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Local Food Crops and the Poor (The Case of the Three Geographical Regions of Kulon Progo Regency)

International Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract: It is believed that local food crops are available widely in rural regions. However, not all of the people consume them. The facts also show that local food crops are placed as secondary sources of foodstuff. This research aims at (1) describing the profile of local food crops consumed by the poor rural households and 2) exploring causes and mechanism of the poor rural household in maintaining local food crops as their food sources in the three different geographical regions of Kulon Progo Regency, namely the upland region, the transitional region, and the lowland region of Kulon Progo Regency. A household survey is conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives. Respondents of this research are chosen purposively from the poor households’ data as listed by the Kulon Progo Regional Planning Board to represent the three regions in the regency. Three districts in the regency are selected to represent the three types of regions respectively, i.e: Samigaluh, Pengasih, and Lendah. A questionnaire is distributed in order to collect the data from the selected household respondents. The findings of this research are (1) there are various kinds of local food crops that were consumed by the respondents from three different geographical regions. The researchers collected that there were 36 types of local food totally from these three geographical regions, (2) there were also several motives that were important to be described in order to explained the reason why the respondents processed local food crops such as to be sold or to be consumed by themselves, (3) spatially, there are a specific pattern of harvested local food crops based on the respondents perceptions in three geographical areas: (i) based on nature, and (ii) based on human decision , (4) there were also various methods of utilisation local food crops, such as boiled, fried, steamed, cooked into intermediate products, or cooked into final commodities that were ready to be consumed.Keywords: background, geographical regions, harvested pattern, local food crops, poor households

HASIL DAN KUALITAS BENIH KACANG HIJAU (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) TUMPANGSARI BARISAN DENGAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays kelompok Saccharata)

Vegetalika Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Vegetalika

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Abstract

Tumpangsari dapat dijadikan solusi dalam peningkatan produksi kacang hijau di lahan sempit, baik untuk konsumsi maupun penggunaan benih secara umum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hasil dan kualitas benih kacang hijau yang ditanam secara tumpangsari dengan jagung manis dibandingkan monokultur, serta mengetahui komposisi jumlah  baris  optimal  pada  tanaman  kacang hijau yang ditanam secara tumpangsari dengan jagung manis. Penelitian dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan Banguntapan dan Laboratorium Teknologi   Benih, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta pada bulan Juni - Oktober 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Lengkap dengan 6 perlakuan yang diulang sebanyak 3 kali. Perlakuan ini terdiri atas kombinasi jumlah baris kacang hijau : jagung manis, yaitu 3:1, 4:1, 5:1, 6:1. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap komponen pertumbuhan kacang hijau, komponen hasil kacang hijau, kualitas benih kacang hijau, dan Land Equivalent Ratio (LER). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tumpangsari kacang hijau dengan jagung manis memberikan pertumbuhan dan kualitas benih kacang hijau yang sama baiknya dengan pertanaman monokultur. Pola pertanaman tumpangsari 4, 5, dan 6 baris diikuti dengan 1 baris jagung manis memberikan  hasil  persentase  polong  isi/tanaman  serta jumlah biji/polong kacang hijau yang sama baiknya. Pola pertanaman tumpangsari 3, 4, 5 dan 6 baris diikuti dengan 1 baris jagung manis juga memberikan hasil benih kacang hijau yang sama baiknya terhadap komponen jumlah polong/tanaman serta berat benih kering/hektare kacang hijau. Pola pertanaman tumpangsari 6 baris kacang hijau diikuti dengan 1 baris jagung manis direkomendasikan karena memiliki LER > 1.

Local Food Crops and the Poor (The Case of the Three Geographical Regions of Kulon Progo Regency)

The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development Vol 1, No 1 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

It is believed that local food crops are available widely in rural regions. However, not all of the people consume them. The facts also show that local food crops are placed as secondary sources of foodstuff. This research aims at (1) describing the profile of local food crops consumed by the poor rural households and 2) exploring causes and mechanism of the poor rural household in maintaining local food crops as their food sources in the three different geographical regions of Kulon Progo Regency, namely the upland region, the transitional region, and the lowland region of Kulon Progo Regency. A household survey is conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives. Respondents of this research arechosen purposively from the poor households’ data as listed by the Kulon Progo Regional Planning Board to represent the three regions in the regency. Three districts in the regency are selected to represent the three types of regions respectively, i.e: Samigaluh, Pengasih, and Lendah. A questionnaire is distributed in order to collect the data from the selectedhousehold respondents. The findings of this research are (1) there are various kinds of local food crops that were consumed by the respondents from three different geographical regions. The researchers collected that there were 36 types of local food totally from these three geographical regions, (2) there were also several motives that were important to be described in order to explained the reason why the respondents processed local food crops such as to be sold or to be consumed by themselves, (3) spatially, there are a specific pattern of harvested local food crops based on the respondents perceptions in three geographical areas: (i) based on nature, and (ii) based on human decision , (4) there were also various methods of utilisation local food crops, such as boiled, fried, steamed,  cooked into intermediate products, or cooked into final commodities that were ready to be consumed.