Sularsih Sularsih, Sularsih
Department of Dental Materials and Technology, Dentistry Faculty, Hang Tuah University

Published : 8 Documents
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Journal : Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

Degrees of chitosan deacetylation from white shrimp shell waste as dental biomaterials Sularsih, Sularsih; Yuliati, Anita; D, Coen Pramono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 45, No 1 (2012): (March 2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.046 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v45.i1.p17-21

Abstract

Background: Chitosan is biomaterial improved for various dentistry applications because it is biocompatible, degradable, nontoxic, and not carcinogenic. The main parameter affecting the characteristics of chitosan is deacetylation degree. Purpose: This study is aimed to determine the degree of deacetylated of chitosan derived from white shrimp shell waste used as dental biomaterial. Methods: White shrimp shells were crushed into powder. Next, deproteination process was conducted with 3.5% NaOH solution, demineralized with 1N HCl solution, and then depigmented with 90% acetone solution into chitin powder. Deacetylation process was then conducted by soaking the chitin powder in 50% NaOH solution for 6 h at 65° C to produce white powder of chitosan. Afterwards, deacetylation degree test was conducted by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FTIR) to calculate the ratio of the absorption bands between the absorbance peak of amide group about 1655 cm–1 and the absorbance peak of hydroxyl group about 3450 cm–1. Results: The result of the deacetylation degree test on the chitosan powder derived from white shrimp shell waste was high, about 85.165%, and had the eligible form, solubility, and pH. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the deacetylation degree of chitosan from white shrimp shells could reach 85.165%.Latar belakang: Kitosan merupakan biomaterial yang dikembangkan untuk berbagai aplikasi kedokteran gigi karena biokompatibel, dapat didegradasi, tidak toksik dan tidak karsinogenik. Parameter utama yang mempengaruhi karakteristik kitosan adalah derajat deasetilasi. Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui derajat deasetilasi kitosan dari limbah kulit udang putih sebagai biomaterial kedokteran gigi. Metode: Kulit udang putih dihaluskan menjadi serbuk. Setelah itu dilakukan proses deproteinasi dengan larutan NaOH 3,5%, demineralisasi dengan larutan HCl 1N, depigmentasi dengan larutan aseton 90% sehingga menjadi serbuk kitin. Proses deasetilasi dilakukan dengan merendam serbuk kitin dalam larutan NaOH 50% selama 6 jam pada suhu 65° C sehingga dihasilkan serbuk putih kitosan. Uji derajat deasetilisasi menggunakan metode spektrofotometer Fourier Transform Inframerah (FTIR) dengan menghitung nilai perbandingan pita serapan antara puncak absorbansi gugus amida sekitar 1655 cm–1, dan puncak absorbansi gugus hidroksil sekitar 3450 cm–1. Hasil: Hasil uji derajat deasetilasi serbuk kitosan dari limbah kulit udang putih adalah tinggi yaitu sebesar 85.165% dan memiliki bentuk, kelarutan dan pH yang memenuhi syarat. Kesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan derajat deasitilasi kitosan dari kulit udang putih adalah 85,165%.
Expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 after using chitosan gel with different molecular weight on wound healing process of dental extraction Sularsih, Sularsih; Wahjuningsih, Endah
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 2 (2015): (June 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1399.431 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i2.p53-58

Abstract

Background: Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is bone stimulator which capable of inducing differentiation of mesenchymal cells into osteoblast, stimulating bone formation in wound healing process of dental extraction. Chitosan is polymer composed N-acetylD-glucosamine unit that has been used in various applications in wound healing process and bone tissue engineering. Purpose: The objective of this research was to analyzed expressions of BMP-2 for 7,14 and 21 days after using chitosan gel with different molecular weight on wound healing process of dental extraction. Method: The research was an experimental laboratory study. Rattus nornegicus strain wistar male, aged 8-16 weeks, divided into 3 treatment groups namely group 1 and II which given chitosan gel 1 % with high and low molecular weight and group III as control which were not given chitosan gel. Chitosan gel were applied into the socket of dental extraction. Rat was decaputated 7,14 and 21 days after chitosan gel application and the jaw in the treated regions and control group were cut for immunohistochemical examination to observe BMP-2. Data were analyzed using ANOVA test. Result: The result of this research showed significant differences on BMP-2 for 7,14 and 21 days observation (p<0,05). The increasing of BMP-2 were found in the group which given chitosan gel with high molecular weight. Conclusion: It may be concluded that chitosan gel with high molecular weight can enhance the expresion of BMP-2 on wound healing process ofdental extraction.