Seviana Rinawati, Seviana
Dosen Prodi D3 Hyperkes dan Keselamatan Kerja Universitas Negeri Sebelasa Maret

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PERBEDAAN GANGGUAN PENDENGARAN PEKERJA TERPAPAR BISING INDUSTRI DI SURAKARTA ANTARA PEKERJA MEMAKAI ALAT PELINDUNG TELINGA DAN PEKERJA TIDAK MEMAKAI ALAT PELINDUNG TELINGA Rinawati, Seviana; Utari, Siti; Sumardiyono, Sumardiyono
Proceeding Seminar LPPM UMP 2015: Buku III Bidang Ilmu Kesehatan dan Sains Teknik, Proceeding Seminar Nasional LPPM 2015, 26 Se
Publisher : Proceeding Seminar LPPM UMP

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Abstract

Bising yang melebihi Nilai Ambang Batas pada industri dapat berisiko gangguan pendengaran terutama pada pekerja tidak memakai alat pelindung telinga yang disediakan perusahaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Perbedaan Gangguan Pendengaran Pekerja Terpapar Bising Industri di Surakarta antara Pekerja Memakai Alat Pelindung Telinga dan Pekerja Tidak Memakai Alat Pelindung Telinga. Metode Penelitian  yang digunakan merupakan penelitian survey analitik, desain cross sectional. Populasi : 305 pekerja dengan sampel penelitian secara purposive sampling (kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi) sejumlah 67 orang masing-masing pada pekerja memakai dan tidak memakai APT. Analisis data menggunakan uji Mann- Whitney (ρ<0,05). Hasil Penelitian Menunjukkan gangguan pendengaran tinggi pada pekerja tidak memakai APT, memiliki risiko gangguan pendengaran 3,35 kali lebih besar daripada yang memakai APT dan adanya perbedaan tersebut ditunjukkan dengan nilai p = 0,002. Dari penelitian  menunjukkan ada Perbedaan Gangguan Pendengaran Pekerja Terpapar Bising Industri di Surakarta antara Pekerja Memakai APT dan Pekerja Tidak Memakai APT. Disarankan seleksi masuk pekerja dilakukan tes kesehatan telinga dan disiplin memakai APTKata Kunci : Alat Pelindung Telinga, Bising industri, Gangguan pendengaran
PENGARUH INDEKS MASSA TUBUH (IMT) TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH PADA PEKERJA YANG TERPAPAR BISING INDUSTRI DI SURAKARTA Sumardiyono, Sumardiyono; Ada, Yeremia Rante; Wijayanti, Reni; Rinawati, Seviana
Proceeding Seminar LPPM UMP 2015: Buku III Bidang Ilmu Kesehatan dan Sains Teknik, Proceeding Seminar Nasional LPPM 2015, 26 Se
Publisher : Proceeding Seminar LPPM UMP

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Hipertensi menjadi masalah global, diperkirakan lebih dari satu dari tiga orang dewasa usia 25 tahun ke atas atau sekitar satu miliar orang di seluruh dunia mengalami hipertensi. Penyakit itu mengakibatkan hampir 9,4 juta kematian akibat serangan jantung dan stroke setiap tahun. Salah satu faktor internal penyebab hipertensi adalah kegemukan, sedangkan faktor eksternal adalah paparan bising industri pada tenaga kerja. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah karyawan perusahaan tekstil di Surakarta. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan purposive quota sampling. Sampel berjumlah 170 orang untuk pekerja yang terpapar bising melebihi NAB dan 110 orang untuk pekerja yang terpapar bising kurang dari NAB. Uji statistik menggunakan Chi Square Test. Hasil uji menunjukkan: 1) pada pekerja yang terpapar bising melebihi NAB, pekerja gemuk/obesitas berisiko mengalami hipertensi 6 kali dibanding normal/kurus (p=0,000; OR=6,104; 95%CI: 3,078-12,102); 2) pada pekerja yang terpapar bising di bawah NAB, pekerja gemuk/obesitas berisiko mengalami hipertensi 2 kali dibanding normal/kurus (p=0,027; OR=2,364; 95%CI: 1,094-5,106). Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kebisingan yang melebihi NAB dapat menyebabkan risiko hipertensi yang lebih besar. Kata kunci : Bising, IMT, Tekanan Darah
PENGARUH TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TERHADAP PELAKSANAAN PEMAKAIAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCAPAIAN ZERO ACCIDENT DI PT. X Rinawati, Seviana; Widowati, Nilan Nur; Rosanti, Eka
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Program Studi D4 Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.606

