Paulus Rudolf Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Peneliti bidang perkembangan Asia Pasifi k, Puslit Sumberdaya Regional–Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (PSDR-LIPI).

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SIASAT BERTAHAN, MODEL PENGELOLAAN REMITANSI, DAN USAHA MIKRO KELUARGA BURUH MIGRAN Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Populasi Vol 23, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Tulisan ini menjelaskan pemahaman para tenaga kerja migran terhadap masalah, terutama yang terkait dengan kehidupan keseharian mereka, juga strategi mereka untuk memecahkan masalah-masalah yang muncul. Data yang digunakan sebagai dasar dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi dan wawancara terhadap keluarga tenaga kerja migran di Pulau Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Remitan dari migran, strategi mengatasi masalah dalam rumah tangga, dan institusi lokal adalah hal-hal yang penting diketahui untuk mendapatkan pemahaman yang menyeluruh terhadap isu tenaga kerja migran. Hal-hal inilah yang perlu diketahui oleh organisasi tenaga kerja migran yang ada. Memahami persoalan tentang kondisi migran yang sebenarnya akan berimplikasi pada pengorganisasian mereka agar dapat menjadi aset di masa depan.
SIASAT BERTAHAN, MODEL PENGELOLAAN REMITANSI, DAN USAHA MIKRO KELUARGA BURUH MIGRAN Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Populasi Vol 23, No 1 (2015): Juni
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Tulisan ini menjelaskan pemahaman para tenaga kerja migran terhadap masalah, terutama yang terkait dengan kehidupan keseharian mereka, juga strategi mereka untuk memecahkan masalah-masalah yang muncul. Data yang digunakan sebagai dasar dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi dan wawancara terhadap keluarga tenaga kerja migran di Pulau Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Remitan dari migran, strategi mengatasi masalah dalam rumah tangga, dan institusi lokal adalah hal-hal yang penting diketahui untuk mendapatkan pemahaman yang menyeluruh terhadap isu tenaga kerja migran. Hal-hal inilah yang perlu diketahui oleh organisasi tenaga kerja migran yang ada. Memahami persoalan tentang kondisi migran yang sebenarnya akan berimplikasi pada pengorganisasian mereka agar dapat menjadi aset di masa depan.
CHINA BELT ROAD INITIATIVE: PEMBANGUNAN INFRASTRUKTUR DAN PERLUASAN HEGEMONI EKONOMI TIONGKOK DI DUNIA Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources-Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2SDR-LIPI)

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Masalah Globalisasi di Indonesia: Antara Kepentingan, Kebijakan, dan Tantangan Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources-Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2SDR-LIPI)

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Abstract

There are two fundamental issues facing globalization problem todays, namely the economic competition and the threat of the nations unity as the question of regional conflict. Indonesia, in this context, is expected more conscious and aware to various challenges of globalization. To respond the globalization challenges, since 2006, through a variety of research from research centers under Social and Humanities Deputies, Indonesia Institute of Science has addressed these challenges. Through a study of literature on all those conducted research, the availability of information and the institutional arrangement for the stakeholders (local and national) with reference to globalization problem has still become a fundamental issue. This paper aimed to recommendation policy on globalization in Indonesia, regarding the need for cooperation in the form of joint ventures and strategic alliances between governments, transnational actors and civil society. Al those stakeholder are required to and obliging in order to face competition and also as part of disputes solutions as well as capacity building to prepare rough leader cadres. The Government could facilitate such efforts.Keywords: Globalization, Stakeholder, Policy, Challenges
INDONESIAN MIGRATION INDUSTRY IN TAIWAN: SOME SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS AND IMPROVEMENT CHALLENGES Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources-Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2SDR-LIPI)

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Institutional placement mechanisms are inevitable in migrant services industries. However, some business components in the recruitment process are unbalanced, whereby the migrant workers are entirely responsible for their departure costs and fees. Individual and institutional actorsbanks, insurance companies, brokers, and private or even state recruitment institutionsare involved in the migrant workers sales market, and these conditions are faced by Indonesian migrant workers in general. As a result, debt bondage and slavery are typically characteristic of Indonesian migrant workers. Using existing literature and a qualitative approach through case studies of Indonesian migrant workers in Taiwan, this article demonstrates the role of brokers (agencies) in managing and controlling migrant labor abroad. Even some of the placement and fiancial policies designed to help migrants with their debt bondage and agency exploitation are also prone to manipulation. Therefore, this article also explores what circumstances and conditions might lead Indonesian migrant workers in Taiwan to debt bondage and suggests improvements for migrant empowerment. Keywords: debt, slavery, migration industry, brokers (agency)
Dari Pekerja ke Wirausaha: Migrasi Internasional, Dinamika Tenaga Kerja, dan Pembentukan Bisnis Migran Indonesia di Taiwan Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 3, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources-Indonesian Institute of Sciences (P2SDR-LIPI)

