Jakobus Runkat, Jakobus
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran

Published : 14 Documents
Articles

Found 14 Documents
Search

Penggunaan Twin Block pada Perawatan Maloklusi Kelas II Angle Anak-Anak Saptarini, Risti; Gartika, Meirina; Runkat, Jakobus
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2005): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2455.571 KB) | DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v12i2.862

Abstract

A 12 years old female presented with class II division I malocclusion with skeletal disorder (ANB 6°), deep bite, posterior crossbite 26, protrusive of anterior maxillary teeth, maxillary constriction, retrognatic of mandible and mild crowding of upper and lower jaws. The treatment of choice was twin block appliance for modifying the jaw development, and then followed by fixed orthodontics. After eight months, the progression of treatment was a better facial profile.
Penatalaksanaan Keterlambatan Erupsi karena Impaksi Gigi 11 Secara Pembedahan dan Ortodontik (Laporan Kasus) Pertiwi, Arlette Suzy Puspa; Sasmita, Inne Suherna; Runkat, Jakobus
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2005): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2325.627 KB) | DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v12i2.867

Abstract

Delayed eruption is one of the the forms of dental eruption deviation characterized by delay of dental eruption. Delayed eruption can be caused by local factor such as impacted tooth. Treatment of the delayed eruption due to impacted tooth, which needs to be surgically exposed, bonded with a bracket and ligature or chain, and then orthodontically brought into the dental arch. We reported a case of a 12 years old girl who has non-erupted upper right permanent central incisor without the retention of upper right primary central incisor. Physical development was normal. 12,21,22, already erupted. Panoramic examination shows impacted 11 in the alveolar bone with the completion of apex formation. After the cephalometric and model analysis, we placed the fixed orthodontic appliances followed by surgical exposure to open the impacted area then place an orthodontic bracket with an attached chain to apply orthodontic forces on the tooth to aid in its movement into the line of occlusion.
Plaque index between blind and deaf children after dental health education Carissa, Cynthia; Runkat, Jakobus; Herdiyati, Yetty
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 44, No 1 (2011): (March 2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v44.i1.p39-42

Abstract

Background: Difficulty in mobility and motor coordination could affect the health at teeth and mouth. Dental health education of the blind and deaf children differs according their limitation. Blind and deaf children need a particular guidance in dental health education to promote oral hygiene as normal children do. Purpose: The objective of this study was to observe the difference of plaque index between blind and deaf children before and after dental health education. Methods: This research used purposive sampling technique. Twenty-three blind children were taken as samples from SLB-A Negeri Bandung and 31 deaf children from SLB-B Cicendo Bandung. The data were then collected through plaque index examination using modified patient hygiene performance (PHP) test. Results: The result descriptively showed that plaque index average value of 23 blind children before dental health education was 3.0725 and after, was 1.7970. On the other hand, the plaque index average of deaf children before dental health education was 2.7474 and after was 1.5. Conclusion: It is concluded that plaque index of deaf children is better than blind children before and after dental health education.Latar belakang: Kesulitan dalam pergerakan dan koordinasi motorik akan memengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Pendidikan kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak buta dan tuli akan berbeda tergantung tingkat kekurangan mereka. Anak tunanetra dan anak tunarungu membutuhkan pendidikan khusus berupa pendidikan kesehatan gigi untuk meningkatkan kebersihan gigi dan mulut serupa dengan anak normal. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui perbedaan indeks plak antara anak-anak buta dan tuli sebelum dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Dua puluh tiga anak tunanetra diambil sebagai sampel dari SLB-A Negeri Bandung dan 31 anak tunarungu dari SLB-B Cicendo Bandung. Data tersebut kemudian dikumpulkan melalui pemeriksaan indeks plak menggunakan indeks patient hygiene performance (PHP) modifikasi. Hasil: Hasil penelitian secara deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa nilai indeks plak rata-rata 23 anak tunanetra sebelum pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 3,0725 dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 1,7970. Sedangkan, indeks plak rata-rata anak tunarungu sebelum pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 2,7474 dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah 1,5. Kesimpulan: Indeks plak anak tunarungu lebih baik dibandingkan dengan anak tunanetra sebelum dan sesudah pendidikan kesehatan gigi.
Effect of short one-third lower face toward mastication performance in Deutero Malay Anggraeni, Dian; Oewen, Roosje Rosita; Runkat, Jakobus; Hidayat, Syarief
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 26, No 3 (2014): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.055 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol26no3.14010

