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Profil Jaringan Lunak Dan Keras Wajah Lelaki Dan Perempuan Dewasa Etnis Aceh Berdasarkan Keturunan Campuran Arab, Cina, Eropa Dan Hindia -, Komalawati; Indriaty, Etty; Supartinah, Al
Cakradonya Dental Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : FKG Unsyiah

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Abstract

Profil Jaringan Lunak Dan Keras Wajah Lelaki Dan PPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan karakteristik bentuk wajah etnis Aceh pada ukuran dan perbandingan profil jaringan lunak dan jaringan keras wajah lelaki dan perempuan dewasa Aceh berdasarkan keturunan campuran Arab, Cina, Eropa dan Hindia yang ada di Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Keturunan Arab diseleksi berdasarkan daerah Aceh Besar dan Banda Aceh, keturunan Cina di seleksi pada daerah Aceh Utara dan Aceh Timur, keturunan Eropa di seleksi pada daerah Aceh Barat dan Aceh Selatan, keturunan Hindia di seleksi pada daerah Aceh Sigli dan Aceh Pidie. Pendekatan sefalogram lateral sejumlah 273 lembar terdiri dari subjek 130 lelaki dan 143 perempuan, umur 17 – 21 tahun dengan oklusi normal, klas I Angle, wajah simetris, jarak tumpang gigit 2-4 mm dan dua generasi keturunan keatas. Analisis Downs dipakai untuk menentukan derajat retrusi atau protrusi mandibula dan maksila dengan mengukur sudut fasial dan sudut konveksity, garis estetik Riketts di gunakan untuk menentukan posisi jaringan lunak bibir terhadap profil wajah secara keseluruhan. Analisis of varian 2 jalur digunakan untuk menentukan taraf signifikansi asal keturunan jenis kelamin antara lelaki dan perempuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa profil wajah adalah lurus (orthognathi) dan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan (p > 0,05) antara bentuk profil jaringan lunak dan keras wajah suku Aceh keturunan Arab, Cina, Eropa dan Hindia, baik pada lelaki maupun pada perempuan. Kesimpulan: Etnik Aceh berasal dari ras Mongoloid subras Deutero-Melayid mempunyai profil jaringan lunak dan keras wajah lurus (orthognathi), sama seperti ras Kaukasian.rempuan Dewasa Etnis Aceh Berdasarkan Keturunan Campuran Arab, Cina, Eropa Dan Hindia
Prediksi Risiko Karies Baru Berdasarkan Konsumsi Pempek pada Anak Usia 1112 Tahun Di Palembang (Tinjauan dengan Cariogram) Marlindayanti, Marlindayanti; Widiati, Sri; Supartinah, Al
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 21, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

