Victoria Natasha Suwondo, Victoria Natasha
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KARAKTERISTIK DASAR PASIEN SEPSIS YANG MENINGGAL DI ICU RSUP DR.KARIADI SEMARANG PERIODE 1 JANUARI – 31 DESEMBER 2014 Suwondo, Victoria Natasha; Jatmiko, Heru Dwi; Hendrianingtyas, Meita
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DIPONEGORO Vol 4, No 4 (2015): MEDIA MEDIKA MUDA
Publisher : Jurusan Kedokteran Umum, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Background: Sepsis is a leading cause of admission and death in ICU. It is important to know the basic characteristics of sepsis patients who die in ICU as an information to improve the comprehensive management of sepsis.Aim: The purpose of this study is to describe the basic characteristics of sepsis patients who died in Dr.Kariadi General Hospital ICU from January 1st – Desember 31st 2014.Methods: The study design is a descriptive study. Data were collected from medical record of sepsis patients who died in ICU from January 1st – Desember 31st 2014.Results: The majority of 77 patients suffered from sepsis who died in ICU were females (53.2%), 32 patients (41.5%) were in <44 years old age group, 32 patients (41.5%) already had sepsis on ICU admission, 57 patients (74%) were admitted in ICU for less than 7 days. The most frequent microorganisms found in blood cultures were Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus (3 cases each). The source of infection of 58 patients (75.3%) were lungs. Twenty two patients (28.5%) had 20-24 APACHE II score range. Twenty cases (19.5%) had pneumonia as comorbid. The most medical intervention given to patients was mechanical ventilator (67.9%). The most common antibiotics used were ceftriaxone (43.4%).Conclusion: Most frequent microorganisms found in blood cultures of sepsis patients in ICU were Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus. The most frequent source of infection were lungs. The most frequent APACHE II were in 20-24 score range. The most frequent comorbid was pneumonia. The most frequent medical intervention was mechanical ventilator installation. The most frequent antibiotic used were ceftriaxone.