Abstract

This study aim to determine the effect of knowledge toward Personal Protection Equipment usage to create the discipline of the labor force as an attempt zero accident achievement on the Spinning sector. This study applied observational analytical research using cross-sectional approach. Sampling technique using purposive sampling. As the object of study sample is 55 people. Data taken using questionnaires and observation sheets to know the characteristics of respondents, measuring knowledge, and personal protection equipment usage. Processing techniques and data analysis performed with Chi Square statistical test. The results by Chi Square test is known that the sig. as same as 0,009, or less than 0.05. Most respondents have a high knowledge level, while the implementation of PPE usage is mostly labor discipline. For conclusion of study, there is influence of knowledge toward Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) usage in the labor force spinning sector at  PT. X with value 6,839.  For further research to the study of other factors that influence the performance of the PPE usage in the workplace. Keywords: Knowledge; PPE usage; Zero Accident
ANALISIS RISIKO POSTUR KERJA PADA PEKERJA DI BAGIAN PEMILAHAN DAN PENIMBANGAN LINEN KOTOR RS. X Rinawati, Seviana
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health
Publisher : Program Studi D4 Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Universitas Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jihoh.v1i1.604

Abstract

This research objective is to determine and assess the valuation of REBA method in posture of workers in preventing disorders of the musculoskeletal. This study conducted using observational analytical research using qualitative descriptive analytic on a total sampling on workers in the laundry. Data were collected using a questionnaire and assessment form REBA be adjusted by Law no.1 1970. For the results, activities of weighing dirty laundry worker in the clothes in the category of low-risk level with a final score REBA is 3. While the activity of sorting dirty laundry clothes officers in the risk level high category with a final score REBA is 9, than required immediate action. For research conclusion, a high level of risk at this stage of the activity in the laundry attendant sorting soiled clothes caused by work postures of work attitude experiencing body twisting, bending and with the flexion. Advice given is the hospital attempts to control engineering, engineering management, administration procedures and procurement occupational health and safety promotion. Keywords: Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA); Work Posture
LEVEL OF SAFE BEHAVIOR WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HOT WORK PERMIT APPROACH IN PT BBB EAST JAVA Rinawati, Seviana
Journal Of Vocational Health Studies Vol 1, No 3 (2018): March 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V1.I3.2018.89-96

Abstract

Background: The causes of the accident were dominant due to unsafe behavior and other causes due to unsafe conditions and the other factors, especially in the paper industry such as PT. BBB, East Java which has a high risk of fire and the level of workers awareness towards safe behavior so it needed the assessment of safe behavior level based on the implementation of hot work permit system at PT. BBB. Purpose: this study was to determine Level of Safe Behavior with The Implementation of Hot Work Permit Approach in PT BBB East Java. Methods: This research used descriptive observational, which was research methods to describe the data of the result of research used information, interview and observation directly by conducting analysis on safe behavior information and hot work permit system at hot work. The technique of data collecting used observation and interview directly. The data obtained then discussed by comparing with existing regulations. Results: The research informed about the level of safe behavior in good category (70%) in the implementation of hot work permit system has the applicable regulations and based on the results 70-98% good category, but there were still obstacles in documentation system, PPE and punishment/reward. Conclusion: Good safety behavior was indicated by the implementation of hot work permit system is good, but there were still some obstacles which are must get a follow-up.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN GEJALA GANGGUAN SISTEM PERNAPASAN AKIBAT PAPARAN DEBU SILIKA (SiO2) PADA AREA HAND MOULDING I, HAND MOULDING II, HAND MOULDING III, FETLING DAN MELTING PEKERJA PABRIK 1 PENGECORAN PT BARATA INDONESIA (PERSERO) Wardhani P, Aulia Kesuma; Rachmawati, Siti; Rinawati, Seviana
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 11, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jurnal kesehatan.v11i1.7008

