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COBALT INDUCTION ON BIOSYNTHESIS OF CYANOCOBALAMIN by Streptomyces olivaceus IFO 3409.

INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 13 No 3, 2002
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

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Abstract

The structure of cyanocobalamin containing an essensial cobalt is as part the compound. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of cobalt on biosynthesis of cyanocobalamin done by Streptomyces olivaceus IFO 3409. This experiment was carried out by cultivating S. olivaceus in fermentation medium contained glucose 1,5%, pepton 1%, yeast extract 0,25%, trace mineral and each of medium was added cobalt 5, 10, 20 ppm. Cyanocobalamin synthesized by the cells was harvested on the last exponential phase. The amount of cyanocobalamin was analyzed by spectrophotometer. The results show that no cyanocobalamin was produced by S. olivaceus culture without kobalt or treated with 5 ppm cobalt on medium. However cyanocobalamin was produced if the culture medium was treated with 10 and 20 ppm cobalt respectively. It was concluded that cobalt induced on cyanocobalamin biosyntesis, therefore optimation of adding kobalt might be examined on getting maximal cyanocobalamin produced by Streptomyces olivaceus IFO 3409.Key words: cyanocobalamin, cobalt, Streptomyces olivaceus IFO 3409.

Bioactivity and genetic screening of marine actinobacteria associated with red algae Gelidiella acerosa

Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 22, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Bacterial resistance to existing antibiotics has driven a search for new antibiotics from marine actinobacteria. Bioactivity and genetic screening of actinobacteria associated with red algae Gelidiella acerosa were conducted to discover new antibacterial compounds against Vibrio alginolyticus. A total of 14 actinobacteria isolates were obtained from G. acerosa. The isolates were subjected to genetic screening for nrps (non-ribosomal peptide synthetase) and FADH2-dependent halogenase genes. The isolates’ ability to produce secondary metabolites was examined by fermentation in various media in a six-well mini plate. The bioactivity of the secondary metabolites was screened using a microtiter assay and the agar overlay method. The results showed that all 14 isolates had the nrps gene, whereas none had the halogenase gene. Meanwhile, eight of the actinobacteria isolates showed antibacterial activity against V. alginolyticus.

IMMUNOSTIMULATORY EFFECT OF FATTY ACID FROM STAR FISH (ACANTHASTER PLANCI) ON LYMPHOCYTE PROLIFERATION IN-VITRO

Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 9, No 3 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate lymphocyte proliferation activity and to identify chemical constituents of active fractions of star fish Acanthaster planci. A. planci was collected from Ternate Island, North Moluccas, extracted with distilled methanol and water, partitioned with gradient chloroform-hexane-methanol-water and fractionated in column chromatography using silica gel and hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol. The active compound had been purified by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and identified by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The lymphocyte proliferation activity was measured based on % Stimulation Index (SI) from sample absorbency and control absorbency. The result showed that the 3 fractions of hexane fraction exhibited lymphocyte proliferation activity. Fraction 1 was able to increase lymphocyte proliferation at 48 hours and 72 hours by 55% (80 µl/ml) and 88% (160 µl/ml) increase, and fraction 2 had 77% (160 µl/ml) and 86% (640 µl/ml) increase. Meanwhile, fraction 3 had 75% (640 µl/ml) and 89% (640 µl/ml) increase. Metabolite analysis of active fraction using GC-MS yielded a number of chemical constituents that was dominated by fatty acid. The study concluded that star fish A. planci from Ternate Island has a potential source of immunostimulator.

Antibacterial Compounds from Red Seaweeds (Rhodophyta)

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 15, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Seaweeds produce great variety of metabolites benefit for human. Red seaweeds (Rhodophyta) are well known as producer of phycocolloids such agar, agarose, carragenan and great variety of secondary metabolites. This review discusses the red algal secondary metabolites with antibacterial activity. The chemical constituents of red algae are steroid, terpenoid, acetogenin and dominated by halogenated compounds mainly brominated compounds. Novel compounds with intriguing skeleton are also reported such as bromophycolides and neurymenolides. In summary, red seaweeds are potential sources for antibacterial agents and can serve as lead in synthesis of new natural medicines.

Oral Administration of Alginate From A Tropical Brown Seaweed, Sargassum sp. To Enhance Non-Spesific Defense In Walking Catfish (Clarias sp.)

Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 1 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 1 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

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Abstract

Alginate that is usually extracted from brown seaweeds, is a bioactive substance with immunomodulator activity. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of oral administration of alginate on the non-specific immune system of walking catfish (Clarias sp.). An experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design with five treatments in triplicates. Alginate was supplemented in feed at doses of 0 (control treatment), 2, 4, 6 and 8 g/kg of feed. The walking catfish was fed twice daily at feeding rate of 5%. Non-specific defense parameters evaluated were Nitroblue Tetrazolium (NBT) activity, phagocytic activity (PA), phagocytic index (PI), leukocyte differentiation, hematocrit and leucocrit. The parameters were observed prior to be treated, 5th, 10th and 15th days after treatments. Oral administration of alginate at 4 g/kg of feed increased NBT and PA activities significantly (P<0.05) in 5 days, while alginate at a dose of 6 g/kg increased NBT activity and monocyte percentage significantly (P<0.05) in 5 days. These results suggested that oral administration of alginate at 4 g/kg effectively increased non-specific immune system of walking catfish.