Abstract

The one-third lower face height belongs to ideal proportion, ratio 1:1:1, of vertical face height. The one-third lower face height could be influenced by mastication. The one-third lower face height that shorter than normal ratio is generally followed by deep bite which may lead to temporomandibular disfunction even so eustachian tube disfunction, this condition may interfere mastication function, which can be measured by mastication performance. The research objective was to determine the effects of short lower face height to the mastication performance based on overbite. The research method was a cross-sectional study with epidemiology survey type. Research subjects 12-15 years old junior high school with Deutero Melayu Sub races in Bandung. Sampling technique used multistage random sampling by determining the size of the sample based on potluck sample and gained 24 children (group 1) with the normal ratio of vertical face height and 27 children with short lower facial height which were 11 children overbite normal (group 2) and 16 children deep bite (group 3). Mastication performance by 20 times chewing artificial test food then followed by sieving test. Mastication performance value represented by the median particle size (MPS) and the distribution of the particle distribution (b). The results of average MPS and b between group 1, 2 and 3 used statistical analysis MPS with ANOVA test which Fhit=5.56 and pvalue=0.0075, b which Fhit=3.41 and pvalue=0.0430 showed significant differences. Continued with group T test MPS (value = 0.0925) dan b (value = 0.2076) between group 1 and 2 showed a non significant differences. While between group 1 and 3 showed a highly significant differences in MPS (value = 0.0037 and  = 0,01) and a significant differences in b (value = 0.0141 and  = 0,05). Conclusions of this study were children with short lower face height and normal overbite did not decrease the mastication performance while children with deep bite decrease the mastication performance.
The caries prevalence, def–t index and DMF–T index of deaf children at the primary school of special education Kota Kinabalu in Sabah Joe, Melissa May; Chemiawan, Eka; Runkat, Jakobus
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 19, No 2 (2007): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.979 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol19no2.14175

Abstract

Deaf is the loss of hearing partially or even totally and could happen congenitally or acquired. The purpose of this research was to find out the information on the caries prevalence, def-t and DMF-T index of Deaf children at the Primary School of Special Education in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah year 2008. This study was a descriptive research with survey technique. All samples, 43 primary students of Primary School of Special Education in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah from kindergarten to primary six. The def-t and DMF-T index standard used the WHO criteria, namely, very low (0.1-1), low (1.2-2.6), moderate (2.7-4.4), high (4.5-6.5), and very high (>6.5). The results of this research indicate that the caries prevalence of the Deaf children year 2008 was 95.3%. the def-t index was 2.81 and DMF-T index was 1.67. The conclusion of this research was that the average def-t index included in moderate criteria and the DMF-T index was low.
The effects of temporo mandibular joint disorder with clicking symptom on children mastication performance in Deutero Malay race children aged 12-15 years Hartman, Henri; Pertiwi, Arlette Suzy Puspa; Runkat, Jakobus; Herdiyati, Yetty; Oewen, Roosje Rosita
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 26, No 3 (2014): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.655 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol26no3.14006

Abstract

Temporo Mandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) could be caused by forward head posture. Articular sound/TMJ clicking is the most often sign and symptom for TMD that could happen in human being. The presence of TMD such as TMJ clicking would cause an imbalance masticatory system. The purpose of this research is to investigate TMJ clicking effects to masticatory performance. This research was cross-sectional study with a type of epidemiology survey. Subject were children aged 12-15 years old Deutero-Malay sub-races Live in Bandung and was taken using multi-stage random sampling technique. Subject; consisted of 24 children as control group and 28 children as TMJ clicking group. Both group were then checked for masticatory performance using multiple sieve method and 20x chewing of artificial test food. Mastication performance value represented by median particle size (MPS) particle distribution (b) for each group. MPS from TMJ clicking group (3.0571,SD=0.9990) showed higher value than control group (2.28958,SD=0.66838). Statistic analysis with t-test showed that there’s a significant result in both of group (pvalue=0,0024, α = 0,05). Conclussion, temporo mandibular joint clicking subject has lower masticatory performance.
Xerostomia appearance in type 1 diabetes mellitus children in RSUPN dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Jakarta Puspitasari, Adis Tyaning; Wihardja, Rosiliwati; Runkat, Jakobus
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 23, No 1 (2011): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1786.174 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol23no1.14056