Abstract

Silikosis merupakan penyakit ganguan pernapasan paling utama yang dialami oleh pekerja pengecoran. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan gejala gangguan sistem pernapasan akibat paparan debu silika (SiO2) Pada Area Hand Moulding I, Hand Moulding II, Hand Moulding III, Fetling dan Melting Pekerja Pabrik 1 Pengecoran PT Barata Indonesia (Persero). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan kuisioner yang disebar pada area HM I, HM II, HM III, Fetling dan Melting. Hasil kuisioner yang diperoleh diuji menggunakan uji analitik chi square. Sebanyak 15 orang responden laki-laki atau 50% mengalami gangguan pernafasan. Bedasarkan hubungan gangguan pernafasan yang dihubungkan dengan pekerja yang memiliki aktivitas merokok dan mengalami gangguan pernafasan sebanyak 7 orang (p value 0,296>0,05;OR:2.139). Pekerja dengan masa kerja 2-4 tahun sebanyak 13 orang dan masa kerja > 4 tahun sebanyak 4 orang (p value 0,977>0,05;OR:1.122). Pekerja yang berpendidikan SMA yaitu sebanyak 14 orang (p value : 0,307>0,05) dan pekerja yang mempunyai riwayat dahulu 14 orang (p value : 0,002<0,05;OR :17.500) . Hasil dari uji berbagai faktor diatas membuktikan bahwa faktor riwayat pekerjaan dahulu mempunyai tingkat hubungan paling kuat yaitu 0,002 dan mempunyai risiko 17 kali lebih besar dari pada yang tidak memiliki riwayat pekerjaan dahulu. Faktor yang tidak berhubungan dengan gejala gangguan sistem pernapasan akibat paparan debu silika (SiO2) pada Area HM I, HM II, HM III, Fetling dan Melting Pekerja Pabrik 1 Pengecoran PT Barata Indonesia (Persero) adalah aktivitas merokok, masa kerja dan pendidikan, sedangkan faktor yang berhubungan adalah riwayat pekerjaan yang dimiliki pekerja.
MONOLIER (MONOPOLI 5R): INNOVATION OF MONOPOLY GAMES AS 5R LEARNING MEDIA FOR EARLY EDUCATION Fardani, Fransiska Ellisa; Ramdhani, Ahmad Tajuddin; Khasanah, Amalia Nur; Ramadhani, Bayu Aji; Ananda, Meysella; Istiqomah, Nugraheni Nur; Rinawati, Seviana
Journal Of Vocational Health Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V2.I1.2018.34-38

Abstract

Background: The understanding of 5R (Ringkas, Rapi, Resik, Rawat, and Rajin) is still low among the people. This is due to the lack of early education on the 5R concept. MONOLIER (Monopoly 5R) is an inovation of learning medium that teaches students to play and learn about 5R through monopoly games. Purpose: The purpose of this researcch was to study the effect of 5R education using games “MONOLIER” to the students knowledge of 5R. Method: This was experimental study using pre-post test method. The implementation technique is the authors interact with the respondents through education material about 5R for a month in four times. Then for indicator of success of educational program using pre and post test problem which processed by wilxocon test. Population were all 4th grade students of SD N 1 Kemiri, Kebakkramat, Karanganyar as well as a sample of 37 students. This research was conducted at SDN N 1 Kemiri Kebakkramat Karanganyar Regency with the time of May 2018. The variables in this study include the level of student knowledge about 5R before and after given 5R material. Result: The result showed that there was significantly improvement of the student kowledge of 5R after education with p value 0,000 (p <0,005. Conclusion:  The education of 5R by using MONOLIER game was effectively improve the student knowledge of 5R.