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Penyakit rongga mulut yang sering diderita anak adalah karies gigi. Hasil penelitian terdahulu menunjukkan prevalensi karies gigi anak di Palembang sebesar 92,43%. Pempek makanan khas jenis karbohidrat lengket yang dimakan bersama kuahnya (cuko), kebiasaan anak di Palembang mengkonsumsi pempek lebih dari 2 kali sehari. Frekuensi konsumsi karbohidrat yang sering berakibat karies gigi. Kebiasaan anak di Palembang mengkonsumsi pempek merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya karies gigi. Risiko karies gigi perlu diketahui untuk melihat kisaran karies baru yang dapat terjadi. Penelitian ini bertujuan memprediksi risiko terjadinya karies baru berdasarkan frekuensi konsumsi pempek di Palembang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan tekhnik cluster, subjek penelitian sebanyak 305 anak dari 52 SD di Palembang. Pengukuran prediksi risiko karies menggunakan cariogram dengan cara mengumpulkan data survei diet frekuensi konsumsi secara keseluruhan dan frekuensi konsumsi pempek, DMF-T, kapasitas buffer, sekresi saliva, plak skor, program fluor dan penyakit umum. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan prediksi risiko karies anak usia 11-12 tahun di Palembang 65,72% (kategori tinggi) kontribusi pempek 45,83% dari total konsumsi makan keseluruhan. Peluang menghindari karies sebesar 34,28%. Urutan penyebab risiko karies adalah kerentanan (31,0%), pola makan (17,36%), bakteri (8,91%) dan keadaan lain yang berpengaruh (5,35%). Kesimpulan penelitian, prediksi risiko terjadinya karies baru pada anak usia 11-12 tahun di Palembang termasuk kategori tinggi, pempek menyumbang 45,83% dari total konsumsi keseluruhan. Urutan prediksi risiko karies anak usia 11-12 tahun di Palembang, kerentanan, pola makan, bakteri dan faktor lain yang berpengaruh.  ABSTRACT. Prediction of The Risk Of New Caries Base on Pempek Consumption on Children Age 11-12 Years Old In Palembang. The oral cavity disease often suffered by children is dental caries. The previous research suggested that the prevalence of dental caries in Palembang was 92.43%. Pempek is a typical type of carbohydrate food which is eaten together with its gravy (namely cuko). Children in Palembang usually consume the food more than twice a day. The high of frequently consumption of carbohydrate often can effect in dental caries. The risk of dental caries is necessary to investigate to predict the new caries incidence. This research is aimed at predicting the risk of new caries incidence based on the consumption frequency of pempek in Palembang. This research (study) used quantitative observational method with cross sectional design and cluster sampling technique. The subject study included 305 children selected from 52 elementary schools in Palembang. Cariogram model was applied to assess the prediction of the risk of caries by collecting data on diet survey, the overall frequency of pempek consumption, DMF-T, buffer capacity, secretion of saliva, plaque score, fluor program, and common diseases. The results showed that the risk of caries incidence in Palembang was 65.72% (high) while contribution of pempek was 45.83% out of the total food consumption. The chance of avoiding caries was 34.28%. Meanwhile, the influential factors in dental caries were susceptibility (31.0%), diet (17.36%), bacteria (8.91%), and other influential factors (5.35%). This study suggested that the risk of new caries incidence in Palembang was categorized as high.Pempek contributed 45.83% of the overall food consumption. The sequence of factors influencing the risk of caries incidence in Palembang was susceptibility, diet pattern, bacteria, and other influential factors.
Hubungan asupan protein dan lemak dengan status kesehatan mulut anak usia prasekolah di Kecamatan Jetis Kabupaten Bantul D.I. Yogyakarta Handijani, Jatri; Supartinah, Al; Budiningsari, R Dwi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 3 (2006): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