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia due to insulin deficiency. As a result, there will be metabolic disturbances on carbohydrate, fat, and protein. Diabetes mellitus type 1 may occur because of pancreatic B cells damage resulting in decreased secretion of insulin in absolute terms. Xerostomia is the medical term for the subjective complaint of dry mouth due to the lack of saliva and can occur in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to obtain data on the salivary flow rate and oral dryness complaints in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus The method of this study was descriptive by survey technique. The sample was obtained by purposive sampling and consisted of 30 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus in RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Jakarta in April to May 2010. The study was conducted with an objective examination by measuring the salivary flow rate and subjective examination using a questionnaire. The results showed that the salivary flow rate from an average of 30 respondents was below normal values. The most common complaints about the dryness of the mouth cavity were thirst, 24 patients (80.00%), and oral dryness 19 patients (63.33%). The conclusion from this study showed that children with type 1 diabetes mellitus were having oral dryness complaints and the decrease of salivary flow rate.
Prevalence of lip sucking amongst 6-9-years old children Decruz, Ashley Ann; Runkat, Jakobus; Hidayat, Syarief
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 25, No 2 (2013): July
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.947 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol25no2.15573

Abstract

Oral habits in children are a common problem faced in the society. Lip sucking is one of such habit. Often overlooked, persistent lip sucking can bring upon deleterious effects upon the child’s dentition. This research was aimed to identify the signs of lip sucking amongst 6-9 years old children. The research was descriptive using the survey technique and was conducted at Dental Hospital of Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, through observation for signs of lip sucking and filling up a survey form. A total of 100 children were examined in this research. From 100 children, 44 of them were identified to have at least one sign of lip sucking with 11 (25%) children were aged 6 years old, 8 (18%)  children were aged 7 years old, 11 (25%) children were aged 8 years old and as much as 14 (32%) children aged 9 years old. The remaining 56 children examined were not found to manifest any signs of lip sucking. Based on the study can be concluded that the prevalence of lip sucking was 44%.
Effect of short one-third lower face toward mastication performance in Deutero Malay Anggraeni, Dian; Oewen, Roosje Rosita; Runkat, Jakobus; Hidayat, Syarief
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 26, No 3 (2014): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.055 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol26no3.14010

Abstract

The one-third lower face height belongs to ideal proportion, ratio 1:1:1, of vertical face height. The one-third lower face height could be influenced by mastication. The one-third lower face height that shorter than normal ratio is generally followed by deep bite which may lead to temporomandibular disfunction even so eustachian tube disfunction, this condition may interfere mastication function, which can be measured by mastication performance. The research objective was to determine the effects of short lower face height to the mastication performance based on overbite. The research method was a cross-sectional study with epidemiology survey type. Research subjects 12-15 years old junior high school with Deutero Melayu Sub races in Bandung. Sampling technique used multistage random sampling by determining the size of the sample based on potluck sample and gained 24 children (group 1) with the normal ratio of vertical face height and 27 children with short lower facial height which were 11 children overbite normal (group 2) and 16 children deep bite (group 3). Mastication performance by 20 times chewing artificial test food then followed by sieving test. Mastication performance value represented by the median particle size (MPS) and the distribution of the particle distribution (b). The results of average MPS and b between group 1, 2 and 3 used statistical analysis MPS with ANOVA test which Fhit=5.56 and pvalue=0.0075, b which Fhit=3.41 and pvalue=0.0430 showed significant differences. Continued with group T test MPS (value = 0.0925) dan b (value = 0.2076) between group 1 and 2 showed a non significant differences. While between group 1 and 3 showed a highly significant differences in MPS (value = 0.0037 and  = 0,01) and a significant differences in b (value = 0.0141 and  = 0,05). Conclusions of this study were children with short lower face height and normal overbite did not decrease the mastication performance while children with deep bite decrease the mastication performance.
Dental anxiety level of children patient during dental treatment using CFSS-DS questionnaire Yuwannisa, Mutiara; Runkat, Jakobus; Indriyanti, Ratna
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 25, No 1 (2013): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.648 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol25no1.15571

Abstract

The anxiety during dental treatment is an obstacle for both adult and children patients. The aim of this study was to describe data of the dental anxiety experienced by 6 - 9 year old patients grouped by their age and gender. The type of this study was descriptive observational and the samples were collected using incidental sampling method. The total number of sample were 63 patients who came to Dental Hospital of Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung during August 2011. This research was using the CFSS-DS questionnaire to measure the patient’s anxiety. This research was conducted by interviewing the patients about how they feel during the dental treatment. The result of this study showed that the 7-years-old boy patients seem to have higher anxiety levels than the 6-years-old, or younger ones. Meanwhile, in 6-years-old and younger girl patients showed higher anxiety level than the older (7, 8, and 9-year-old) ones. The anxiety level of children patients during dental treatment were different based on their age and gender.