juga sudah dilakukan karakterisasi menggunakan SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) untuk mengetahui struktur morfologi permukaan, FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) untuk mengetahui gugus fungsional senyawa dari labu kuning, XRD (X-ray diffraction) dan Uji Warna. Hasil analisis proksimat menunjukkan bahwa kandungan protein dan lemak dari biji labu kuning dengan metode pengeringan oven memiliki kandungan paling tinggi yakni sebesar 33,5% dan 33,3% sedangkan kandungan karbohidrat tertinggi dimiliki oleh daging buah labu kuning dengan pengeringan oven sebesar 75,3%. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan metode pengeringan menghasilkan karakteristik yang berbeda dari tepung labu kuning
THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVES AND REDUCTORS IN SELECTIVE REDUCTION PROCESS OF LATERITE NICKEL ORE Nurjaman, Fajar; Sa'adah, Anis; Shofi, Achmad; Apriyana, Wuri; Suharno, Bambang
Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia Vol 20, No 1: OCTOBER 2018
Publisher : Center for Science & Technology of Advanced Materials - National Nuclear Energy Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.505 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/jusami.2018.20.1.5404

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF ADDITIVES AND REDUCTORS IN SELECTIVE REDUCTION PROCESS OF LATERITE NICKEL ORE. Selective reduction of laterite nickel ore followed by magnetic separation was carried out to produce ferronickel products. The effect of adding additives and reductor types in the selective reduction process was studied in this study. Reductors used were anthracite coal and palm shell charcoal with variations of 5 to 15% by weight, while the additive used was sodium sulfate (Na2SO4). The reduction process was carried out at temperatures of 950 ºC, 1050 ºC and 1150 ºC for 60 minutes. The addition of 10% sodium sulfate additives by weight in the reduction process of laterite nickel ore produced higher concentrations of nickel as 6.09%, compared to no additives, i.e. 2.45%. The addition of reductors in the selective reduction process of laterite nickel ore shows that the higher the amount of reductors causes a decrease in the concentrate level of nickel. Furhtermore, the type of reductors used shows that the concentrate from the reduction result using anthracite coal reductor produces higher level of nickel and lower level of iron compared to the use of palm shell charcoal reductor.