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Background: The main problem of children’s oral cavity are caries and gingivitis. One cause of caries and gingivitis is plaque of which its formation and composition are affected by nutritional factor. Nutrition can be cariogenic or non-cariogenic both of which can bring direct or indirect impact to oral cavity. In the oral cavity both protein and fat are non-cariogenic.Objective: To identify the relationship between protein and fat intake with oral health status (level of caries seriousness, oral cleanliness, gingiva health and saliva acidity) of preschool children in Jetis subdistrict, Bantul District, Yogyakarta Special Territory.Methods: This was an observational study which used a cross sectional design. Subject of study were 100 children of 4-6 years old taken by using propotional random sampling. Data collected consisted of eating pattern, respondent characteristics, level of caries seriousness, oral cleanliness, gingiva health and saliva acidity. Data analysis used Person correlation statistic and linier regression. Data collected consisted of eating pattern, respondent characteristics, level of caries seriousness, oral cleanliness, gingival health status and saliva acidity. Data analysis used Pearson correlation statistic and linear regression tests.Results: Result of the study showed that there was relationship between protein and fat intake with oral cleanliness and saliva acidity (p<0.05) and there was no relationship between protein and fat intake with level of caries seriousness and gingiva health (p>0.05).Conclusion: There was relationship between protein and fat intake with oral health status (oral cleanliness and saliva acidity), but not with oral health status (level of caries serious- ness and gingiva health).
Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Karies Baru dengan Pendekatan Kariogram pada Pasien Anak di Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak RSGMP Prof. Soedomo Yogyakarta Wardani, Putri Kusuma; Supartinah, Al; Titien S, Indah; Rantinah, SB Sri; Lukito, Emut; Utomo, Rinaldi Budi; Kuswandari, Sri
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2012): December
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Latar belakang. Faktor risiko karies adalah faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian karies pada individu dan populasi. Faktor risiko karies berbeda antar individu. Untuk menggambarkan interaksi antara faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan karies digunakan kariogram. Tujuan. Penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran urutan faktor risiko karies dengan pendekatan kariogram pada pasien anak di klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak RSGMP Prof. Soedomo. Metode. Subjek terdiri dari 26 anak dalam periode gigi-geligi bercampur. Dilakukan pemeriksaan tentang pengalaman karies, riwayat penyakit sistemik, frekuensi makan, skor plak, aktivitas Streptococcus mutans, volume sekresi saliva, pH saliva dan program fluoridasi. Hasil pemeriksaan dianalisis menggunakan program kariogram. Hasil. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rerata persentase faktor bakteri adalah 21,1%, faktor pola makan: 18,1%, faktor kerentanan gigi: 16,1% dan faktor lain-lain: 9,5%. Kesimpulan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa urutan faktor risiko karies dengan pendekatan kariogram adalah bakteri, pola makan, kerentanan gigi dan faktor lain-lain. Background. Caries risk factor is factor related with caries incidence in individu and population. The caries risk factor is different between individu. For illustrating the interaction between caries related factors may be used cariogram. Aim. The aim of this research was to find out the sequence of caries risk factors from cariogram on children patients at the Clinic of Pediatric Dentistry Prof. Soedomo dental hospital. Method. Subjects were comprised 26 children in the periode of mixed dentition. Examinations were included: experience of caries, the history of systemic disease, daily meal frequency, plaque scoring, activity of Streptococcus mutans, the volume of saliva secretion, pH of saliva, and the participations of fluoridation program. The examination result were analyzed with programme cariogram. Result. The result showed that the mean of percentage bacteria factor was 21,1%, meal pattern factor: 18,1%, susceptible teeth factor: 16,1% and others factors 9,5%. Conclusion. It could be concluded that the sequence of caries risk factors from cariogram were bacteria, meal pattern, susceptible teeth and others factors.
Pengaruh keadaan rongga mulut, perilaku ibu, dan lingkungan terhadap risiko karies pada anak Hendrartini, Julita; Supartinah, Al
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The effect of oral cavity condition, mothers’ behaviour and environment on the carries risk on children. Carries risk factors in children consist of direct risk factor, which includes the condition of oral cavity, and indirect risk factor including mother’s behaviour and environment. The study was to identify factors that influence the occurrence of caries in children. This is an observational research with a cross-sectional design. The samples were 430 children between the ages of 10-12 years. The evaluated caries risk factors included pH level of saliva, the amount of plaque, caries experience, the mother’s behaviour in child’s utilization of dental health service, the mother’s behaviour on the child’s health care, and the mother’s behaviour on child’s food selection. The environment factors were UKGS implementation by teacher and friend’s influences. The data were analysed using multiple logistic regression. The result of multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the pH level of saliva (POR=1.923), the amount of plaque (POR=2.382), caries experience (POR=4.048), mother’s behaviour in child’s utilization of dental health service (POR= 2.107), mother’s behaviour on child’s food selection (POR= 1.676), and the UKGS implementation by teacher (POR=1,846) significantly influenced the occurrence of caries (p<0,05). The mother’s behaviour on the child’s health care and friend’s influences did not significantly influenced the occurrence of caries (p>0,05). The study showed that pH level of saliva, the amount of plaque, caries experience, the mother’s behaviour in utilization of dental health service, mother’s behaviour on child’s food selection, and the UKGS implementation by teacher influenced the risk of caries in children.ABSTRAKFaktor risiko karies pada anak terdiri atas faktor risiko langsung, yaitu keadaan rongga mulut anak, dan faktor tidak langsung, yaitu perilaku ibu dan lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap risiko terjadinya karies. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan cross-sectional. Sampel sebanyak 430 anak berumur 10-12 tahun, faktor risiko karies yang diukur adalah pH saliva, banyaknya plak, dan pengalaman karies, perilaku ibu dalam pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan gigi anak, perilaku ibu dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi, dan perilaku ibu dalam pemilihan makanan anak. Faktor lingkungan terdiri atas pelaksanaan UKGS oleh guru dan pengaruh teman sebaya. Analisis data dilakukan dengan multiple logistic regression. Hasil analisis menunjukkan pH saliva (POR=1,923), banyaknya plak (POR 2,382), dan pengalaman karies (POR= 4,048), perilaku ibu dalam pemanfatan pelayanan kesehatan gigi anak (POR=1,876), perilaku ibu dalam pemilihan makanan anak (POR=1,676) dan pelaksanaan UKGS oleh guru (POR=1,847) berpengaruh secara signifikan dengan risiko karies pada anak (p<0,05). Perilaku ibu dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi anak dan teman sebaya tidak berpengaruh terhadap risiko karies pada anak (p>0,05). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap risiko karies pada anak adalah pengalaman karies, banyaknya plak, pH saliva, perilaku ibu dalam pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan gigi anak, perilaku ibu dalam pemilihan makanan anak, dan pelaksanaan UKGS oleh guru.
Status kesehatan mulut dan asupan makan sebagai faktor risiko underweight pada lansia Angraini, Dian Isti; Supartinah, Al; Wachid, Deddy Nur
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 4 (2013): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