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This paper focuses on the issue of international migration, labor dynamics, and the emergence of independent business (self-employment or entrepreneurship) among Indonesian migrant communities in Taiwan. In addition to contribute the cultural exchange or mix of culture transnationally, the development of cross-border migration also encourages the emergence of social networks and economic activities at regional and global level. The economic dimension that has been linked to international migration issue is dynamics of social change among migrant workers who work for remittances (migrant remittances) to the self optimization (entrepreneurship migrant), that resulted one of them to the creation of one stop service for migrant needs (one stop service). Through observation and interviews conducted to Indonesian entrepreneurs of migrant communities in Taiwan, it shows that: (1) migrants entrepreneurship in recent situation is no longer as a side-job in economic activity, compared to being migrant workers themselves, (2) the financial crisis in 2009 had triggered the growing of migrants entrepreneurship significantly. Therefore, the practice of migrants entrepreneurship has shown its importance not only - to accommodate basic needs, social, and psychological migrant workers, but also to expand the dynamics of Indonesian migrant diaspora living in Taiwan, acculturation among society, speeding the trade flows between regions, and of course increasing economic prosperity among entrepreneurs and migrant workers. Although migrants-entrepreneurs in Taiwan had been criticized more or less for taking advantage the ideas of migrants needs, however this can be understood as a form of adjustment to the businesses they run. Furthermore, migrant entrepreneurship can be seen also as a form of adjustment to the economic potential and socio-cultural they experienced in Taiwan, one of which, by creating a variety of business models and maintain social networks individually or in other groups.Keywords: international migration, Indonesian workers, entrepreneurship.
Analisis Strata Sosial-Ekonomi-Politik Dalam Program Pembangunan Berbasis Masyarakat (PNPM Respek) di Kabupaten Merauke Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol. 20 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Strata (sosial/ekonomi) masyarakat dan hubungan antar strata dalam kegiatan pemberdayaan berbasis komunitas (Community Driven Development/CDD) seperti contoh dalam Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM) memberikan pembelajaran penting tentang bagaimana: 1) Menentukan tatacara dan keseimbangan dalam mengambil keputusan publik; 2) Membuat kita awas terhadap ketergantungan, kekuasaan dan sumber-sumber dari kekuasaan; dan 3) Menentukan mudah dan sulitnya proses yang demokratis atau keberpihakan ke bawah. Hasil penelitian pada kelompok masyarakat suku asli Papua di Kabupaten Merauke (Suku Yei dan Suku Marind-anim) memperlihatkan bahwa strata sosial pada lapisan masyarakat paling atas (elit kampung/marga mayoritas/warga yang cakap) sangat mendominasi jalannya program—dari tingkat perencanaan hingga implementasi program—dan menjadi perwakilan harapan-harapan yang muncul dari kelompok lapisan bawah (marga kecil/kelompok perempuan/non elit). Lapisan masyarakat bawah yang (masih) biasa berburu dan meramu dan berorientasi hidup adalah ‘panen setiap hari’ (kemudahan akses makanan dari alam) tidak mudah (tidak rela) ikut berpartisipasi memberikan usulan atau kerja, kecuali di imingi imbalan sejumlah uang. Oleh karenanya lapisan atas yang menjalankan dan menguasai bantuan dana kemudian mengadopsi sistem ‘berbagi uang, berbagi ruang’ dalam menjalankan kegiatan pemberdayaan. Di satu sisi, program kegiatan berusaha adil memberikan kemanfaatan pada seluruh masyarakat, di sisi yang lain, bantuan dana dipandang sebagai insentif material kepada masyarakat dan pengurus atas partisipasi yang dilakukannya. Akibat dari keseluruhan proses yang berjalan ini, memunculkan trend alokasi kegiatan dan lokasi pembangunan yang seringkali saling bertabrakan kepentingan, disertai kecenderungan biaya kegiatan yang lebih mahal (korupsi), dan akhirnya mempersulit penguatan proses demokratisasi.
MINORITAS MUSLIM THAILAND Asimilasi, Perlawanan Budaya dan Akar Gerakan Separatisme Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

The aim of this article is to describe Thailand Moslem minority with problem of assimilation, culture resistance and the root of separatist movement. One challenges that facing Thailand multiethnic people and Thai country today is management about diversity of ethnicity development. The characteristic of Thai multiethnic people strive for government attention especially related with crucial problem had been facing; ethnicity conflict and the rise up of communalism, separatism, and problem majority-minority relation. Composition of this problem in fact has related each others. The down fall of Thailand politics integration and obligation to accept Thai monolithic ethnic identity can be seen in anarchy demeanor of Moslem Patani to Thai government and claim for independencies Southern Thailand territorial separates from nation state of Thailand. The impact from integration process in the Thailand state building on Moslem area is create unstable relation between ethnic majority-minority, resources distribution and economics injustice form, the worn out of center government and local government democratic relation, social politics economic and culture polarizes. Stakeholder role like civil society organization (CSO), government, and military failed to take an integration policy program or conflict resolution.