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Arsi Widiandari, Arsi
Program Studi Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang, Universitas Diponegoro
Articles
2
Documents
FENOMENA SHOUSHIKA DI JEPANG : PERUBAHAN KONSEP ANAK

IZUMI Vol 5, No 1: Juni 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

The focus of this study is the shoushika  phenomenon or decrease in the number of births that occurred in Japan from the perspective economic household in raising children. The research data was collected from several sources of statistical data  published by the Japanese government, Family Income and Expenditure Survey, and National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. Recently the delay of childbearing of young married couple is said to reason  of fertility decline. The high cost of children is said to be one of the causes of this delay. This paper will focus on the persistent low birthrate in Japan and the change of utility of children in Japan’s family.  This paper show that there’s a transition from traditional family to modern family that influence change of children utility from good utility become comsumption utility. The transition to consumption utility related to Japanese family expenditure especially what family give to their children.

SERVICE OVERTIME DAN KAROSHI : KONSEKUENSI DARI ETOS KERJA JEPANG

IZUMI Vol 4, No 2: DESEMBER 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Jepang Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

After defeated on World War II, Japan economy has recover and become one of developed country in Asia. One of the factor that give contribute to Japanese economy rising is Japanese spirit.  Company usually teached work culture to every worker that can be seen from Japanese work ethic. For example ideology of Family Methaphore, Shushin Koyo seido (Lifetime employment) Nenko Joretsu ( Salary based on seniority ) and Kigyou betsu Kumiai (Union based on corporation). The work culture practice in Japan company has had positive and negative consequences. As we know, that it has great contributed to Japanese economy development it self. But, it also bring a number of social problem especially to many workers. Service overtime and Karoshi are the example of the consequences of Japan work ethic practice until nowadays. Worker are expected to give their deducation and loyality to job company. This paper will try to give explanation about the consequences of Japan work ethic practice in Japan.