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Background: Oral health status and dietary intake contribute to nutritional status in elderly. Missing teeth cause chewing disorder that reduces quality and quantity of food intake, which finally makes the elderly have underweight nutritional status.Objective: To determine the risk factors for underweight in the elderly at Yogyakarta Municipality.Method: The study was observational with case control design on elderly at Yogyakarta Municipality. Subjects consisted of 210 elderly matched in age and gender. Sampling was done by multistage random sampling. Oral health status was assessed through dental health status (index of missing teeth) and periodontal status (gingival index, periodontal index and oral hygiene index), dietary intake was collected by using semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and underweight nutritional status was based on body mass armspan (BMA). Data were analyzed by using tests of X2 Mc.Nemar, X2 Stuart Maxwell, and conditional logistic regression.Results: Bivariate analysis showed the number of missing teeth ≥ 21 (OR=3.67, p<0.05) and 16-20 (OR=3.53, p<0.05) as risk factors of underweight, whereas the gingival index, periodontal index and oral hygiene index were not. Less intake of energy (OR=6.3), protein (OR=7.83), fat (OR=5.67) and carbohydrates (OR=7.5) were risk factors of underweight (p<0.01). Income less than Rp 808.000,00 was also risk factor for underweight (OR=4.5; p<0.01). Multivariate analysis showed the significant risk factors for underweight were the missing teeth ≥ 21 (OR=8.76) and 16-20 (OR=6.04) which increased by income less than Rp 808.000,00 (OR=5.94), less fat intake (OR=4.88), and less carbohydrate intake (OR=5.48). Income was confounding factor in the risk of missing teeth and protein intake for becoming underweight.Conclusion: Significant risk factors of underweight in elderly were missing teeth ≥ 16, less intake of fat and carbohydrate, and income less than Rp 808.000,00.
Status kesehatan mulut dan asupan makan sebagai faktor risiko underweight pada lansia Angraini, Dian Isti; Supartinah, Al; Wachid, Deddy Nur
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 4 (2013): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

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Abstract

Background: Oral health status and dietary intake contribute to nutritional status in elderly. Missing teeth cause chewing disorder that reduces quality and quantity of food intake, which finally makes the elderly have underweight nutritional status.Objective: To determine the risk factors for underweight in the elderly at Yogyakarta Municipality.Method: The study was observational with case control design on elderly at Yogyakarta Municipality. Subjects consisted of 210 elderly matched in age and gender. Sampling was done by multistage random sampling. Oral health status was assessed through dental health status (index of missing teeth) and periodontal status (gingival index, periodontal index and oral hygiene index), dietary intake was collected by using semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and underweight nutritional status was based on body mass armspan (BMA). Data were analyzed by using tests of X2 Mc.Nemar, X2 Stuart Maxwell, and conditional logistic regression.Results: Bivariate analysis showed the number of missing teeth ≥ 21 (OR=3.67, p<0.05) and 16-20 (OR=3.53, p<0.05) as risk factors of underweight, whereas the gingival index, periodontal index and oral hygiene index were not. Less intake of energy (OR=6.3), protein (OR=7.83), fat (OR=5.67) and carbohydrates (OR=7.5) were risk factors of underweight (p<0.01). Income less than Rp 808.000,00 was also risk factor for underweight (OR=4.5; p<0.01). Multivariate analysis showed the significant risk factors for underweight were the missing teeth ≥ 21 (OR=8.76) and 16-20 (OR=6.04) which increased by income less than Rp 808.000,00 (OR=5.94), less fat intake (OR=4.88), and less carbohydrate intake (OR=5.48). Income was confounding factor in the risk of missing teeth and protein intake for becoming underweight.Conclusion: Significant risk factors of underweight in elderly were missing teeth ≥ 16, less intake of fat and carbohydrate, and income less than Rp 808.000,00.