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Faktor Risiko dan Prevalensi Infeksi Toxocara vitulorum pada Sapi Potong di Kecamatan Kasiman, Kabupaten Bojonegoro Winarso, Aji; Satrija, Fadjar; Ridwan, Yusuf
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study were conducted to determine the presence of toxocariosis in beef cattle in Kasiman Subdistrict, the Regency of Bojonegoro kept under the Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) programme. The experiment were done to identify several risk factors that may play certain roles on the degree of prevalence and infection intensity. A total of 263 head of local beef cattle with various ages were taken for faecal samples and 80 farmers were interviewed. Results of the experiment indicated the prevalence of toxocariosis was 5.32% (CI 95% = 2.61-8.04%) influenced by age and gender which showed an effect on the risk of infection. The prevalence tends to decline by age group (p <0.001): calves under 6 months of age (23.68%), and between 6-12 months of age (7.41%), 1-2 years old calves (2.04%) and the above 2 years adults (1.34%). The prevalence is higher in the males group (12.7%) compared to the females group (3.0%), (p=0.003). Logistic regression analysis concluded that age was the only affecting variable to the rate of infection with mathematical models for toxocariosis. Logit toxocariosis = -0.058 -1.098 age. 
MP-1 Cysticercosis in Goats in the Semi-arid Tropics of Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia Winarso, Aji; Tomonob, Mariany P A; Mbula, Victoriano King Dalman; de Santo, Magdalena Olivia; Malingga, Emi Liana
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Semi-arid region of West Timor has a good potential of livestock farming, including goat farming. Small scale goat farms in West Timor raise their animals in semi-intensive system by rearing their animals in pasture or rice field. There are a high demand of goat in the local market especially prior to Kurban Fiest. Despite high population growth of goat, there are some reasons causing low productivity, such as parasite infections. Taeniid cestodes infect carnivores (as well as human) as the definitive host and involve a wide range of intermediate host where they present as metacestode cyst.1Cysticercosis or infection of cestode larval stages (metacestode) may appear vary from subclinical to severe clinical signs.1 Cysticercus infection lead to productivity losses2 even mortality in livestock.3 They are responsible for economic losses due to partial or total condemnation of carcass and offal.1, 3 Cysticercosis also pose a risk of public health.3 The zoonosis risk even higher in developing countries and especially in rural area, people lives in close proximity with animals,  poor sanitation3 and low awareness. Dogs and wild canids are common definitive host of the most metacestodes occurring in goat and other ruminants.1 But some of them involve human as definitive host as well as incidental intermediate host in their life cycle.4 To make an effective control of cestode infection, it is necessary to identify the agent and collect its epidemiological data. This research aims to determine the prevalence and to identify the etiological agent of cysticercosis of goats in semi-arid region of West Timor.Cysticercosis in Goats in the Semi-arid Tropics of Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Promosi kesejahteraan hewan dan higiene sanitasi dalam penyembelihan hewan kurban di Kota Kupang Winarso, Aji; Darmakusuma, Dodi; Sanam, Maxs Urias E.
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol 2, No 3 (2018): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - Agustus 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Tulisan mendeskripsikan pengetahuan masyarakat sasaran sosialisasi tentang implementasi kesrawan dan praktik higiene/sanitasi penyembelihan hewan qurban di Kota Kupang setelah mendapatkan penyuluhan dan pelatihan oleh tim pengabdian kepada masyarakat Universitas Nusa Cendana. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey pada populasi yang diintervensi dengan penyuluhan dan pelatihan dengan menggunakan metode pre test dan post test. Peserta penyuluhan dan pelatihan kesrawan dan higiene daging qurban di Masjid Al Mujahidin Penfui dan Masjid Darul Hijrah Kolhua, Kota Kupang (masing-masing 15 orang), yaitu. Soal pretest dan posttest sebanyak 20 pertanyaan benar dan salah. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dengan menggunakan Microsoft Excel. Kegiatan penyuluhan dan pelatihan kesrawan dan praktik higiene bagi panitia qurban di kedua masjid berhasil meningkatkan skor pemahaman peserta tentang aspek kesrawan dan praktik higiene dan sanitasi dalam menangani hewan dan daging qurban sebesar 47,5% dan 40,2%. Pemahaman tersebut penting sebagai landasan sikap dan tindakan dalam menghasilkan daging qurban yang aman, sehat, utuh dan halal.
Respons perilaku sapi bali terhadap lalat vektor dan pengganggu di ladang penggembalaan lahan kering tropis Winarso, Aji; O'Hagan, Bradley John
ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol 3, No 2 (2019): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - Mei 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Infestasi lalat penghisap darah dan keberadaan lalat pengganggu sangat merugikan bila dilihat dari potensi vektor maupun cekaman yang ditimbulkan terhadap sapi. Perubahan perilaku akibat gangguan lalat menimbulkan kerugian energi, berkurangnya waktu makan, dan hal ini dapat menurunkan produktivitas ternak. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey yang bertujuan menggambarkan perilaku sapi Bali yang diinfestasi lalat penghisap darah dan dikitari lalat pengganggu. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 8 ekor sapi yang digembalakan di padang gembala umum di Dusun Matani, Desa Penfui Timur, Kecamatan Kupang Tengah, Kabupaten Kupang melalui observasi keberadaan lalat pengganggu yang hinggap pada permukaan tubuh sapi. Selanjutnya perilaku sapi Bali yang dihinggapi lalat-lalat tersebut diamati pada saat sapi dalam kondisi istirahat (n=4) maupun sedang merumput (n=4). Data diolah dan ditampilkan secara statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa respon sapi terhadap keberadaan lalat pengganggu sebagai gejala fly worry, secara signifikan mengalihkan perhatian ternak selama aktivitas merumput, dan tidak terlalu nyata selama ternak berbaring ruminasi.